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sent to the different parts of the world, where they enter largely into general consumption..

Our rice is sent to many parts of the world, where it is extensively used as a cheap and wholesome article of diet. The destruction of this branch of agriculture would bring almost incalculable evils upon the world; for it is not only useful as a common article of diet, but is almost indispensable in sickness, as every medical man well knows. Tobacco is an article of extensive use, and employs in its production and manufac-. ture, a great number of individuals. This article is the product of Slave labor, and could not be raised to any thing like the same extent without.. Destroy Slavery, then, and you will greatly injure this vast interest, and bring to want and ruin the great number of individuals that now depend up. on it.

Sugar is almost exclusively the product of Slave labor, and cannot, it is ascertained, be profitably made by the whites. Free black labor can never be commanded to any considerable extent; so we are bound to rely upon Slave labor. In the British West Indies, where Slavery has been abolished, the production of sugar has greatly deelined of late, and nothing has saved this interest from total ruin there, but the system of importing

free laborers from Africa adopted by the British government. I shall hereafter show the motives of England in desiring the abolition of Slavery in the United States: it will be found that these are any thing but philanthropic. Seeing the great error committed by her in abolishing Slavery in the West Indies, she is now desirous of bringing other nations to her own level, by abolishing Slavery among them. This subject will be examined with some care in a subsequent part of this work.

The amount of sugar raised in the United States is getting to be considerable; and when our sugar lands in Texas are rought into cultivation, we shall be enabled, not only to supply our own wants, but to export largely to other coun tries. I have conversed with gentlemen who are familiar with the sugar business, and they assure me that we have sugar lands enough to supply our own wants abundantly, and to export largely to other parts of the world. Destroy the institution of Slavery, and you destroy in a great measure the whole of this vast interest.

It has

We are indebted to Southern Slavery for all the above valuable articles of agriculture. been asserted and proven over and over again, that the constitution of the white man is not adapt

ed to long continued exposure in a hot climate. In proof that such is the case, I need only further mention, that there does not exist on the globe a solitary nation of whites, in a very warm climate, in which you will find active industry in agricul tural pursuits. Mexico, Central America, and all the South-American States, where Slavery has been abolished, are in a waste, desolate condition. The agricultural resources of those countries are all undeveloped-their governments unsettledthe people are collected mostly about towns and villages, where their time is spent mostly in idle. ness. The tropical countries of Asia are nearly in the same comition: in fact, it is the case every where in hot countries, where agricultural lahour depends on the whites. The fact may be asserted without the slightest fear of successful contradiction, that the genuine Caucasian race has never pursued agricultural labor successfully in very hot climates. Wherever this race has flourished in hot countries, they have had the Af rican to till the soil for them. This has been ascertained to have been the case in ancient Egypt thousands of years ago.

We may set it down as an established fact, then, that but for our Slaves the South would be uncultivated; that the primitive forests would

again cover our fields, and the world would be deprived of all the incalculable benefits that flow from our agriculture.

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The Negro was made for the south -is always found there, and cannot exist and flourish in a northern climate. This fact was very early ascertained after the Negroes were brought to this country. A northern climate was found fatal to them: hence Negro Slavery could never be made to take root in the Northern States of this Union. The climate of the South, on the contrary, was found highly favorable to the constitution of the Negro, but very unfavorable to the white man: hence the latter found it impossible to perform the labor here that he could in the North. So manifest was this fact to all persons, after a short residence at the South, that the most prejudiced very soon acquiesced in the necessity of further importing Slaves from Africa, in order to supply the demand for laborers. The benevolent Las Casas, as has been remarked, admitted that a continuance of Negro Slavery was indispensable to the prosperity of the South. He very soon became convinced that active labor in the sun was unfavorable to the constitution of the white man, and that Slavery was totally unfitted to the Indian: ho saw these latter melting away, when in Slavery,

like snow before the rising sun: hence he main tained that, under the circumstances, Negro Slavery was indispensable. George Whitefield, and many other distinguished individuals, very early saw that Negro Slavery was indispensable to the prosperity of the South.

But I have not as yet enumerated all the advantages of Slavery:

3d. Slavery adds security and strength to the South, in a Military point of view.---I am aware that the South, in case of war, is considered the most vulnerable part of the Union. This conclusion has resulted from a belief that our Slaves, like the down-trodden masses of England and other countries, would avail themselves of the first opportunity to throw off the yoke of Slavery : and hence it has been inferred by the less informed of our opponents, that our Slaves would be ready to join any foe that might invade our shores. Acting on this impression, the attempt has been several times made to stir up insurrection among our Slaves. Seventy years ago, Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, offered liberty to the Slaves of Virginia, if they would join the British forces against their Masters. This they refused to do, notwithstanding the many tempting offers that were made them: they preferred adversity with

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