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hold this figure of the venerable Wil- Oxford Brasscs). He was a son of
liam Courtenay, who had requested that Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Haccombe,
he should be entombed here;" it was who was the third brother, and an-
not added, “but he was buried at cestor of the 10th, 11th, and 12th
Canterbury,” because that was a fact Earls. (See also our vol. XXI. pp.381,
so notorious in the age when the epi- 496, where the noble youth's other
taph was written that it was not con- sepulchral effigy, at Haccombe, is en-
sidered that even posterity would re- graved and described.)
quire to be informed of it. With Wemust beg excuse for a few further
reference to Mr. Poste's observations remarks on the explanations which Mr.
on these lines (p. 89) it is only neces- Poste has received from his friend with
sary to add, that the word “híc” must respect to the paintings remaining in
be understood in a general sense, the recess of the tomb of John Woot-
"here" in this church of Maidstone, ton, the first Master of the College.
and not as in contradiction to the par- We are told they represent John
ticular spot designated in the will; Wootton's “exaltation to heavenly
and that, though there may be a mis- bliss," and that the angel presents him
take of one year in the poetical date, to the Virgin Mary, “ bearing testi-
such mistakes do occasionally occur mony to his merits;" but the fact is,
without all the contemporaries of the that it is a representation of the An-
deceased having first passed away. nunciation, in the usual manner, before

On the stall seats there are some which a small figure of the priest is
interesting examples of heraldic dif- kneeling as in prayer. Besides these
ferences, which have not hitherto re- figures there are those of two female
ceived their due appreciation from saints, one of which has lost her
those who have described the church, symbol, and the other is shown by
the present author (p. 34) supposing her wheel to be Saint Katharine. At
them to have been "rather fancifully either end of the tomb are a bishop
introduced.” On the seat Mr. Poste and an archbishop; the latter of these,
has numbered 10, is the pall of the see we are told,“ is evidently Courtenay,"
of Canterbury impaling the coat of and the former some bishop, a friend
Courtenay differenced by three mitres of Wootton. On the contrary, they
on the label. This is of course the are shown by their nimbi to be saints.
archbishop's own difference. In ano- The archbishop is doubtless Saint
ther place, No. 3, the difference is Thomas of Canterbury, and the bishop
nine roundles (called torteaux by Mr. is probably Saint Nicholas. We may
Poste); in another, No. 7, nine cres- add, that we saw these paintings some
cents; and in another, No. 9, three fifteen years ago, and the archbishop
mullets,--all placed in like manner on had certainly then a cross-headed staff,
the label. Now, on reference to the the constant symbol of sainted arch-
Peerage, it will be seen that the arch- bishops, and the usual ensign, we be-
bishop was the fourth of the eight lieve, of archiepiscopal etfigies, though
sons of Hugh second Earl of Devon; Mr. Poste says that the effigies of Strat-
and it is evident that the above were ford, Courtenay, and Warham at Can-
some of the ways in which those terbury have the ordinary crosier.
brothers differenced their arms. The The reason of this we are not able to
eldest son would bear the label plain, * explain.
the others charged with the differ-

Though we have not exhausted all ences; and we find that the nine the remarks to which this volume plates (not

" torteaux") were the dif- might give rise, we have now exhausted ference of Sir Philip Courtenay, of

our space, and must conclude by rePowderham, the sixth son, the direct commending it to attention, as the ancestor of the present Earl of Devon. work of a diligent and investigating The mullets (there nine, not three, in antiquary, such as have in latter times number,) are again found on the se- been rare in Kent, though it formerly pulchral brass of Edward Courtenay, more abounded in them than other at Oxford (engraved in T. Fisher's county in England.


. We believe the label was never entirely removed from the coat of the English Courtenays.

An Archæological Index to Remains of but they are not so elaborate as those

Antiquity of the Celtic, Romano-Bri- of some others of his plodding fratertish, and Anglo-Saxon periods. By nity. The present volume is handJohn Yonge Akerman, F.S.A. 8vo. somely printed, and the plates are as pp: 204. 18 Plates.

neatly executed as they are instrucTHE author introduces this work tively compiled, each plate containing to his readers by congratulating them from twenty to sixty objects reprethat the senseless ridicule with which sented in outline. There is, however, it was so long the fashion to assail the in the body of the work an occasional pursuits of the Antiquary is at length want of the scrupulous exactness which hushed, " and the mute but eloquent we are wont to expect from the painsrelics of Antiquity are now regarded taking antiquary. We speak particuwith interest by all who aspire to be larly of the chapters relating to Roinformed of the manners and customs man monuments, and their inscriptions. of those who have preceded us.” This Whilst Mr. Akerman has told us much, change may be fairly ascribed not we cannot but feel that he could have merely to the accession of intelligence told us much more.* and of taste which is now employed Some of the antiquities he describes on the study of archæology,--for there are

are so rare that the limits of his vowere always some who pursued the lume would admit of a catalogue raisubject with taste and intelligence,- sonnée of all that are known. Of but also particularly to the improved those which are of more frequent ocsystem and classification with which currence, such as the vases, fibulæ, the objects of antiquarian research are pins, &c. that are found in sepulchral now treated. This classification is tumuli, he discourses with the expewhat is really required in order to ele- rience of an old barrow-digger, and vate the hobby of the virtuoso into the his scientific arrangement of these arscience of the true antiquary.

ticles will be of the greatest value to As regards our own country, Mr. those who are interested in that parAkerman has made an excellent com- ticular line of research. In Roman mencement of such an arrangement in antiquities we think he may make the present manual, in which he has large improvements in a future edition. lightly touched in succession on the His account of tesselated pavements, several remaining monuments of the those most beautiful specimens of the Celtic, the Romano-British, and the domestic decorations of that people, is Anglo-Saxon periods.

particularly brief and unsatisfactory. One remarkable circumstance in re- The student of the Roman antiquilation to this distribution will be no- ties of Britain will, however, find the ticed by those who are conversant with Appendix acceptable, as it presents the lucubrations of our antiquaries of him with an annotated copy of the the last century. Where are all their Itinerary of Antoninus, followed by Danish antiquities,—those numerous monuments which they were induced

Thus the chapter upon Altars conto attribute to the period of the occu

cludes with this remark : " But the most pation of Britain by its Danish in- interesting monument of this class is, vaders ? They seem to have vanished perhaps, the altar inscribed to the Genius into non-entity. We have before been of Britain, found in the last century in witnesses when the presumed Danish Scotland.” (p. 80.) We would have said, barrows of the Bartlow hills have been at Auchindavy in Dumbartonshire, on the proved to be Romano-British, and the line of the wall of Antoninus Pius, in the Danish round towers of East Anglia year 1771: and some allusion should have have been shown to be post-Con- been made to the corresponding inscrip

tions which were noticed in our number questal; and we presume that the result of further investigation is, that

for last June, p. 593.-In p. 43, reference the Danes have not left any memo

is given only to the History of Dorset. rials in this country characterized by chalk-hill at Cerne Abbas, and none to

shire for the gigantic human figure on the features distinguishing them from their the late Mr. Sydenham's separate publicaAnglo-Saxon contemporaries.

tion on the subject, entitled “ Baal DuroThere is an elegance and good taste trigensis," reviewed in our vol. XIX. in the productions of Mr. Akerman, p. 294.




Ptolemy's geography of our island, the Of the Anglo-Saxon version, the Notitia, and the Itinerary of Richard only known copy is the Cottonian voof Cirencester. To these is added an lume already mentioned ; except that Index to such papers in the Archæo- two chapters are also found in the celogia of the Society of Antiquaries, lebrated Codex Vercellensis. Of these, as belong to those early periods of which present very numerous our history which are the subject of riations, the editor has made a careful Mr. Akerman's pages, and under which collation. they are respectively classed, — fre- The poetical legend of Saint Guthquently in necessary opposition to the lac, which is preserved in that singular views of their unenlightened writers. collection of Anglo-Saxon poetry the This catalogue would be improved by Codex Exoniensis, is also founded upon a more specific classification : indeed the same Latin life by Felix. we should recommend that references, By the addition of a translation, Mr. not only to the Archæologia, but to Goodwin has made this little volume the Archæologia Æliana and other an- acceptable to the historical reader as tiquarian works should be appended well as the philologist. Several histo each division and chapter of the torical persons are mentioned, and we text. It will be seen, on the whole, have only to complain that the book that, whilst we consider Mr. Akerman's

wants an index, which could have been work as a great acquisition and a great supplied with very trifling trouble, as boon to the inquiring antiquary, we on counting the names we find they do think it is still capable of much im- not exceed twenty-five. The only provement.

places that

Crowland, Grantchester (incidentally), and Rep

ton. The remarkable passage describThe Anglo-Saxon Version of the Life ing Crowland has been already ex

of st. Guthlac, hermit of Crowland: tracted by Mr. Wright. Repton was the with a Translation and Notes by place where Guthlac received the Charles Wycliffe Goodwin, M.A. tonsure : Fellow of Catharine Hall, Cam

“ When he was four-and-twenty years bridge. 12mo.

old, he forsook all the pomps of the THIS is the editio princeps of a very world, and set all his hopes on Christ. interesting relic of Anglo-Saxon lite- And after that he went to a monastery rature, and it is edited with great which is called Hrypadun, and there regrammatical and philological care. It ceived the mystical tonsure of St. Peter is not, however, ascertained at what the Apostle, under abbess Ælfthrytha." period it was written; for it is clearly A subsequent abbess of the same à translation from the Latin life of monastery provided for the holy man's St. Guthlac, and the editor remarks burial, that “ the style is not that of Ælfric, to whom it has been groundlessly venerable maid Ecgburh, abbess, the daugh

It happened also on a time that the ascribed.” The only MS. which is in

ter of Aldwulf the king, sent to the vene. the Cottonian collection, was supposed rable man Guthlac a leaden coffin, and by Wanley to be in the same hand- winding sheet thereto, and besought him writing, as the Bodleian Heptateuch, by the holy name of the Celestial King, which he assigned to a date shortly that after his departure they should place after the Conquest.

his body therein. The original work in Latin, of which This, from a subsequent passage, we we find five printed editions enume

find was duly performed. The hermit, rated by Mr. Wright in his Biographia who would not whilst he lived accept Britannica Literaria, vol. i. p. 249, was the luxury of a linen garment, decertainly written in the first half of

şired to be wrapped in the sheet sent the eighth century, being addressed to by Ecgburh, "for love of the maid of Alfwold king of the East Angles, who Christ.” The passage is worthy died in A.D. 749. The author's name remark as a record of funereal customs, was Felix, who is supposed to have and as a proof of the occasional use of been a monk of Crowland.

leaden coffins by the Anglo-Saxons.

A Guide to the Castle of Newcaslle 13th century, and it is designed by Joseph upon Tyne. By J. C. Bruce. 12mo, Welland, esq. architect to the Ecclesiaspp. 58.-Our readers have been informed, tical Commissioners for Ireland. The cost by the statement which appeared in our will be 8,0001. of which 5001. is contri. Magazine for last April, p. 405, that a buted by the Commissioners, and the rerestoration of the magnificent Keep of the mainder will be raised by public subNew Castle upon Tyne is now in con- scription. templation, with due regard to the true principles of its originalarchitecture. Some Wayside Verses. By W. J. Brock.five and thirty years ago it was rescued We can only afford room for one specimen, from destruction by public-spirited and so many other poetical rivals are crowding well-meant efforts : but there was then less for admission. acquaintance than now with the purpose

NIGHT-BLOOMING FLOWERS. and meaning of the several component parts and features, and consequently less atten

Sweet flowers that ope at close of day, tion to their preservation in their integrity, And love to court the softer sway or restoration with propriety and consist.

Of silence, making earth and air ency. These matters will now be duly Companion meet for breasts so fair. attended to ; and at such a time so sensible Who would have thought at such an hour and judicious a guide to the building as To find a single blooming flower ? the present cannot fail to be acceptable. Our wond'ring eyes survey the ground, We always feel it a duty to distinguish And admiration knows no bound. between mere trading compilations and ori.

Here Nature seems her shrine to rear, ginal works : and we have much pleasure in And flowers her ministers appear : stating, that the present decidedly belongs The vespers breathe in silence now, to the latter class. The author has evidently Devotion sits on leaf and bough, studied not merely the subject of his pages, but military architecture in general, Pour radiance on the priests of light,

And stars which shine in glory bright, and he is therefore prepared to describe While dew-drops on each flower descend, the structure in its various parts, and to discuss their several uses with critical dis.

To wreath with pearls so fair a friend. crimination. The book is illustrated with Sweet flowers, like many a holy mind, plans and sections, reduced from those Whose joy is not of earthly kind, published by the Society of Antiquaries, Who court the unfrequented shade, and by so many woodcut vignettes, (which For hallowed thoughts and feelings made, well support the wonted credit of the Yet e'en in darkness give a smile, town and school of Bewick,) that when And pour instruction all the while ; 'we add the whole is given for a single Each smiling petal seems to say, shilling, we do not know that we could The night hath flowers as well as day. point out a really cheaper work in these days of cheap literature,

certainly not in Recollections of a Parish Priest who the department of antiquities.

sometime held a Cure of Souls in Cam.

bridge. By one of his Parishioners. Ecclesiastical Sketch of the Parish of (Second Edition.) sg. 12mo. pp. 24.—The St. Nicholas, Cork. sq. 12mo. 24 pp.- former edition of this little Essay apThis sketch, compiled by the Rev. John peared not long since in a Cambridge Woodroffe, the Rector, is accompanied by newspaper; and it is easy to conclude from the form of prayer observed on laying the various other circumstances that the person foundation stone of a new church in the intended is Dr. Perry, who has recently parish on the 11th Nov. 1847. In pre- sailed to Australia as Bishop of the new paring the foundation, portions of three see of Melbourne in that colony. His previous structures have been discovered, character, as here delineated, is such as is the last of which was built no longer justly suited to such an apostolic mission ; ago than 1720, but had fallen into great it has been marked by the free render of decay, a state which was in part attributed himself and his substance to the service to a violent storm, which occurred at an of his Heavenly Master. He undertook, early period of its existence, in the year we are told, the charge of a poor and 1726. Let us anticipate for the new struc- populous parish, the income of which ture greater permanence and increased perhaps only sufficed to pay his Curate, utility. From a view prefixed, it seems and furnish his amount of support to the intended to be plain, but strictly ecclesi- parochial charities; he promoted the astical in appearance, and commodious in erection of two new churches, and a noble plan, having transepts and a tower and day-school; he laboured in his vocation spire attached to the western side of the with untiring zeal and assiduity; and north transept. The style is that of the finally, “As he had quitted his college GENT. Mag. Vol. XXIX.


life at the call of duty, so he relinquished the beautiful effects of refracting light his parish, under the solemn conviction, from the objects around it which are ob. that God required of bim to undertake served in the different forms of the mirage." most important charge elsewhere, involv. ing onerous duties and great sacrifices."

Lays of Christmas. By the Rev. ThoWe have much pleasure in bearing testi

mas Boyles Murray, M.A. Rector of St. mony to the good sense and modesty with which this character is delineated,--a St. Paul's. 12mo.--Mr. Murray, whose

Dunstan in the East, and Prebendary of somewhat delicate task, but the execution

efforts to recommend divine truths in the of which does much credit both to the

attractive form of simple verse have been head and the heart of the writer.

previously crowned with success in An Facts from the World of Nature. By Apprentices, (illustrated by Hogarth’s In.

Alphabet of Emblems, and The Two City Mrs. Loudon.-The author informs us of the intent of her work to present the dustry and Idleness,) which we have already

introduced to the notice of our readers, wonders of creation as discernible in the

has prepared for the present season a corphysical world, and in the form of beasts, respondent little book under the above birds, and fishes. It was originally in

title. It is, like the former, very prettily tended to add reptiles, insects, and plants, embellished, and its contents are prepared but as these subjects are too extensive to

with the like care for the holy object in be compressed into narrow limits, it has

view. It is evident that the author's de. been thought better to confine the work

sire is rather to inculcate pious sentiments to a few subjects treated upon at length, than to run the risk of making the whole the latter, however, he need not be ashamed.

than to manifest his own poetical skill. Of book dry and uninteresting by too much

We have been particularly pleased with compression.” The work is arranged in

his lay on

“ Christmas Plants," of which four leading divisions : 1. Wonders of the

we quote a part.
Earth. 2. Wonders of the Waters. 3.
Atmospheric Phenomena. 4. Wonders of How I love thee, burnish'd HOLLY,
Animal Life. The first division or book

Trim with berries red and bright; is again divided into eight chapters, in. Chasing thoughts of melancholy, cluding mountains, rocks, volcanoes, ca

Sparkling like a sudden light. verns, mines, &c.

The second book is Happy childhood, thee surveying, divided into six chapters-oceans, lakes, Looks for days of mirth to come ; rivers, icebergs, &c. The third book into

Age, amidst its own decaying, four chapters-optical phenomena, me- For a new unfading home. teors, winds, &c. The fourth or last book into three chapters--mammalia, birds,

Come, too, in this festal hour, fishes. The style in which the book is

Paly-headed MISTLETOE;

Welcome as the fairest flower written is clear and adapted to the subject.

In the Summer's richest glow. The facts and opinions are in general correct, and the whole is both instructive Wintry winds have never pipp'd thee, and amusing. We extract one passage : Since at Yule-tide, with a frown, “ This curious phenomenon (the mirage) From the oak the Druid clipp'd thee is produced when the surface of the earth With his brazen sickle down. or sea becomes suddenly much more

Who can tell the solemn madness heated than the atmosphere. The earth

Of that superstitious time, first communicates its heat to the layer of

Ere the light of truth and gladness air immediately above it, and which thus becomes less dense than the upper strata,

Settled on our favour'd clime? and when the rays of light pass through

Christmas Rose, thy leaf is waving a dense medium to one less dense, they

Cheerly with the northerp blast ; become refracted and turn back. Sir David

Well it bears the tempest's raving, Brewster illustrated this phenomenon by

Firm and fragrant to the last. holding a heated iron over a mass of water, and as the heat descended, the density of Fables for Children, Young and Old, in the fluid gradually increased from the

Humorous Verse. By W. Edwards Staite. surface to the bottom. He then withdrew

89. 12mo.-- Somewhat too ambitious for the heated iron and substituted another the powers of the author; who has been on which a quantity of ice was laid. This led by the trammels of his verse into many suddenly cooled the upper part of the air expressions either upsuited to the capacity over the water, leaving the lower part warm, and, till the whole became of the

of the young, or bordering on vulgarity ;

and whose notion of pleasing * children same degree of heat, the lower strata of of a larger growth can scarcely come to air which was next the water produced all pass in this " Punch"-feasted generation.

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