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boiled for an hour, and then strained, butter, 1 tablespoonful of good yeast, 1 through a hair sieve.
egy, a little warm milk. There are two advantages in making Rub the butter into the flour, then bread with bran water instead of plain add the yeast, breaking in one eys, water ; tbe one being that there is con- both yolk and white. Mix it with a siderable nourishment in brun, which little warın milk poured into the inidis thus extracted and added to the dle of the flour; stir all well together, bread; the other, that Hour imbibes and set it by the tire to rise, then make inuch more of bran water than it does it into light dough, and again set it by of plain water; so much more, as to the fire. Make up the rolls, lay them give in the bread produced alınost a on a tin, and set them in front of the ñith in weight more than the quantity fire for ten minutes before you put of flour made up with plain water them into the oven, brushing thein would have done. These are impor- over with egg. This paste may be tant considerations to the poor. Fifty- used for fancy bread, six pounds of tour, made with plain Breakfast or Tea Cakes Hot. — water, would produce sixty-nine and a Time, half an hour. half pounds of bread; made with bran 6 handfuls of flour, I a pint of milk, a water, it will produce eighty-three and small piece of butter, 2 ounces of German a half pounds.
yeast, 1 egg: Use of Lime - water in making Put the flour in a basin, with half a Bread. - It has lately been found that pint of milk, and a small piece of butwater saturated with lime produces in ter; warm the milk - in the winter bread the same whiteness, softness, increase its temperature. Mix two and capacity of retaining moisture, as ounces of German yeast in a little results from the use of alum; while cold water; add it to the milk and the former removes all acidity from butter. Make a hole in the flour, and the dough, and supplies an ingredient pour the mixed milk and yeast into it, needed in the structure of the bones, but stirring it round until it is a thick which is deficient in the cerealia. The batter; add to it one beaten egg; cover best proportion to use is, tive pounds it over, and set it before the fire, of water saturated with lime to every keeping it warm. When it has risen nineteen pounds of four. No change a little, mix it into a dough, knead it is required in the process of baking. well, put it again before the fire, and, The lime most effectually coagulates when it has risen a great deal, form the gluten, and the bread weighs well; your rolls. They will take nearly half bakers must therefore approve of its an hour to bake, or according to the size introduction, which is not injurious to you make thein. Rub them once the system, like alum, etc. A large while hot with a paste-brush dipped in quantity of this kind of bread is now milk. inade in Munich, and is highly Graham, or Dyspepsia Bread. esteemed.
Persons often fail w make this bread Tea Cakes or Loaves. — Time, half good because the so-called Graham, or or three-quarters of an hour.
unbolted four, is made from interior 1 egg, 2 ounces of butter, \ a pound of wheat. We avoid this by using the four, 2 or 3 knobs of sugar.
best flour, and mixing the bran with Rub the butter into the flour, add it ourselves; that is, we buy our flour the sugar pounded, and mix it with and our bran separately, and mix it one beaten egg.
ourselves. In this way we get our It will make two small loaves for tea Graham bread good and cheap. Wet or breakfast.
up the four with lukewarm water, salt Breakfast or Tea Rolls. Time, and yeast in the proportion as for fifteen to twenty minutes.
wheat bread. Knead in sufficient four 1 pound of flour, a # of a pound of to make it stiff: add a very little best
molasses. Let it rise, then bake. It Nnte-Choked in a steamer for three hours, it is will take about two hours.
# guod pudding French Bread and Rolle.--Take a Taking a House. -- Before taking pint and a half of milk; make it quite a house, be careful to calculate that warm; half a pint of small-beer yeast; the rent is not too high in proportion add sufficient flour to make it as thick to your means; for remember that the as batter. Put it into a pan, cover it rent is a claim that must be paid with over, and keep it warm. When it has but little delay. risen as high as it will, add a quarter HAVING DETERMINED THE of a pint of warm water, and half an AMOUNT OF RINT which you can ounce of salt. Mix them well together, afford to pay, be careful to select the rub into a little flour two ounces of best house which can be obtained for buttor; then make your dough, not that sum. And in making that selecquite so stiff' as for your bread. Let it tion, let the following matters be carestand for three-quarters of an hour, fully considered: and it will be ready to make into rolls, FIRST --- CAREFULLY REGARD THE etc. Let them stand till they have HEALTHFULNESS OF THE SITUATION. risen, and bake them in a quick oven. Avoid the neighborhood of grave
Wholesome Bread. -- This bread yards, and of factories giving forth contains no other ingredients than unhealthy vaporn. Avoid low and simple wheat meal and water, and is damp districts, the course of canais, used as a standard article of diet at a and localities of reservoirs of water, number of the leading hygienic insti- gns-works, etc. Make inquiries as to tutions in this couutry, as well as in the drainage of the neighborhood, and very many private families.
inspect the drainage and water supe It is made as follows:-Stir together ply' of the premises... A house standwheat meal and cold water (notliinging on an incline is likely to be better else, not even salt) to the consistency drained than one standing upon the of a thick batter. Bake in small cir- summit of a hill, or on a level below a cular pans, from three to three and hill. Endenvor to obtain a position a halt inches in diameter (ordinary where the direct sunlight falls upon tin “patty pang" do very well), in a the house, for this is absolutely eszenquick, hot oven. is quite essential tial to health ; and give preference to that it is baked in this sized cake, as it a house the openings of which are is upon this that the raising depends. sheltered from the north and erst winds. A better pan for the purpose may be SECOND) - CONSIDER
DIN had at most any of the house-l'urnish- TANCE OF THE Hlous from your ing stores, being a number of circular place of occupation; and also its rela. irou pans, cast together in one large tion to provision markets, and shops form. If this is used, it is best to in the neighborhood. heat it before filling with the batter. HAVING CONHIDERED TILEHE MATE
Rye Bread. - I quart rye flour, 1 RIAL AND LEADING FEATURES, ex. quari flour, 2 torspoons salt, of a cup amine the house in detail
, carefully molasser, 1 quart milk, and water, half looking into its state of repair ; notice and huli, 1 yeust cake in a cup of water. the windows that are broken; whe
Boston Brown Bread. -- cup flour, ther the chimneys smoke; whether 1 cup Indian meul, 2 cupe rye, cup they have been recently swept; molunres, 2 teaspoons crciim of tartar, i whether the paper on the walls is teuerpoon soda ; mix soft with cold water damaged, especially in the lower or milk ; tablespoon oj' sult.
parts, and the corners, by the skirt. Put in a deep tin, and bake slowly ings; whether the locks, bolts, handles three or four hours; or, what is better, of doors, and window-fastenings aro put it in an earthen pan, and stand in in proper condition; make a list of a slow oven all night.
the tixtures; ascertain whether als
rent and taxes have been paid by the is that there must be no overcrowd. previous tenant, and whether the per. ing. - This is absolute. When outson from whom you take the house is line is lost, beauty, as a matter of fact, the original landlord, or his agent or is lost also. We must all know many tenant. And do not commit yourself drawing rooms in which, perhaps, the by the signing of any agreement until worth and beauty of each individual you are satisfied upon all these points, thing is indisputable, on entering and see that all has been done which the which the first thing that strikes one lillord hud undertaken.
sense of incongruity. - What If you are about to Furnish a might have been an art collection is House, do not spend all your money, degraded to the level of an old curi. be it much or little. Do not let the osity shop. Most women are born beauty of this thing, and the cheap- with a love of beauty. But generally, Dess of that, tempt you to buy un- unless this lore is cultivated and necessary articles. Dr. Franklin's trained, it runs to waste, and fritters maxim was a wise one ---"Nothing is itself away upon small things. Wocheap that we do not want.” Buy men go into a shop and hover a counmerely enough to get along with at ter for an hour, engrossed in the pur. first. It is only by experience that chase of fifty minute things, each one you can tell what will be the wants of of which is pretty enough in itself if your family. If you spend all your taken up in the hand and inspected; money, you will find you have pur- but not one of which can be clearly chased many things you do not want, defined at a distance of two yards, and and have no means left to get many not one of which repays the trouble things which you do want. If you of the minute inspection. These are have enough, and more than enough, packed away in shiny cabinets that to get everything suitable to your sit. are blazing with orinolu scroll-work, uation, do not think you must spend on spindle-legged what-nots that seem it all, merely because you happen to to be designed for no other earthly have it. Begin humbly. As riches purpose than to be knocked down at increase, it is easy and pleasant to brief intervals, and on mantlepieces increase in comforts; but it is always that confuse one's brain during the painful and inconvenient to decrease. long periods when the need of being After all, these things are viewed in near the fire forces one to face them. their proper light by the truly judi. It is a better and higher system of cious and respectable. Neatness, economy to buy two or three good tastefulness, and good sense may be bronzes or marbles, on which the eye shown in the management of a small can always rest with pleasure, than to household, and the arrangement of a spend ten times that sum on a heteroliule furniture, as well as upon a geneous mass of the parti-colored rub. larger scale; and these qualities are bish which may accumulate, “In oralways praised, and always treated der," they call it, "to take off the with respect and attention. The con- naked look of their room." Better the sideration which many purchase by naked look ten thousand times than living beyond their income, and, of the false decorations. course, living upon others, is not worth CARPETS. - In buying carpets, as the trouble it costs. The glare there in everything else, those of the best is about this false and wicked parade quality are cheapest in the end. As is deceptive; it does not, in fact, pro- it is extremely desirable that they cure a man valuable friends, or exten- should look as clean as possible, avoid sive influence.
buying carpet that has any white in it. How to Beautify your Rooms. – Even a very small portion of white inThe first condition of success in fur. terspersed through the pattern will in nishing either a large or a small room a short time give a dirty appearance
to the whole; and certainly no carpet purple, looks extremely well; 30 dnes can be worse for use than one with a a salmon color or buff ground, with a white ground.
deep green figure; or light yellow A CARPET IN WHICH ALL THE ground, with a shaded blue figurer. COLORS ARE LOT never has a clean, IF YOU CANNOVE OBTAIN A HEART Fbright effect, from the want, of dark Rt that exactly corresponds with the tints to contrast and set off the light carpet, get me entirely different; for a
decided contrast looks better than a FOR A SIMILAR REASO, carpets bad match. whose colors are all of what artists WE HAVE BEEN VERY HAVIYOYME call middle tint (neither dark nor HEARTH-RU0s with a rich, black vele light), cannot fail to look dull and vet-looking ground, and the figure of dingy, even when quite now.
shared blue, or of various tints of THE CAPRICES OF FASHION at yellow and orange. times bring these ill-colored carpeta, No CARPET decidedly light colored into vogne; but, in apartment where throughout looks effective on the floor, elegance is desirable, they always have or continues long clean, #ball effect.
IN CHOOSING PAPER FOR APO FOR A CARPET TO BE REALLY avoid that which has a variety of BEAUTIFUL, and in good taste, there colors, or a large showy figure, as no should be, ne in a picture, a juclicious furniture can appear to advantage diepwal of light and shallow, with a with such. Larga figured papering gradation of very bright and of very makes a small room look smaller. dark tints : come almost white, and THE BEST COVERING FOR A KITCHEN others almost or quite black.
FLOOR in a thick unfigured oil-Cloth, THE MOST TRULY CHASTE, rich, and of one color. elegant carpets are those where the Family Tool Chests. - Much in pattern is formed by one color only, convenience and considerable experien but arranged in every variety of shade. might be savedl, if it were the general For instance, we have seen a Brussels custom to keep in every house certain carpet entirely red; the pattern formed tools for the purpose of performing at by shares or tints varying from the home what are called small jobs, indeepest crimson (almost a black), to stead of being always obliged t` send the palest pink (almost
, a white). Also for a mechanic and pay him for execuone of green only, shared from the ting little things that, in most cases, darkest bottle-green, in some parts of could be sufficiently well done by a the figure, to the lightest pea-green
in man or boy belonging to the family, others. Another, in which there was if the proper instruments were at hand. no color brut brown, in all its various THE COST OF THESE ARTICLER is gravlations, some of the shsales being very trifling, and the arivantage of nearly black, others of a light buff. having them always in the house are All these carpets had much the look far beyond the expense. of rich cut velvet.
FOR INSTANCE, there should be an THE CURTAINS, SOPAR, ETC., tout axe, a hatchet, a saw (a large wood-saw be of corresponding colors, that the admi, with a huck (or stand, if wood is effect of the whole may be noble and burned), a claw-hammer, a mallet, two elegant.
gimplets of different sizes, two screw CARPETS of many gaudy colors are drivers, i chisel, a small plane, one or inuch leeg in demand than formerly. two jack-kniver, a pair of large scim 'Two colors only, with the dark and BOTA Or shears, and a carpet-fork or light shades of each, will make a very stretcher. handsome carpet.
ALBU AN ASSORTMENT OF NAIle of A VERY LOHT BLUE GROUND), various sizes, from large spikes dowa with the figure of shaded crimson of to small tacks, not forgetting brass
headed nails, some larger and some fastened up with small copper pails. smaller.
It may be immediately covered with THE Nails and screws should be paper. The lead is not to be thicker kept in a wooden box, made with di- than that which lines tea-chests. visions to separate the various sorts, BEDROOMS should not be scoured for it is very troublesome to have them in the winter time, as colds and sickness mixed.
may be produced thereby. Dry scourPRINTED PAPERS ARE UNFIT For ing, upon the French plan, which conWRAPPING anything, as the printing- sists of scrubbing the Hoors with dry ink rubs off on the articles enclosed in brushes, may be resorted to, and will be them, and also soils the gloves of the found more effective than can at first person that carries the parcel. be imagined. If a bedroom is wet
WHEN SHOPPING, if the person at scoured, a dry day should be chosen — the counter proceeds to wrap up your the windows should be opened, the purchase in a newspaper (a thing linen removed, and a fire should be lit rarely attempted in a genteel shop), when the operation is finished. refuse to take it in such a cover. It To get Rid of a Bad Smell in a is the business of every respectable | Room newly Painted. - Place a vesshopkeeper to provide proper paper sel full of lighted charcoal in the for this purpose, and printed paper is middle of the room, and throw on it not proper
two or three handfuls of juniper berBeds for the poor. - Maple or ries, shut the windows, the chimney, beech-tree leaves are recommended for and the door close; twenty-four hours filling the beds of poor persons. They afterwards, the room may be opened, should be gathered on a dry day in the when it will be found that the sickly, autumn, and perfectly dried. It is unwholesome smell will be entirely said that they smell grateful, and will gone. The smoke of the juniper berry not harbor vermin. They are also possesses this advantage, that should very springy.
anything be left in the room, such as To Preserve Tables. -- A piece of tapestry, etc., none of it will be oil-cloth (about twenty inches long) is spoiled. a useful appendage to a common sit- PAINT. — To get rid of the smell ting-room. Kept in the closet, it can of oil-paint plunge a handful of hay be available at any time to place jars into a pailful of water, and let it stand upon, etc., etc., which are likely to soil in the room newly painted. your table during the process of dis- If a Larder, by its position, will not pensing their contents: a wing and admit of opposite windows, then a duster are harmonious accompani. | current of air must be admitted by inents to the oil-cloth.
means of a flue from the outside. Gilt Frames may be protected from For Keeping a Door Open, place a Alies and dust by oiled tarlatan pinned brick, covered nently with a piece of over them. Tarlatan, already prepared, carpet, against the door. may be purchased at the upholsterer's. To Ascertain whether a Bed be If it cannot be procured, it is easily | Aired. - Introduce a glass goblet bemade by brushing boiled oil over cheap tween the sheets for a minute or two, tarlatan. It is an excellent material just when the warming-pan is taken for keeping dust from books, vases, out; if the bed be dry, there will only wool work, and every description of be a slight cloudy appearance on the household ornament.
glass, but if not, the damp of the bed Damp Walls. - The following will assume the more formidable apmethod is recommended to prevent the pearance of drops, the warning of effect of damp walls on paper in rooms: danger. - Line the damp part of the wall To Prevent the Smoking of a with sheet lead, rolled very thin, and | Lamp. - Soak the wick in strong