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EMINENT PERSONS DECEASED IN 1899.
The Duke of Northumberland, K.G.– death. In 1845 the duke, then Lord Algernon George Percy, sixth Duke of Lovaine, married Louisa, daughter of Northumberland, was born in 1810, Henry Drummond, M.P., of Albury and was educated at Eton and after Park, Surrey, and published in 1860 wards at St. John's College, Cambridge. his father-in-law's speeches in ParliaAs Lord Lovaine he was first returned ment. Although for many years a in 1831 to Parliament for the family martyr to the most painful form of borough of Beeralston, which was dis neuralgia, he maintained the habits of franchised by the Reform Act of the vigorous life down to a few years before following year. He then entered the his death, which took place on JanArmy, and served for a short time in uary 2 at Alnwick Castle, and was the the Grenadier Guards. In 1852 he result of angina pectoris. Duke Algercame forward as the Conservative non, as he was known throughout his candidate for North Northumberland, own county, was beloved and respected and continued to represent it until by all classes, and as a landed pro1865. In 1858 he accepted the post of prietor he was distinguished as much Junior Lord of the Admiralty in Lord by his interest in his tenants' welfare Derby's Administration, and in 1859 as by his liberality in promoting it. became Vice-President of the Board of Trade. On the death of his grand Nubar Pasha, the distinguished father in 1865, he assumed his father's Egyptian statesman, was the son of courtesy title of Earl Percy, and suc an Armenian, employed in the Turceeded to the dukedom two years later. kish service. He was born at In 1878 he was made Lord Privy Seal Smyrna in 1825, and at an early age in succession to Lord Beaconsfield, and was sent first to Switzerland and held the post until 1880, when his afterwards to Toulouse and Paris for active interest in politics ceased, and education. He came to Egypt in 1842, he devoted himself to local affairs in and by the aid of his kinsman, Boghos his own county, and although a member Bey, was appointed reader and inter. of the Catholic Apostolic, or Irvingite preter to Mahomed Ali, by whom he Church, contributing largely to Church was chosen to accompany his son, schools, church-building, and public Ibrahim Pasha, on a state visit to the institutions on Tyneside and else Sultan at Constantinople, and was where. He aided munificently in the afterwards attached to him in & more formation of the See of Newcastle, and permanent post. On the accession of in the foundation of the College of Abbas Pasha in 1850, Nubar was sent Science at Newcastle in connection to London to protest against certain with Durham University. He also claims put forward by the Sultan on took special interest in the Royal the death of Mahomed Ali. His reInstitution, London, of which he was monstrances impressed Lord Palmerpresident from 1873, and in the Royal ston, and after his return he was sent Lifeboat Institution, of which he was on a diplomatic mission to Vienna, also president from 1866 until his where he remained until Abbas' death. After a short interval the new ruler of Government under international conEgypt, Said Pasha, in 1856, entrusted trol. Nubar was appointed President Nubar with the negotiations going on of the Council, and Sir C. Rivers between London and Cairo, relative to Wilson and M. de Blignières reprethe Overland Route and the consequent sented England and France respecconstruction of the Cairo-Suez Rail tively. When the new ministers way. French influence being at that showed an intention to act seriously, time dominant at Cairo and hostile to and to remodel the administration, the Overland Route, Nubar was dis Ismail at once intrigued against them missed in disgrace.
and dismissed Nubar, and made the In 1863 Ismail Pasha succeeded to position of the French and English the government of Egypt, and Nubar agents untenable. The unforeseen in. was promptly recalled, and in 1866 tervention of Germany, brought about was appointed Minister of Foreign indirectly by Nubar, upset all Ismail's Affairs, and for the greater part of his plans, and ended in his deposition and master's reign exercised a distinct in the accession of his son Tewfik. Nubar fluence upon the history and destinies then returned to Cairo, but took no of Egypt. He obtained for Ismail the active part in Egyptian affairs during title of Khedive, procured permission the Arabi insurrection, the bombardto alter the law of succession, settled ment of Alexandria, and Tel-el-Kebir the difficulties between Turkey and campaign. On the order of the British Egypt on the subject of the Suez Government after the defeat of Hicks Canal, and carried on the negotiations Pasha's army, Egypt was compelled to which ended with the award of abandon the Soudan. Sherif Pasha, Napoleon III. In 1868 he induced then Premier, resigned, and Nubar, Ismail to make an effort to get rid of although equally disapproving, conthe capitulations which hampered the sented to accept office on the ground administrative action of the local Gov. that it was better for Egypt to evacuate ernment, and proposed the erection of the Soudan than to incur the withinternational tribunals to administer a drawal of the British occupation of code drawn up under Nubar's direc Egypt. He held office until 1888, when tions, and suitable to the conditions of he was dismissed and retired to Paris, the country.
where he spent his time in writing his During the years which immediately reminiscences, which he refrained from preceded Ismail's financial collapse, publishing. In 1892, Abbas Pasha Nubar Pasha did not play a very succeeded his father Tewfik, and after prominent part in politics. In alter getting into trouble with the British nation with Sherif Pasha he was either Agent, summoned Nubar to become Prime Minister or in disgrace if not in his Prime Minister in 1894. After exile; but if he was not directly eighteen months, during which matters responsible for the disasters of Ismail's were placed on a more friendly footing, rule, he did not take a prominent part Nubar Pasha finally retired in Novin averting the inevitable ruin. In ember, 1895, having been Prime Min1874 Nubar was dismissed from office ister to six Khedives. He retired to and obliged to leave Egypt, and resided Paris, where he died on January 14 at mainly in London and Paris. In 1876 his house in the Rue Boissiere, having Ismail thought that he might recover undergone a few months previously the confidence of his creditors by giving a serious operation from which he to Egypt the form of a Constitutional | never completely rallied.
On the 1st, at London, aged 60, Edward Righton, a popular comedian. First appeared as Fleance in Miss Glyn's reproduction of “Macbeth," 1850; was manager of the Court Theatre and one of the three actors in Mr. W. S. Gilbert's “Happy Land” (1874) whose caricatures of Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Lowe and Mr. Ayrton incurred the censure of the Lord Chamberlain. On the 2nd, at the Viceregal Lodge, Dublin, aged 28, Hon. Mrs. Vincent Corbett, Hon. Mabel Beatrice Sturt, daughter of Lord Alington. Married, 1895, Vincent Corbett, of H.M. Diplomatic Service. On the 2nd, at Ealing, aged 67, Surgeon-General Lewis Stanhope Bruce, son of Colonel Lewis Bruce. Educated at Edinburgh University; joined Bombay Medical Service, 1854; served in the Indian Army, 1856-7, in Persia; in the Indian Mutiny, 1857-8; and Afghan War, 1880-1. On the 3rd, at Rome, aged 81, Surgeon-General James Macbeth. Educated at Aberdeen University; entered the Army Medical Service, 1841; served with 10th Foot in the Sutlej Campaign, 1845-6; with 74th Highlanders in the Punjab Campaign, 1848-9, and afterwards with 10th Hussars and 16th Lancers. On the 3rd, at Wateringbury, Kent, aged 73, General Frederick Schneider. Entered the Bombay Army, 1841; appointed to 10th Bombay Native Infantry; served in the South Mahratta War, 1844-5. On the 4th, at Bryanston House, Dorset, aged 62, Viscountess Portman, Mary Selina Charlotte, daughter of William Charles, Viscount Milton, son of third Earl Fitzwilliam. Married, 1855, Viscount Portman. On the 4th, at Paris, aged 63, Aimé Marie Edouard Hervé, a distinguished French journalist. Born at Réunion; educated at the Collége Napoléon, Paris; entered the École Normale, 1854, but soon took to journalism ; made himself remarked by his criticism of the Imperial Government; founded the Soleil to support the Monarchical party; elected Member of the French Academy, 1886. On the 4th, at Kensington, aged 83, Sir James Mouat, K.C.B., V.C., son of Dr. James Mouat, M.D. Educated at University College and Hospital; M.R.C.S., 1837; F.R.C.S., 1852; entered the Medical Department of the Army, 1838; served with 6th Dragoon Guards and in charge of the Field Hospital of the Third Division during the Crimean War, 1854-5, earning his Victoria Cross at Balaclava; also through the New Zealand War, 1864-7; Honorary Surgeon to the Queen, 1884. Married, 1860, Adela, daughter of Rev. N. Tindal. On the 4th, at Great Billing, Northants, aged 91, Rev. Joseph Walker. Born at Almondbury, Yorkshire; educated at Trinity College, Cambridge; eighth Wrangler, 1830; elected Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford, 1832; Tutor, 1836; and Vice-Principal, 1841; appointed Rector of Great Billing, 1843, and officiated up to Christmas Day, 1898. Married, 1843, Catherine, daughter of Admiral Sir William Carroll, K.C.B. On the 4th, at Brighton, aged 70, Mrs. Charles Mathews, Miss Lizzie Davenport, a popular American actress. Married, 1858, Charles Mathews, the famous comedian, as his second wife. On the 4th, at Canons Ashby, Northants, aged 53, Lady Dryden, Frances, daughter of Rev. Robert Tredcroft, of Tangmere, Sussex. Married, 1865, Sir Henry Edward Leigh Dryden, baronet. On the 6th, at Jamestown, from a carriage accident, aged 87, The Bishop of St. Helena, Right Rev. Thomas Earle Welby, D.D., son of Sir William Earle Welby, second baronet. Educated at Christ Church, Cambridge; entered 13th Light Dragoons; ordained in the Diocese of Toronto; Rector of Sandwich, Western Canada; Rector of Newton, Lincolnshire, 1847-55; Archdeacon of George Town, Cape of Good Hope, 1856; consecrated Bishop of St. Helena, 1862. Married, 1837, Mary, daughter of A. Browne. On the 6th, at Frant, aged 67, Lady Athlumney, Maria G. Elizabeth, daughter of Herbert G. Jones, sergeant-at-law. Married, 1860, first Baron Athlumney. On the 7th, at Paris, aged 66, Frédéric Auguste Lichtenberger. Born at Strasburg; educated at Strasburg, Germany, and at Paris; appointed Professor at the Lutheran Seminary, Strasburg, 1864; resigned, 1872, and came to Paris; Professor of the reorganised Seminary, 1877-94; author of a “History of Religious Ideas in Germany" (1873); editor of the “Encyclopédie des Sciences Religieuses" (1876-82). On the 8th, at Spaxton, Bridgwater, aged 90, Henry James Prince, founder and head of the Agapemone or Abode of Love, 1894, which was revised at Clapton, 1894. He had been at one time a clergyman of the Church of England. On the 8th, at Munich, aged 91, Count Otto von BraySteinburg, thrice Bavarian Minister of Foreign Affairs. Signed at Versailles on November 23, 1870, the adhesion of Bavaria to the German Empire; Bavarian Minister at Vienna, 1871-95. On the 9th, at Torquay, aged 85, Lady Louisa Elizabeth Fortescue, daughter of first Earl of Harrowby. Married, 1833, Hon. George Fortescue, M.P. On the 10th, at Stirling, aged 61, Colonel Arthur Collett Nightingale, son of Geoffrey Nightingale. Gazetted to 93rd Highlanders, 1854 ; served in the Crimea, 1854-5; the Indian Mutiny, 1857-8, including the relief of Lucknow; in the Enrofzie Campaign, 1863-4; and at the Umbeyla Pass, 1866 ; commanded 91st Regimental District, 1887-92. On the 10th, at Englefield Green, aged 84, Major-General Frederick Spence, C.B. Entered the Army, 1829; served with 31st Regiment with great distinction through the Crimean War, 1854-5; the Chinese War, 1860; against the Taepings, 1862. On the 10th, at South Stoke Hall, Bath, aged 96, Rev. William Acworth. Educated at Glasgow University and at Queen's College, Cambridge; graduated B.A., 1833; Vicar of Rothley, 1836-53; Vicar of Plumstead, 1853-64; Rector of West Walton, 1870-5; and Vicar of South Stoke, Somerset, 1875-85. On the 12th, at Tufnell Park, London, aged 77, Rev. Joseph William Reynolds. Trained for commercial life, but entered the Theological Department, King's College, London, 1846, and ordained to the curacy of St. Peter's, Belper, 1849; appointed Principal of the Operative Jewish Converts' Association, 1854-9; Incumbent of St. Stephen's, Spitalfields, 1859-82, for which he raised 30,0001. ; Prebendary of St. Paul's, 1880; and Rector of St. Anne and St. Agnes, Gresham Street, 1882; author of “The Supernatural in Nature” and other works. On the 12th, at Eccleston Square, S.W., aged 67, Colonel William Gilly Andrewes, R.H.A., son of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Andrewes, 13th Light Dragoons. Educated at Woolwich Military Academy; appointed to the Royal Artillery, 1849; served through the Crimean Campaign, 1854-5, where he was wounded. Married, 1884, Marie Charlotte, daughter of Alexander Puruckherr, of Altenburg. On the 13th, at Washington, aged 66, Nelson Dingley, Chairman of Committee of Ways and Means of the House of Representatives. Born at Durham, Maine; graduated at Dartmouth University, 1855; admitted to the Bar, 1856; proprietor and editor of the Lewistori, Me., Journal, 1859-80; Member of the Maine Legislature, 1862-73; Speaker, 1863-4, and Governor of the State, 1874-5; elected to Congress, 1881, as a Republican; devoted himself to currency and commercial subjects; was the chief promoter of the Dingley Tariff. On the 14th, at Sydenham, aged 79, Thomas Spinks, Q.C., D.C.L., a distinguished ecclesiastical lawyer, son of W. Spinks, of the Tower. Educated at Merchant Taylors' School and St. John's College, Oxford ; admitted as an Advocate at Doctors' Commons, 1849; called to the Bar at the Inner Temple, 1858; Q.C., 1866. On the 15th, at Montreal, aged 89, Charles Chiniquy, “the apostle of temperance." Born in the Province of Quebec; educated for the priesthood and ordained, 1833; joined the Oblate Fathers and gave himself up to the temperance cause, and was said to have persuaded 200,000 to become abstainers; migrated with 10,000 of his fellowcountrymen to Illinois and settled at Kankakee, 1851 ; left the Church of Rome with a large following, 1858; returned to Quebec, where his presence produced serious riots and he was wounded; became a Presbyterian Minister and a strong partisan, often arousing serious disturbances by his addresses in Canada, Nova Scotia and Australia; was a constant traveller and active mountain climber at the age of 87. On the 16th, at Dunsany Castle, Co. Meath, aged 45, Lord Dunsany, John William Plunkett, seventeenth Baron Dunsany. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge; M.A., 1873; sat in the House of Commons as a Conservative for South Gloucestershire, 1886-92; Representative Peer for Ireland, 1893. Married, 1877, Erule, daughter of Colonel Francis Plunkett-Barton, Coldstream Guards. On the 16th, at Selham Rectory, Sussex, aged 86, Rev. Robert Blackburn. Educated at Balliol College, Oxford; B.A., 1834 (First Class Lit. Hum.); Fellow of Brasenose, 1834-44; Rector of Selham, 1844. On the 17th, at Rome, aged 62, Hon. Edward Brownlow, son of first Baron Lurgan. Entered the Army, 1854, and served with Scots Fusilier Guards in the Crimea, 1855. Married, 1861, Hélène, daughter of John Hardy, of H.M. Consular Service. On the 18th, at Edinburgh, aged 94, Admiral John Hay, son of James Hay, of Seggieden, Perthshire. Entered the Royal Navy, 1819; served in the Greek War, 1828; the Chinese War, 1840-1. On the 18th, at Bristol, aged 46, John Martin M‘Currick. Born at Dunning; educated at Dollar and Perth Academies and at Edinburgh University; Resident Engineer at Cardiff Docks, 1880; Great Eastern Railway, 1882; Bristol Docks, 1885, where he executed several important improvements; designed the new docks at Portishead and Avonmouth, etc. On the 19th, at Aberdeen, aged 54, Professor Henry Alleyne Nicholson, son of John Nicholson, D.D., of Penrith. Educated at the Universities of Göttingen and Edinburgh ; appointed Lecturer on Natural History at Edinburgh, 1869; Professor at Toronto, 1871; Professor of Biology and Physiology in the University of Durham, 1874; of Natural History at St. Andrews, 1875; and Regius Professor of Natural History at Aberdeen, 1882; author of geological works, etc. On the 20th, at Brighton, aged 72, Sir Frederic Henry Sykes, fifth baronet. Educated at Eton; entered the Army, 1844; served with 11th Hussars and Royal Horse Guards. Married, 1867, Caroline, daughter of J. Bettesworth, of Hayling, Hants. On the 21st, at Oporto, aged 69, Cardinal Americo Ferreira dos Santos Silva, Bishop of Oporto and Confessor to the Royal Family of Portugal. On the 22nd, at St. Petersburg, aged 63, Michael Nikoloiwich Anneukoff, descended from a noble family of Nijni. Novgorod. Educated in the Imperial Corps of Pages; passed with distinction through the Military Academy, and was appointed to the Guards' Staff Corps ; was appointed Assistant Minister of Police in Poland, 1863-6; Chief Director of Railway Troops Transport; commanded the Reserves in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-8; and after 1880 was chief constructor of the railway from the Caspian to Samarkand; Member of the Supreme Military Council, 1893. On the 22nd, at Tottenham, aged 79, Samuel Swarbrick. Began life in a subordinate position on the Manchester and Leeds Railway, 1838, and afterwards on the Lancashire and Yorkshire, and rose to be accountant, and from 1851 held the same post in the Midland Railway, and was General Manager of the Great Eastern Railway, 1866-80. On the 22nd, at Queen's Gate, Kensington, aged 71, Earl Poulett, William Henry Poulett, sixth earl, son of Vice-Admiral Hon. George Poulett. Educated at Sandhurst College; entered the Army, 1845; served with 22nd Regiment. Married, first, 1849, Elizabeth Lavinia, daughter of J. Newman ;
OBITUARY. second, 1871, Emma Sophia, daughter of W. Johnson; and third, 1879, Rosa, daughter of Alfred Hugh de Melville. On the 23rd, at Leith, aged 55, John Goundry Holburn, M.P., son of Thomas Holburn, of Durham. Was self-educated, and began life as a tinplate worker; was President of the Edinburgh and Leith Trades Council, 1871-5; Member of Leith Town Council, 1890-5; returned as Labour and Radical Member for North-West Lanarkshire, 1895. On the 23rd, at Porchester Terrace, London, aged 80, General John Cheape Brooke, son of Colonel O. W. Brooke. Joined 63rd Bengal Native Infantry, 1836; raised and disciplined the Meywar Bheels, and obtained great influence over them and the neighbouring chiefs; kept quiet a large tract of country during the Mutiny, for which he was specially thanked; Political Agent at Jodhpur and Jeypore, 1860-70; Government Agent in Rajputana, 1870-3. Married, 1849, Emma C., daughter of Colonel L. H. Smith, Bengal Cavalry. On the 24th, at Glasgow, aged 52, Joseph Coats, M.D., son of William Coats, of Paisley. Educated at the Universities of Glasgow, Leipsig and Würzburg; graduated M.B. at Glasgow, 1867; M.D., 1870; editor of the Glasgow Medical Journal, 1878; Lecturer on Pathology, Glasgow University, 1890-4, when he was elected Professor; author of several medical works. Married, 1879, Georgina, daughter of John Taylor, of Demerara. On the 25th, at Clifton, aged 80, Rev. Thomas Hincks, B.A. (Lond.), F.R.S., son of Rev. William Hincks, F.L.S., of Exeter. Educated at the Unitarian School, and afterwards Minister of Mill Hill Chapel, 1842-50; author of several important works on zoology, including the “History of British Hydroid Zoophytes" (1868). On the 25th, at Paris, aged 87, Adolphe D'ennery (d'Hennery). Born at Paris; started as an attorney's clerk, and afterwards studied art and took to journalism; produced his first play, “Emile,” 1831, and continued writing from two to seven every year until 1887; left a fortune of 6,000,000 frs., and bequeathed his house and its Chinese and Japanese collections of great value to the State. On the 25th, at Hadleigh, Suffolk, aged 77, Very Rev. Edward Spooner, M.A. Educated at Exeter College, Oxford; B.A., 1842; Perpetual Curate, Holy Trinity, Haverstock, 1858; Rector of Heston, Middlesex, 1859-75; Rector of Hadleigh, 1875, with co-Deanery of Dorking. Married, first, 1857, Octavia, daughter of Sir Oswald Mosley, fifth baronet; and second, 1885, Anna Frances, daughter of J. C. Cobbold, of Ipswich. On the 26th, at Dublin, aged 92, Sir John Nugent, son of J. Nugent, of Grenan, Co. Kilkenny. Educated at Clongower College and Trinity College, Dublin; M.B., 1827; travelling physician of Daniel O'Connell; Inspector of Lunatic Asylums in Ireland, 1847-90. On the 27th, at Uffington House, Stamford, aged 83, The Earl of Lindsey, Montague Peregrine Bertie, eleventh earl. Educated at Eton; entered the Grenadier Guards, 1835. Married, 1854, Felicia Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. John Earle Welby, of Hareston, Leicestershire. On the 29th, at Moret, Fontainebleau, aged 58, Alfred Sisley, a landscape painter, who followed the traditions of the Barbizon school for some time, and subsequently fell under the influence of Monet. Belonged to a family of English origin; studied under Gleyre, and then lived for some years at Hampton Court painting landscape; returned to France, and was reckoned among the leading impressionists. On the 29th, at Leyden, aged 75, Robert Jacobus Fruin, a distinguished Dutch historian and Professor of Dutch History at the University of Leyden, 1860-94. Born at Rotherdam ; studied at Leyden, 1842-7; Professor of National History, 1860; author of several historical works. On the 29th, at Foxrock, Co. Dublin, aged 88, Lady Arabella Georgiana Brooke, daughter of eleventh Earl of Huntingdon. Married, 1833, George Frederick Brooke, of Ashbrook. On the 29th, at Gretton House, Winchcomb, aged 83, Hon. Emilius John Weld-Forester, son of first Baron Forester. Entered the Army, 1832; served with 83rd Regiment through the Afghan Campaign, 1838-42; was present at the action before Jellalabad and the recapture of Cabul. On the 30th, at Wandsworth, aged 73, Major-General William Ruxton Æneas Alexander. Entered the Bengal Army, 1842, and appointed to the Staff Corps ; served through the Punjab Campaign, 1848-9; Burmese War, 1852-3; Sonthal War, 1855; and the Indian Mutiny, 1857-8; distinguished himself at the siege of Agra; raised and commanded for three years “Alexander's Horse." On the 30th, at Nice, aged 72, Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky, a distinguished Russian general. Took part in the conquest of the Caucasus and the capture of Schamyl, 1859 ; the Crimean War, 1854-5; the Russo-Turkish War, 1877, and especially the taking of Kars. On the 31st, at Sofia, aged 28, The Princess of Bulgaria, Princess Marie Louise, daughter of the Duke of Parma (Bourbon). Born at Vienna. Married, 1893, Prince Ferdinand, of Saxe-Coburg, elected Prince of Bulgaria. On the 31st, at Paris, aged 70, Sir Francis Clare Ford, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., son of Richard Ford, the author of the “Handbook for Spain.” Entered the Army and served