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TABLE I.

MEAN TIME OF SIDEREAL NOON, OR MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF VERNAL EQUINOX AT WASHINGTON, D. C., FOR 1899. (For other places, add 9.83 seconds for each hour of longitude east of Washington, and subtract the same for each hour west

Jan.
Eve.

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5:14:37

3:12:44

234567

5:10:41

3:08:48

5:06:45 3:04:52

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1:18:42 11:16:49 1:14:46 11:12:53 9:14:56 5:02:49 3:00:56 1:10:51 11:08:57 9:11:00 4:58:53 2:57:00 1:06:55 11:05:02 9:07:04 4:54:57 2:53:04 1:02:59 11:01:06 9:03:08 2:49:08 0:59:03 10:57:10 4:51:01 8:59:12 2:45:12 4:47:06 4:43:10 2:41:16 4:39:14 2:37:21

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7:05:40° 8:59:41 7:01:44.

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11

4:35:18

2:33:25

12

4:31:22

2:29:29

13

4:27:26

2:25:33

14

4:23:30 2:21:37

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2:17:41 2:13:45

2:09:49 4:11:42 4:07:46 2:05:53 2:01:57 4:03:51 3:59:55 1:58:01 1:54:06 3:55:59 1:50:10 3:52:03 Morn. 1:46:14 11:56:08 3:48:07 3:44:11 1:42:18 11:52:12 3:40:15 1:38:22 11:48:16 1:34:26 11:44:21 3:36:19 3:32:23 1:30:30 11:40:25 1:26:34 11:36:29 3:28:27 11:32:33 3:24:31

3:20:36

3:16:40

TABLE II.

TIMES OF UPPER MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF POLARIS, OR NORTH STAR, 1899. Surveyors and civil engineers may obtain the variation of the magnetic needle for any place in the United States by directing their compass to the North Star (Polaris) when it is upon the meridian, as given in the table below, for the upper culmination; or 11 hours 58 minutes 2 seconds, before or after, when the star is on the lower meridian. Exact local time is used in the table, and the timepiece used, must be correct, and the bearing of the star taken promptly on time, and that bearing will be the true variation of An error of only a few seconds in the timepiece will vitiate the bearing found; therefore, it will be much better to the needle. take the bearing when the star is furthest east or west, at its greatest elongation, as observations made upon it then are not affected

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plece used, must be correct, and the bearing of the star taken promptly on time, and that erefore,

the needle. An error of only a few seconds in the timepiece will vitiate the bearing found the made upon it then are better of take the bearing when the star is furthest east or went, at its greatest elongation, an observations made upon it then are not afrooted

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AZIMUTH TABLE OF POLARIS, OR NORTH STAR, 1899. The azimuths in the annexed table, applied properly to the magnetic bearing of Polaris at the time of its greatest elongation east or west, will give the true variation of the magnetic needle from a true north direction, and will be of great use to all surveyors and engineers. When the elongation is east the azimuth will be east and vice versa. At the present time the line of "No Variation" of the needle runs southeasterly from near Toledo, Ohio, to a point on the Atlantic coast about fifty miles southwest of Cape Fear, N. C. East of that line the north end of the needle points west of a true north, and west of that line east of the true north. The country may therefore be divided into eastern and western magnetic regions. In the "Eastern Region" the bearing of Polaris at its western elongation, if eastward, added to the azimuth, gives the desired variation west; but if westward, the bearing taken from the azimuth gives the variation west. The bearing of Polaris at its eastern elongation will be eastward, and the azimuth subtracted therefrom gives the variation west, In the "Western Region" the bearing of Polaris at its eastern elongation, if westward, added to the azimuth, gives the variation east; but if eastward, the bearing taken from the azimuth gives the variation east. The bearing of Polaris at its western elongation will be westward, and diminished by the azimuth gives the variation east. The azimuths in the table, given for two-degree zones, are practically sufficient for all the United States except Alaska. For intermediate latitudes, and dates, the azimuths may be found by proportion sufficiently correct, or exactly by the formula, log-sine azimuth equal log-sine Polar Distance of Polaris, minus log-cosine latitude. The surveyor or engineer is on the line of "No Variation" when the bearing of Polaris at greatest elongation is the same as the azimuth.

Month.

Polar Azimuth of Polaris at its Greatest Elongation East or West.
Dis-
For Latitudes and Dates given below.
tance of
29
31° 33°
35°
Polaris. North. North. North. North.

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37° 39° | 41° 43° | 45° North. | North. North. North. North.

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11 13 25 1 23 57 1 25 39|1 27 33 1 29 38 1 31 56 1 34 29 1 37 17|1 40 24,1 43 50

January
January

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1

21

Ris's Ris's
Mo. Mo. Mo.

Ris's Ris's

Ris's Ris's
Ris's Ris'e
Eve. Eve. Mo. Mo. Mo. Mo. Mo. Mo.

2:43

2:14

9:14 4:04 4:31 8:35| 3:25 3:52 7:59 2:49 3:16 7:23 2:13] 2:40 6:53 1:43 2:10 6:15) 1:05 1:32 5:37 12:27|12:51 4:55] Eve. | 12:12) 4:15 10:35 Eve. 3:35 9:44 10:11 5:45] 2:54 9:02 9:29

7:34 8:01

6:52 7:18

Mo. H MH MH MH MH M❘H MH MH MH MH MH MH M 9:27 4:04 4:23 1:52 5:58] 6:24 7:33 1:58 2:14 10:23 5:13) 5:39 11 9:09 3:47 4:08 12:58 5:00 5:25 6:55 1:23 1:37 9:49 4:39 5:05 21 9:00 3:41 4:03 12:02] 4:00 4:25 6:20] 0:49 1:04 18:57 3:41 4:04 | Eve. [Sets. [Sets. 5:40 0:09 12:25 11 8:59 3:44 4:09 10:05 6:12 6:40 5:04 Eve. | Eve. 21 9:04 3:49 4:14 9:20 5:10 5:47 4:25 10:24 10:39 1 9:09 3:52 4:16 8:48 4:25 5:01 3:54 9:42 9:57 11 9:17 3:57 4:17 8:12 3:52 4:28 3:13 9:00 9:15 21 9:24 3:58 4:15 7:41 3:14 3:50 2:31 8:12 8:27 1 9:30] 3:56 4:08] 7:11 2:42 3:16 1:44 7:28 7:42 11 9:36 3:53 4:01 6:46 2:10 1:00 6:43 6:56 21 9:41 3:48 3:52 6:22 1:43 0:16] Sets. Sets. 1 9:46 3:40 3:38 6:01) 1:18 1:45 Eve. 5:57 11 9:50 3:36 3:29 5:40 12:52 1:19 10:47 5:07 4:55 2:12 8:21 8:48 9:56 3:32 3:20] 5:21 12:27 12:52 10:05 4:22 4:10 1:31 110:03 3:28] 3:11 5:00 12:04 12:27 9:18 3:41 3:29 0:44 11 10:11 3:27 3:05 4:41 Eve. Eve. 8:36 2:55 2:43 0:02 Sets. Sets. 21 10:22 3:32 3:04 4:23 10:52 11:06 7:56 2:13 2:01 Eve.| 5:16| 4:50 110:34 3:38 3:09 4:05 10:28 10:40 7:16 1:34 1:22 10:33 4:30] 4:04 11 10:47 3:50 3:17 3:47 10:05 10:14 6:38 12:54 12:42 9:51 3:43 3:17 21 11:01 4:04 3:32 3:30 9:42 9:48 6:01 12:16 12:03 9:09 3:01 2:35 1 11:15 4:22 3:53 3:11| 9:17 9:19 5:21 Eve. | Eve. 8:24 2:20] 1:53 11 11:27 4:40] 4:15 2:54 8:54 8:53 4:46 (21 11:37 4:58 4:39 2:38 8:32 8:28 4:11 1 11:47 5:19 5:06 2:21 8:08 8:02 3:34 9:07 8:53 11 11:54 5:37 5:29 2:06 7:47 7:38 3:01 8:33 8:18 21 Eve. Sets. Eve. 1:52 7:27 7:14 2:29 7:59 7:44 5:06 10:16 9:49 1 0:06 5:59 5:55 1:38 7:07 6:51 1:57 7:25 7:09 4:29 9:39 11 0:12 5:54 5:45 1:26 6:50 6:31 1:26 6:53 6:35 3:53 9:03 0:20 5:51 5:36 1:15 6:33 6:12 12:55 6:20 6:02 3:17 8:26 1 0:31 5:51 5:30 1:03 6:17 5:52 12:21 5:44 5:25 2:38 7:47 7:20 11 0:42 5:54 5:28 0:54 6:04] 5:37 Mor. | Ris's Ris's 2:03 7:12 6:45 0:57 6:03 5:33 0:46 1 1:13 6:16 5:44 0:39 11 1:28 6:31 6:00 0:32

August

September

September

September

October

October

October

21

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5:23 11:20 6:00 5:13 10:50 5:31 5:53 12:54 6:02 5:35 5:04 10:19 5:01 5:24 12:19 5:27 5:00 21 1:43 6:50 6:20 0:26 5:301 4:58 9:48 4:31 4:55 Mor. Ris's Ris's 131] 1:56 7:10 6:44 0:20 5:25 4:54 9:17 4:011 4:25 11:11 6:03 6:31

PLANETS BRIGHTEST OR BEST SEEN.

Mercury, January 11, May 9, September 5 and December 25, rising shortly before the Sun; also March 24, July 22 and November 15, setting soon after the Sun. Venus, January 5.

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TIDE TABLES.

To find the time of high water for any place given in the table below, apply the correction opposite the place to the times of high water for its respective port given for every day on the twelve calendar pages of this Almanac. Add the correction to time of high water when it is plus, and subtract it when it is minus. Example: To find time of high water at Rockland, Me., on January 6, 1899.

Time of high water at Boston, January 6.
Correction for Reckland, Me. (see below).

Time of high water at Rockland, Me., January 6..

Corrections

to times of high water at Boston for:

Eastport, Me..
West Quoddy H'd, Me]
Machiasport, Me..
Indian Harbor, Me...
Mt. Desert Nar., Me..
S. W. H, Mt. D. I., Me]
Bass H., Mt. D. I., Me
Rockland, Me.
Oceanville, D. I., Me.
Bangor, Me...
Boothbay, Me..
Bath, Me.

Gardiner, Me.

Augusta, Me.
Portland, Me.
Portsmouth, N. H..
Isle of Shoal L., N. H
Newburyport, Mass..
Gloucester, Mass...
Salem, Masз..

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-1 2 Dover, Del..
+0 49 Sea Breeze, N. J..
+1 6 New-Castle, Del...
+1 47 Wilmington, Del..
+5 1 Gray's F.,S. R., Pa
+6 58 Phila., Wash.-ave.
2 23 Trenton, N. J..
3 5 Rehoboth, Del.
+3 41Ocean City, Md.
+3 7Cape Chas. L., Va.
+3 21 Old Point Com., Va
+3 40 Newport News, Va
+3 2 Petersburg, Va..
+1 50 Richmond, Va..
+1 37 Yorktown, Va...
+1 23 Pt. L., P. R., Md.

H. M. - 840 -10 17 -8 1 - 7 46

6 15

6 7

2 59

9 11 +925 1 22

11 + 0 18 +459

-0 35 Block Island, R. I.... -0.49 Stonington, Conn.. -0 40 New-London, Conn... -055 Norwich, Conn.. -0 28 Middletown, Conn.. 0 44 Hartford, Conn. 0 45 Duck Island, Conn.. -0 26 New-Haven, Conn.. -0 36 Stamford, Conn... +1 12 City I., L. I. S., N. Y. -0 43 College P, E. R., N. Y +0 31 Flushing, E. R., N. Y +2 56 Pot Cove, Ast., N. Y. 3 37 B'ckwell's I. L., N. Y -0 34 E. 41st-st., N. Y. C... 0 15 E. 27th-st., N. Y. C.. 0 20 Brooklyn N. Y., N. Y0 40 Alexandria, P.R., Va -0 15 Brooklyn Bridge, N. Y 0 20 Wash. N. Y., D. C. 0 36 E. 110th-st., N. Y. C. +2 6 Crisfield, C. B., Md 0 11 High Bridge, N. Y. C +2 21 Cambridge, C.B.Md 0 18 Kings Bridge, N. Y.C +0 58|Oxford, Md... -0 18 Willets Point, N. Y.. 43 7 Annapolis, Md.. -0 9 Glen Cove, L.I.S.,N. Y 43 6 Balt., Fells, Pt., Md Wellfleet, C. C., Mass-0 11 Oyster B., L.I. S., N. Y +3 6 Elkton, Md... Provincetown, Mass.. -0 1 N'thp't H.,LI.S., N. Y +3 5 Pt. Dep., S. R., Md Siasconset, Nantuck. I +0 1 Trum'n B., L.I.S., N. Y +2 11 Virginia Beach, Va Nantucket Har., Mass +0 55 Sag Har., L.I. S., N. Y +2 19 Hatteras Inlet, N.C Edgartown, Mass.... +0 44 Montauk Pt. L., N. YO 1 Cape Lookout, N.C No Mans L'd I., Mass-4 6 Bellport, N. Y....... +2 391 Beauford, N. C.... Vineyard Hav'n, Mass +0 11 Fire Island Inlet, N. Y -0 56 Carolina Beach, N.C Falmouth, Mass...... -1 SRockaway Inlet, N. Y-0 35 Wilmington, N. C..+1 47 Tarpaulin Cove, Mass-3 41 Coney Island, N. Y... 0 42 B'nerman's B., N.C Cuttyhunk L., Mass..| -4 1 Tottenville, S. I., N. YO 21 White Hall, N. C.. Woods Hole, Mass.... -2 55 Fort Tom.. S. I.. N. Y-0 23 Georgetown, S. C..+1 16 Bird Island L., Mass. -3 43 Sing Sing, H. R., N. Y -1 49 Bluff Pt. W. R..S.C + 0 21 New-Bedford, Mass..]-3 401 Albany, H. R., N. Y. J +9 33 Port Royal, S. C... +036 +0 10 Beaufort. S. C.. 0 37 Savannah, Ga... -0 28 Warsaw Sound, Ga

Nahant, Mass..

Boston Light, Mass...
Plymouth, Mass..

Newport, R. I....
Bristol, R. I...
Pawtuxet, R. I..
Providence, R. I..

–3 4 Eliz’port, N. B., N.J
-3 34 Long Branch, N. J...
-3 21 Atlantic City, N. J...

-3 23 Cape May City, N. J.-0 16 St. Andrew S., Ga.

3.56

3 23

- 238 -050 2 10

2 41 0 0 -047 1 5 -012 -014

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A TABLE OF

ONE HUNDRED

AND THIRTEEN BRIGHT

STARS.

To ascertain when any star or constellation found in the following table will be in the upper meridian, add the numbers opposite in the left-hand column of figures to the time of "Sidereal Noon" found in these pages. For the rising of a star subtract the number opposite in the right-hand column of figures from its meridian passage. For the setting of a star add the same number to its meridian passage. Those marked (....) revolve in a circle of perpetual apparition and do not rise or set north of the latitude of New-York (40° 42′ 40′′), for which latitude the semi-diurnal arcs are calculated.

The civil day begins at midnight, and consequently hours after midnight, or 12 hours from noon, is morning of the succeeding day; or more than 24 hours from noon Stars is evening of the next day. This table is arranged in the order of culmination.

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