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TO EXTINGUISIT A Fint in the chim- manner of drawing in and striking ont the hande

und tuct that is theresary tu peu presive ney, besides any, water at hand, throw

mmotion. But you will be no ewiminer lill you un on it walt, or a liandful of flour of sul lace sounds in the power of the water sup phur, as soon as you can obtain it: tyo. Alueelle siivise the wywing keep all the doors and windows tightly ve known several y little power** Khut, and hold before the fireplace a wary for that purpose, loane insensibly wrywired the

Alrode, taught, as it were, by nature, Therw tre blanket, or some woollen article, to ex. I meat in this choosing #pluk where the water clude the air,

du peins ermually, well enolly into it will it le #p IN CAMISO FROM A Finie, creep or

to your ineasts then turn on your fue to the crawl along the room with your Ince.... water between

you and the shore, will wind , # close to the ground. Children whould Tre emily sean there if the walut le chat,

Ile in the water to deep that you cannot really in be early tuyht how to press out a enke it up but by diving that it 1) ene tirar park when it happens to rench any yanitseil ju order to do this, metal that your part of their dress, and also that run.

prenese will be froin deep to alonthewig water, wie

What at any time you may, try tinging your lege ning into the air will cause it to blaze under you, and etunding on the button, faise your immediately,

heut far above the water than plonge uwier !! ILWADING IN Bed at night should be going under', us you can the eyeline to the

with your eyes open, which mne to happen im avoided, is, besides the danger of an weight of winter #bwve you throwing your rail to

warte the tw, and animating by the art of accident, it never fails to injure the

your lunde und fert wuinst the winter to get top eyes,

ward, all willin pearl of it, In the allipt yeah To Heat a Bed at a moment's notice, ... ***** Hif throw a little wilt into the warming imagine, and that you cannot, W Wymitye tunne, pan, and suffer it to burn for a minute, down to the authw you feel llojeto previous to lise,

water to mort you, and learn the in at

power, while your avere tu wenuwe il, und FLOWERS and shrubs should be awel een teach you the manner of wating or excluded from a bed-chamber,

the water with your feet w bawla, which will

in afterwards used in swimming to put your BWIMMING -- Every person hea higher above the water, or to 20 onward should endeavor to acquire the power

I want the more earnestly press you in the of swimminų. The 'not that the ex.

trial of this method, becuase I think I wall watlety ercise is a healthful necompaniment of you that your wity is lichaar thun water, and that bathing, and that lives may be saved

you might not in it a long time with your incuth

frus tur loreuthing if you would it yourself into a by it, even when least expected, is it pre posture, and would be ni, ani tortur sullicient argument for the recommen- muling yet, till you have obtained this e**** dation. The art of swimming in, in

mental ewidence in the water, tumot iter til

win your having the neresnuty porezaines of thing reality, very easy. The first considera- to recollect the posture, and the diteetit 1 ** tion is not w ati.mpt to learn to swim

you relating to it. The surprises may put kliutat

of your mind too hastily; that is to any, you must 'Thought Tue 1A, AUM, AND Irats of human not expect to succeed in your efforts to body, twing solid parim, are in ally write what

heavier than tresli water, as the trends in Ptt tilarly swim until you have become acous

the tipper part, from the bottomien is so muhi tomed to the water, and have overcome Highter than water, so the whole of loa thaly, Imre

altogether, is to light to sink wimbly under water, your repugnane to the coldness and

but some part will remain awe until the funge novelty of Imthing, Every attempt will trenme olled with water, which hans fr fail until you have acquired a certain drawing water to thein instuful, what * p*f»

6011, in the fright, witampte inenthing while the confidence in the water, and then the

mouth and nosirile are under Winter, difficulty will soon vanish,

T## 1. AND A#M# A## VERTICALLY INTEN

than ealt water, and will be that by 11, * Dr. Franklin's Advice to Bwimmers.

At n human body cannot Hiuk in salt water.

though the lungs were nile de ilmva, ni frutin tim The only otalariu to improvement in this nekem Peatur pecinta gravity of the lew Buty and lite pourving uit in luar i and it is only ly beroun throwing limself on him w in salt water, warming ibi timidity that you can expect to and extending his arina, muy #mily lle tu treme #me jer of the following armiramente, kamp baie mooth and wonteile free fui bostliny It is very comfort for now in the ait of swims #wi, ty a light ination of Inte hesit, niny p***nt

Tuning, if he should perreive any londoney Hill in leping the body alive waters name have IN WESH WATEK, IN A MAN TUWIW HIMALE ** utterly comarquen thuis at the lowever, they miny le of wine for supporting the way while in that situation that try pro win of hate ho. one le learning what is called the stroke, or that on the water, if he wee no suel alion, the leg and lower part of the body will gradually sink til ho como into an upright position, in which he will continue suspeudod, the hollow of his broust keep ing the head uppermost,

But if IN THIS Entot Position the hond he kept upright above the shoulders, as when we stand on the grouud, the immornion will, by the weight of that part of the head that is out of the water, reach above the mouth and nostrils, perhaps * little above the eyes, so that a man cannot long remain suspended in water with his head in that position.

Tux BODY CONTINUING SUSPENDED an before, and upright, if the houd be leaned quite buck, so that the face look upward, all the back part of the head being under water, and its weight consequently, in a great measure, supported by it, tho face will remain above water quite free for breathing, will rise au inch higher every inspiration, and aluk as much every expiration, but never so low as that the water may come over the mouth.

IF, THEREFORE, A PARSON UN ACQUAINTED WITH SWIMMING, and falling accidentally into the water, could have presence of mind wuificient to avoid struggling and plunging, and to let the body tako this natural position, he might continue long sure from drowníug, till, perhaps help should come; for, as to the clothos, their additional weight when immersod is very inconsiderable, the water supporting it, though, when he comes out of the water, he will find them very heavy indeed,

BUT I WOULD NOT ADVISE ANY ONE TO DEPEND ON HAVING THIS PRESENON OF MIND on such an occasion, but learn fairly to swim, as I wish all men were taught to do in their youth; they would, ou many oponsione, be the nativ for having that skill: and, on many more, the happior, an treo from pain. ful apprehensions of danger, to may nothing of the enjoyment in no delightful and wholesome an exercise. Soldier's particularly should, nothinks, all be taught to swim; it might be of freqıront une, either in surprising an ouery or saving thom. selves; and if I had now boya to oduonte, I should pretor those schools (other things being oqual) where an opportunity was afforded for acquiring

0 advautageous un art, which, once learned, in never forgotten,

I KNOW BY EXPENIENCE, that it is a great comfort to a swimmer who has a considerable distance to go, to turn himself' sometimes on his back, and to vary, in other respoces, the means of procuring * progressive motion

WHEN UN 18 SRIZED WITH THE CRAMP in the leg, the method of driving it away is to give the parts effected # sudden, vigorous, and violent shook ; which he muy do in the air an ho swims on his back.

DURING THE GREAT IIEATS IN SUMMER, there is no dangor in bathing, however warm he may be, in rivors which have been thoroughly warmed by the sun. But to throw ono's wolf into cold spring water, when the body has been hented by exercise iu the sun, in au imprudence which may prove fatal. I once knew an instance of four young men who, having worked at harvest in the hoat of the day, with a view of refreshing themselves, plunged into a spring of cold water; two died upon the spot, a third next morning, and the fourth recovered with grout diffioulty. A copious draught of cold water, in similar circumstancos, is frequently atteuded with the same effoot in North America,

Tux EXERCISS or SWIMMING IS ONE OF THE MOST HEALTHY and agrocable in the world. After having swum for an hour or two in the evening, ono uloopa ooolly the whole night, oven during tho most

ardent heat of summer. Perhap the poros being cleaninod, the inconsible perpiration increasen, and occasions this coolness. It is certain that much swimming in the mentis of stopping diarrhara, and even of producing a constipation. With respect to those who do not know how to swim, or who are affected with diarrhea atu Nranon which does Dot permit them to use that exercise, a warm balli, by cleansing and puritying the skin, is found very salutary, and often afteoin a radioul cure. Imperk from my own experivuce, frequently repented, and that of others, to whom I have recommended this.

WHEN I WAS A Boy, I amlined unywell one day with flying a paper kito; and approaching the banks of a lake, which was nearly a mile broadl, I tied the string to a stake, and the kito ascended to A very considerable longhat above the pond, while I was swimming. In a little time, being desirous of amusing myself with my kites, and enjoying at the same time ihe pleasure of swimming, i returned, and loosening from the make the string, with the little stick which was fastened to it, went agnin into the water, where I found that, lying on my back, and holding the stiek in my hand, I was drawn along the surface of the Winter in a very agreeabile manner. Having then engaged another boy to carry my clothes round the pond, to A place which I pointed out to him on the other Niile, I began to cross the pond with my kite, which carried me quite over without the least fatigue, and with the groutent pleasure imaginable. I was only obligod occasionally to halt a little in my bourse, and resint its progress, when it appeared that by following too quickly, I lowered the tito too much; by doing which occasionally I made it rise ngain, I have never since that time practised this singular mode of swimming, and I think it not impossible to cross, in this mannor, from Dover to Calais.

THOSE WHO PREFER THE AID OF BELTS will find it very easy and safe to make belts upon the plan explained ; and by gradually reducing the Hoating power of the belts from day to day, they will gain contidence, and speedily acquire the art of swimming:

STAINING.--GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. - When alubaster, marble, and other stones are colored, and the stain is required to be deep, it should be poured on boiling hot, and brushed equally over every part, it made with water; it with spirit, it should be applied cold, otherwise the evaporation being too rapid, would leave the coloring matter on the surface, without any, or very little, being able to penetrate. In grayish or brownish stones, the stain will be wanting in brightness, because the natural color combines with the stain; therefore, if the stone be a pure color, the result will be a combination of the color and stain. In staining bone or ivory, the colors will take better before than attor polishing;

and if any dark spots appear, they a hot decoction of fustic. 2. Boil in a should be rubbed with chalk, and the solution of verdigris in vinegar until article dyed again, to produce uni- the desired color is obtained, formity of shade. On removal from BONI AND Ivory, Red.--1. Dip the the boiling-hot dyo-bath, the bone articles first in the tin mordant used in should be immediately plunged into dyeing, and then plunge into a hot de: cold water, to prevent cracks from the coction of Brazil wood -- half a pound heat. If paper or parchment is stained, to a gallon of water -- or cochineal, 2, a broad varnish brush should be em Steep in red ink until suthiciently ployed, to lay the coloring on evenly. stained. When the stains for wood are required BONE AND IVORY, Scarlet, - Use to be very strong, it is better to soak lac dye instead of the preceding, and not brush them; therefore, it for BONE AND IVORY. "Violet.- Dip in inlaying or fine work, the wood should the tin mordant, and then immerse in be previously split or Hawed into proper a decoction of logwood. thicknesses; and when directed to be BONE AND IVORY, Yellow,-1, Imbrushed several times over with the pregnate with nitro-hydrochlorate of stains, it should be allowed to dry tin, and then digest with heat in a between each coating, When it is trained decoction of fustic. 2. Steep wished to render any of the stains for twenty-four hours in a strong solu. more durable and beautiful, the work tion of the neutral chromate of potash, should be well rubbed with Dutch or and then plunge for some time in a common rushes after it is colored, and boiling solutiou of acetate of lead. 8, then varnished with seed-lac varnish, | Boil the articles in a solution of allm or if a better appearance is desired, a pound to half a gallon -- and then with three couts of the same, or shellad | immerse for half an hour in the follow, varnish. Common work only requires ing mixture : --- Take half a pound of frequent rubbing with linseed oil and turmeric, and a quarter of a pound of woollen rage. The remainder, with the pearlash; boil in a gallon of water, exception of glass, will be treated of in When taken from this, the bone must

be again dipped in the alum solution. ALABASTER, MARBLE, AND STONE, Horn must be treated in the same may be stained of a yellow, red, green, manner as bone and ivory for the vari. blue, purple, black, or any of the com- ous colors given under that heading, pound colors, by the stains used for IMITATION OF TORTOISE-NHELI.. wood.

First steam and then press the horn Bone and Ivory. -- Black. - 1. Lay into proper shapes, and afterward lay the article for several hours in a strong the following mixture on with a small solution of nitrate of silver, and expose brush, in imitation of the mottle of to the light. 2. Boil the article for tortoise-shell : - Tako equal parts of some time in a stained decoction of quicklime and litharge, and mix with logwood, and then steep it in a solution strong soap-lees; let this remain until of persulphate or aceinte of iron. 3. it in thoroughly dry, brush off, and Immerse frequently in ink, until of repeat two or three times, if necessary. Butlicient depth of color,

Such parts as are required to be of a BONE AND IVORY. Blue, 1. Im- reddish-brown should be covered with merse for some time in a dilute solu- a mixture of whiting and the stain. tion of sulphate of indigo -- partly Iron. - Black, for ships' guns, shots, saturated with potash --- and it will be eto. --- To one gallon of vinegar add a fully stained. 2. Steep in a strong Ho- quarter of a pound of iron rust, let it lution of sulphate of copper.

stand for a week ; then add a pound of BONE AND Ivony. Green. --1, Dip dry lampblack, and three-quarters of A blue-stained articles for a short time in pound of copperas : stir it up for a nitro-hydrochlorate of tin, and then in | couple of days. Lay five or six coata

this paper,

on the gun, etc., with a sponge, allow- | 6. Take a pound of logwood chips, a ing it to dry well between each. Polish quarter of a pound of Brazil wood, with linseed oil and soft woollen rug, and boil for an hour and a half in a and it will look like ebony.

gallon of water. Brush the wood seve Paper and Parchment. Blue. – 1. eral times with this decoction while Stain it green with the verdigris stain, hot. Make a decoction of nut gulls by and brush over with a solution of pearl- simmering gently, for three or four ash — two ounces to the pint - till it days, a quarter of a pound of the galls becomes blue. 2. Use the blue stain in two quarts of water; give the wood for wood.

three coats of this, and, while wet, lay PAPER AND PARCHMENT. Green on a solution of sulphate of iron (two and Red. -- The same as for wood. ounces to a quart), and when dry, oil

PAPER AND PARCHMENT, Orange. or varnishi. 1. Give three coats with -- Brush over with a tincture of tur- a solution of copper tilings in aquamerie, formed by infusing an ounce of fortis, and repeatedly brush over with the root in a pint of spirit of wine; let the logwood decoction, until the greenthis dry, and give another coat of pearl- ness of the copper is destroyed. 8. ash solution, made by dissolving two Boil half a pound of logwood chips ounces of the salt in a quart of water. in two quarts of water, add an ounce

PAPER AND PARCHMENT. Purple. "of pearlash, and apply hot with a -1. Brush over with the expressed brush. Then take two quarts of the juice of ripe privet berries. 2. The logwood decoction, and half an ounce Buiue as for wood.

of verdigris, and the same of copPAPER AND PARCHMENT. Yellow. peras; strain, and throw in hali a - 1. Brush over with tincture of tur pound of iron rust. Brush the work meric. 2. Add anatto or dragon's-blood well with this, and oil. to the tincture of turmeric, and brush Woop. Blue. - 1. Dissolve copover as usual.

per filings in aquatirtis, brush the WOOD. – Black. - 1. Drop a little wood with it, and then go over the sulphuric acid into a small quantity of work with a hot solution of pearlash water, brush over the wood and hold (two ounces to a pint of water), till it to the fire; it will be a fine black, and assumes a perfectly blue color. 2. Buil receive a good polish. 2. Take hali a a pound of indigo, two pounds of gallon of vinegar, an ounce of bruised woad, and three ounces of alum, in a but galls, of logwood chips and cop- galion of water; brush well over until peras each ball a pound – boil well; thoroughly stained. add half an ounce of the tincture of IMITATION OF Botany BAY Woon. sesquichloride of iron, formerly called - Boil half a pound of French berries the muriated tincture, and brush on (the unripe berries of the rhamnus inhot. 3. Use the stain given for ships' sectorius) in two quarts of water till guns. 4. Take halt a gallon of vin- of a deep yellow, and while boiling egar, half a pound of dry lampblack, hot give iwo or three coats to the work. and three pounds of iron rust, sifted. If a deeper color is desired, give a coat Mix, and let stand for a week. Lay of logwood decoction over the yellow. three coats of this on hot, and then When nearly dry, form the grain with rub with linseed oil, and you will have black stain, used hot; and when dry, & fine deep black. 5. Add to the dust and varnish. abore stain an ounce of nut galls, Woov. Green, - Dissolve verdihalf a pound of logwood chips, and a gris in vinegar, and brush over with quarter of a pound of copperus; lay the hot solution until of a proper color. on three coats, oil well, and you will Woon. Vihogany Oilor. - Durk. have a black stain that will stand 1. Boil half a pound of madder and any kind of weather, and one that is two ounces of logwood chips in a gallon well suited for ships' combings, etc. I of water, and brusha well over while hot;

a

One

when dry, go over the whole with pearl- with a graining brush, or cane bruised ash solution, two drams to the quart, at the end, apply the iron tiling solu2. Put two ounces of dragon's-blood, tion in the form required, and polish bruised, into a quart of oil of turpen- with beeswax and 'turpentine when tine; let the bottle stand in a warm dry, or varnish, place, shake frequently, and, when dis- Wood, Yellow, 1. Brush over solver, steep the work in the mixture, with the tincture of turmeric. 2. Warm

Wood. Light Red Brown, - 1. Boil the work and brush over with weak half a pound of madder and a quarter aquafortis, then hold to the fire. Var. of a pound of fustic in a gallon of nisl or oil as usual, water; brush over the work when boil- To Ascertain the Age of Cows.-ing hot, until properly stained. 2. The A safe rule is afforded by the teeth. surface of the work being quite smooth, At birth, the two centre teeth (front) brush over with a weak solution of protrude through the gum; at the end aquafortis, half an ounce to the pint, of the second week the second pair and then finish with the following: appear; at the end of the third week Put four ounces and a half of dragon's the third pair, and at the end of the blood and an ounce of soda, both well fourth week, the fourth and last pair, bruised, to three pints of spirits of The wearing of these teeth now cou, wine; let it stand in a warm place, stitutes the only guide for the next shake frequently, strain, and lay on with three months, at the expiration of a soft brust, repeating until oťa proper which time all these (which are called color; polish with linseed oil or varnish, the "milk teeth”) begin to diminish

Woon. Purple, Brush the work in size and shrink away from eacli several times with the logwood decoc- other, which process continues until tion used for No. 6 black, and when dry the animal is two years old, when the give a coat of pearlash solution new teeth begin to push out slender dram to a quart-taking care to lay remnants of the old and shrunkon it on evenly

At the end of second year, the Woon, Red. - 1. Boil a pound of first two permanent teeth appear in Brazil wood and an ounce of pearlash front; at three years, the second pair in a gallon of water, and while hot are well up; at four, the third pair; brush over the work until of a proper and at five years, the fourth and last color. Dissolve two ounces of alum pair have appeared, and the central in a quart of water, and brush the pair are beginning to be worn down; solution over the work before it dries. at six years, the last pair are full 2. Take a gallon of the above stain, size; at seven years, the dark line with add two more ounces of pearlash; use bony boundary appears in all the hot, and brush often with the alum wo teeth, and a broad circular mark apo lution. 8. Use a cold infusion of pears within the central pair; at eight archil, and brush over with the pearl- years, this mark appears in all the ash solution.

teeth; at nine years, a process of IMITATION OF ROSEWOOD. - 1. Boil shrinkage and absorption, similar to half a pound of logwood in three that which reduced the front lotil, pints of water till it is of a very dark begins to take place in the central red, add half an ounce of salt of tar- pair; at ten, it begins with the second tar; stain the work with the liquor pair; at eleven, with the third pair; while boiling hot, giving three coats; at twelve, with the fourth pair. The then, with a painter's graining brush, age of the animal, atrer this period is form streaks with black-stain ; let dry, attained, is determined by the degree and varnish. 2. Brusl over with the of shrinkage and wearing away of all logwood decoction black, three or four the teeth in the order of their appear. times; put half a pound of iron fil- ance, until the fifteenth year, when ings into two quarts of vinegar; then scarcely any teeth remain,

ones,

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