Page images



When the page is referred to in this manner, p 40, p. 50, without mentioning the book, thereby is to be understood such a page in Do Taylor's Scripture Doctrine of Original Sin. S intends the Supplement When the word, Key, is used to signify the book referred to, thereby is to be under, stood Dr Taylor's Key to the Apostolic Writings. This mark [6] with fige ures or a number annexed, signifies such a section or paragraph in his Key. When after mentioning Preface to Par, on Epist. to Romans, there is subjoined p. 145. 47, or the like, thereby is intended Page and Paragr ph, page 145, Paragraph 47. The references suit the London editions of Dr. Taylor's books, printed about the year 1760,








INTRODUCTION: Containing Explanations of Térms, and general


To avoid all confusion in our inquiries and reasonings, concerning the end for which God created the world, a distinction shoulá be observed between the chief end for which an agent or efficient exerts any act and performs any work, and the ultimate end. These two phrases are not always precisely of the same signification : And though the chief end be always an ultimate end, yet every ultimate end, is not always a chief end.

A chief end is opposite to an inferior end: An ultimate end is opposite to a subordinate end. A subordinate end is something that an agent seeks and aims at in what he does ; but yet does not seek it, or regard it at all upon its own account, but wholly on the account of a further end, or in order to some other thing, which it is consideied as a means of. Thus, when a man that goes a journey to obtain a medicine to cure him of some disease, and restore his health, the obtaining that inedicine is his subordinate end; because it is not an end that he seeks for itself, or values at all upon its own account, but wholly as a means of a further end, viz, his



health. Separate the medicine from that further end, and it is esteemed good for nothing; nor is it at all desired.

An ultimate end is that which the agent seeks in what he does, for its own sake: That he has respect to, as what he loves, values and takes pleasure in on its own -account, and not merely as a means of a further end. As when a man loves the taste of some particular sort of fruit, and is at pains and cost to obtain it, for the sake of the pleasure of that taste, which he values upon its own account, as he loves his own pleasure ; and not merely for the sake of any other good, which he supposes his enjoying that pleasure will be the means of.

Some ends are subordinate ends, not only as they are subordinated to an ultimate end, but also to another end that is itself but a subordinate ænd : Yea, there may be a succession or chain of many subordinate ends, one dependent on sought for another : The first for the next, and that for the sake of the next to that, and so on in a long series before you come to any thing, that the agent aims at and seeks for its own sake : As when a man sells a garment to get buy till his obtain a supply him with gratify the appetite. And he seeks to gratify his appetite, on its own account, as what is grateful in itself. Here the end of his selling his garment, is to get money ; but getting money is only a subordinatę end : It is not only subordinate to the last end, his gratifying his appetite; but to a nearer end, viz. his buying husbandry tools ; and his obtaining these, is only a subordinate end, being only for the sake of tilling land; And the tillage of land is an end not sought on its own account, but for the sake of the crop to be produced ; and the crop produced is not an ultimate end, or an end sought for itself, but only for the sake of making bread; and the having bread, is not sought on its own account, but for the sake of gratifying the appetite.

Here the gratifying the appetite, is called the ultimate end ; because it is the last in the chain, where a man's aim and pursuit stops and rests, obtaining in that, the thing finally

« PreviousContinue »