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The papers included in this number of the Journal of Social Science are nearly all of the Saratoga papers of 1897. It is to be regretted that one or two valuable contributions are unavailable for publication. The editor feels that an apology is due the members of the Association and the general public for the late appearance of the Journal. A series of unavoidable and vexatious delays occurred from time to time, for which no one can be held directly responsible; and the editor was obliged to choose between publication which would necessarily omit important papers that give the key-note to department discussions or hold the presses until such papers could be secured. In accepting the latter alternative, he is confident the wiser course was followed, in that the usual high standard of Journal publication is thereby maintained.

It is evident from the editor's correspondence with writers that many do not clearly comprehend the invariable rule of the Association, to the effect that all papers engaged for the General Meeting of the American Social Science Association are so engaged with the understanding that they may be printed in the Journal of Social Science if the Council so decide. If, therefore, essayists choose to publish their papers elsewhere (to which the Council offers no objection), it must be with the stipulation that these papers may also be printed in the Journal, at the option of the Council as to the date of publication.

A list of all addresses and papers will be found in the Table of Contents on page iii.




OF 1897

PFC 21 1898 The General Meeting of the AssociaMBRÍBEE, ESamas held at Saratoga, N.Y., from the 30th of August to the opet of September, inclusive, opening at 8 P.M., August 30, with an address by the Hon. Simeon E. BALDWIN, LL.D., on“ Absolute Power an American Institution.The Final Report of the General Secretary followed. The Department of Education met on August 31; the Health Department on September 1; the Department of Jurisprudence on September 2; and the Department of Finance and Social Economy on Friday, September 3. The Election of Officers took place Tuesday evening, August 31. Other business was transacted Thursday afternoon, September 2, and will be found recorded under the head of “ Business of 1897."

The Departments held sessions as follows :


Department of Education. 9.30 A.M.

Remarks by the Chairman, Rev. Dr. JOSEPH ANDERSON, Waterbury, Ct. 10.15 A.M.

A Paper by D. G. PORTER, Esq., of Waterbury, Ct., on “ The Perversion of Educational Benefactions."

11.30 A.M. A Paper by Rev. F. STANLEY Root, of New Haven, Ct., on The Educational Value of the Drama.12.30 P.M.

An Address by W. D. MCCRACKAN, Esq., of New York, on "A Trio of Sub-Alpine Scholars,- Alessandro Manzoni, Antonio Rosmini, and Antonio Storpani."

8.45 P.M. An Address by Dr. JOSEPH ANDERSON, on Henry Drummond, the Man and the Teacher: His Influence on Scientific and Religious Thought."


Department of Health.

I1.00 A.M.

9.00 A.M.

Remarks by the Chairman, STEPHEN SMITH, M.D., of New York, on “ The Importance of a High Grade of Physical Health in the following Classes of Inmates of Public Institutions, - with a view to their Cure, Development, or Reformation, and the Best Method of securing such Health." 9.30 A.M.

P. M. WISE, M.D., President of the New York Lunacy Commission, on The Insane." 10.30 A.M.

W. P. SPRATLING, M.D., Superintendent of the Craig Colony, on “ The Epileptic."

EVERETT Flood, M.D., Superintendent of the Hospital Cottages for Children, Baldwinville, Mass., on Home Care of Epileptic Children."

11.30 A.M. J. C. Carson, M.D., Superintendent of the Syracuse State Asylum, on The Feeble-minded.

GEORGE H. KNIGHT, M.D., of Lakeville, Ct. (the same subject). 12.30 P.M.

J. F. FITZGERALD, M.D., Superintendent of the State Asylum at Rome, N.Y., on The Idiotic."

Discussion of the preceding Papers. 8.00 P.M. H. E. ALLISON, M.D., Medical Superintendent of the Matteawan State Hospital for Insane Criminals, Matteawan,

Insane Convicts." 9.00 P.M.

A Paper by Enoch VINE STODDARD, M.D., of the New York State Board of Charities, on Juvenile Delinquents."

I 2.00 M.

1.00 P.M.




Department of Jurisprudence,

9.30 A.M.

Remarks by the Chairman, Prof. FRANCIS WAYLAND, of Yale Law School.

9.45 A.M.

A Paper by Prof. T. S. WOOLSEY, of New Haven, Ct., on “ Our Foreign Policy, and its Relation to Domestic Problems."

10.30 A.M.

A Paper by F. J. STIMSON, Esq., of Boston, on The Attitude of Courts toward Labor Questions, and the Bearing of our Constitutions upon Labor Legislation.11.30 A.M.

Discussion of the preceding Papers.

A Paper by W. M. F. ROUND, of New York : “ How Far may we abolish Prisons ?

8.00 P.M. Address by Hon. HENRY B. Brown, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, on John Marshall."

I 2.00 M.


Departments of Finance and Social Economy.

9.00 A.M.

10.00 A.M.

II.00 A.M.

Address by the Chairman of the Social Economy Department on “ The Progress in Social Economy since 1874. " (F. B. SANBORN, of Concord.)

Address by the Chairman of the Finance Department, Prof. J. W. JENKS, of Cornell University, on “ Causes of the Fall in Prices since 1872."

A Report by Prof. S. M. LINDSAY, of the University of Pennsylvania, on The Outlook for Monetary Legislation." 11.30 A.M.

A Report by JOSEPH LEE, Esq., of Brookline, Mass., on Trade Schools."

Discussion of the “George Junior Republic,led by Prof. JENKS.

A Paper on “Constructive Phylogeny,” by SMITH BAKER, M.D., of Utica, N.Y.

12.00 M.

1.00 P.M.

NOTE.- Dr. KNIGHT, of Lakeville, Ct., owing to sickness in his family, could not prepare a paper; and by reason of pressure of other duties Prof. S. M. Lindsay did not present his Report. The papers read by Prof. WOOLSEY, SMITH BAKER, M.D., ENOCH VINE STODDARD, M.D., and the address by JUDGE Brown are withheld by authors.


As usual, only four of the five Departments of the Association were fully represented at the General Meetings, the Finance Department having joined with the Social Economy Department in presenting Papers.

In the absence of a stenographer, no notes were taken of a most interesting debate which sprang up after the reading of a paper by Professor T. S. Woolsey, of Yale, on “Our Foreign Policy and its Relation to Domestic Problems.” Brief, animated speeches were made by St. Clair McKelway, of the Brooklyn Eagle, the Hon. Oscar S. Straus, ex-United States Minister to Turkey, and others, commenting upon opinions expressed by Professor Woolsey.

To the great regret of the members of the Association, Mr. F. B. Sanborn, of Concord, Mass., long identified with this body as a most efficient General Secretary, tendered his resignation, which was reluctantly accepted. In his place was elected Rev. Frederick Stanley Root, of New York.

In recognition of the services of Mr. Sanborn, St. Clair McKelway, of Brooklyn, offered the following resolutions, which received the hearty indorsement of the members of the Association :

The members of this Association have learned with much regret that the General Secretary, Frank B. Sanborn, has resigned his office, and insisted on the acceptance of his resignation. We recognize the force of his statements that the work of the position has interfered with his labors in literature and with that measure of leisure and travel which he desires to enjoy and has most deservedly earned. On that account, as the reason for his resignation carries in it the proof of his devotion to duty, which we would gratefully record, the Association accepts that resignation with unfeigned reluctance, but with sincere wishes for his happiness, and in the confidence that his interest in this Society will abate only with his life.

We thank him profoundly for his lorg, unselfish, and unflagging service, for the justice, learning, and vigilance which have marked his duties, and for the distinction and authority which his character and powers have brought to the Association through his identification with its purposes and its occasions in the general mind. We know that the past of the Association is ineffaceably linked with his name; and we trust that its future may be honored and aided by his counsel, as it will always be by his example, for as long as he shall be spared to his countrymen, to their literature, to their reforms, and to their undertakings in the interest of humanity, within the republic and around the world.

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