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to lay up for safe keeping.

He was going a long journey, and deposited a small trunk with many valuable things in it, in the bank.

De praved, p. become very corrupt and bad.

He is so depraved that he mocks at God | and the Bible, and seems to have no shame in committing the vilest sins.

The bloody murder which the pirates committed showed great depravity of heart. De pre ciate, v. a. to bring down the price or value of a thing.

The arrival of a large cargo of tea from China, has depreciated its price considerably. to speak of a thing as of less value than it is commonly thought to have.

He was so envious of the prosperity of his neighbor, that whenever he spoke of him, he depreciated his character.

v. n. to become of less value.

Since the bank has refused to pay specie for its bills, they have much depreciated, one dollar passing for only eighty cents. De press, v. a. to make low, so as not to be active and prosperous.

The place is sickly, and on that account its trade has become very much depressed. to cause to be sad and cast down in spirits.

His health is feeble; the expenses of his family increasing; his prospects far from encouraging; and he is much depressed in mind.

De prive, v. a. to take or keep away

from a person something pleasant

or useful.

Charles had behaved so badly, that his mother told him she should have to deprive him of the privilege of sitting with them in the evening to hear an interesting book read. De range, v. a. to put things out of their order.


The house took fire, and while extinguishing it, they deranged his beautiful collection of shells.

He has talked and acted so strangely, for some weeks past, that his friends begin to think he is deranged.

De ride, v. a. to laugh at, or make sport of, in a contemptuous manner.

While our Saviour was on the cross, the rulers of the Jews and many of the people derided him, saying, "He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God."

A good man is often treated with derision by the wicked.

De rīve,v. a. to draw or receive from.

The water which all the families in the neighborhood use, is derived from one fountain, and carried to them in aqueducts.

The English word current is derived from the Latin word curro, which signifies to run.

A knowledge of the derivation of words often assists us in understanding their meaning. De scend ant, n. Adam and Eve had several children. These again had children, who also had children, and so on down to this time. All the people, therefore, who now are living, or who have ever lived in the world, except Adam and Eve, are their descendants. De scribe, v. a. to tell what persons and things are, how they look, and what they do, so that others may form a conception of them.

Many persons have attempted to describe the falls of Niagara; but no one can think how they look without seeing them.

Milton, in his Paradise Lost, has given a beautiful description of the garden of Eden, as he supposed it might have appeared before the fall.

De scry, v. a. to spy out.

Men were sent by the Israelites to descry the city of Bethel.

to see and find out something distant or obscure.

They descried a ship many miles off, which they feared might be a pirate. De șert, n. that of good or bad in a person, on account of which he ought to be praised or blamed, rewarded or punished.

Parents and teachers ought to be careful to treat children according to their deserts, and not to be partial.

De șert, v. a. to leave for a certain

length of time, in order to avoid some danger, inconvenience, or loss.

At the approach of the enemy, the inhabitants deserted their houses, and did not return until the soldiers had left the city.

to leave a person or thing, meanly or wickedly.

While he was prosperous, there were many who pretended to be his friends, but when he became poor and sick, they deserted him and never came to see him.

Never desert a good cause, however few there may be to support it.

De sign, v. a. to draw the outlines of

a figure, picture, or plan.

Eliza designed on her slate a pretty little cottage, with trees and fences around it. to mark out in the mind something to be done, meaning or intending to do it.

When Napoleon went to conquer Russia,

he designed to have his army spend the winter in Moscow, but the Russians defeated his plan by burning the city.

A watch shows design, and we say it must have had a maker. Our bodies, also, show wonderful design, and we conclude they must have had a Creator. That Creator is God.

De şire, n. an ardent and fixed feeling to have something which we do not possess, because we think it will afford us pleasure.

After Paul's conversion, he says; "My heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved."

Richard was very fond of studying Geography, and desired greatly to have a globe. But his parents were poor and could not buy him one. He used to work out of school hours, and earn some money every week, till he was able to buy it. Other children should be as desirous of obtaining knowledge as Richard


Děs o late, a. A place is said to be desolate, when it is without inhabitants; either because it never had any, or because they have deserted it, or have been driven from it.

It was foretold by Isaiah, that Babylon should be destroyed, and that wild beasts should cry in its desolate houses. A late traveller says, that his guides told him that the ruins of this city abound in lions and other wild beasts.

De spair, v. n. to give up all hope of obtaining some good, or of avoiding some evil.

Her husband went to sea, and has not been heard of for twenty years. She despairs of ever seeing him again.

Děs pe rate, a. doing something in a rash and violent manner, without regard to consequences, because one is in utter despair.

The pirates were desperate, and fought fu riously till they were all killed, because they

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He has had so many misfortunes of late, and net with so many disappointments, that he is very desponding, and his friends fear that if his despondency continues much longer, it may settle down into despair.

Des pot ic, a. absolute in power. arbitrary, tyrannical.

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The captain was so despotic in his government of the ship, that he could never get a sailor to go a second time with him to sea. Děs tine, v. a. to fix upon the use or purpose for which a person or thing is to be employed, or the state or condition in which they are to be placed.

He is building a large ship, which is destined for the East India trade. His oldest son is a farmer. He has destined his youngest one to go to college.

He set out on a journey from New-York, and arrived safely at Quebec, the place of his destination.

The final destiny of this world, is, to be consumed by fire.

Děs ti tute, a. not having a thing.

During the coldest weather, the poor fam ily were destitute of fuel.

You cannot safely trust him, for he is des titute of honesty.

We say of one who is friendless and needy, that he is destitute.

De tăch, v. a. to take away a part from the whole, or one thing from another.

A father found that his son was often in the company of some very wicked boys, and to detach him from them removed him to another school.

to send off part of an army for some particular purpose.

The general ordered a detachment of one thousand men to march by night, and attack the fort.

De tāin, v. a. to keep from one what belongs to him.

When you have borrowed a book and read it, you should not detain it, but return it immediately to the owner.

to keep back from going.

The ship was detained three days in port by a head wind before she could sail. The detention gave the passengers a good opportu nity of examining the curiosities of the place. De těct, v. a. to find out and bring to light, usually something wrong which is concealed.

Arnold, an American officer, had agreed to give up West Point to the British, but his treachery was detected, and his design defeated, by the arrest of Major Andre who had been sent to him by the British as a spy. De těr, v. a. to keep back, or discourage, by fear.

The travellers had been to Alexandria, and were intending to visit Cairo, but were deterred from doing it by hearing that the plague had broken out there.

De ter mine, v. a. to fix upon, or settle.

Frank wished very much to study French,

but his father, after thinking about it, determined that, at present, he should not take any new study.

The determination of Washington, at the end of the war, to retire from all public business and live on his farm, shows that he was not an ambitious man.

Robert's father taught him to determine the height of the steeple, by setting up a pole ten feet long near it, measuring the shadows of each, and then calculating that if the shadow of the pole is made by a pole of ten feet in length, the shadow of the steeple must be made by a steeple so many feet in height. De těst, v. a. to have the strongest dislike to what is mean and wrong.

A certain rich man was so hard in his dealings with the poor, that he was detested by all his neighbors.

He is an old man, and his conduct in trying to corrupt young persons, is most detestable.

Dē vi ate, v. n. to go aside from a straight line, or from the right way.

The travellers deviated from the usual road in order to visit a remarkable cave.

We ought to be on our guard against the smallest deviations from truth.

De vice, n. an ingenious contrivance or design, usually to accomplish some evil.

He feigned himself an old blind man, and by this device got a good deal of money. emblem.

The device on his seal was an anchor, representing Hope.

De vise, v. a. to contrive or invent.

"Do they not err that devise evil? but mercy and truth shall be to them that devise good."

De võte, v. a. to give up a person or thing wholly to some particular purpose or service.

Hannah, the pious mother of Samuel, carried him up to the tabernacle at Shiloh, when he was about three years old, and devoted

him to the service of the Lord; and he re mained there under the charge of Eli, the high-priest.

Although very much engaged in business, he devoted some time every day to the improvement of his mind. Such devotion to study is very commendable.

We call praying to God, and singing his praises, acts of devotion.

De vout', a. loving to pray to God and praise him, and doing it frequently and reverently.

Devout men carried the first martyr Stephen to his burial.

Dex ter i ty, n. the ability to do things in an easy, skillful, and expeditious manner.

In driving safely over a rough, steep, and dangerous road, the coachman showed great dexterity.

Dic tate, v. a. for one to point out, and command with authority, what to do, or to tell another what to write.

A father found that his sons were not following the directions he had given them, and it became necessary for him to dictate to the u precisely what they must do.

His arm being lame, he dictated to his clerk, who wrote it, the letter which he wished to send to his friend.

Dif fi dent, a. we say of a person who is very bashful, and has but little confidence in his ability to do a thing, that he is diffident. Dig ni ty, n. the thinking, feeling. and acting above what is improper unjust, or mean, so as to be 1 garded with great respect others.

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He who would have true dignity of mint, must learn to fear God and obey his con mandments.

When Daniel stood before Belshazzar, to explain the hand writing upon the wall, he declined receiving the gifts of the king, and acted with great dignity as a prophet of the Lord.

He was very dignified in his manners, and yet so gentle and affectionate that even children loved to be in his company. a high office or rank.

It is not uncommon in the East for persons born in a very low condition to rise to places of the highest dignity and power. Joseph was a striking instance of this, and so is Mohammed Ali, the pasha of Egypt.

Dil i gent, a. engaged in some kind of work, cheerfully, actively, and perseveringly.

"The hand of the diligent maketh rich."

It is curious to see with what diligence the little ants lay up their food.

Di min ish, v. a. and n. to make, or become less, usually in size, quantity, or number.

As he looked down from the steeple, the people in the streets appeared to be very much diminished in size.

We call a thing diminutive, when it is very much smaller than other things of the same kind.

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Dint, n. a blow, or the mark made by it.-force, power; as complish a thing by dint of perseverance, by dint of entreaty, by lint of arms.

Di rect, a. not crooked, in a straight line.

The road is so direct that you cannot but go right. plain, about which there can be no mistake.

Charles wished to stop and play after school, but the master gave him a direct order to go home.

Di rěct, v. a. to point out to another what course to take.


When a person inquires of us the way to a certain place, we ought to be civil, and take pains to direct him.

"In all thy ways acknowledge God, and he shall direct thy paths."

point in a straight line towards some object.

He directed the ship towards the lighthouse.

to point out with authority what one should do.

He directed the servant to call him at five o'clock in the morning.

The direction of a letter is what is written on the outside, to show to what person and place it is to go.

`Dis ā ble, v. a. to take away the ability to do a particular thing.

The loss of his sight disabled him from carrying on the business of an engraver.

The ship was so disabled by the storm, that she was compelled to come back to NewYork, and get new masts and rigging.

Dis ap point', v. a. for something to happen, or to be done, contrary to what one expects, wishes, or intends.

John and his sister Mary had been anticipating a great deal of pleasure in visiting their uncle, but when the day came on which they were to go, they were sadly disappointed by hearing that he was too unwell to see them.

We must expect to meet many disappointments, and should learn to bear them with patience.

Diş ǎs ter, n. a sudden event which causes disappointment or misfor


The sweeping off of the only mill in the village by the flood, was a great disaster. Diş cĕrn, v. a. to see or find out something distant or obscure.

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