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knew, she was not the sort of person whom any one would be likely to venture to make suggestions to; and he suggested himself, I think, at that interview,—if not at that interview at the only other interview that I ever had with him,-that they (referring to the members of his family) had found fault with him that he had not influenced his sister, and that he had responded to them that they knew perfectly well that his sister was not a person whom any one could influence."

It should be observed that Mr. Edson was not examined as a witness in the surrogate's court, and that the testimony of Mr. Parsons stands entirely uncontradicted. Mr. Parsons, however, promised that he would repeat to Miss Edson what he, Marmont Edson, had just said about his son, Jarvis; and the result was that upon the same evening Miss Edson executed the third codicil, in which she gave a legacy of $20,000 to Jarvis Edson.

We think that, upon all the evidence, the learned surrogate was fully justified in the statement that "the contestant's case absolutely and totally fails." There is really nothing left of it save the mere fact that Mr. Parsons was one of the three executors to whom individually the residuary estate was bequeathed; and that, under well-settled rules, was insufficient to create a presumption against the validity of the legacy. In re Smith, 95 N. Y. 522; Loder v. Whelpley, 111 N. Y. 239, 18 N. E. Rep. 874; Parfitt v. Lawless, L. R 2 Prob. & Div. 462. It was, at most, a suspicious circumstance. Such a circumstance "is," as was said by Baron Parke in Barry v Butlin, 1 Curt. Ecc. 637, "of more or less weight, according to the facts of each particular case, and in some of no weight at all."

Upon the surroundings of this case it was a circumstance of but little weight. If it aroused a suspicion at all, that suspicion was completely dissipated when all the facts were placed before the court. The decree of the surrogate should be affirmed, with costs. All concur.

(70 Hun, 600; mem. report without opinion.)


(Supreme Court, General Term, Third Department. July 8, 1893.) FINDINGS OF REFEREE-SUFFICIENCY OF EVIDENCE.

Though the evidence to sustain the findings of a referee in stating an account is unsatisfactory, such findings will not be disturbed on appeal, where there is no reason for believing that the appellate court could reach a more satisfactory conclusion.

Appeal from judgment on report of referee.

Action by Michael P. Conboy against Mary Cunningham, Edward Cunningham, (her husband,) Bridget Conboy, Agnes Conboy, Theresa Conboy, Egbert W. Lansing, the Mechanics' Savings Bank, James Lester, Ellen Gerdect, Edward Hanlon, Thomas Dowd, Thomas Holihan, Jean Demers, David Saylor, Thomas Hanlon, and John Perry, for the partition of certain land. From an interlocutory judgment ascertaining the respective rights, shares, and interests of the par

ties to the property in suit, and ordering a sale of such property, defendant Mary Cunningham appeals. Affirmed.


Argued before MAYHAM, P. J., and PUTNAM and HERRICK,

Henry A. Strong, for appellant.

Doyle & Fitts, (Charles F. Doyle, of counsel,) for respondent.

HERRICK, J. The alleged errors sought to be reviewed upon this appeal are those claimed to have been made by the referee in making and stating the accounts between the parties for rents collected, and commissions charged for their collection, and for moneys disbursed. The action is for a partition of land of which the parties were tenants in common. The alleged errors are errors of fact. The evidence as to rents collected and moneys paid out is not entirely satisfactory, but the referee had the witnesses before him in person, and heard their statements as to the manner in which they made out their accounts. I see no reason for believing that we could reach a conclusion any more satisfactory than the one at which he has arrived. Judgment should be affirmed, with costs of this appeal to be deducted from the share of the appellant in the proceeds of sale. All concur.

(70 Hun, 598; mem. report without opinion.)

(Supreme Court, General Term, First Department. June 30, 1893.) ARREST ON CIVIL PROCESS-FRAUD-VACATING ORDER.

An order of arrest was granted on the ground that certain money had been obtained from plaintiff through deceit, and received by defendant in a fiduciary capacity. The affidavit of defendant, on motion to vacate the order, showed that the plaintiff had advanced the money with intent to go into business with defendant, and under a promise by plaintiff to advance a large sum to purchase an interest therein. A letter from plaintiff, some months after the discovery of the alleged fraud, showed continued confidence in the integrity of defendant, and in the success of the business. Held, that the order was properly vacated.

Appeal from special term, New York county.

Action by Peter N. Ramsey against Telemaque T. Timayenis. From an order vacating an order of arrest, plaintiff appeals. Affirmed.

The order of arrest was granted upon the ground "that the action is brought to recover damages for the wrongful conversion of personal property and money obtained by fraud and deceit, and received by the defendant, as agent of the plaintiff, in a fiduciary capacity." It is admitted that the defendant received from the plaintiff the sum of $4,052, and a note for $365 mentioned in the complaint. The facts which plaintiff attempted to establish were that defendant represented to plaintiff that he was making 55 per cent. net profits on the sales in his business, and requested the plaintiff to take an interest therein. This plaintiff declined to do at that time, but stated that as soon as he could make certain financial arrangements he would consider the proposition, provided defendant's books, upon examination, verified his statements as to profits. Subsequently, the defendant requested plaintiff to furnish money for the purchase of certain book plates, and it was thereupon ar

ranged that the defendant, as plaintiff's agent, should purchase these plates for the plaintiff with the plaintiff's money; that if the plaintiff should conclude to take an interest in the defendant's business the plates could be turned in as cash, at their cost price; that if he should determine not to take an interest in the business they should be sold, and the plaintiff reimbursed from their proceeds. That thereafter plaintiff furnished certain specified sums of money, amounting to $4,052, which was done in each case upon the statement and representation of defendant that certain plates had been furnished, and were ready for delivery, and that the money was needed to pay for them. That not only were the statements as to the profits of the defendant's business false, and made with a fraudulent intent, but the money which the plaintiff gave to the defendant for the specific purpose of paying for the plates was none of it used for that purpose, and although he had represented to the plaintiff that the money was to be used, and had been used, for the purchase of 16 specific sets of plates, upon examination only 7 sets of plates were found to have been purchased during the time, and those were paid for, not with the money of the plaintiff, but with the notes of the Minerva Publishing Company, and those 7 sets of plates belonged to the Minerva Publishing Company. The money which the plaintiff paid was converted by the defendant to his own use. Defendant's affidavit showed that he had known plaintiff three years. That in June, 1891, plaintiff called at defendant's place of business (which was the office of the Minerva Publishing Company, a corpo. ration, of which defendant was general manager, and most of the stock of which defendant owned) to inquire concerning the Judd Publishing Company, in which last company plaintiff stated that he had been invited to invest $100,000. Plaintiff claimed to be worth from $300,000 to $400,000. Defendant said he knew nothing about the Judd Publishing Company, and stated to plaintiff that if he had $100,000 to invest he could not do better than to put it in his company, (the Minerva Publishing Company.) Defendant then stated to plaintiff that he was cramped for money in his business, and at the end of the interview borrowed $250 of plaintiff, which, with $5 bonus, he returned on June 15th. Thereafter several interviews were had between the parties, during which defendant informed plaintiff fully of the condition of the company's business; that its capital of $10,000 was insufficient for its needs, and that he had had to borrow $20,000 from one D. Jannopoulo, of St. Louis, for which the company's notes had been given, secured by a pledge of defendant's stock; and that he felt confident that if he could obtain $75,000 additional capital he could greatly extend the business, and make it pay 20 to 25 per cent. profit, where it was only paying 15 per cent. as it then stood. That thereupon a verbal agreement was made between them, under which plaintiff began to pay money to the defendant. That on July 17, 1891, and after plaintiff had made two payments to defendant, (one on July 14, 1891, of $233, and one on July 16, 1891, of $664,) defendant wrote plaintiff a letter, which is as follows:

"New York, July 17th, 1891.

"My Dear Ramsey: Have the kindness, at your earliest convenience, to send me a letter stating terms and conditions upon which you will join me in business. While I fully understand the terms and conditions which we have discussed together many times, I desire to have everything in writing, as your letter may facilitate the settlement that I will have to make with Mr. Jannopoulo.

"Very truly yours,

T. T. Timayenis."

Then defendant wrote in reply a letter dated July 20, 1891, which is as follows:

"New York, July 20th, 1891. "My Dear Timayenis: Your letter of July 17th at hand, and contents noted, and in reply will say: I will give you twenty-nine thousand dollars for forty-nine per cent. of the Minerva l'ublishing Company, and you to retain fifty-one per cent. yourself, and the officers of the company to be divided between you and I as we may decide at the proper time: providing you will secure for yourself Mr. Jannopoulo's interest in the company, and become individually responsi ble for the same, we to become responsible for all debts of the company,

and release Mr. Jannopoulo from all liabilities. When you have done this, then I will come in, and take the management of the finances and supply the same, to your entire satisfaction. You to have charge of whatever branch of the business you wish, and if the company should grow as fast as I think it will, with your and my best efforts, I will loan the company what money it may want up to fifty thousand dollars at 6 per cent., until such time as you want to pay me back. Trusting this will give you all the assurance you need of my good faith, and encourage you in the good work you are now doing, I am, Resp'y yours, P. N. Ramsey.

"32 West 30th St."

Upon a copy of this letter, defendant wrote: "Accepted. T. T. Timayenis," -and the contract was complete. Thereafter, plaintiff continued his payments under this contract, and every dollar of the money was used in the business. The plaintiff continued his payments until September 4, 1891. During all this time he was at the company's office at least four times a week. He knew that the plates purchased were being used to print from. He asked for and received copies of the books printed from them. Defendant specifically denied making any of the statements, representations, or promises claimed by plaintiff, either in regard to the plates, the books, or the business. As to the note for $365, the proceeds of which plaintiff claims defendant has converted, and which plaintiff says "has been paid in full" by him, defendant alleged that plaintiff gave the note because he was short of cash; that defendant discounted it with H. H. Brockway; that when it fell due, on November 21, 1891, plaintiff could not pay it, and requested defendant to take it up. As defendant was liable on it as indorser, defendant, on December 6, 1891, gave plaintiff $300 to pay on the note; plaintiff agreeing to add $65, and take it up. On December 7, 1891, plaintiff paid Brockway the $300, which defendant had given him, and on July 12, 1892, plaintiff paid $25 more on the note, ard the balance of it is still unpaid. After September 4, 1891, (the time when defendant claims to have discovered the alleged frauds and misrepresentations of defendant,) defendant went to St. Louis, at plaintiff's request, and obtained a written agreement from D. Jannopoulo, (who held the company's notes, and also owned some stock.) which is set forth in the record, and by which Jannopoulo agreed to wait until October 20th before disposing of his stock; and on defendant's return to New York, and on September 21, 1892, he wrote a letter to plaintiff, in which he stated the success he had with Jannopoulo, and asked plaintiff to not disappoint him in regard to the $10,000 which plaintiff had promised to pay him before he went. On February 3, 1892, being five months after the discovery of the alleged fraud, plaintiff wrote a letter to defendant, which is as follows:

"New York, February 3, 1892.

"My Dear Timayeris: It is with regret I am compelled to write this request to you to help me out of my difficulty at this time, for I suppose your business is growing as fast as ever, and ready cash is in great demand with you, as well as with myself. But you have the advantage of me, because you can get around to attend to matters yourself. But, with me being sick as long as I have, as you well know, and having to depend upon some one else to do everything, there is a great shrinkage and loss; and as I have not sold any of my houses yet, and not being able to get the large one done, on account of my sickness, I am in a big hole, and come to you, as a brother Mason, to get you to help me out, and I am sure you will do so with all your heart. I am sorry I could not raise more money last season to put in to help you make your business a great success, for I have the faith in your ability, as a scholar, to make the Minerva Publishing Company one of the greatest publishing houses in this country. And now, Timayenis, as a Mason, I come to you, as a brother Mason, for help, and you must stand by me. Now, if you cannot give me any cash, give me the notes of the Minerva Publishing Company for six thousand dollars, one-half for three months, and one-half for four months; and I can get them discounted at my bank, and give you part of the money back for the use of the company. Make out the notes to Mr. Jannopoulo or to your order, and he or you indorse them. If they were made out to Jannopoulo,

and he indorses them, there would be no trouble to get them renewed here when they become due if you wanted to. Now, T., for God sakes, help me this time, and some day I will come to your help, like a brother.

"I am, Resp'y yours,

P. N. Ramsey." Argued before VAN BRUNT, P. J., and FOLLETT and PARKER, JJ.

Dill, Chandler & Seymour, (F. Seymour, of counsel,) for appellant.

W. R. Bronk, for respondent.

VAN BRUNT, P. J. We see no reason for interfering with the order appealed from, or for differing with the conclusions arrived at by the learned judge who heard the motion resulting in the order, and which are embraced in his memorandum contained in the record. There seems to be no question whatever but that the contentions upon the part of the plaintiff are absolutely inconsistent with the statements in writing made by him. The letter of the 20th of July, 1891, in answer to the defendant's letter of the 17th of July, 1891, is in manifest contradiction to the claims now advanced upon the part of the plaintiff; and it seems to be almost incredible that the plaintiff, after he had learned that he had been swindled in the manner claimed by him upon this application, should have written the letter of the 3d of February, 1892, months after the advances which formed the subject-matter of this action were made. The order should be affirmed, with $10 costs and disbursements. All concur.

(70 Hun, 348.)


(Supreme Court, General Term, First Department. June 30, 1893.)

1. ACTION AGAINST FOREIGN CORPORATIONS-JURISDICTION-HOW Obtained. Code Civil Proc. § 1780, provides that a resident may maintain any action against a foreign corporation, but a nonresident can only maintain such action "(1) when the action is brought to recover damages for the breach of a contract made within the state, or relating to property situated within the state at the time of the making thereof." Held, that, unless the foreign corporation appeared in such action, and acquiesced expressly or tacitly to the jurisdiction of the court, no jurisdiction could be acquired without proof that plaintiff was a resident of, or that the contract was made or the cause of action arose within, the state.


An affidavit for an attachment in an action for breach of contract against a foreign corporation alleged that defendant was a foreign corporation, with an office in this state. The complaint on which, together with the affidavit and the summons, the attachment was granted, alleged that plaintiff sold defendant certain goods, for which defendant agreed to pay, but had failed to do so. It was not alleged when the sale was made, or at what place payment was to be made, nor that defendant was exclusively engaged in business within this state. The papers did not show that the contract was made, or that the cause of action accrued, within the state. Plaintiff's residence was not alleged. Held, that it could not be inferred that the contract was made or broken in this state, as against a subsequent attaching creditor, whose writ was regular, and founded on sufficient facts affirmatively alleged and averred.

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