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Eliza, Elizabeth, Hebrew, the oath of Rosa, Latin, a rose.
Rosabella, Italian, a fair rose,
Rosecleer, English, a fair rose. Emma, German, a nurse.
Ruth, Hebrero, trembling. Esther, Hesther, Hebrew, secret. Sabina, Latin, sprung from the SoEve, Hebrero, causing life.
bines. Eunice, Greek, fair victory.
Salome, Hebrew, perfect, Eudoin, Greek, prospering in the way. Sapphira, Greek, like a sapphire stone. Frances, German, free.
Sarah, Hebrew, a princess. Gertrude, German, all truth.
Sibylla, Greek, the counsel of God. Grace, Latin, favor.
Sophia, Greek, wisdom. Hager, Hebrew, a stranger.
Sophronia, Greek, of a sound mind. Helena, Greek, alluring,
Susan, Susanna, Hebrew, a lily. Jane, softened from Joan; or,
Tabitha, Syriac, a roe. Janne, the feminine of John.
Temperance, Latin, moderation. Janet, Jeannette, little Jane.
Theodosia, Greek, given by God. Joyce, French, pleasant.
Tryphosa, Greek, delicious. Isabella, Spanish, fair Eliza.
Tryphens, Greek, delicate. Judith, Hebrew, praising.
Vida, Erse, feminine of David. Julia, Juliana, feminine of Julius. Ursula, Latin, a female bear, Letitia, Latin, joy of gladness.
Walburg, Suxon, gracious. Lois, Greek, better.
Winnifred, Suron, winning peace. Lucretin, Latin, a chaste Roman lady. Zenobia, Greek, the life of Jupiter. Lucy, Latin, feminine of Lucius.
CONVERSATION. - There are Lydia, Greek, descended from Lud. many talkers, but few who know how Mabel, Latin, lovely.
to converse agreeably. Speak disMagdalene, Maudlin, Syriac, magnifi-tinctly, neither too rapidly nor too cent.
slowly. Accommodate the pitch of your Margaret, German, a pearl.
voice to the hearing of the person with Martha, Hebrew, bitternoss.
whom you are conversing.
Never Mary, Hebrew, bitter.
speak with your mouth full. Tell Maud, Matilda, Greek, a lady of honor. your jokes, and laugh afterwards. Meroy, English, compassion.
Dispense with superfluous words Mildred, Saron, speaking mild. such as, “Well, I should think." Nest, British, the same as Agnes.
THE WOMAN who wishes her conNicola, Greek, feminine of Nicolas. versation to be agreeable will avoid Olympia, Greek, heavenly.
conceit or affectation, and laughter Orabilis, Latin, to be entreated. which is not natural and spontaneous. Parnell, or Petronilla, little l'eter. Her language will be onsy and unPatience, Latin, bearing patiently. studied, marked by a graceful carelessPaulina, Latin, feminine of Puulinus. ness, which, at the same time, never Penelope, Greek, a turkey.
oversteps the limits of propriety. Hor Persis, Greek, destroying.
lips will readily yield to a pleasant Philadelphia, Greek, brotherly love. smile; she will not love to hear herself Philippa, Greek, feminine of Philip. talk; her tones will bear the impress Phæbe, Greek, the light of life. of sincerity, and her eyes kindle witla Phyllis, Greek, a green bough, animation as she speaks. The art of Priscilla, Latin, somewhat old. pleasing is, in truth, the very soul of Prudence, Latin, discretion.
good breeding; for the precise object Pysche, Greek, the soul.
of the latter is to render us agreeable Rachel, Hebrew, a lamb.
to all with whom we associate - to Rebecca, Hebrew, fat or plump. make us, at the same time, esteemed Rhode, Greek, a rose.
and loved. Rosamund, Skaxon, rose of peace.
WE NEED SCARCELY ADVERT to
the rudeness of interrupting any one | The following hints may be worthy of who is speaking, or to the impropriety attention : of pushing, to its full extent, a discus ALWAYS PUT A STAMP on your ension which bas become unpleasant. velope, at the top of the right-hand
HOME MEN HAVE A MANIA for (treek and Latin quotations: this is LET THE DIRECTION! be written peculiarly to be avoided. It is like very plain; this will save the postman pulling up the stones from a tomb trouble, and facilitate business by prewherewith to kill the living. Nothing venting mistakes. is more wearisome than pedantry. AT THE HEAD OF YOUR LETTER,
IF YOU FEEL YOUR INTELLECTUAL in the right-hand corner, put your SUPERIORITY to any one with whom address in full, with the day of the you are conversing, do not seek to bear month underneath ; do not omit this, him down : it would be an inglorious though you may be writing to your triumph, and a breach of good manners. most intimate friend three or four Beware, too, of speaking lightly of times a day. subjects which bear a sacred character. WHAT YOU HAVE TO SAY IN YOUR
WITLINOS OCCAHIONALLY GAIN A LETTER, gay as plainly as possible, se REPUTATION in society; but nothing if you were spenking: this is the best is more insipid and in worse taste than rule. Do not revert three or four times their conceited harangues and self-suf- to one circumstance, but finish as you ficient air.
go on. IT 18 A COMMON IDEA that the art LET YOUR SIGNATURE be written of writing and the art of conversation als plainly as possible (many mistakes are one; this is a great mistake. A will be avoided, especially in writing to man of genius may be a very dull strangers), and without any flourishen, talker.
as these do not add in any way to the The Two GRAND MODEs of making harmony of your letter. We have seen your conversation interesting, are to signatures that have been almost imenliven it by recitals calculated to possible to decipher, being a mere mass affect and impress your bearers, and to of strokes, without any form to indicate intersperse it with anecdotes and smart letters. This is done chiefly by the things.
ignorant, and would lead one to stip COMPOSITION. If you would poso that they were ashamed of signwrite to any purpose, you must be per- ing what they had written. fectly free from without, in the first place, DO NOT CROAS YOUR LETTER : and yet more free from within. Give surely paper is cheap enough now to yourself the natural rein; think on no admit of your using an extra halfpattern, no patron, no paper, no press, sheet, in case of necessity. (This pracno public: think on nothing, but follow tice is chiefly prevalent among young
: your own impulses. Give yourself sus
ladies.) you are, what you are, and how you see IF YOU WRITE TO A STRANGER for it. Every man wees with his own eyes, information, or on your own business, or does not see at all. This is incontro- be sure to send a stamped envelope, vertibly true. Bring out what you with your address plainly written; have. If you have nothing, be an this will not fail to procure you an honest beggar rather than a respectable thief. Great care and attention IF YOU ARE NOT A Good WRITER should be devoted to epistolary corre- it is advisable to use the best ink, paspondence, as nothing exhibits want per, and pens, as, though they may of taste and judgment so much as a not alter the character of your handslovenly letter. It is recognized as a writing, yet they will assist to inake rule that all letters should be prepaid. | your writing look better.
The PAPER on which you write / formances are premature, we hesitate should be clean, and noutly folded, to say that this word was misapplied;
TUERR SHOULD NOT BE STAINS on though, evidently, the maternal intenthe envelope; if otherwise, it is only tion was to convey quite another an indication of your own slovenlinens, meaning,
CARE must be taken in giving titled OTHER ERRORS ARISR from the porsons, to whom you write, their substitution of sounds similar to the proper designations,
words which should be employed ; To those who Write for the Pross. that is, spurious words instead of gen- It would be a great favor to editors uine ones. Thus, some people say, and printers, should those who write "renumerative," when they mean "pen for the press observe the following muneruline." A nurse, recommending rulos, They are ronsonable, and cor- her mistress to have one of the newlyrespondents will regard them as such: invented curringes for her child, ad1. Write with black ink, on white vised her to purchase a preamputator ! paper, wide ruled. 2. Make the pages OTHER ERRORS ARE OCCASIONED small, one-fourth that of a foolscup by imperfoct knowledge of the Eng. sheet. 3. Leave the second page of lish grammar. Thus, many people each leaf blank. 4, Give to the written say, " Between you and I," instead of page an amplo margin all round. 6. Between you and me," By the misNumber the pages in the order of their use of the adjective: " What brautirul succession, 6. Write in a plain, bold butter! What a ning landscape !" hand, with less respect to beauty. 7. They should say, "What a branciju! Use no abbreviations which are not to landscape! What nice butter!" And appear in print. 8. Punctuate the by numerous other departures from manuscript as it should be printed. the rules of grammar, which will be 9. For italien, underscore one line, for pointed out horoutier, SMALL CAPITALS, two; CAPITALS,
BY THE MISPRONUNCIATION OF three. 10, Never interline without the words. Many persons say pronounouret to show its place. 11. Takospecial ciation instead of pronunciation, othpains with every letter in propor names. ers say pro-nun-she-d-shun, instead of 19. Review every word, to be sure that pro-nun-ce-at-whun, none are illegible. 13. Put directions BY THE MispiVISION OF Words to the printer at the head of the first and syllables. This detect makes the page. 14. Never write a private letter words an ambassador sound like a namto the editor on the printer's copy, but bassador, or an adder like a nailder. always on a separate sheet.
By IMPERFECT ENUNCIATION, AN Errors in Speaking. --- There are when a person says hebben for heaven, soveral kinds of errors in speaking: ebber for ever, jocholato for chocolate, The most objectionable of them ete, are those in which words are
BY THE USE OF PROVINCIALISMS, ployed that are unsuitable to convey or words retained from various diathe meaning intended. Thus, a per- lects. sou wishing to express his intention Rules and Hints for Correct of going to a given placo, says, “I Speaking: Who and whom are used propose going," when, in fact, ho pur- in relation to persons, and which in poses going. An amusing illustration relation to things. But it was once of this class of error was overheard by common to say, the man which." ourselves. A venerable matron was This should now be avoided. It is speaking of her son, who, she said, now usual to say, "Our Father who was quite stage-struck. "In fact," re- art in heaven," instead of" which art marked the old lady, "he is going to a in heaven," premature performance this evening!" Whose is, however, sometimes apCousidering that most amateur por- plied to things as well as to persons.
We may therefore say, “The country ship that went to London, the opinion whose inhabitants are free." (Chram- that he entertained. marians differ in opinion upon this The misuse of these pronoung gives subject, but general usage justifies the rise to more errors in speaking and rule.]
writing than any other cause. Thou is employed in solemn dis- When you wish to distinguish bocourse, and you in common language. tween two or persona, bay,
Ye (plural) is also used in serious “ Which is the happy man?"- not addresses, and you in familiar language. who — "Which of those ladies do you
The uses of the word it are vari- admire ?" ous, and very perplexing to the uned- Instead of "Who do you think him ucated. It is not only used to imply to be?" --- Say, "Whom do you think persons, but things, and even ideas, him to be q”. and therefore, in speaking or writing, Whom should I see? its assistance is constantly required. To whom do you speak ? The perplexity respecting this word, Who said so i arises from the fact that in using it in Who gave it to you? the construction of a long sentence, Of whom did you procure them? suflicient care is not taken to ingure Who was het that when it is employed it really Who do men say that I am ? points out or refers to the object in- Whom do they represent me to be! tended. For instance, “It was rain- In many instances in which who is ing when John set out in his cart to used as an interrogative, it does not go to the market, and he was delayed | become whom ; as Who do you speak 80 long that it was over before he to?” “Who do you expect?" "Who arrived." Now what is to be under- is she married to?" “Who is this re. stood by this sentence? Was the rain served for?” “Who was it made by?” over? or the market? Either or both Such sentences are found in the writmight be in ferred from the construc- ings of our best authors, and it would tion of the sentence, which, therefore, be presumptuous to consider them as should be written thus: “It was rain- ungrammatical. If the word whom ing when John set out in his cart to should be preferred, then it would be go to the market, and he was delayed best to say, For whom is this reso long that the market was over be served ?" etc. fore he arrived."
Instead of " After which hour," say, Rule. - After writing a sentence,
"After that hour." always look through it, and see that. Self should never be added to hia, wherever the word it is employed, it their, mine, or thine. refers to or carries the mind back' to Each is used to denote every indi. the object which it is intended to point vidual of a number. out.
Every denotes all the individuals of The general distinction between This a number. and That is, this denotes an object Either and or denote an alternative: present or near, in time or place, that “I will take either road, at your pleassomething which is absent.
ure; " "I will take this or that.'' These refers, in the same manner,
Neither means not cither; and nor to present objects, while those refers to means not the other. things that are remote.
Either is sometimes used for each Who changes, under certain condi- " Two thieves were crucified, on either tions, into whose and whom. But that side one." and which always remain the same. “Let each esteem others as good as
That may be applied to pouns or themselves," should be, “Let each subjects of all sorts; as, the girl that esteem others as good as himself.". went to school, the dog that bit me, the "There are bodies each of which are
80 small,” should be,“ each of which is | lite,” which implies that his manners 80 small."
are, in some degree, marked by politeDo not use double superlatives, such ness. as most straightest, most highest, most Instead of “I had rather walk," say finest.
"I would rather walk.” The term worser has gone out of use; Instead of “I had better go,” say “ It but lesser is still retained.
were better that I should go.' The use of such words as chiefest, ex- Instead of “I doubt not but I shall tremest, etc., has become obsolete, be- be able to go,” say "I doubt not that I cause they do not give any superior shall be able to go." forms to the meanings of the primary
Instead of “Let you and I,” say words, chief, extreme, etc.
“Let you and me." Such expressions as more impossible, Instead of “I am not so tall more indispensable, more universal, more as him," say “I am not so tall as uncontrollable, more unlimited, etc., are he." objectionable, as they really enfeeble When asked “Who is there?” do the meaning which it is the object of not answer “Me,” but “I.” the speaker or writer to strengthen. Instead of "For you and I,” say For instance, impossible gains no “For you and me." strength by rendering it more impossi- Instead of Says I,” say “I said.” ble. This class of error is common Instead of “You are taller than with persons who say, great large me," say “You are taller than I.” house, A great big animal,
°°« A little
Instead of “I ain't,” or “I arn’t," small foot," " A tiny little hand.” say “I am not.”
Here, there, and where, originally de- Instead of "Whether I be present noting place, may now, by common or no," say “Whether I be present or consent, be used to denote other mean
not." ings; such as “ There I agree with
For “Not that I know on," say you, “Where we differ," We find “Not that I know.” pain where we expected pleasure," Instead of “Was I to do so," say “Here you mistake me.”
“Were I to do so." Hence, whence, and thence denoting Instead of “I would do the same departure, etc., may be used without if I was him," say “I would do the the word from. The idea of from is same if I were be.” included in the word whence there- Instead of “I had as lief go myfore it is unnecessary to say, “From self,” say “I would as soon go mywhence."
selt," or "I would rather.” Hither, thither, and whither, denoting It is better to say “ Bred and born,” to a place, have generally been super- than “Born and bred.” seded by here, there, and where. But It is better to say “Six weeks there is no good reason why they ago," than “Six weeks back.” should not be employed. If, however, It is better to say “Since which they are used, it is unnecessary to add time,” than “Since when.” the word to, because that is implied — It is better to say “I repeated it,” "Whither are you going?". "Where than “I said so over again." are you going?" Each of these sen
It is better to say A physician," tences is complete. To say, “Where or “A surgeon" (according to his deare you going to?" is redundant. gree), than “A doctor."
Two negatives destroy each other, Instead of “He was too young to and produce an affirmative. “ Nor did have suffered much,” say “ He was too he not observe them,” conveys the idea young to suffer much.” that he did observe them.
Instead of “ Less friends," say But negative assertions are allow- “ Fewer friends.” Less refers to quanable. “His manners are not unpo- | tity.