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than anywhere else, as they will find there We make special prices to all Normal Clubs.
the largest stock in the state, and the latest
novelties at prices that defeat competition. GOOD POCKET KNIFE, RAZOR, GUNS OR AMMUNITION... HAYNES BROS., intercere did for --AVERY'S MEAT MARKET 713 Commercio. For Carriages, Wagonettes and Busses for Picnics, call on PETE NEWTON. Telephone 86. East Fifth Avenue.
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EMPORIA, KANSAS, MAY, 1898.
of Mt. St. Elias. When passing Cape Flattery we saw two We are assured that our subscribers will be greatly pleased
sail boats in the distance but since then have seen no ships. to read the following interesting letters from an old Normal Some of the boys fancied they saw a whale yesterday and one boy, Walter Newman, who is now digging up gold nuggets in
today, also a few ducks. Alaska.
We have quite a number of singers who have broken the ON BOARD THE RIVAL, March 1, 1898.
monotony of traveling to some extent. One man plays the My Dear Folks:
accordion, another the harp, and another the fiddle and flute. We left Seattle on the evening of the 23 and landed at Port When we get all these together and the singers, we have quite Townsend about midnight, where we picked up a hundred pas- a combination. sengers, fifty off the steamer Townsend which had been com
Thursday, March 4, '98. pelled to stop there to repair her boilers. The vessel had been I will finish my letter now, about three o'clock. Everyone allowed to put to sea in an unseaworthy condition. We have intending sending word home is doing the same thing, as we one hundred seventy-one passengers in all, men of a good many are pulling into the Port Valdez, which you can see on map I professions; also two women, wives of two of the passengers sent you before leaving Seattle. Tomorrow sometime, we will -a jolly crowd, good natured and kind hearted, from a great be unloaded and then our serious troubles, perhaps, will begin, number of states; some beardless youths and a few gray haired but all the passengers affirm they will be glad when they can veterans among the number. There are several men who have eat some of their own cooking and quit this "nigger hash”. passed the fifty-eighth mile stone, but most are in middle life. Taken altogether we have had very favorable weather, clear, no A great many are married and have families. Many have given fog, and the inildness has astonished everybody.
Many, up good positions in the cities to try by a single stroke to including myself, have the same clothes on as when at home, become independent. The first day or two on deck were cork- with possibly the addition of a sweater. We have been in ers. Those who were well had great sport laughing at and tan- Prince William Sound most of today, made no progress last talizing the poor mortals who had the “O My!”, the fellows night; simply drifted, as the captain was not sure of the coast. who “heaved Jona". Some fellow wishing he had no “bread He is a very careful man and has the reputation in San Franbasket” would rush for the railing, the ship rocking like a cra- cisco of being one of the most gentlemanly men sailing from dle, and some merciless fellow would help him out by some ridic- there. The crew, too, with the exception of the kitchen ulous remark, such as "balance all," "you'll be all right, old mechanics, the niggers, have also been very agreeable. boy, when you get over the hill." Nearly all have been sea sick
Last evening about sunset a school of porpoises raced with more or less since the first day, and some poor fellows, seem- the ship, plunging and diving and affording great amusement ingly with little grit or will power, are still below in their
for the weary passengers. This is a queer looking fish, with a bunks. I was sick only a little while and vomited but little. kind of horn fin on the back, but my! how it can plunge and Those who have stayed on the deck the most have been the dive in and out of the waves. We met a small fishing schooner better off; the sea air is very invigorating and that below is just this morning whom the captain hailed for information, but the reverse. There are six berths in each section in about a
with the exception of this boat, it was the first to be near since seven-foot cube, packed in just like sardines. The kitchen leaving Cape Flattery. I hope this letter will not become so accommodations are little better, and if anything a blame sight blurred that you cannot read it, and if it is worth making the worse. It has seats for about thirty at a time and the odor is rounds as a circular letter, send it around the circle. Now, as anything but appetizing. If every man aboard was well and ate for finding gold in Copper river, every passenger, of course, three meals a day, it would have to feed all the time; hours of has strong hopes, yet not one so far as I can learn, has ever breakfast, 6 to 7:30; dinner, 11:30 to 1; supper, 5:30 to 7. The been there before, but some have friends who have. There is a first day out we had pretty good chewing, but since, it has strong feeling that it is plentiful there. Some I fear though, retrograded. For milk we have chalk and water, which would fancy it will be found growing on the trees and laying around hardly color pure water to say nothing of tea. I am standing loose. There are a few aboard I would judge are homesick it all right and can afford to train down some anyway, for the already, and would sail back if they could sail back without week I stayed in Seattle I gained nearly two pounds a day. being laughed at and also could sell their outfits for cost. A Just before leaving Port Townsend I stepped on the scales with- fellow who has been sick and in his bunk for eight days would out an overcoat on and astonished my own eyes by tipping the perhaps be justified in such a course, but that kind of cattle scales at one hundred seventy-seven pounds. Everybody gained should never have started. Nearly all, though, are imbued some while there.
with the Napoleonic spirit that when they face the glacier We have had a pretty smooth passage so far with the excep- “there will be no Alps.” I was a little ainused yesterday to tion of about twenty-four hours when to the land lubber's eyes hear an old Dutchman in speaking of Copper river, to talk the sea was pretty high. Yesterday and today we have had a familiarly about it as Copper Crick. We have a few old men, spanking wind behind us and with steam and sail both have hale and hearty, who are designated as Grandpa and Major, been making about twelve miles an hour, ten for steam and two some are past fifty-eight. for sail. This is a beautiful afternoon; the sky is clear, the sun
Valdez Port. is pouring down and I am sitting in its rays with a board across P.S. We have anchored for the night at the end of steam my knees and this tablet. I will leave the rest of the picture to navigation and will be unloaded in the morning on the ice. your imaginative minds. Passengers, dogs, one burro, boats When within abou* five miles of our landing we saw what we and lumber to right and left. To our right we can see the top fancied were camp fires and then the yelling and cheering was
immense. We fancied we heard them yell on shore. The steam whistle was blown and some guns were fired on shore in recognizance. We steamed up to the ice and some of the men on shore came across about two miles. They were from the Alliance, which had preceded us, arriving here last Saturday, and reported about three hundred camped in two camps. About a hundred have gone over the glacier, which I learned from a young fellow who came aboard, was six miles from their camp on the shore to its border, and fourteen miles across. He said some white men were packing or pulling sleighs at two and one-half cents a pound, for the entire six miles; said he made two trips a day of one hundred fifty to one hundred seventy-five pounds each.
You perhaps saw the account in the papers of the shooting of two men by a cowboy, and his being lynched. These people who came aboard confirmed the report. Said he was hanging to a tree over in the woods. No saloons here or gambling houses. All is quiet now on the Sound. He also said the miners had made a ruling or passed an act that any man convicted of stealing more than fifty dollars worth, should leave the camp immediately, or on the first steamer, or be hung. Consequently no thieving is done. This order is very conducive to good order. Everyone says a much better, far better class of men are coming here than to Skaguay. I will write you again soon if anything worth writing comes under my observation.
Apparently no colder here than at home, in fact, don't believe it so cold. Only forty this afternoon. Hope you are all well and in good spirits, as I am.
Your loving son,
dry. It is really surprising how mild it is here, but the night is colder by far than the day. Our heavy mackinaw clothes have not been needed so far.
It snowed today. The mountains surround us, putting us seemingly in a little valley, perhaps this has something to do with the climate seeming so mild. There are about half dozen married women in camp, I think.
Some of the boys have been fishing through holes in the ice, and have caught some very good ones; cod, halibut, and flounders.
Let me describe our bed. Three of us sleep together. On the snow we have placed some brush, on this some heavy duck, over this rubber blankets, then an Angora goat hide and next on this six pair of blankets using the blankets as covering. This makes a nice warm bed. Some have laid their fire wood on the snow, some moss, and others have gathered packing from their boxes, and others brought mattresses-anything to keep off the snow, so as not to catch cold. We have several doctors in camp, so you see medical aid is not far distant if necessary. Nearly all bought medicine cases before leaving port.
We expect to take some of our stuff up the glacier, or to where the first bench appears, which some call six miles, tomorrow. It is slow traveling for one who has much provisions.
March 8. A steamer is pulling into the port and I must close this in order to get it off. Fine weather. All well. Hope you are all well. Love to all.
Your loving son,
WALTER. P.S. A few men have turned back.
Port Valdez, March 7, 1898. My Dear Folks: We landed here on last Thursday and are fairly straightened
I placed a letter with the purser of the Rival to mail at Seattle. We stayed on the boat Thursday night and were unloaded the next day. The vessel was anchored by the side of the ice, which made a very good wharf. It snowed nearly all day Friday and the stocks of provisions were damaged some. We worked till about one o'clock that night getting it off the ice as far as posssble fearing lest the ice might break under the weight of so much stuff near the water's edge. Three more vessels have come in since we arrived, two yesterday, the Gen. Sigel and Lizzie Colby, and the Dora this morning, and these people are moving their plunder into the city of tents now. This sledding work is mighty tough work and makes everyone sore, some in the knees, others in the hips, and still others in the shoulders, all over mentally and physically. Some pull one hundred fifty, some four hundred. The snow is hard to walk on in the first place and then pulling a load after you in this manner gets away with people who never have done any physical labor. I am standing it all right and feel first rate now but Saturday morning I was stiff and sore after Friday night's work. Sunday we rested and today we are in pretty good shape.
Getting over the glacier is the great bugaboo and it is a very safe prediction to say many will give it up and never get over it. The first bench is about six miles from camp, and then there is about four miles of benches, then comparatively level footing for thirteen or fourteen miles. No one knows the exact distance, just guess work. A good many are going over now taking their fuel to burn with them when on the glacier. It is about one hundred miles from here to the Copper river and will take fully a month to go. The trail is pretty well broken in now but off of it a man will often sink up to his waist in
We wear our hip boots and consequently keep our pants
Well Said. "State Superintendent Stryker has completed a compilation of some comparisons showing the liberality of the people of Kansas toward education. The comparisons are with the rural schools, the reason being given that it is there the majority of the voting population lives. The comparisons show that they are more favorable in Kansas than in any other state, and more favorable now than at any other time.
The average yearly salary of a country school teacher is one hundred sixty dollars a year, while the sheriff and most of the other county officers, except the county superintendent, get from ten to twenty times that amount. The cost to a county of taking a criminal to the penitentiary is from one to three times as great as the monthly salary of a school teacher. The sheriff gets more for this work of two or three days above all expenses than the teacher does for many months after board is paid.
Hardly a year passes in any county that the conviction of a single criminal does not cost more than the total expense of an extra month of school in all the schools of the county, and that when the average length of term is only five months, when it should be at least eight, and when the very reason for the committing of the crime was, in all probability, lack of proper and sufficient school instruction of the criminal.
The yearly salary of a good traveling salesman is more than ten times as great as the school teacher, while that of a judge of a district court is more than fifteen times as great.
This, Mr. Stryker says, is the reason that so mar.y of the teachers are mere boys and girls, and that they leave off teaching soon and seldom make a business of it."--Topeka Capital.
We are in receipt of a number of handsome invitations from various high schools throughout the state, for which we return hearty thanks.
The Dramatic Contest from a Critic's View Point. ing. Miss Turney as Mary Stuart and Mr. Jones as the priest “Every art product has its final test in a discerning criticism.” were living the characters. The attempt to present costumes This criticism may be popular criticism when one has a feeling true to the elegance and style of Elizabeth's time was most that a thing is right or wrong-or it may be technical criticism successful. One rarely sees more elaborate and beautiful cos-the expression of a judgment from which the personal tumes. Sir Walter Raleigh never spread for the dainty foot equation is eliminated, and this jndgment must rest upon well
of England's queen a more beautiful cape than the Earl of defined laws.
Leicester wore, and it is very doubtful if Her Majesty ever In considering the merits or demerits of a picture or piece donned a more artistic gown than the Queen Elizabeth of this of statuary there is a certain standard to which each is referred, particular occasion wore. and if the picture or piece of statuary conform to this standard
The Belles-Lettres cast gave act III, scene V, act IV, scene I it is adjudged good; if it depart from it, poor. Not less definite and scene II, from the play of Virginius. In its movement and and well defined is the standard by which the dramatic art is the loftiness of its purpose this play is above criticism, and one measured.
who stands high in the histrionic art said of the stage moveThere are two ways in which one may become a critic, but
ment of the cast that it was perfect. There was never if he is ever to pass beyond the stage of the mere artisan and
instance when a minor character was in the way of a leading become an artist in the art of criticism, he must unite the two character, or when the leading character speaking had not the -and he can become neither artisan nor artist in the criticism strong position on the stage. Mr. St. Clair gained the symof art unless he possess the quality known as appreciation.
pathy of the audience through his genuine grief over the death When one possesses appreciation, if he be in constant con- of the old soldier Dentalus, in the first act, and held it through tact with the best in any line of art, a fairly correct jndgment the last grand climax at his final exit in the last scene. His of the product of that art will be formed, but this judgment is rich voice, his fine interpretation, his perfect bearing on the not always correct, nor is it ever absolutely correct. So far as stage suggested unusual possibilities. He took the character art is a matter of feeling, this judgment will stand. The other
of the father, and never for a moment lost it. Mr. Dickerson way in which one becomes an art critic is through the mastery
did honest work, full of purpose. His work was especially free of the technique of the particular art he wishes to criticise. from anything like affectation, and his success lay in his nat
When an individual has mastered the technique and has really uralness. Mr. McConkey lost himself in the character of caught the spirit of an art, “The censure of this one must in Caius Claudius, and made a true personation. Miss Hall, as your allowance o'erweigh a whole theatre of others."
Virginia, suggested the innocence, youth and beauty of a girl The fact that there is a standard by which art products are of fifteen years. Those who wanted a tragical woman, capable measured does not preclude the greatest possible range of indi- of mature sorrow, are not familiar with the character of Vir viduality and originality, but originality is not to be confused ginia. She personated the tender and delicate girl whose life with assumed peculiarities. I question if one can hope to
had been sheltered in a doting father's heart. Her personality catch the eye or the ear of the public who does not bring a was overshadowed-in a measure obscured—by the greater perstrong personality to bear upon his chosen art.
sonality of a great father. Miss Kelson, as Appius Claudius, In a review of the presentation of the scenes given in the did a remarkably good piece of personation. One was certainly dramatic art contest March 18, we shall endeavor to combine reminded of the Nero of Quo Vadis. One of the greatest tripopular and technical criticism. The presentation of Schiller's umphs of an evening of triumphs occurred when she so perplay, Mary Stuart, is, for the following reasons, extremely dif
fectly kept her self-possession and the character assumed under cult: The mind is prejudiced by the historical characters, yet
the most trying circumstances that can ever confront one who the queens of the play are not strictly true to the queens of stands before an audience. The stage in the last scene was history. Then there is a lack of intense movement both in the beautiful. The white marble piece, the tribunal, the statues stage action and in the play itself.
and palms in the Forum delighted the eye, and if we must cover The Philomathian cast selected from this drama act III,
the most artistic costumes we have ever seen with one word, parts of scenes I, III and IV, in which Mary, Elizabeth's pris- their long, straight folds and simple elegance suggest the oner, secures an interview with her, the result of which is classical. Mary's execution, and act V, scene VI, showing Mary's con
The casts were unusually well balanced, and we have never fession in her prison, before her execution. In the first of had a better or truer presentation of scenes in any contest in these acts the Earls of Leicester and Shrewsbury were Queen
dramatic art. The Belles-Lettres cast won the decision. Elizabeth's attendants. It was their part to show great concern in the encounter between the two queens, and they did it well. Miss Joseph, as Mary's maid, showed great love for her queen,
Belles-Lettres Notes on Annual Debate and as well as her reverence for royalty. Miss Jones, as Queen
Dramatic Art Contest. Elizabeth, suggested the scorn and hatred of the enraged and The students and friends of the Kansas State Normal School jealous queen-the queen as Schiller portrays her. She looked were assembled in the well-lighted Albert Taylor hall, which every inch a queen. Miss Turney, as Mary Stuart, did an
was filled to overflowing, and redolent of the flowers banked unusual piece of work for an amateur-work of which a pro- on either side of the simply but tastily arranged stage, fessional need not have been ashamed. She was fortunate in emblematic of the personal interests among the society possessing and keeping the atmosphere of the character and members. the scene.
From the moment she entered until she left the Upon this, the occasion of the annual March contest in stage she became Mary Stuart. There was no overdoing the debate and dramatic art, the members of the contesting sociepart, but everyone felt its genuineness. Her anger was the anger ties were divided into groups, expressing in low tones the variof Mary Stuart, her grief the grief of Mary Stuart, and the ous opinions as to the outcome, while awaiting the hour of audience was in perfect sympathy with her. In the confes- opening. sional all that was noblest and best in the character of Mary At a few minutes past eight o'clock the contestants in debate Stuart became an actuality. It would be untrue to call it act- took their respective places. President Taylor, of whom it can
S. D. H.
for the place it now occupies on the north wall of our dear Belles-Lettres hall, orange ribbon twined around its dark, rich frame, looks perfectly au fait.
The contest was especially characterized by most perfect
der, proving that students of culture and refinement were taking part in the contest.
The contest) of March, 1898, will long be remembered as a most enjoyable time, a time of mind and soul, and of the giv. ing and receiving of noble inspiration.
Jessie M. WalkiR.
unanimously be said by all who have had the privilege of coming within the circle of his most helpful influence, that to know him is to honor and revere him, presided for the evening as no one else could.
Messrs. Brown and Stroup, from the Belles-Lettres society, supported the affirmative side of the question:
"Resolved, That the interests of the public service demand that the United States establish a national university at Washington.”
Mr. Stroup opened the discussion. Throughout his entire argument not once did he appear embarassed. His self-command was perfect. His delivery was good. Mr. Brown continued the discussion opened by his honorable colleague, winning for himself honor with every sentence. As he came forward his firm, decided step and manly bearing proved to everyone in Albert Taylor hall that in the argument produced by Mr. G. A. Brown there would be such strength as would win credit for him and his society. Neither were they disappointed, for Mr. Brown won the second place in debate. Everyone admits that he made a close run for first place, and many whose opinions are authority say he should have taken first rank. The Belles-Lettres society are proud of their worthy debaters, Messrs. Stroup and Brown.
After the debate, the assembly, while waiting for the second interesting feature of the contest, were delighted by a mandolin and guitar duet by Messrs. Wismeyer. So gently and softly did the quiet rhythm of those first bars steal forth that with Moore we can say:
"And music, too-dear music! that can tonch
Like the faint, exquisite music of a dream.” Now the curtain rolls up and the Philos entertain the people with a pleasing drama. Miss Turney, as Mary, Queen of Scots, certainly is worthy of much praise.
The Belles followed by giving cuttings from Virginius. The manner in which each one acted his part showed unequaled interpretation of the characters.
Miss Carrie Kelson, the most highly honored lady in the State Normal School, decidedly the queen of the Belles-Lettres close, clear-cut discrimination of thought woman is superior to girls, as Appius Claudius, certainly proved the point that in
While listening to Miss Kelson commanding those citizens to be quiet, no one within hearing of her voice could keep from feeling the awe inspired by those decisive tones. Miss Kelson naturally carries with her that firm, commanding, yet sweet and gentle manner, and this, no doubt, aided her very much. She was, indeed, the star of the evening.
Miss Carrie Hall, in her usual winning way, seemed to have just the part for which she appeared best suited, and as Virginia her pleading could not fail to arouse the responsive sympathy of everyone present.
It is said, to be an all-round man one should know something about everything and everything about something, and Mr. St. Clair, the well known Belles-Lettre orator, certainly is an allround man. He is at home at all times. His part as 'ather of Virginia was strong and caused every Belles-Lettres heart to swell with pride.
Mr. McConkey and Mr. Dickerson acted their part in a way commendable to themselves, to the drama, and to the society.
As a reward for their untiring efforts they won the prize and secured to the Belles-Lettres society one more beautiful picture to place with its many other choice pictures secured in a simi
The Contest Prize Picture. The contest prize picture, The Quest of the Hoiy Grail, is a copy print taken from a fresco on a wall of the Boston Public Library. This series of five pictures in one is eight feet high in the original, and the panels vary in length from the first, which is six feet, to the last, which is thirty-three feet. They contain over one hundred life-sized figures, and for the work the artist received fifteen thousand dcllars.
Mr. Abbey, like Tennyson, has chosen the British hero, Galahad. Galahad is reared in a convent.
In the first panel an angel bearing the Grail appears to the infant Galahad as he is held in the arms of a kneeling nun. The nun averts her face, but the infant reaches for the Grail.
The second picture shows the interior of a chapel, with Galahad, now a youth, kneeling at the shrine, while Sir Launcelot and Sir Bors confer on him the order of knighthood. Behind the group the nuns bear burning tapers. The whole interior is from an ancient Celtic chapel. The chain armor of Launcelot and Bors is from twelfth century models. Galahad is robed in red, the human color, while Tennyson's Galaha d is in white.
The third picture brings him to the Round Table of King Arthur. A figure concealed in white, Joseph of Arimathea, leads him to the Siege (seat) Perilous, which none but a knight pure in body and mind may occupy. Above the table and extending around the circular hall is a ring of angels in white robes, visible only to Joseph and Galahad.
The fourth subject is the beginning of the Quest. In a church Galahad kneels amid a company of Knights to receive the benediction before starting upon the Quest. Arthur, sad at heart on account of his knight's departure, kneels on the steps.
The fifth picture gives Galahad's first adventure. He has reached the Castle of the Grail and passed into the hall of Amfortas and his spell-bound court. Amfortas, a weak and shrivelled old man, lies on a high Celtic coffin. His crown and sceptre lie beside him, as they have lain for centuries. Everything suggests age. The light of the Grail shines brightly, and Galahad, deep in thought, searched in his mind for the meaning of these things. For a moment he presumes to put faith not in God, but in himself, and the vision disappears.
The prize picture now hangs in Belles-Lettres hall, and is one of the finest, if not the finest, in the entire building.
'91. We are in receipt of an invitation to the commencement exercises of the medical college of Washington University with the compliments of Geo. E. Wilkinson. Dr. Wilkinson will reside at Alton, Illinois, for the present.
'92. Gurney Binford is visiting his old friends at Haviland, Kansas, having returned to America in January last. His health was failing him and he thought it best to take a vacation for a few months on this side of the ocean. We hope he may be able to give Emporia a visit before the summer is over.