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COPYRIGHT 1897
BY G. P. PUTNAM'S SCNS

This edition is published under arrangement with

G. P. Putnam's Sons, of New York and London.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

THE

HE publishers of Theodore Roosevelt's books

have decided to publish a popular edition of them during the Presidential campaign, and have asked me to write a few words of introduction. Few names are more widely known at the present moment than that of Theodore Roosevelt, so that in one sense any introduction is superfluous. But in this sense he is known chiefly as the “Rough Rider” of the Santiago campaign; whereas those who read these books will see that his experience as a volunteer officer in the war with Spain is only one incident in a life which has been singularly varied in thought and accomplishment and useful in many fields.

Roosevelt was born in New York City, October 27, 1858. On his father's side he is descended from a Dutch emigrant of the seventeenth century, and the intermediate generations have been prudent, hard-working, successful merchants, prominent at all times in the commercial and social life of New York. His father's mother was from Pennsylvania, of Irish stock. His own mother was from Georgia, a daughter of James Dunwoodie Bullock,

VOL. I.

I

tiene lasnily was of Sestri ard Hirgent origi, ant kalt kern provinent in pie Sie is the Son

Imring his chilor, Rruereit was in such bei health that it was drabtful ii te moci ever grow to mankon, and his robust strength and errordinary cajarity for physical endurance were not acquiresi until after his outdoor life in the West. He was erluscateri at private schools in New York City, whence he went to Harvard University in 1876, graduating in the usual course in 1880. His tastes were for literary work, but the very year after leaving college he was elected to the Legislature as a representative of one of the City Assembly districts, and in the same fashion that has since characterized him, he plunged at once into the thick of the fight as an ardent reformer, particularly with reference to legislation affecting New York City. His youth and lack of experience were more than counterbalanced by his earnestness and aggressive energy, so that he speedily became a power which had to be recognized. He was the leader of his party while it was in the minority, and when it was in the majority he was Chairman of the Committee on Cities. He served three terms in the Legislature, and during that time introduced and carried through more important city legislation than was ever brought about by any one Assemblyman. It was all directed by one central purpose, namely, to put an end to boards and commissions with their opportunities for "trades" and "deals,” to restrict the powers of the Board of Aldermen, who were

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