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The crew abandoned the sinking ship. A wicked man abandoned his family. Avoid bad habits; their abandonment is difficult.

A ban doned, p. wholly given up to wickedness.

We should try to do good, even to a very abandoned man.

A base, v. a. to cast down, to make low.

A scholar behaved badly. The master took him from the highest class, and placed him in the lowest. He abased him." His abasement made him feel ashamed.

We should be humble, and abase ourselves before God.

A bash, v. a. to make ashamed, to confuse.

A boy was stealing apples. The owner detected him. He looked red, and did not know what to say or do. He was abashed. A bate, v. a. to make less.

A man asked six cents for an orange. A


boy offered him five; but he would not abate the price.

v. n. to become less.

It rained hard. It rained less and less. The storm abated. His fever continued a week, without any abatement.

Ab brē vi ate, v. a. to shorten, [us11ally applied to words.]

We abbreviate January by writing it Jan. U. S. is an abbreviation for United States. A bět, v. a. to encourage or help a person, [usually in doing wrong.]

John promised to watch, while Charles was stealing water-melons. He abetted Charles. Never be an abettor of others in wickedness.

Ăb di cate, v. a. to give up forever an office, or place of power.

The king determined to be king no longer. He abdicated his throne. After his abdica tion, his son became king.

Ab hor, v. a. to start back from with strong dislike.

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Almost every body abhors a snake.
We should abhor a lie.

A good child has an whorrence of bad words.

To abuse animals should be abhorrent to our feelings.

A bīde, v. n. to stay in a place.

The young birds abide in their nest.

to continue the same.

The truth of God abideth forever.

v. a. to wait for.

"Bonds abide me," said Paul,-that is, he expected to be bound.

to bear or endure.

A school-master abolished an old rule, and made a new one.

The abolition of the custom of war, would be a great blessing.

A bom i nate, v. a. to hate a thing, and turn away from it with great dislike.

We abominate the base conduct of Judas when he betrayed Christ.

"Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord." Nero, a Roman emperor, was abominable for his cruelty.

The slothful man must abide the evils of poverty, that is, he must bear them. A bil i ty, n. I can do it,--that is, I Ab o rig'i nes, (ab o rij ́e nēz,) n. the have the ability to do it. earliest people in a country.

James can walk. He has the ability to walk.

William is deaf and dumb. He has not the ability to speak.

Eliza has the ability to write a good letter. We should be glad to have the ability of doing good to others,

Ab ject, a. low, mean, despised.

Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, became like a beast, and was a miserable, abject man. Drunkards often become very abject.

Ab jūre, v. a. to give up something with an oath, or in a solemn man


A Hindoo became a Christian, and abjured idolatry.

A man left his country, solemnly declaring he would never return to it. He abjured his country.

Ā ble, a. I can do it,—that is, I am able to do it.

Robert is able to swim.

Sarah is able to read.

A board, ad. in a ship.

The Indians are the aborigines, or aboriginal inhabitants, of America.

A bor tive, a. failing, because it takes place before the proper time, or because all was not done that ought to be done.

The woman tried to bake the bread before the oven was made hot enough, but the attempt was an abortive one. She had to heat the oven over again.

A bound', v. n. to be full of, to have a great deal of.


The trees abound with cherries.

There is an abundance of oranges in Cuba. "The Lord is abundant in goodness and truth."

bridge, v. a. to make shorter or less.

His letter was too long. He wrote it over again, saying the same things in much fewer words. He abridged it.

This small Geography is an abridgment.

to deprive of.

A boy came late to school so often, that the master abridged him of his play-hours.

A bōde, n. the place where one lives. Ab rupt, a. broken short and rough,

The abode of an Arab is his tent.

continuance in a place.

He made but a short abode in London.

A bol ish, v. a. to unmake, to put an

end to.


The road at first was level. All at once, we began to go down a steep descent. It was ab rupt and dangerous.

He told John of the death of his father with great abruptness.

Ab scond, v. n. to go away secretly. He was afraid of being taken to jail for passing bad money, and absconded in the night.

Ab sence, n. a being away.-inatten


Mary was thinking so much of her doll, that she did not hear what her sister said to her. She had absence of mind.

Åb so lute, a. free from any thing

that can hinder.

A king who governs his people just as he pleases, is absolute.

not limited, unconditional.

He made me a promise without saying, "if." It was a promise he would not fail to keep. It was absolute.

Ab sõlve, v. a. to set free from.

I told him he need not pay me. I absolved him from the debt.

to clear without punishing.

The father did not punish his son who had behaved badly and was sorry for it. He absolved him.

The Bible teaches us, how we may obtain the absolution of our sins.

Ab sorb, v. a. to suck or swallow up by degrees.

The sponge absorbs the water. to be deeply engaged in.

William did not hear the cry of "fire," he was so absorbed in his lesson.

Ab stāin, v. n. to keep from the use of.

He drinks spirituous liquors no longer. He abstains from the use of them.

Ab stē mi ous, a. using sparingly.

When recovering from sickness, he had to be abstemious in his food.

Ab străct, v. a. to draw away from other things.


Robert abstracted his mind from every thing else, and fixed it upon his lesson. think only of the whiteness of an egg, and not of its shape or weight. I its whiteness is like that of say, snow. In my mind, and in speaking of it, I separate its whiteness from its shape and weight, and from any thing else that belonge to it. I abstract its whiteness from its other qualities. Whiteness, redness, goodness, strength, and such words are called abstract terms.

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Our being able, in our minds, to separate one quality of a thing from the rest, and to speak of it, is called the power of abstraction. Ab stract, n. a small writing, or book, containing the principal things in a larger one.

John made an abstract of the history of Rome. Ab strūse, a. hidden, not easy to be understood.

The sermon was too abstruse for most of those who heard it. They did not know what a great deal of it meant.

Ab surd, a. clearly wrong, so that it would be foolish to say it is true, or to believe it.

It is an absurdity to suppose that a boy can improve without attention to his studies.

Ž.b sti nence, n. using none, or very A būșe, v. a. to use things or persons

much less than common.

Mohammed ordered an entire abstinence

from wine among his followers.

We should be abstinent in using what we ear may hurt us.


A boy threw his books about, and let them get torn and dirty. He abused them. Samuel struck John, and called him bad names. He abused him shamefully.

William had leave to get a few apples; but he picked a hundred. It was an abuse of his

father's kindness.

Doeg was abusive to David.

It was begun to be built in April, and the work was accomplished before winter.

Christ foretold the destruction of Jerusalem. After his death, the Romans came and destroyed the city. His prophecy was accomplished.

A byss, n. a bottomless depth; a very Ac cord, v. n. to agree with, to be

deep gulf.

A căd e my, n. a society of learned men, or of artists; a higher kind of school.

Ac cept, v. a. to take willingly what

is given.

He accepted the invitation with pleasure.
Your letter was very acceptable.

Ac cess, n. the getting to a person or thing.

He gave me a note to the jailer, by which I had access to the prison.

He was a kind man, and his house was always accessible to the poor. the way by which we may approach. The access to the cave was through a narrow, winding path.

Ac ci dent, n. that which happens unexpectedly, and without design. A boy sliding on the ice fell, and broke his It was a sad accident.


The meeting of the two friends in New York, was accidental.

Ac com mo date, v. a. to make suitable or fit.

He had been rich, but became poor. He was willing to live in a small house, and accommodate himself to his circumstances.

suited to.

His account of the pyramids in Egypt, ac corded well with what we had read of them be fore.

He came punctually at the time, in exact accordance with his engagement.

When a person is led to do a thing from his own thoughts and feelings, and not by others, we say he does it of his own accord. Ac cost, v. a. to speak to.

A boy who had lost his way accosted a stranger respectfully, and inquired of him the road. Ac count', v. a. to esteem or have an opinion of.

Silver was so plenty in the days of Solomon, that they accounted it of very little value. v. n. to give a reason for.

He spent a great deal of money in lottery tickets, and this accounts for his poverty. to tell what one has done and be rewarded or punished.

The boy had to account to his father for the money which was given to him.

We are all accountable to God for our conduct.

Ac count', n. what is told about something.

The Bible gives us the true account of the creation of the world.

to furnish what is comfortable and that which is put down in writing of

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what is due, received, or paid.

Charles kept an account of his expenses on the journey.

Ac cũ mu late, v. a. to bring into a pile or heap, by degrees.

John kept gathering shells on the sea-shore, and at last accumulated a great many. v. n. to come together into a heap gradually.

The floating ice accumulated above the bridge, and broke down one of the arches. Job was afflicted by an accumulation of evils. Ac cu rate, a. done with great care, and free from error or mistake.

Washington was very accurate in all that he said and did.

William studied his lesson carefully, and -recited it with great accuracy. Ac cũșe, v. a. to say that a person has done wrong, in order to bring blame or punishment upon him.

We should never accuse another, unless we are sure that he is guilty.

The Jews brought an accusation against Christ before the Roman governor. Ac cũs tom, v. a. to do a thing often, and to continue to do it.

It is said, that Alexander the Great was accustomed to place a copy of a book written by Homer, under his pillow, every night,

He is accustomed to pray in his family, every morning and evening.

Ac knowl edge, v. a. to admit or own it to be so.

He acknowledged the receipt of my letter. Robert was sorry, and acknowledged his fault.

to own thankfully.

We should acknowledge with gratitude the mercies of God.

Ac quaint, v. a. to tell a person of something.

Samuel behaved badly in school, and the master acquainted his father with it.

to make familiar with.

He has visited often at our house and we are well acquainted with him.

We should not seek the acquaintance of

wicked persons.

Acquire, v. a. to make a thing our own by continued effort.

Newton acquired the character of a great and learned man, by much thought and hard study. Many strive hard for the acquisition of

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The man was tried for theft, but the jury acquitted him.

His acquittal gave his friends great joy. be no longer bound to do a thing. Mary answered all the questions asked her at the examination. She acquitted herself well, and was bound to do no more.

Act, v. n. to cease to rest, to be in motion, to put forth power.


There was a calm. Then the wind began to blow, and acted upon the sails of the ship, which moved swiftly along.

When you raise your arm, your will acts upon it and makes it rise.

Napoleon, emperor of France, thought much and quickly. He had a very active mind. He is an active man, and never contented unless he is doing something.

To do well in his business, a man should have much activity.

behave in a particular manner. The drunkard acted like a crazy man. Daniel, when in Babylon, acted with great wisdom and courage.

Act, n. something done.

A boy was caught in the very act of stealing money from the drawer.

A sailor plunged into the water, and saved a man who was drowning. It was a noble act.

Ac tion, n. the doing of something.

The action of the wind on the sails lasted during the day.

The heart is constantly in action.

Men judge each other more by their actions than by their words.

The action, (or battle,) continued four hours. Ac tu al, a. that which really is, and not merely supposed to be.

The sick man was in actual danger of dy ing, though he did not think so.

The small pox was actually in the village though many denied it.

A cute, a. sharp, pointed.

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