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súb' sti tūte, to put in the place of ủn däunt' ed, fearless. another.

vē' hē měnçe, force; impetuosity, sỹm' bol, a type; emblem.

vi çin' i ty, nearness; adjacent territrịv' i al, of little importance.

tory.

LESSON 5

DICTATION EXERCISE

The teacher may illustrate the further use of these rules by giving the pupils additional words.

Drop final e before appending ing, er, est, but retain it before able, ous, and suffixes beginning with a consonant; as, care, caring; eye, eying; tithe, tithing ; clothe, clothing; peace, peaceable; courage, courageous; agree, agreeable; free, freer, freest, freeing; mile, mileage; acre, acreage; move, movement.

Exception 1.-Hoe, toe, shoe; dye, singe, springe, swinge and tinge retain e before ing.

Exception 2.- Before adding a suffix, drop e from due, awe, true, whole, nurse, accrue, wise, abridge, argue, acknowledge, judge, lodge, and from able, cable, noble, and other words ending in le.

Put ie for y before s, d, r or st, and i for y before al; as, cry, cried, crier, criest; fly, flier, fiest; try, tried, trier, triest, trial.

Illustrate the use of the following words in sentences:
eying

route
peaceable

except
sylvan

root
freer

effected
abridge
springe accept

affected

LESSON 6

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS

“What stubbing, plowing, digging and harrowing are to land-thinking, reflecting and examining are to the mind.”

chilled (child), hardened, said of cast-fēr' tỉ li zer, an implement for sowiron; as, chilled plows.

ing fertilizing preparations. col' ter, a knife or cutter, attached to hăr' row, an implement for breaking the beam of a plow.

or smoothing land. eŭl' ti vā tõr, an implement to loosen här' věst er, a machine for cutting

the ground and kill the weeds. and gathering grain. drill, an implement for making holes hělve, an ax handle.

in the ground and sowing grain. hõe, a tool for digging, weeding, etc.

use.

grass, etc.

îm' ple ment, an instrument; tool or siekle, a reaping instrument for hand

utensil. load' er, an implement for loading snăth, the handle of a scythe. hay, etc.

súlk' y-rāke, a rake drawn by horses, mow' er (mā-), a machine for cutting having a seat for a driver.

swąth (swôth), the whole sweep cut phos' phate, a salt of phosphoric acid by a scythe or mowing machine. used for fertilizing.

těd' der, an implement that spreads plow, an implement for turning or and turns newly-mown hay. breaking up the soil.

thrăsh' ing-ma chïne', a machine for rēap' er, a machine for cutting grain. separating grain from straw. sçythe, an instrument for mowing wēed' er, a tool for freeing the soil grass, etc., by hand.

from weeds. sēed' er, an implement which sows or whēel' băr row, a one-wheeled handplants seeds.

carriage.

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LESSON 7

MISCELLANEOUS

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åġ' i tāte, to rouse; to stir up. cũ' po lå, a roof having a rounded ăn nỉ vẽ' sa rẻ, a day annually cele- form. brated.

dís bē liēf', the act of disbelieving. åp próx' i mate, to bring or come ē quā' tõr, an imaginary great circle near to.

around the earth. boy' eðtt, to withhold trade.

ěx' eå vāte, to hollow out. bul' wark (-wŭrk), a defensive wall. fil' ial (-yal), befitting a child. eăm pāign', (-pāne'), the time an fös' sil, antiquated; petrified vegeta

army keeps the field; any organ- ble or animal matter. ized political, social or commercial gěn til' i ty, good breeding; refinecontest.

ment of manners. çit' i zen, a townsman.

quid' anse, direction; a leading. eon' sům māte (or eðn sům'-), to bring hậugh' ty, proud and disdainful; arto completion.

rogant. eo te riē' (-rē'), a clique; a social or hôr' ti eŭl ture, cultivation of a garliterary circle.

den or orchard. erē' māte, to burn.

hū māne', merciful; kind.

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The second word in each pair is opposite in meaning to that of the first.

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åb' sti něnçe, abstaining; self-denial. făb' ū loňs, not real; incredible. in důl' gěnce, gratification.

ầu thěn' tie, genuine; true; credible. åd mõ ni' tion, reproof; warning. fi' nal, last; decisive. åp prov' al, commendation; sanction. in çip' i ent, initial; commencing. å vĩd' i ty, eagerness; eager relish. flěx' i ble, easily bent; pliable. åp' à thy, indifference; unconcern. toŭgh, firm; inelastic; hard. brěv' i ty, conciseness; shortness. jū di' çious, wise; prudent. ex těn' sion, protraction; elongation. im prụ' dent, indiscreet; impolitic. eo' pi ous, plentiful; abundant.

out rā' ġeous (-jůs), atrocious. de fi' cient, lacking; imperfect. jủs' ti fi á ble, excusable; defensible. com mo' di ous, large; spacious.

stěr' ile, barren; unproductive. în con vē' nient, unfit; ill-contrived. fēr' tile, fruitful; rich.

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LESSON 9

ARCHITECTURE AND ENGINEERING

áq'ue dủet, an artificial channel for băl' eo ny, a projecting gallery from conveying water.

the wall of a building. ärch, a curved or vaulted structure băl' us trāde, a row of balusters,

to support weight above an opening. topped by a rail. awn' ing, a roof-like cover, usually băp' tis trý, part of a church containof canvas.

ing a font for baptismal services.

a

băt' tle ment, a notched parapet or Co rỉn' thi an, a style of architecture wall; a breastwork.

invented by the Greeks. běl' frý, a bell tower.

cór' ri dor, a gallery or passageway brăck' et, a decorative projection, or in a building.

support attached to a wall or pier. Dór' ie, the oldest and simplest style bắt' tress, a projecting support to the of Grecian architecture. outside of a wall or arch.

dôr' mer, an upright window in the cinque' foil (sink'-), a five- leaved roof of a house.

rosette used in windows, panels, etc. draughts' man, (dråfts'-) one who clēar-sto' ry, upper story of the nave draws or makes plans. of a church.

es eitch' eon, (-ằn) a shield around a clēat, a strip of wood or iron.

keyhole. eðl on nāde', a series of columns at få çāde', the front a building.

certain distances from each other. Goth' ie, a style of architecture, with col' umn, a kind of pillar.

pointed arches, steep roofs, etc. com pôs' ite, a style of architecture I on' ie, a style of architecture which

composed of Ionic and Corinthian. has a capital with a spiral scroll.

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LESSON 10

ARCHITECTURE AND ENGINEERING

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jămb, side piece of a fire-place, door, på go' då, an oriental idol, temple, or or window.

coin. kēy' stone, the middle stone of an på vil' ion, a covering; a canopy. arch.

pěd' es tal, the base or foot of a lăt' tice, a kind of network of cross- column, statue, vase, etc. bars.

pěnd' ant, a hanging ornament on lin' těl, upper horizontal part of a roof, ceiling, etc. door-frame, etc.

pỉ ăz' zá, an arcaded and roofed galmăn' tel, finish round a fireplace; a lery; a veranda. shelf above a fireplace.

piēr, a projecting wharf; a support. Mõ résque' (-rěsk'), a style of archi- pil' lar, a column; a pier.

tecture or decoration; Moorish. porte co chêre' (pārt kā shâr'), a covmôr' tỉse, an opening or cut to receive ered carriage entrance attached to a a tenon.

house. nāve, body of a church; hub.

stâirs, a series of steps. new' el, an upright post at the bot-trā' çer ý, ornamental work in architom of a staircase.

tecture.

trěl' lis, a structure of light crossbars. vi' å dŭet, a bridge, with arches, trěs'tle, framework for a bridge, etc. across a valley or river. Tắs' eăn, a style of architecture. wāin' seot, paneled boards on the vąult'ed, an arched roof; concave. walls of a room.

LESSON 11

MISCELLANEOUS

The best way of all to have time is to have the habit of regular work, not to work by fits and starts, but in definite hours of the day, and to work six days in the week-not five, and not seven.

or tail.

åb ēr rā' tion, a wandering of the pa lā' tial, like a palace; magnificent. mind; partial insanity.

plå teau' (-to'), a broad, level, elebrěadth, width.

vated area of land. com' et, a star with a nebulous train prod' i ġy, a wonder; any surprising

thing děs' uē tūde (-we-), disuse; discon- pshậw (shạw), an exclamation of continuance of practice, etc.

tempt. e măn' çi pāte, to set free.

pụl' pit, a desk to preach or speak flēeçe, to defraud; the wool of one from. sheep.

răn' dóm, course without definite găl' ler y, a kind of platform with direction; left to chance. seats on brackets or columns.

squēak, to creak. hor' rõr, excessive fear; dread; ter- suā' sion, the act of persuading.

sús pi' cion, distrust; to suspect. hịp' no tism, an artificial sleep. sýn' the sis, composition; a putting în' fi nặte, unlimited; complete and together. absolute.

trough (trąwf), a long hollow vessel. mis' chief, harm; trouble.

tûr' ret, a small tower. op' po site, contrary; adverse; facing. / vā' rý, to change.

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ror.

What is the difference between: university and college

map and chart opera and theater

noted and notorious romance and novel

vacillate and oscillate

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