Page images

Cleaning Mirrors.- Mix some fine | cooking utensils will be less liable to whitening in a little diluted aloohol, crack if heated previous to using them, and smear it upon the glass with a soft five or six hours. They should be rag, after which rub off with chamois heated gradually, and cooled in the leather Looking - glasses may thus same manner. Cold water should not be cleaned, and fly specks, etc., re- be turned into empty iron pots that are moved.

bot, as it will crack them by cooling If the frames are not varnished, the the surface too kuddenly. greatest care is necessary to keep them To Temper Stoves or Heaters.quite dry, so as not to touch them with all stoves, grates, or furnaces, when the sponge, as this will discolor or new, should have the fire kindled in take off the gilding. To clean the them slowly, letting it burn up graduframes, take a little raw cotton in the ally until the heat is as great as it will state of wool, and rub the frames with be required. Keep up the fire to this it; this will take off all the dust and heat for an hour, then let the fire graddirt without injuring the gilding. If ually burn out. Boves and furnaces the frames are well varnished, rub so treated will not only keep in better them with spirit of wine, which will repair and last longer, but will work take out all spots, and give them a fine better, and retain and give a more unipolish. Varnished doors may be done form heat. in the same manner. Never use any ASHES, when left in the grate or cloth to frames or drawings, or unvar- on the hearth, absorb a great deal of pished oil paintings, when cleaning heat; and it will be found that a small and dusting them.

fire in a clear grate and a clean hearth, SPIRITS OF HARTSHORN (Ammonia) will give out more heat than a large is also an excellent cleaner. A few fire cumbered with asbes. drops added to water will instantly re- A Large Stove is much more ecomove all dirt from your mirrors and nomical, and requires much less coal window-panes.

to give as much heat as a small one, To Anneal Glass or Crockery and requires much less care. Ware.- When new, before using these By using a small stove it has to be articlex, place them in a large boiler, put on a good draught, and thus a and cover them with cold water. Place good portion of heat is drawn up the boiler over the fire, and let it come the chimney, and clinkers form in the Jowly to a boil. Continue to boil for stove, and the lining burns out. half an hour, then remove the boiler By using a large stove, large coal from the fire, and let it cool slowly; (which gives a stronger heat) can be then take out the articles, which will used, and the draught may be nearly pot be so liable to crack when hot water shut off, thus giving a larger body of is put in them.

fire with a steady heat, and preventing Lamp Chimneys annealed in this its escape through the chimney, and way will outlast three not so treated. insuring a perfect combustion of the

To Temper New Ovens and Iron coal. A stove should never be allowed Ware.- New ovens, previous to being to become red hot, for in this state the ted, should have a fire kept in them iron becomes very porous, and admira for half a day. When the fire is re of the escape (through these pores) of moved, the mouth of the oven should the deleterious gases from the burning be closed. It should not be baked in coals into the room; this, together till heated the second time. If not with the air in the room, being burnt treated in this manner, it will not or deprived of its oxygen by coming retain its heat well. New flat-irons, in contact with the red,hot stove, previous to using them, should be renders it unfit for breathing. beated for half a day, in order to have It is a good plan to place a vessel tben retain their beat well. Iron containing clear water on top of stoves or heaters, to prevent the air from be- case, the cloth should be well rinsed in coming too dry for healthy respiration. water as soon as the rust disappears,

To Remove Clinkers from Stoves. to prevent injury from the acid. Many -Some kinds of coal are liable to form use this acid to remove fruit and ink clinkers, which adhere to the fire-brick stains froin white fabrics. When dilining of stoves, grates, and furnaces, luted still more, it may be used to reand become the source of great annoy- move fruit or ink stains from the hands. ance, as they cannot be removed by To Remove Stains from a Matusual means without breaking the tress. Make a thick puste by wetfire-brick. Persous who are thus an- ting starch with cold water. Spread poyed will be glad to know that by this over the stain, first placing the putting a few oyster-shells in the fire mattress in the sun. Rub off in a close to the clinkers, the latter will couple of hours, and if the ticking is become so loose as to be readily re- 11ot perfectly clean, repeat the process, moved without breaking the lining. To remove the stains on spoons

Filling Lamps. This should caused by using them for boiled eggs, always be done by daylight --- it can take a little common salt inoist between then be done without coming near fire; the thumb and finger, and briskly rub to fill one lamp while another one is the stain, which will soon disappear. burning near it, is very dangerous. To Take Marking Ink out of 18 it should be forgotten to fill the Linen. - Use a saturated solution of lamps by daylight, insist on baving cyanuret of potassium applied with a candles used until daylight comes camel-buir brush. After the marking. again. The lamps will generally be ink disappears, the linen should be ready after this.

well washed in cold water, To Extinguish a Lamp, turn it To Remove Ink from Paper, ete. half way down, and then blow side- - The process of thoroughly extraet. ways at the bottom of the chimney. ing all traces of writing-ink, whether

Never blow doun the chimney! Many accidentally spilt or written in error, is fatal accidents have resulted lately to alternately wash the paper with a through this practice. And never nt- camel-hair brush dipped in a solution tempt to kindle a fire by powing coal of cyanuret of potassium and oxalie oil, benzine, or turpentine upon your acid'; then when the ink has dianpwood or shavings. Scores of deatlis peared, wash the paper with pure result from this latter course. Domes. water. By this process checks have ties, through ignorance of the terribly been altered when written on “patent destructive properties of these agents, ebeck paper," from which it was are very apt to employ them in the supposed by a recent inventor to be manner referred to. A strict caution, impossible to remove writing. therefore, should be given them in to Take Stains of Wine out of every instance,

Linen, --- Hold the articles in milk To Remove Iron Rust from White while it is boiling on the fire, and the Goods. - A remedy which I have stains will soon disappear. tried and found effectual, is this : One Fruit Stains in Linen. ounce of oxalic acid dissolved in one move them, rub the part on each side quart of water. Wet the iron rust with yellow soap, then tie up a piece spots in this solution and lay in the of pearlash in the cloth, etc., and soak hot sun; the rust will disappear in well in hot water, or boil; afterwards from three to twenty minutes, accord expose the stained part to the sun and ing to its depth. I have just experi- air until removed. mented by holding a rusted cloth, wet Mildewed Linen may be restored in this solution, over the steam of a by souping the spots while wet, coverboiling tea-kettle, and the rust disap- ing them with fine chalk sersped to peared almost instantly. In either powder, and rubbing it well in.

To re

To keep Moths, Beetles, etc., written upon, without injuring the from Clothes. - Put a piece of cam- text. phor in a linen bag, or some aromatic To Wash Flannel. - Never rub herbs in the drawers, among linen or soap, upon it. Make a suds by diswoollen clothes, and neither moth nor solving the soup in warm water. Rinse worin will coine near thein.

in warm water. Very cold or hot Clothes Closets that have become water will shrink flannel. Shake it intested with moths should be well out several minutes before hanging to rubbed with a strong decoction of dry. tobacco, and repeatedly sprinkled with Cleaning. Old Clothes. — Grease spirits of camphor.

spots should first be taken out with Iron Stains may be removed from liquid ammonia, and then you apply marble by wetting the spots with oil of the remedy of some of the Chatham vitriol, or with lemon.juice, or with street dealers in old clothes, namely, oxalic acid diluted in spirit of wine, one or two ounces of common tobacco and, after a quarter of an hour, rub- boiled in half a gallon of water. In the bing them dry with a soft linen cloth. hot decoction you dip a stiff brush,

Scouring 'Drops, for removing and rub the clothes thoroughly in all grease:-Mix three ounces of camphor directions, no matter what color of and one ounce essence of lemon. cloth. When the liquid is well penePour it over the part that is greasy, trated, rub in one direction and susrub it until quite dry with a piece of pend the cloth to dry; by this treatclean flannel. If the grease is not ment it becomes clean and lustrous, quite removed, repeat the application. and singularly enough, no tobacco When done, brush the part well, and smell will remain. hang it in the open air to take away Washing Woollen Bed Clothing. the smell.

- It is said by some, wash in warın To Extract Grease Spots from water; by others in cold water. We Boks or Paper. — Gently warm the know that warm water will cause greased or spotted part of the book or shriuking. A large, tine rose blanket paper, and then press upon it pieces washed at three different times, shortof blotting-paper, one after another, ened six to seven inches each washing. so as to absorb as much of the grease, In the centre it pulled up and made as possible. Have ready some tine a shapeless thing. We were told to clear essential oil of turpentine heated wash in warm water and rinse in almost to a boiling state, warm the water of the same temperature. It greased leaf a little, and then, with a was done, and with perfect success. soft clean brush, apply the heated tur | The blanket is even longer and more pentine to both sides of the spotted even. The shrinking seems to take part. By repeating this application, place on the sudden change of the ihe grease will be extracted. Lastly, temperature froin warm water to cold. with another brush dipped in rectified The yr:idual cooling and drying afterspirits of wine, go over the place, and ward does not seem to affect it any; so the grease will no longer appear, the slow change in the temperature of neither will the paper be discolored. frozen fruit leaves the fruit unhurt.

Stains and Marks from Books. -- To Wash Calico without Fading. A solution of oxalic acid, citric acid, - Infuse three gills of salt in four or tartaric acid, is attended with the quarts of water; put the calico in least risk, and may be applied upon while hot, and leave it till cold, and in the paper and prints without fear of this way the colors are rendered perdamage. These acids, taking out manent, and will not fade by subsewriting-ink, and not touching the quent washing. So says a lady who printing, can be used for restoring has frequently made the experiment. books where the margins have been Washing Silk. No person should

ever wring or crush a piece of silk dency to impair its durability by eans. when it is wet, because the creases thus ing it to cut or split, particularly it mule will remain forever, if the silk is the silk has been thickened by gum, thick and hard, The way to wash silk Thread loe veils are very carily cut; is to spread it smoothly upon a clean satin and velvet being soft are not board, ruh white map upon it and easily cut, but dresses of velvet should brush it with a clean hard brush, The not be laid by with any weight above silk must be rubbed until all the grease them, If the map of thin velvet is is extracted, then the soup should be laid down, it is not possible to raise it brushed off with clean cold water, wp-up again, lard silk should never be plied w both sides. The cleansing of wrinkled, because the thread is easily silk is a very nice operation,

Most of broken in the crease, and it never can the colors are liable to be extructed be rectified, The way to take the with wishing in hot suds, especially wrinkles out of silk scarfs or handker. blue and green colors, A liule alum chiets is to moisten the surface evenly dissolved in the list water that is with a sponge and some weak glue, brushed on the silk, tends to prevent and then pin the silk with wilet pius the colors from running. Alcohol and around the sel vayes on a mattress or camphene mixed together is used for feather bed, taking pains to draw out removing grease from silk,

the silk as light is possible. When Cleaning Silks, Batins, Colored dry the wrinkles will have disappeared, Woollen Dresses, etc. -- four ounces The reason of this is obvious w every of soft soap, four ounces of honey, the person, It is a nice job to dress light white of an eys, and a wineglassful of colored silk, and few should try it, gin; mix well wogether, and scour the mome silk articles may be moisunad article with a rather hard brush thor: with weak glue or gum water, and the oughly ; utterwards rinse it in cold wrinkles ironed out on the wrong side water, leave to drain, and iron while by a hot Hat-iron, quite dump, A friend inforins us How to Smooth Ribbons,

Take What she believes this recipe has never a moderately hot Hat-iron on the ironibeen made public; she finds it an ex-ing board, then place the ribbon on cellent one, having used it for a length the left side of the iron, and pull it of time with perfect success,

carefully through underneath the iron. Grease Spots from Bilk. - Upon a If the ribbon is not pulled wo fast, deal table láy i piece of woollen cloth and the iron is the right warmth, this or baize, upon which hay smoothly the will be found to be a much better way part stained, with the right side down than simply rubbing the iron over the wards, living spread a piece of ribbon, brown paper on the wp, apply a bat To make silk which has been iron just not enough to scorch the wrinkled and "tumbled" appear ex: paper, About five or eight seconds is actly like new, sponge it on the sur, usually sufficient, Then rub the face with a wek xolution of gum btained part briskly with a piece of arabic or white glue, and iron it on cap paper,

the wrong side, To Keep Bilk.-Milk articles should To Renovate Silks.--Sponge fadded not be kept folded in white paper, as silks with warm water and the chloride of lime used in bleaching rub them with a dry cloth on a Hat the paper will probably impair the board; afterwards iron them on the color of the silk, Brown or blue pin inside with a smoothing iron,

Old per is better; the yellowish smooth black silkw may be improved by sponge Indian paper is best of all, Silk in, ing with spirits ; in this case, the iron. tended to dress should not be kept ing may be done on the right side, thin long in the house before it is made up, paper being spread over to prevent

lying in the folds will have a ten- glazing.

Black Silk Reviver. – Boil log- say that no colored articles should ever wood in water for balf an hour; then be boiled or scalded. If you get from simmer the silk half an hour; take it a shop a slip for testing the durability out, and put into the dye a little blue of colors, give it a fair trial by washvitriol, or green copperas; cool it, and ing it as above; afterwards pinning it simmer the silk for half an hour. Or, to the edge of a towel, and hanging it boil a handful of fig-leaves in two to dry. Some colors (especially pinks quarts of water until it is reduced to and light greens), though they may one pint; squeeze the leaves, and bot stand perfectly well in washing, will tle the liquor for use. When wanted, change as soon as a warm iron is apsponge the silk with this preparation. plied to them; the pink turning pur

Restoring Color to silk. – When plish, and the green bluish. No colthe color has been taken from silk by ored article should be smoothed with a acids, it may be restored by applying hot iron. to the spot a little hartshorn, or sal To Remove Water Stains from volatile.

Black Crape.- When a drop of water Preserving the Color of Dresses. falls on a black crape veil or collar, it - The colors of merinos, mousseline. leaves a conspicuous white mark. To de-laines, ginghams, chintzes, printed obliterate this, spread the crape on a lawns, etc., may be preserved by using table (laying on it a large book or a water that is only milk-warmı; making paper-weight to keep it steady), and a lather with white soap, before you place underneath the stain a piece of put in the dress, instead of rubbing it old black silk; with a large camel-hair on the material; and stirring into a brush dipped in common ink go over first and second tub of water a large the stain, and then wipe off the ink tablespoonful of ox-gall. The gall can with a small piece of old soft silk. It be obtained from the butcher, and a will dry immediately, and the white bottle of it should always be kept mark will be seen no more. in every house. No colored articles To Remove Stains from Mourning should be allowed to remain long in Dresses. — Boil a bandful of fig-leaves the water. They must be washed fast, in two quarts of water until reduced and then rinsed through two cold to a pint. Bombazines, crape, cloth, waters. Into each rinsing water stir etc., need only be rubbed with a sponge a teaspoonful of vinegar, which will dipped in this liquor, and the effect help to brighten the colors; and after will be instantly produced. rinsing, hang them out immediately. WAX may be taken out of cloth by When ironing dry (or still a little holding a red-hot iron within an inch damp), bring them in; have irons or two of the marks, and afterwards ready heated, and iron them at once, rubbing them with a soft clean rag. as it injures the colors to allow them When Velvet gets Plushed from to remain damp too long, or to sprinkle pressure, hold the parts over a basin of and roll them up in a cover for iron- hot water, with the lining of the article ing next day. "If they cannot be next to the water ; the pile will conveniently ironed immediately, let soon raise, and assume its original them hang till they are quite dry, and beauty. then damp and fold thein on the fol- Worsted and Lambs'-wool Stocklowing day, a quarter of an hour before ings should never be mended with ironing. The best way is not to do worsted or lambs’-wood, because the colored dresses on the day of the gen- latter being new, it shrinks more than eral wash, but to give them a morning the stockings, and draws them up till by themselves. They should only be the toes become short and narrow, undertaken in clear bright weather. and the heels have no shape left. If allowed to freeze, the colors will be All Flannels should be soaked irreparably injured. We need scarcely | before they are made up, first in cold,

« PreviousContinue »