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were sons (u) of Belial, they knew (x) not the LORD. 13. And the priests custom (y) with the people was, that when any man offered sacrifice, the priests servant came, while the flesh was in seething (z), with a flesh-hook of three teeth in his hand : 14. And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the flesh-hook brought up, the priest took for himself: so they did in Shiloh, unto all the Israelites that came thither. 15. Also before they burnt the (a) fat, the priests servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, “ Give flesh to roast for the “ priest ; for he will not have sodden (6) 6. Alesh of thee, but raw.” 16. And if any man said unto him, “ Let them not fail to “ burn the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth :" then he would answer him “ Nay, but thou shalt “ give it me now : and if not, I will take it by force.” 17. Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD. 18. But Samuel ministred be- . fore the LORD, being a child girded with a linen (c) ephod. 19. Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. 20. And Eli blessed Elkanah, and his wife, and said, “ The LORD give " thee seed of this woman for (d) the loan “ which is lent to the LORD.” And they went unto their own home. 21. And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived and bare three sons, and two daugh

ters: and the child Samuel grew before the LORD. 22. Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel, and how they lay with the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 23. And he said urta them, “Why do ye such things ? for 1 “ hear of your evil dealings, by all thi “ people. 24. Nay my sons : for it is no “ good report that I hear; ye make the “ Lord's people to transgress. 25 If or “ man sin against another, the judge shal “ judge him : but if a man sin against the « LORD, who shall intreat for him Notwithstanding, they hearkened not unta the voice of their father, because the Lord would slay them. 26. (And the child Samuel grew on, and was in favour both with the LORD, and also with men. 27. And there came a man(e) of God unta Eli, and said unto him, “ Thus saith the “ LORN, “ Did I plainly appear unto the “ house of thy (f) father, when they wet “ in Egypt in Pharaoh's house ? 28. A 6 did I choose him (8) out of all thentë “ of Israel, to be my priest, to offer uit “ mine altar, to burn incense, to wear a “ ephod before me? and did I give unes " the house of thy father all the offering “ made by fire of the children of Israel “ 29. Wherefore kick ye at my sacrified “ and at mine offering, which I have com “ manded in my habitation ; and honoured “ thy sons above me, to make yourselre " fat with the chiefest of all the offering " of Israel my people ?” 30. Wherefon the LORD God of Israel saith, “I sa

V. 20.

(u) v. 12. “Sons of Belial,” i.e. “wicked.” « Belial,”

," “ wickedness." (x) v. 12. “ Knew,” i. e. “ regarded," " reverenced.”

(y) v.13. " Custom." This was contrary to the Levitical law: the parts the priest was to have were fixed. See Lev, vii. 34.

(z) v. 13. “ Seething," i.e. “ boiling." (a) 0.15;

« The fat." It was one of the Mosaical ordinances that the fat of

every sacri. fice should be burnt upon the altar. Lev. i. 9. 13.-iii. 4. 5. 9. 11. 15. 16.—iv. 8. 10. 19. 26. 31. 35.vii

. 3. 5. 31. And it was a spe. cial injunction, Lev. vii. 23. “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Ye shall eat no « manner of fat, of ox, or of sheep, or of

(6) v. 15

v. 15. “Sodden," i.e. “boiled." (c) v. 18. “ Ephod.” One of the holy ments made for Aaron, that he might unto God in the priest's office. Exod. xxvi. 4

(d) The loan," i. e. “ Sams! Hannah says, 1 Sam. i. 27. 28. “ For this clik I prayed; and the Lord hath given me sy “ petition which I asked of him: therefia “ also I have lent him to the Lord: as long a “ he liveth he shall be lent to the Lord." (e) v. 27.

“ A man of God," i.e. “ a pro “phet," a “ messenger from God."

(f) v. 27. 28. “Thy father," i.e. « Aaror. who, and his descendants, were appointed a clusively to the priest's office. See Exod. In

(3) v. 28. * Him," i.e. “ Aaron." See Exod. xxviii.

“ goat.”

indeed that thy house, and the house

CHAP. III. of thy father should walk before me for ever:" but now the LORD saith, “ Be it AND the child Samuel ministered unto far from me ; for them that honour me, A the LORD before Eli; and the word I will honour, and they that despise me, of the LORD was precious (m) in those shall be lightly esteemed. 31. Behold, days; there was no open (n) vision. 2. And the days come that I will cut off thine it came to pass at that (o) time, when Eli arm (b), and the arm of thy father's house, was laid down in his place, and his eyes that there shall not be an old man in began to wax dim, that he could not see ; thine house. 32. And thou shalt see 3. And ere the lamp of God went out in an (i) enemy in my habitation, in all the the (0) temple of the LORD, where the ark wealth which God shall give Israel : and of God was, and Samuel was laid down there shall not be an old man in thine to sleep ; 4. That the LORD called Samuel. house for ever. 33. And the man of And he answered, “ Here am I.” 5. And thine whom I shall not cut off from he ran unto Eli, and said, “ Here am I; mine altar, shall be to consume thine 66 for thou calledst me.” And he said, eyes, and to grieve thine heart : and " I called not ; lie down again.” And all the increase of thine house shall he went and lay down. 6. And the LORD die in the flower of their age. 34. And called yet again Samuel. And Samuel this shall be a sign unto thee, that arose and went to Eli, and said, “ Here shall come upon thy two sons, on « am I, for thou didst call me.” And Hophni and Phineas; in one (k) day he answered, “ I called not my son, lie they shall die both of them. 35. And « down again.” 7. Now Samuel did not I will raise me up a faithful priest, that yet know the LORD (9), neither was the

shall do according to that which is in || word (r) of the LORD yet revealed unto : mine heart and in my minst: and I || him. 8. And the LORD called Samuel I will build (1) him a sure house; and he again the third time. And he arose, and

shall walk before mine Anointed for went to Eli, and said, “ Here am I, for ever. 36. And it shall come to pass, " thou didst call me.” And Eli perceived

that every one that is left in thine house that the Lord had called the child. 9. There< shall come and crouch to him for a fore Eli said unto Samuel, “ Go, lie down:

piece of silver and a morsel of bread, " and it shall be, if he call thee, that thou cand shall say, “ Put me (I pray thee) “ shalt say, “ Speak, LORD; for thy sers into one of the priests' offices, that I may “ vant heareth.” So Samuel went and cat a piece of bread.”

lay down in his place. 10. And the LORD came, and stood, and called as at other

she third tih said, “And Eli pe. There

(b) v. 31. “Arm,” i.e. “ strength.”

) v. 32. “ An enemy, &c." or " distress, because of thy iniquity, in everything wherein

the strength of Israel hath blessed thee;"> lluding probably to the capture of the ark by he Philistines, which occurred shortly aftervards, and caused his death. See i Sam. iv. 17. 18.

(k) v. 34. “ In one day, &c.” This happened accordingly in the war against the Philistines, i Sam. iv, 11. “ The ark of God 16 was taken, and the two sons of Eli, Hophni 16 and Phineas, were slain.”

(1) v. 35. “ Build, &c.” i.e. "continue his 1 seed after him." This is often called “build. 56 ing a house." See Exod. i. 21.-Deut. xxv. 9.-Ruth iv. 7.-Ps. cxxvii. li

(m) v. I“ Precious," i.e. « uncommon,

“ not frequent.” God made but few com. munications.

(n) v. 1. “No open vision," i. e. probably, no visible manifestation of his presence, as there was in the wilderness, when the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. Exod. xl. 35. And in later times, when an angel of the Lord occasionally appeared, as to Gideon, Judges vi. 11. and to Manoah and his wife, Judges xviii. 1. 9, And see post, verse 21.

(c) v.2. “ At that time." Before Christ 1141.

(0) v. 3. “ Temple," rather “ tabernacle.” There was no temple at that time.

(9) v.7. “ The Lord," i.e. “ the voice of “ the Lord.” God had not been in the habit of speaking to him. Pearson on the Creed, 7.

(r) v.7, “ Word,” or “ speech, voice.”

times, “Samuel, Samuel.” Then Samuel answered, “ Speak; for thy servant hear6 eth.” II. And the LORD said to Samuel, “ Behold, I will do a thing in Israel,

at which both the ears of every one that or heareth it shall tingle. 12. In that day " I will perform against Eli all things “ which I have spoken concerning his “ house : when I begin, I will also make « an end. 13. For I have told him, that “ I will judge his house for ever for the « iniquity which he knoweth ; because « his sons made themselves vile, and he « restrained them not.

14. And therefore I have sworn unto the house of “ Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house “ shall not be purged with sacrifice nor « offering for ever.” 15. And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of the LORD. And Samael feared to shew Eli the vision. 16. Then Eli called Samuel, and said, “ Samuel, my son.” And he answered, “ Here am I.17. And he said, “ What " is the thing that the LORD hath said unto « thee? I pray thee hide it not from me: « God do so to thee, and more also, if “ thou hide any thing from me of all the " things that he said unto thee.” 18. And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, “ It is the « Lord: let him do what seemeth him “ good.” 19. And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the ground. 20. And all Israel from (s) Dan even to Beer-sheba knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the Lord. 21. And the LORD appeared (t) again in Shiloh : for the Lord revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD.

your voice in all that ye said unto me, " and have made a (5) king over you,

2. And now behold, the king walketh 66 before

: and I am old, and

gray “ headed, and behold my (c) sons are with “ you : and I have walked before you from “ my childhood unto this day. 3. Behold “ here I am, witness against me before the “ LORD, and before his anointed : whos

ox have I taken? or whose ass have s taken? or whom have I defrauded! “ whom have I oppressed ? or of who 6 hand have I received any bribe to blin “ mine eyes therewith ? and I will restor “ it you.” 4. And they said, “ Thor " hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed « neither hast thou taken ought of a " man's hand.” 5. And he said unto them « The LORD is witness against you, and « his anointed is witness this day, that “ have not found ought in my hand." And they answered, He is witness." 6. And Samuel said unto the people, " is the LORD that advanced Mose and “ Aaron, and that brought your father " out of the land of Egypt. " therefore stand still, that I may reast " with you before the LORD, of all the “ righteous acts of the LORD, which be “ did to you and to your fathers. 8. When " Jacob was come into Egypt, and you - fathers cried unto the LORD, then the « LORD sent Moses and Aaron, whid « brought forth your fathers out of Egypt " and made them dwell in this place 9 And when they forgat the Lord the « God, he sold them into the hand of Sisera “ captain of the host of Hazor, and indo " the hand of the Philistines, and into the “ hand of the king of Moab, and they “ fought against them. 10. And they « cried unto the LORD, and said, “We “ have sinned, because we have forsales “ the LORD, and have served Baalim ( “ and Ashtaroth; but now deliver us out

7. No

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(s) v. 20. “ From Dan, &c." i.e. throughout the whole of the land of Israel.

(1) v. 21. “ Appeared again," i.e. began again to appear, as he had done in earlier times. See note on verse 1.

(a) v. 1. “ Said.” B. C. 1095. (b) v. I. “A king," i.e. “ Saul." (c) v. 2. “My sons are with you ;" so that

you may punish them when they transgress. · His sons walked not in his ways, but turned • aside after lucre, and took bribes, and per“ verted judgment. Sam. viii. 3."

(d) v. 10.“ Baalim and Ashtaroth." HQ then idols, representing the sun, moon, stars.



the sand which is on the sea-shore in multitude : and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Beth-aven. 6. When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits. 7. And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead : as for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. 8. And he tarried seven days, according to (i) the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal, and the people were scattered from him. 9. And Saul said, “ Bring hither a burnt

offering to me, and peace-offerings.” And he offered the burnt-offering. 1o. And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt-offering, behold, Samuel came, and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him. 11. And Samuel said, “ What hast thou

done?” And Saul said, “ Because I

saw that the people were scattered from « me, and that thou camest not within the ~ days appointed, and that the Philistines “ gathered themselves together at Micho mash : 12. Therefore said I, “ The Phi« listines will come down now upon me to « Gilgal, and I have not made supplication « unto the LORD:" I forced myself there« fore, and offered a burnt-offering.” 13 And Samuel said to Saul, “ Thou " hast done foolishly : thou hast not kept « the commandment of the LORD thy « God, which he commanded thee: for

now would the LORD have established “ thy kingdom upon Israel for ever. “ 14. But now thy kingdom shall not “ continue : the LORD hath sought him

man after his own heart, and the « LORD hath commanded him to be cap“ tain over his people, because thou hast “ not kept that which the LORD com« manded thee.” 15. And Samuel (1) arose, and gat him up from Gilgal, unto Gibeah of Benjamin : and Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred men.

16, And Sad and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin : but the Philistines emcamped in Michmash. 17. And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines, in three companies : one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual. 18. And another company turned the way to Beth-horon : and another com pany turned to the way of the border, that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. 19. Now there was no (7) smith found throughout all the land d Israel : (for the Philistines said, “ Lest the “ Hebrews make them swords or spears.") 20. But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock. 21. Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads. 22. So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear

found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan:

(i) v. 8.“ The set time, &c.” When Samuel anointed Saul, one of the things he told him was, " thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal ; « and behold, I will come down unto thee, to “ offer burnt-offerings, and to sacrifice sacri. s fices of peace-offerings : seven days shalt thou

tarry, till I come to thee, and shew thee « what thou shalt do. Sam. X. 8.” Saul's sin was, either that he did not wait the time he ought, or that he presumed to offer what none but Samuel should have offered. Some suppose, that he did not tarry seven entire days, but sacrificed the seventh day: others, upon a different punctuation of 1 Sam, x, 8. understand that the sacrifices were to be seven days,

and that the injunction to tarry was indefinite, not limited to seven days.

(k) v. 15. The Sept. and most copies of the Vulgate, read, “and Samuel arose, and get him up from Gilgal : and the people that

were left went up after Saul unto Gibeab, “ &c.” There is no reason to suppose that Samuel went up to Gibeah. 1 Wall, 189. 2 Hales, 343

(?) v. 19. “No smith, &c." A political precaution, to keep the Israelites in a state of subjection. In Deborah's song, ante, Judge iv. 8. she asks, “ was there a shield or spese

seen among 40,000 in Israel?”

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