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something may happen, and which we ought to be prepared to meet.

Nehemiah was aware that Sanballat intend

ed to attack the Jews, and commanded the people to be armed while they were at work on the walls.

Awe, (åwe,) n. the feeling of deep reverence and fear caused by something great and terrible.

We should stand in awe of God, and sin not; for he is "God of gods, and Lord of lords."

The lava poured forth from the volcano, and buried the city. It was an awful sight. Awk' ward, (åwk ward,) a. bungling, not using the hands or tools skillfully and well.

Frank has a very awkward way of holding his pen, and I fear he will never make a good writer.

moving the body and limbs in a dis

agreeable and ungraceful manner. He was very awkward in coming into the room, in bowing to the company, and in taking his seat.


Back Păck bite, v. a. to speak evil of a person who is not present. Bădge, n. a mark worn by a person to distinguish him in some way.

A piece of black crape on the arm is a badge of mourning; it shows that the person who wears it has lost a friend.

The medal which hangs from Jane's neck is a badge of merit; it shows that she has been a good girl at school.

Baf fle, v. a. to hinder or confuse one,

so that he cannot do what he wishes to do.

The wind blew so violently from the shore, that it baffled all the attempts of the captain to get his ship into the harbor, and he was obliged to put out again to sea.

The fox ran this way and that, and crossed the brook so many times, that the dogs lost the scent and could not find his track. completely baffled them.


Bal ance, v. a. to make the two sides of a pair of scales hang even.— to make two accounts equal by paying the difference between them.

John owed Robert ten cents for a top; and Robert owed John four cents for some marbles. John paid Robert six cents, and the account was balanced.

v. n. to be looking at what is best on one side, and on the other side, without coming to a choice.

When the prisoner was let out of jail, he was seen standing in the road a long time and balancing which way he should go.

Bāle ful, a. causing great sorrow or injury.

The evils caused by intemperance are many and baleful.

Bålk, v. a. to hinder or keep one from doing a thing.

He was balked by the floating ice in all his attempts to get the boat across the river.

Balm y, a. soft and pleasant to the feelings.

I walked out in the fields on a fine May morning, and breathed the sweet, balmy air.

After a long season of wakefulness, the sick man fell into a gentle, balmy slumber. Band, n. that which binds or ties things together.


Edward bound his books together with a leathern band, to carry them to school. company of persons joined and acting together.

Cornelius commanded a hundred Roman soldiers, called "the Italian band."

The robbers banded together, and caused great alarm among the people.

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To use opium, as the Turks and the Chinese do, is a baneful practice. Băn ish, v. a. to drive one from his home and country, by authority of the government.

A Greek being asked why he voted to banish Aristides, replied; "I do not even know him, but it vexes me to hear him every where called the Just." Three years afterwards, when Xerxes, the Persian king, came to attack the Greeks with a large army, they feared that Aristides might join the enemy, and they called him back from his banishment.

to drive away from.

It is unwise to try to banish from our minds the thought that we must die. Băn ner, n. a flag used by soldiers, or by ships of war, and sometimes when people walk together on public occasions.

The banner was raised to the top of the staff, and could be seen at a great distance. Băn ter, v. a. to laugh at and make sport of a person in a joking, and sometimes in a severe way.

John bantered Edward one day about his manner of walking. He said he waddled just like a duck.

Bår, n. a piece of wood or iron used to fasten a door or gate, or in some other way to keep people from entering a place.

Samson at midnight took the gate of the city of Gaza, and the two posts on his shoulders, bar and all, and went away with them. a bank of sand, or earth, in a river or

harbor, which it is difficult for vessels to pass over.

They took a pilot on board, to conduct the ship safely round the sand-bar.

any thing which interrupts or hinders greatly.

He might have got along very successfully in his business, but his indolence was a great bar to it.

Bår ba rous, a. those people are called barbarous, or barbarians, who have no books and who do not write. They live a little better than the savages do. They get some food by agriculture, and some of them keep cattle and flocks of sheep. They have a few tools and know how to use them. They are far below civilized people.

When Paul, on the island of Melita, shook off, without having received any harm, the viper which had fastened on his hand, the barbarians who saw it said that he was a god. very cruel.

He was a barbarous man, to whip his poor horse so when the load was too heavy for him to draw.

Bår gain, n. the agreement which persons make about the price of something which is sold, or done. In making bargains, take care to be strictly honest, and to do to others as you would have others do to you.

Băr ren, a. not bringing forth, not producing.

The tree has abundance of leaves, but no fruit has ever grown upon it. It is barren. Arabia is full of sandy, barren deserts.

He cannot read or write. He does not. love to think much. What he says has very little meaning. He has a barren mind. Băr ri er, n. something put in a place to hinder persons from going any further.

The soldiers cut down the tall trees, so

that they fell across the road, and formed a barrier to the approach of the enemy.

The great wall of China was built as a barrier to keep off the attacks of the Tartars. Bår ter, v. a. to exchange one thing

for another in the way of trade. Frank was a foolish boy, he bartered away a pretty, new book for some sugar candy. If we had no money it would be very inconvenient, for we should have to do all our trading by barter.

The sun is ninety-five millions of miles from the earth, and yet its beams reach us in about eight minutes.

v. n. to give out beams of light.

Though the sun has been beaming nearly six thousand years, it has lost none of its brightness. How great must be the God who made it.

Bear, v. a. to bring forth, to produce. Fig-trees in a warm climate bear fruit sev eral times each year.

Base, n. the bottom of a thing, or that to carry from one place to another.

part of it on which it stands.

The base of the largest pyramid in Egypt, covers about thirteen acres of ground. Base, a. very low, mean, and vile.

The conduct of Judas in betraying Christ, was exceedingly base.

Bash ful, a. very modest with a downcast look, fearing to speak and act before others.

Eliza was a bashful little girl. When her mother had company, she was afraid to come into the room; but it was better for her to be too bashful than too bold.

Bask, v. n. to lie so as to be receiving heat.

Early in the spring, the snakes crawl out from their holes, and love to bask in the sun. Beach, n. the flat, sandy shore of the sea, or a lake.

The beach was so smooth and hard, that they rode on it in carriages for several miles. Bea con, n. something placed high, so as to be easily seen, to give warning of danger.

Light-houses are erected all along our coast as beacons, so that the sailors may see them in the dark night, and know which is the safe course for the ship to take. Bēam, n. a large piece of timber prepared for use.-a long, straight line of light coming from the sun, or from some other body which shines.

In the East, the attendants of rich men bear them on their shoulders in palanquins. to be strong and patient under suffering.

Job bore his great afflictions so well, that the Bible speaks of him as a striking example of patience.

Beau ti ful, a. that which is highly pleasing, especially to the eye.

The rose is among the most beautiful flowers. The evening star, shining with its clear and silvery light in the western sky, is beautiful. It was a beautiful thought of a deaf-mute, that Gratitude is the memory of the heart.

A dutiful daughter taking care of an aged and feeble mother with great kindness and attention, is a beautiful sight.

Beauty of countenance will soon fade, it is foolish therefore to be vain of it. Be calm, v. a. to make quiet, to put

at rest.

The wind had died away. The sea was as smooth as glass, and the ship was becalmed for several days.

Běck on, v. n. to make a motion, in order to attract attention, or to give a hint or meaning.

Sarah was at a great distance from he house, and her mother, who stood at the window, beckoned to her to come in. Be come', (be kŭm,) v. n. to come to be what a person or thing was not before.

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To give so much time to amusements, is not befitting a person of his age. Be guile, v. a. to deceive in an artful

and alluring manner.

A wicked man invited a young lad to go with him and play cards, telling him how pleasant it would be, and how easily he could get much money in that way. He beguiled him to his ruin, for the lad became a gambler. to amuse one, so as to cause that

which would otherwise be disagreeable to be forgotten, or but little thought of.

The passage in the steam-boat was long, and would have been tedious, if we had not beguiled the time with reading and pleasant conversation.

Be half, n. for the benefit of.

He went round to collect money in behalf of the orphan children.

instead of.

He was sick and could not attend to the business. He sent another person to act in his behalf.

Be hāve, v. n. to show out the thoughts and feelings, when with others, in a good or bad way.

Robert is still, attentive, studious, and obedient at school. He behaves well.

Charles was noisy, rude, and even got angry when his sisters had some little girls to visit them. He behaved badly.

When David was at Gath, being afraid of King Achish, he changed his behavior, and acted like a mad-man.

Be hōld, v. a. to look at for some time.

When Christ came near Jerusalem, he beheld the city and wept over it.

Be hōld en, a. held or bound to be grateful to another for some bene


James was an orphan boy, and is much beholden to Mr. Smith for setting him up in business.

Be hoove, v. a. to be fit for, to be necessary to, to be advantageous to, to be a duty.

A father wrote to his son that it behooved him to be very economical, as he could not afford to let him have much money.

Be lieve, v. a. to think and feel that something is certainly true which we have not ourselves seen or known, because some one tells us that it is so, or because we have other good reasons to think that it is so.

We believe that there were such men as Alexander and Cesar, though they lived long before we were born.

Elizabeth believed her mother when she told her that the medicine would do her good, and took it although it was very disagreeable.

The belief of Abraham in what God told him, was so strong that he was called the friend of God.

v. n. to put trust in.

Our Saviour said to his disciples, "Ye believe in God, believe also in me."

"Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved."

Ben e fac tor, n. one that does good to another.

If you would be happy, strive to be a benefactor of your fellow-men.

Be něf i cence, n. doing good to oth


It is not enough to say that we wish well to others, we must show that we do so by our beneficence.

She is always visiting the sick and the poor, and doing something to relieve them. She is truly a beneficent woman.

Běn e fit, n. a good done us, advan

tage, profit.

He rode early every morning for the benefit of his health.

We ought to be thankful to the Lord, "who daily loadeth us with benefits."

The trade of the city has been greatly benefitted by the rail-road.

It is very beneficial to the young, to be often in the company of older and wiser persons. Be něv o lence, n. the love and de

sire of doing good.

True benevolence always shows itself, when it has the ability to do so, in active beneficence.

Christ has taught us to be benevolent even to our enemies.

Be nīgn, a. kind in a gentle and condescending manner.

LaFayette accosted, in a most benign manner, the old soldier who had served under him.

The countenance of the venerable man was full of benignity, as he looked upon his grand-children at their sports.

Be queath, v. a. to give by will, to leave something to others which they are to have after our death.

They found a will after his death, in which he had bequeathed half of his property to his wife, and the other half to his four children, to be equally divided between them. Be reave, v. a. to take from, so that the loss is great and afflictive.

When the sons of Jacob wished to carry Benjamin down to Egypt, he said to them, "Me ye have bereaved of my children; Jo

seph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away."

His only son was drowned, but he bore the bereavement like a christian.

Be sẽēch, v. a. to pray or ask, with strong feeling and with earnest


When Coriolanus drew near the city of Rome to destroy it, the inhabitants sent out his mother, wife, and children to beseech him not to do it. He granted their request. Be sět, v. a. to surround and trouble, or threaten with danger.

He was beset by robbers in the woods, was wounded, and escaped with difficulty.

The man who brought the news was beset with so many questions by the crowd who gathered round him, that he did not know what to say.

Be siege, v. a. to surround or block up a place with soldiers in order to take it.

The united forces of the Americans and French besieged Yorktown, and took Cornwallis and the English army prisoners. Be speak, v. a. to speak for, or engage beforehand.

He bespoke his passage in the ship three weeks before he sailed.

to foretell.

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