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PUNCTUATION. -- Punctuation whould be regulated by the degree of wachas the method of placing I'vinta, rapidity with which the matter is being in written or printed matter, in such a reul, In slow reading, the duration mariner as to indicate the paunes which of the pauren should be increased, would be made by the author if he THE OTHER L'OINTH are rather ini. were communicating his thoughts dications of exprension, and of meanorally instead of by written signa, ing and connection, than of pausen, and
WHITING AND PRINTING are subuti. | therefore we will notice them sepa. tules for oral communication ; and cor- rately. rect punctuation is csential to convey
TH. MIHPLACING of even wo "light the meaning intended, and to give duo a point, or pause, as the comma, will force to much punongo am the author often alter the meaning of a xentance, may wish to improws upon the mind The contract made for lighting the of the person to whom they are being town of Liverpool, during the year cominumícaued.
1819, was thrown void by the mixplae. THE POINTH are as follows:
ing of a comma in the advertisements, The Comma
thun: - "Thelampaat prevent are about The Hemicolon ;
4060), and have in general two puta The Colon ;
cach, composed of not less than twenty The Period, or l'ull Point,
threat of cotton," The contracur The Apostrophe
would have proceeded to furnish euch The Hyphen, or Conjoiner : lamp with the said twenty threads, but The Note of Interroyntion ? this bring but half the usual quantity, The Nole of Exclamation ! the commissioners discovered that the The Parentheses ( )
difference arose from the comma fol. The Anteriak, or Hlar *
lowing instead of preceding the word As these are all the points required in each. "The particu agreed wannul the simple epistolary compromition, we will contract, and a new one was ordered. conline our explanations to the rules THE FOLLOWING MUNTENCE show which should govern the use of them, how difficult it is to read without the
THE OTHVE POINTĂ, however, are aid of the points used as pauses : the paragraph l; the section; the
Dentle waits pot for storm nor uneine wic.in dayver ti the double dagger ; the a dwelling in one of the upper erecte spelati daiah -- ; the parallel ll; the bracket in appeuthince and furnished with such verbs
Enca ne dietinguish the dubitatione ut turen with I); and some others, llice, however,
runk winong the higher class of wciety * are quite unnecessary, except for middlewym lay on his lant bed memently awaiting elaborate works, in which they are
allandate all that love warin me the low that fit* chictly used for notes or marginal ali angolia boom mid dehwi been done by dey**4 references
might for many tong week haimmieteniat it
whas a devel wife and loving children sten The COMMA, denotes the shortent
all within their power tu ward off the brwiat 1)*** pause; the semicolon ; a little longer he luy baie ruveti lunit in othed off from the wi
brow his dark eyre lighted with unnatural big tits pause than the comma; the colon : a
1ekx and contracting strongly with the fallist ** liulo longer pause than the cmicolon; which marked him as an expectant of the dream the period, or full point, the longest «KANSK, pause,
HAME BUNTENCE, properly Tuv. RELATIVE, DURATION of theme pointed, and with capital leitern placed pauses is described in
after full pointa, according to the While you count
adopted rule, may be easily read and Comma....,
understood: Hemicolon .......... , I'wo,
waite not for storm Colon....,
Within a dwelling in one of the upper street 18 ...... Four.
pecintele iu appearance, and furnished with the This, however, is not an infallible rule,
convenienced in distinguish the battaliu *
the who rank among the higher clause of Wt because the duration of the pauses sty, ja of middle age lay on his last ki, thor
mently awaiting the final summons. All that THE ASTERISK, OR STAR *, may be the most skilful medical attendance --- all that lovo, warm as the glow that fires an angel's bosom, employed to refer from the text to a could do, had been done; by day and night, for note of explanation at the foot of a many long weeks, had ministering spirits, such as a devoted wife and loving children are, done all
column, or at the end of a letter. within their power to ward of the blow. But * Three stars are sometimes used there he lay, his raven hair smoothod off from his to call particular attention to a paranoble brow, his dark eyes lighted with unnatural brightness, and contrasting strongly with the palo graph. lid hne which marked him as an expectant of the Hints upon Spelling.– The followdread messenger.
ing rules will be found of great assistTHE APOSTROPHE’ is used to indi- ance in writing, because they relate to cate the combining of two words in a class of words about the spelling of one, -- as John's book, instead of which doubt and hesitation are freJohn, his book; or to show the omis- quently felt: sion of parts of words, as Glo'ster, for All words of one syllable ending in Gloucester, tho' for though. These !, with a single vowel before it, have abbreviations should be avoided as double l at the close ; as, mill, sell. much as possible. Cobbett says the All words of one syllable ending in apostrophe "ought to be called the 1, with a double vowel before it, have mark of laziness and vulgarity.” The one I only at the close ; as mail, sail. first use, however, of which we give an Words of one syllable ending in example, is a necessary and proper one. when compounded, retain but one
THE HYPHEN, or conjoiner -, is used each ; as, fulfil, skilful. to unite words which, though they are
Words of more than one syllable separate and distinct, have so close a ending in 1, have one lonly at the close'; connection as almost to become one as, delightful, faithful ; except befall, word, as water-rat, wind-mill, etc. It downfall
, unwell, etc. is also used in writing and printing,
Ali derivatives froin words ending in at the end of a line, to show where a I have one I only; as, equality, from word is divided and continued in the equal ; fulness, from full ; except they next line. Look down the ends of the end in er or ly: as, mill, miller ; fui, lines in this column, and you will fully: notice the hyphen in several places. All participles in ing from verbs
THE NOTE OF INTERROGATION ? ending in e lose the e final : as, have, indicates that the sentence to which it having; amuse, amusing ; unless they is put asks a question; as,
come from verbs ending in double e, is the meaning of that assertion ? and then they retain both: as see, seeWhat am I to do?"
ing; agree, agreeing. THE NOTE OF EXCLAMATION or of All adverbs in ly, and nouns in ment, admiration ! indicates surprise, pleas- retain the e final of the primitives : as, ure, or sorrow; as, “Oh! Ah! Good- | brave, bravely ; refine, refinement; except ness! Beautiful! I am astonished ! | acknowledgment, judgment, etc. Woe is me!”
All derivatives from words ending in Sometimes, when an expression of er, retain the e before the r: as, refer, strong surprise or pleasure is intended, reference ; except hindrance, from hintwo notes of this character are em- der ; remembrance, from remember ; disployed, thus !!
astrous, from disaster ; monstrous, from THE PARENTHESES () are used to monster ; wondrous, from wonder ; cumprevent confusion by the introduction brous, from cumber, etc. to a sentence of a passage not necessary
Compound words, if both end not in to the sense thereof. "I am going to !, retain their primitive parts entire : meet Mr. Smith (though I am no ad- as, millstone, changeable, raceless, except mirer of him) on Wednesday next.” It always, also, deplorable, although, almost, is better, however, as a rule, not to admirable, etc. employ parenthetical sentences. All one-syllables ending in a conso
nant, with # single vowel before it, Mem. De careful to round the h double that consonant in derivatives : slightly in such worile as where, when, as, aim, minner; ship, shipping, biy, big what, why, don't say wete, wen, wat, ger; glu, gludiler, etc.
One-syllables endling in a consonant, Etiquette is the Unwritten Law with a double vowel before it, dhe net of sooiety. -- INTROMETHIN to Be double the consonant in derivatives :
Avoid all extravagance and un, sleep, slorpy ; tromp, tromper.
mannerism, and be nut over - timid All words of more than one syllable at the outset. De discreet and sparending in a single constant, perechedling of your worils. Awkwarcima is by a single vowel, an accented on the # great misfortune, but it is tot an last syllable, double that 00140119nt in unpardeniable fault. To deserve the derivatives: #s, commil, committop; reputation of moving in grend wciety, compel, compelleil, upprul, "ppalling ; something more in requisite than the dislil, distiller.
avoidance of blunt rudenes. Strictly Nouns of one syllable ending in y, keep to your engagement, Punctupreceded by #cansunt, change y into ality 14 the madence of politenama. ies in the plural; and verbs ending in THE TOILET Tot touch attention y, preceded by a consonant, change cannot be paid to the arrangements of y into ive in the third person singular the toilet. A man is often julged Ivy of the present tense, and into sell in his appearance, and sellor incot the past tense and past participle: a*, rectly. A neat exterior, equally free fly, flick: I apply, he applica; who reply from extravagance and poverty, almost we replieil, or'huwe replinit. If they he always proclaime a right-minded man. precoled by # vowel, this rule is not To cross appropriately, and with good applicableas, kry, krye; I play, he taste, is to respect yourself and others, playe; we have enjoyed ourselves A gentleman walking, should always
Compound words, whorse primitives waar glives, this bring one of the end in y, change y into i: as, beauty, characteristics of good breedling. Fine beautiful, lonely loneliness,
linen, and #good bist, gloves, and ILOR NO H? THAT IS THE QUES- | boots, are evidence of the highest TION.-Few things point sollirectly to taste in dress, the want of muliwahimi as the mind of VISITING Dress. A black coat the letter h hy persone in onversation and trousers are indiapensable for a We hesitate to assert that this common Visit of ceremony, an entertainment, defect in speaking indicates the absence or * hall. The white or black waintof education for, to our surprise, we have heard even educated persona fre- OF FLOERA' DRESS. tip public quently commit this common and vul- and state orasione officers should ap gar error.
pear in uniform. Mernorunitum on the Use of the Leller II. should be chosen go as to produce an
LADIES' DRESS -- Lading dresser Pronounce-Herh, 'Erhi agreeable harmony. Never pot m* Heir, Eir.
dark-colored bonnet with a light spring Honesty, 'Onesty.
certume. A void writing colors which Honor,
will suggest an epigram; such as &
Excess Of LACE AND FLOWERS.
Whatever be your style of face, void Humor, "Umor.
an excess orf lace, and let flowers be Humble, 'Umbile, few and choice
Humility, 'Umility. APPROPRIATENESS OF ORNAMENTS, In all other cases the It is to be sounded -In & married woman #richer style when it begins a word.
of ornament is admissible. Costly
elegance for her—for the young girl, a sent by post, if you reside at a disstyle of modest simplicity.
tance. SIMPLICITY AND GRACE. The But, if living in the neighborhood, most elegant dress loses its character it is polite to send your servant, or to if it is not worn with grace. Young call. In the latter case a corner should girls have often an air of constraint, be turned down. and their dress seems to partake of Scrape your shoes and use the mat. their want of ease. In speaking of her Never appear in a drawing-room with toilet, a woman should not convey the mud on your boots. idea that her whole skill consists in ad- When a new visitor enters a drawing. justing tastefully some trifling orna- room, if it be a gentleman, the ladies ments. A simple style of dress is an bow slightly; if a lady, the guests indication of modesty,
rise. CLEANLINESS.—The hands should re- Hold your hat in your hand, unless ceive especial attention. They are the requested to place it down. Then lay outward signs of general cleanliness. it beside you. The same may be said of the face, The last arrival in a drawing-room the neck, the ears, and the teeth. takes a seat left vacant near the misThe cleanliness of the system gener-tress of the house. ally, and of bodily apparel, pertains A lady is not required to rise to to health, and is treated of under this receive a gentleman, nor to accompany head.
him to the door. THE HANDKERCHIEF. - There is When your visitor retires, ring the considerable art in using this accessory bell for the servant. You may then of dress and comfort. Avoid extreme accompany your guest as far towards patterns, styles, and colors. Never be the door as the circumstances of your without a handkerchief. Hold it freely friendship seem to demand. in the hand, and do not roll it into a Request the servant, during the visit ball. Hold it by the centre, and let of guests, to be ready to attend to the the corners form a fan-like expansion. door the moment the bell rings. Avoid using it too much. With some When you introduce a person, propersons the habit becomes troublesome nounce the name distinctly, and say and unpleasant.
whatever you can to make the introVISITS
PRESENTATIONS. duction agreeable. Such as “an old Friendly calls should be made in the and valued friend," a "schoolfellow forenoon, and require neatness, with- of mine," "an old acquaintance of our out costliness of dress,
family." Calls to give invitations to dinner- Never stare about you in a room as parties, or balls, should be very short, if you were taking stock. and should be paid in the afternoon, The gloves should not be removed
Visits of condolence require a grave during a visit. style of dress.
Be hearty in your reception of A formal visit should never be made guests; and where you see much diffibefore noon. If a second visitor is dence, assist the stranger to throw it announced, it will be proper for you off. to retire, unless you are very intimate A lady does not put her address on both with the host and the visitor an- her visiting card. nounced; unless, indeed, the host Do not imagine that to be expenexpress a wish for you to remain. sively or extravagantly dressed, is to
Visits after balls or parties should be well dressed. Simplicity is always be made within a month.
elegant, and good taste can lend a grace In the latter, it is customary to en- i to dress which no outlay of money on close your card in an envelope, bearing its materials can purchase. The most the address outside. This may be perfect cleanliness is the first essential.
A lady's hair should be always well Never introduce religious arguments arranged in the style she chooses to in society; if the subject is forord, wear it -- which had better be one of avow your opinions, moderately, but thone sanctioned by the fashion of the decline anything like a defence of day. The teeth should be attended to them; it is in better taste not to argue carefully. The first things a lady on any subject. ought to think about are her gloves Do not sit stupidly silent; do your and shoes; gloves should fit well and best to be agrerable. Talk as well as be unsoiled, and should harmonize in you can, and at least try to appear color with the dress, but soft neutral | amused. tints will suit any drens, Her boots But silence is preferable to talking should be well made, large enough for too much. comfort, and always thick enough to Always look at people when you keep the feet dry and warm.
speak to them. Ladies are not obliged to consider It is rude to speak in whispera, and their ball-partners as acquaintances, offensive to take a person aside to unless they please.
whisper to them. It is the lady's place to bow first to Slang phrases (even thome of the the gentleman.
drawing-room) must be avoided. To answer a letter promptly is a Give your own opinion of people if civility, and in some cases a kindness. you choone, but do not repeat ihe opin.
Invitations ought to receive an iin- | ions of others. mediate reply.
Vary your toilet sufficiently that At dinner, the gentleman sits at the idlers and others may not make your right hand of the lady.
dress the description of your person. You should begin, or appear to Dress plainly for walking in the begin, to eat as soon as it is put be street. To wear a bonnet fit for a car.
riage, when not in one, or to walk Never by any chance put a knife through the dust or mud clothed in near your mouth.
satin or lace, is the extreme of bad Do not bite your bread; the rule taste. about eating it is this:
WALKING. --- Endeavor to acquire Cut it at breakfast, when you gen- an elegant walk. Hold yourself erect erally take a thick piece, and butter it without stiffness. Walk noiselessly in yourself.
the house and lightly in the street. Break it at dinner.
Do not turn your feet out too much, it Bite it at tra, when it is in thin slices. is as bad a fault as to turn them in
Eat your soup from the side of the wards, and causes an unseemly shakspoon, not take it from the point; being of the garments. ware of tasting it while too hot, or of Never look behind you in the street, swallowing it fast enough to make you nor about you so as to attract attencough,
tion. Do not talk or laugh loud on Conversation is supposed to belong the street, but pursue a quiet manner, especially to the dinner table. A dels and a smooth, graceful walk. icate perception of what may wound A lady shakes hands with gentle. the feelings of others is essential here- men who are friends or intimate ae" Do unto others as you would have quaintances, but she must do so gently, them do unto you.” Do not say to a without vehemence of action. friend whose complexion is of too A young lady rather gives her own deep a red, “How fushed your face hand than shakes that of a gentleman. is!" or to a stout lady, "How warm Never allow a gentleman to pay for you look !”
your admission into any theatre, or Never talk about yourself if you can public exhibition, unless he is a rela. help it, nor about your own affairs. live, or particular friend,