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Ti të ri on, a standard; a test. răt' i fy, to confirm. czär (zär), the title of the emperor re hēarse', to recite; to repeat; to of Russia.

act for practice. făth' om, six feet; to find the depth of. rép' ri mănd, to reprove; to chide; a il lū' sion, false impression of the reproof.

slight, slim; weak; a discourtesy; of im ăġ' i na ry, fancied.

small importance. neigh' bor (nā'-), one who lives near. sõr' rel, a reddish-brown color; an pe cūl' iar (-yer), special; rare.

herb. prób' å ble, likely; apparently true. zo ol' o ģy, science which treats of prěs' tiġe, influence.

animals.

senses.

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măn' u seript, a writing of any kind, pī, a mass of type confusedly mixed;

as distinguished from anything that to jumble. is printed.

pi' ca, a size of type twice as large as mär' bled, having veins and cloud- nonpareil (12-point). ings like marble.

proof' shēet, a trial impression from min' ion (-yon), a small type type, taken for correction and ex(7-point).

amination. non på réil', a size of type smaller pro spěe' tus, summary; outline of a than brevier (6-point).

plan or scheme. oe tā' vo, consisting of sheets folded quạd' răt (ab. quậd.), a large blank into eight leaves.

type-metal lower than the letters, păm' phlět, a printed work of a few used for spacing.

sheets of paper stitched together, quạr' to, consisting of sheets folded but not bound.

into four leaves. pāste' board, paper pulp compressed, quoin (kwoin), a device for holding

or paper pasted together and rolled, type securely while being printed. into a stiff sheet.

lēam, twenty quires of paper.

rěğ' lět, thin strip of wood used in sịp' ple ment, an appendix; matter spacing.

so supplied. ro' tå ry, a name applied to a print- twēe' zērs, small pincers for picking

ing press propelled by foot power. up type. serịpt, type like writing.

type, a raised

er cast in metal or stick, a printer's composing stick for wood for printing. holding type.

tý po grăph' ie al, relating to printstěr' e o týpe, a type plate, similar to ing processes.

electrotype, and generally taken věl' lum, a fine parchment, prepared from a paper matrix.

for writing.

LESSON 58

SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS

NOTE: The second word in each pair is opposite in meaning to that of the first.

e răd' i eāte, to root out; to destroy. com měn' sụ rate (-shụ-), adequate. prop' å gate, to increase; to generate. in sŭf fi' cient, scanty; inadequate. děs o lā' tion, waste; ruin; havoc. ex ås' pēr āte, to provoke. prðs pěr' ity, thrift; welfare. eón çil' i āte, to appease; to win. loy' al ty, devoted allegiance. ěm' brý o, first state;

the germ. trēa' gon, disloyalty; treachery. de věl' op ment, growth; maturity. e lū' çi date, to explain.

ăl lē' vì āte, to allay; to lighten. mys' ti fý, to puzzle; mislead. åg' gra vāte, to vex; to augment. hăz' ard, chance; risk; venture. con çěn' trāte, to condense. çēr' tain ty, surety; without doubt. dis pērse', to diffuse; to scatter. per pěn die' u lar, vertical; upright. joe' u lar, sportive; jocose. hór i zón' tal, on a level.

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měl' an chól y, gloomy; sad; dejected.

Write words nearly synonymous with:

life

wealth

old
labor

wages

cargo

conduct
companion
perform
perfect
permit

parcel reply level light

ruse

oppose
opening

hoax
royal

LESSON 59

REAL ESTATE AND MORTGAGES

“Reason is the soul of the law, and when the reason of any particular law ceases, so does the law itself."-Legal Maxim. åp pûr' te nançe, a minor improve- | lănd' lord, one who owns real estate

ment; a right or privilege belong- and leases it to another.
ing to any property and passing lēase, to let; a contract for rent.
with it; an appendage.

lės sēe', one to whom a lease is given. bo' nus, a premium given on a loan, môrt' gaġe (môr'-), a pledge of real or for any favor shown.

or personal property for the paychăt' tel, any movable property. ment of a debt. deed, a written contract under seal, môrt ğa ģēe', one to whom a mort

usually transferring the ownership gage is given. of real estate.

môrt' ġa ġôr, one who gives a mortZase' ment, a right or privilege of gage upon his property.

one person in the property of an- nõ' tå ry, an officer empowered to other.

note protests, administer oaths, take fēe-sim' ple, an absolute fee; a fee depositions, etc. without conditions or limits.

prěm' is es, propositions admitted ; a fix' tures, permanent appendages; piece of real estate. fixed furniture.

quit' elāim, to release a claim to by gránt ēe', a person to whom a grant deed, without covenants of waror conveyance is made.

ranty. grånt' ôr, the person by whom a re lēase', to let go; a discharge from grant or conveyance is made.

a debt or claim. hệir, a person to whom property will sēal, an engraved stamp for making descend by inheritance.

an impression; wax stamped; to in děn' ture, a written contract under ratify with a seal. seal.

ū’şu ry, demanding and accepting inin eŭm' brançes, burden or charges terest beyond the legal rate. upon property.

wạr' ran ty, surety ; to warrant.

Correlative terms:

occupancy and dispossession
landlord and tenant
rental and removal

purchase and option
permanent and transient
mortgage and release

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MISCELLANEOUS

Words frequently misspelled. à bridġ' ment, a shortened form. ful fill', to accomplish; to complete. ae eðm' mo date, to oblige; to render jŭdġ' ment, decision; good sense; an fit or suitable.

opinion. ac knowl' edġ ment, to admit knowl- lödġ' ment, the act of lodging.

edge of; recognition; admission. nīne' ty, sum of ten and eighty; nine å grēe' å ble, willing; pleasing; ready times ten. to consent.

pre çēde', to go before. å lign' ment, act of adjusting to a prỉn' çi pal, chief; a leader or head; line.

property or capital. å măn u ěn' sis, one who copies what prin' çi ple, a maxim; a source, or another writes or dictates.

origin. băl' ançe, weigh; adjust; to poise. read' ily, quickly; cheerfully. ěs' ti må ble, valuable; worthy of es- re çēde , to retreat; to move back. teem.

săl' å ry, a recompense for services. ex pěnse', outlay; a spending or con- sép' å rāte, to sever; to come between. suming.

su pēr in těnd' ent, inspector; superex traôr' di na ry (-trôr'-), unusual. visor. för' ty, sum of ten and thirty; four till, as far as; to cultivate. times ten.

un til', to; up to; till.

LESSON 62

COAL, IRON AND STEEL

ăn' thra çīte, a hard variety of coal. hēat, a single heating, melting or Běs' se mer, a process of making steel, smelting operation. invented by Bessemer.

hěm' a tite, a variety of iron ore. bi tū' min ous, containing bitumen Låek' a wạn na, a variety of coal.

and mineral pitch, as soft coal. Lē' high, a variety of coal. breāk' er, a place in which coal is pēat, a kind of vegetable substance,

broken and prepared for market. dried, used for fuel. căn' nel cõal, a coal which burns pig-iron, blocks or bars of cast-iron as readily with a bright flame.

it comes from the smelter. cär' bon, pure charcoal.

păd' dling, the operation or process of chär' coal, coal made by charring transforming pig-iron into wroughtwood.

iron. chụte (shoot), an inclined trough or Rěad' ing, a variety of coal. conduit.

Siē' měns (see'-), a process of makeõke, mineral coal, from which the ing steel invented by Siemens.

volatile substances have been re- slăğ, the earthy matter separated durmoved by heat.

ing manufacture of metals. ery' çi ble, a vessel used for melting smělt, to extract iron or other metal etc.

from the ore. děr' riek, an apparatus for lifting and tăek' le, appliance for hoisting ore. moving heavy weights.

trăm' wāy, railway for the transporgrăn' u lāte, to form into grains. tation of ore.

ores,

LESSON 63

MISCELLANEOUS “Never excuse a wrong action by saying that some one else does the same thing."-Ben Franklin. ăn' ti quã ted, out of use; old-fash- | chäi lá tan, an impostor. ioned.

com păr' i son, act of comparing. băl' lad, a short, popular narrative de lin' e ate, to describe; to draw in poem.

outline. bi' as, diagonally; prejudice.

dis hón' or (or dis-), disgrace; to bring buoy' ant (bwoi-), hopeful; tending reproach upon. to float.

ěd' i fiçe, a building.

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