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BOOK NOTICES.

OBJEOT LESSONS.—Systematic Instruction in Composition and Ob

ject. Lessons, by LILIENTHAL & ALLYN, Published by SARGENT, WILSON & HINKLE, Cincinnati:

This is a useful little book, and is designed for teachers and pupils. The object of the work is to elicit thought. It does not confine the pupil to any text book, but seeks to acquaint him with the world at large, with which man must always come in contact. The first question—"Give the names of several things in the school-room," and others of like character, are designed for younger pupils. It proceeds with colors, materials, numbers, qualities, actions, etc., of persons and things. In the latter part of the book are added exercises in letter-writing and various kinds of business papers which are designed for pupils who complete their education in District or Intermediate Schools. A copy for examination can be had by sending 20 cents to the publishers.

ROBINSON'S TEST EXAMPLES, Published by IvISON, PHINNEY, BLAKE

MAN & Co.

A book of examples promiscuously arranged, without answers, designed to test the pupil's judgment. The examples are mostly new and practical, and we find the book very convenient in examinations of classes, also at daily recitations. It is convenient for Superintendents, from which to select examples for use in the examination of teachers.

CLARK'S SCHOOL VISITOR.-A Day School Monthly for children, 75

cents per annum, J. W. DAUGADAY, Publisher, Philadelpeia.

An excellent little paper for children, containing choice original articles-Poetry, Dialogues, etc., algo Rebuses, Puzzles and Music. No family should be without it.

THE ATLANTIC Monthly.--March and April numbers have articles

of unusual interest.

The Account of an Amazonian Picnic by Mrs. A gassiz, in the March number, is read with interest by all. We are waiting impatiently for further news from the expedition of Prof. Agassiz, now engaged in scientific explorations in one of the finest countries on the Globe.

WISCONSIN

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.

VOLUME X.

MAY, 1866.

NUMBER 3.

William H. McGuffey. WILLMAN H, McGUFFEY, D.D., LL.D., is the son of a Scotch Presbyterian farmer, and was born in Washington county, Pennsyl. vania, in the year 1800. During the first eighteen years of his life he enjoyed no advantages of education beyond what were afforded by the rude chools which the frugal country people were able to ustain during the winter months. When William was still a child,

ather removed to Trumbull county, Ohio, and established his en.'ly, in a lo, cabin, on a small tract of land which he had recent

purchased, the country, for miles around being yet an unbroken forest. Here William engaged with ardor in the labors of opening a farm in the woods, but never allowed manual labor to dull his desire for intellectual improvement.

In the intervals of farmwork he improved every opportunity of gaining knowledge-borrowing books wherever they were to be had, and occasionally, and at irregular intervals, obtaining an hour's instructions from the clergyman of the neighborhood. When about eighteen years of age, he began the study of Latin with. borrowed books, and used to walk (once a week) a distance of several miles to the house of the country clergyman to recite the lessons which he had prepared in the brief intervals of his daily toil.

His father being too poor to aid him in acquiring an education, William began the business of teaching 80 soon as he could k spared from the farm, and in this way, sustained himself until }u.

was able to graduate, which he did with distinguished honor, at the age of twenty-five, at Washington College, Pennsylvania, then under the Presidency of the great and good man, Andrew Wylie, D.D., subsequently for many years President of the University of Indiana at Bloomington. So high was Mr. McGuffey's reputation for scholarship, and such a reputation had he already acquired as a teacher, that upon his graduation he was immediately elected to the Chair of Ancient Languages in the Miami University at Oxford; Ohio. In this chair he continued for seven years, noted for the accuracy of his learning and the thoroughness of his teachings.

In 1829 he was called to the ministry of the Presbyterian Church. in which he has contiued to labor ever since, but generally without having any pastoral charge. In 1832 he was transferred to the Professorship of Moral Philosophy in the same Uuiversity.

In 1836 he was elected to the Presidency of the Cincinnati Col. lege, which in that year was re-organized, with a most distinguished faculty, embracing names already eminent in the departments of Law, Medicine, and Letters; among which may be mentioned Doctors Drake and Gross, of the Medical Faculty, the latter being the celebrated surgeon who has so long been a resident of Phila delphia ; Edward D. Mansfield, LL.D., the statistician and statr: man; and Judge Walker and Wright of the Law-School; and late General 0. M. Mitchel, the astronomer and soldier, ani fessors Telford and Drury in the Academy Faculty Tobs at the head of such a galaxy of brilliant men was a high to to the eminence which Mr. McGuffey had already atta

While in the Presidency of the Cincinnati Colleg the degrees of Doctor of Divinity and Doctor of La Universities, Eastern as well as Western.

In 1839 he was elected to the Presidency of the Ohio Uno at Athens. In 1845 he resigned his position at Athens, ains: accepted the Chair of Moral Philosophy and Political Economy in the University of Virginia..

From the year 1829 to the present time Dr. McGuffey has, in addition to discharging the onerous duties of the different chairs which he has occupied, been laborious and incessant in the duties of the ministry, aiding and building up feeble churches, preaching generally twice every Sabbath ; and has rendered signal service to the cause of Education by lectures and addresses in all parts of the United States, but chiefly in the States of Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. But the labor by which his name has become most widely known has been the preparation of the 'Eclectic Series' of Readers. His attention having been strongly directed to the defects in existing school-books, he availed himself of his first leisure, while in the Chair of Languages in Miami University, to endeavor to supply what he had felt to be a great want. Taking in his own house a class of very young children, he led them step by step, for several years, beginning with the alphabet, noting all that their progress indicated or their mistakes and difficulties suggested, and preparing and modifying the lessons as the necessities of the young mind required; and from this protracted study grew the 'Eclectic Series' of reading-books, so familiar in commonschool instruction during the last twenty-five years.

Dr. McGuffey is still in the prime of his intellectual life, and is distinguished as a clear, original and vigorous thinker, and an impressive speaker. He makes no show of oratory, but in lucid statement, felicitous illustration, and cogent logic, he has few equals in any profession.- Clark's School Visitor.

What's in a Name ?

Much, if the name is a title. The common theory of equality is to be a little better than one's neighbors ; the practice, to let them see it or feel it in some indirect way. Tattooing and barbaric trappings are out of fashion--even uniforms are considered as in good taste for every-day use; but a man can wear a title at all hours. The word governor, or judge, or general, goes before him & herald, proclaiming his superiority over non-governors, non-judges, and non-generals. The world does homage-mildly, if you choose, but still agreeably-when it addresses him by his title. Although there is no legal-tender act to oblige us to take men for more than they are worth, we are apt to accept them at first sight at the val. uation they put upon themselves. To many people it does not much matter what the title is. Captain Owen saw a naked negro potentate on the West Coast who wore, for the likeness of a kingly crown, a castaway tin can labeled “concentrated gravy." The

names.

monarch had adopted the two unknown words as an additional title of honor. Civilization has not entirely extirpated the savage element in the white people. Very many are willing to stick a feather in their caps without considering too curiously its color, or the bird whence it came. After four years of grim war, individuals who have never been under fire may be found sporting militia titles in the face of men who won the same nominal rank at the risk of their lives. Akin to this first 'infirmity of noble minds' is the love of fine

A great many persons who are above their business op their position in life seem to believe in the effieaey of a practice described by John Quincy Adams, in two lines of a squib he let off against Jefferson :

“And if we cannot alter things,

By Jove! we'll change their names, sir." Smith thinks he has undergone a transformation when he writes it Smythe. A waiting-woman generally gives her daughter some, if not all, of the Carolinas and Wilhelminas of Goldsmith's Miss Skeggs. Silly little girls, who were unfortunately christened Susam or Dolly by their Brown or Jones papas, engrave on their cards Miss Susie H. Brown or Miss Dollie C. Jones, and are happier in consequence. And Brown and Jones, as soon as they have bought and built near Tubby Hook or Dobb's Ferry, try to get the old historical appellation changed to Inwood or Glendale. Fitness and meaning are lost sight of for the sake of a fine name.

The Eng. lish words for every-day occupations are scornfully thrown aside by the aspiring fellows once designated by them. Every shop is a store ; costermongers are grocers; peddlers, merchants ; haberdashers, furnishers; dressmakers, modistes; and if you should say

glops' to a dealer in ready-made clothing,' he would knock you down. At first, no doubt, every body feels bigger and better for their brevet rank; but in times the new words sink-down to the real state of things; then, as with paper money when it depreci. ates, a new issue is required to purchase the same amount of consideration, and the next best word in the vocabulary is seized upon, without reference to etymology, so that in the end nothing is gained. When magnificence of phraseology is allied to meanness of fact, the mesalliance does not ennoble the fact. A servant is none the less a servant when he is called a 'help;' neither his wages nor his

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