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To Find the Age of a Horse. --The number, and appear the first year, all colt is born with twelve grinders. of a size. In the second year the two When four front teeth have made their middle ones full out, and are supappearance the colt is twelve days old, planted by two large ones. During and when the next four appear it is the third year a small tooth appears four weeks old. When the corner teeth on each side. In the fourth year the appear, it is eight months old ; and large teeth are six in number. In the when the latter have attained the fifth year all the front teeth are large, height of the front teeth it is a year and in the sixth year the whole begin old. The two-year old colt has the to get worn. kernel (the dark substance in the mid- To Make a Sheep Own a Lamb. dle of the tooth's crown) ground or Sometimes it is desirable to make one worn out of all the front teeth. In sheep own the lamb of another, but the third year the middle front teeth often it is a difficult task. The folare being shifted, and when three lowing experiment has been tried, years old, these are substituted for the was easily conducted, and proved a horse teeth. In the fourth year, the perfect success : - A sheep lost her next four are shifted ; and in the fifth lamb; in a few days a yearling Fear the corner teeth are shifted. In dropped a lamb, which she did not the sixth year the kernel is worn out own, and, in fact, had no milk for it. of the middle front teeth, and the The lamb was taken, immediately after bridle teeth have now attained their it was dropped, and sprinkled with full growth. At seven years a hook fine salt, and then placed with the has been formed on the corner teeth of sheep that had lost her lamb. In a the upper jaw; the kernel of the teeth short time she was as fond of it as she next to the middle is worn out, and had been of her own, and took the the bridle teeth beyin to wear off. At greatest care of her adopted charge. eight years of age the kernel is worn Feeding Horses. - The London out of all the lower front teeth, and Omnibus Company have lately made begins to decrease in the middle a report on feeding horses, which dis. upper fronts. In the ninth year the closes some interesting information, kernel has wholly disappeared from i not only to farmers, but to every the upper middle front teeth; the owner of a horse. As a great number book on the corner teeth has increased of horses are now used in the army for in size, and the bridle teeth lose their cavalry, artillery, and draught pur. point. In the tenth year the kernel poses, the facts stated are of great has worn out of the teeth next to the value at the present time. middle fronts of the upper jaw; and The London Company uses no less in the eleventh year the kernel has than six thousand horses; three thouentirely disappeared from the corner sand of this number had for their feed teeth of the same jaw. At twelve bruised oats and cut hay and straw, years the erowns of all the front teeth and the other three thousand got whole in the lower jaw have become triangu- oats and hay. The allowance accorded lar, and the bridle teeth are much to the first was: bruised oats, 16 lbs.; worn down. As the horse advances cut hay, 74 lbs.; cut straw, 2 lbs. in age, the gums shrink away from the The allowance accorded to the second: teeth, which appear long and narrow, unbruised oats, 19 lbs.; uncut hay, 13 and the kernel becomes changed into lbs. The bruised oats, cut hay and darkish points. Gray hairs increase in cut straw amounted to 26 lbs.; and the the forehead, and the chin becomes an unbruised oats, etc., to 32 lbs. The gular,
horse which had bruised oats, with To Ascertain the Age of Sheep.- cut hay and straw, and consumed 26 The age of sheep may be known by lbs. per day, could do the same work the front teeth, which are eight in as well, and was kept in as good condition, as the horse which received 82 | edge is invaluable. We never knew lbs. per dny. Here was a maving of 6 it io fail, and we have ridden hundreds Ibu. por day on the foeding of ench of miles dark nightm; and, in considerborne receiving bruined oats, cut hay ntion of thiM power of scent, this is our and cut traw. The advantage of simple ndvico---never check your horse bruined oats and cut hay over unbruined at night, but give him a free head, oath and uncut hay is estimated at tive and you may rent amured that he will conta per duy on each horse, amount. never get off the road, and will carry ing to thiroo hundred dollars per day you expeditiously and ante. for the Company's nix thousand horses. (ATH whould always be bruined for It is by no means an unimportant romult an old horse, because through nge and with which this experiment hus pup- defective teeth, he cannot chew them plied us. To the farmer who expends
proponly a large num in the mupport of horse- When your horse refunom food, after power, there are two points this ex- drinking, go no further that dny, be periment clearly establishow, which, in nuwe the poor crenture is thoroughly practice, must be profitable: tirut, the benten. Miving of food to the amount of 6 lbs. Amount of Pork from a Bushel of per day; and second, no low of horne- Corn.- A friend of ours obtained a power arising from that muving. hundred pounds of pork from seven
To Prevent Flies from Teasing bushels of corn, or one pound of pork Horses. --Take two or three small from four and a half pounds of corn ; handfuls of walnut leaves, upon which the grain was ground and moistened pour two or three quarts of Hoft cold with water before feeding. Another, wator; lot it infuso one night, and by wetting his menl with five times its pour the whole next morning into a weight of hot water, and letting it kettle, and let it boil for fifteen min- stand twelve to eighteen hours before utch. Whion cold, it will be fit for uso. | fooding, obtained one pound of pork No more is required than to wet a from two and a half pounds of corn. uponge, and before the horno goom out Doubtless different result# would be of the stable, let thono parts which aro obtained from different breeds of inomt irritated be umeared over with swine. the liquor.
Raigo Moro Ducks. A farmer of A Mero Stumble. - When a horse considerable experience writer : - I htumbler, never raise your voice --- the could never understand why our farmcreature dready its master's chiding. ors through the Htute did not keep Novor jog the reins--the mouth of the duckh; is a matter of profit they are bordo in far moro nonsitive than the more profitable than henk. It may be the buman lips. Nover use the Inh--the impression that in order to keep ducks, borno in no timid, that the slightent a person must have a pond or stream correction overpowers it reasoning of wnter near by, has deterred many facultiem. Speak to the creature; re- from keeping them, but there is no Anwuro the palpitating frame; hoek to need of anything of the kind. It in romtoro those perceptions which will true that it is better to have a pond or form the best guard against any repe- Mtream - but you can rnino duck junt tition of the faulty action.
AM well elvow here. I know of parties Power of a Horse's Scent. that are very succesful in raining them There is one perception which a horno they have only a shallow tub set in PORMOHOM that but little attention has the ground and Alled from the pump boeu paid to, and that in the power of ocensionally. In fact, the trouble of scent. With some horrow it is an acute raising ducks, and about the only one, Am with the dog, and for the benefit of im letting the young go into the water those who have to drive nighty, much too soon after they leave the next. an physicians and others, this knowl. When I speak of the profits from duch, I do not have reference to the common reared in great abundance. Never feed duck that is seen every day. I mean the young turkeys with boiled eggs or a breed of ducks that will weigh twelve cornmeal. dough, or wheat bread pounds to the pair, alive, such as the crumbs. They need very little food Rouen and Aylesbury, and both excel- of any kind under seven days of age, lent layers, easily kept and reared, and and should have nothing but sour milk being very large and excellent for the set in pans. At about a week or ten market, and it costs no more to rear days give them also wheat screenings them than the common ducks that will or crumbs soaked in sour milk. Let only weigh on the average about eight this be their only feed till they begin pounds to the pair. The Rouen is a to feather, and then give them grain very handsome duck in plumage; the of any kind. Tie the hen (which has drake has a glassy green head and the young turkeys) to a peg off to herneck down to a white ring on his neck, self, with a coop near by her, so that and the lower part of his body is a she can enter at night to roost. At beautiful green brown gray, and shaded two weeks old let the hen loose to with brown on the back. The duck is roam, and if she be a game hen she of a beautiful brown, with about every will do the work of rearing the brood. feather shaded on the outer edge with To Make Hens Lay Perpetually. black. They are acknowledged the - Give to each hen half an ounce of best of the varieties, laying very early fresh meat, chopped fine, once a day, and continuing through the season, and while the ground is frozen that they late in winter. The Aylesbury is cannot get worms or insects; allow no pure white, both the duck and drake, roosters to run with them. They will and about the same size as the Rouen. require plenty of grain, water, gravel, Both become very familiar, and being and lime. Treated in this way it is very large and heavy, do not care to said they will lay perpetually. roam as much as the common kind. BOILED OATS, fried in fat, are recom
Care of Young Ducks.—Take three mended for laying hens as the very boards, about a foot wide, and make a best food for the production of eggs. yard, either square or triangular shaped, Choosing Hatching Eggs. — Eggs and put the hen and coop in one cor- for hatching should be chosen of the ner of it. Keep the hen cooped until fair average size usually laid by the the ducklings are about two weeks hen they are from, any unusually large old, then give her her liberty. She or small being rejected. Some hens will stay with the ducklings some time lay immensely large eggs, and others longer. No more than twelve or four- small ones. A fat hen will always lay teen ducklings should be kept in one small eggs, which can only produce yard, as they are apt to pile upon one small and weakly chickens. Absolute another at night, and smother each size in eggs is, therefore, of but little other. The ducklings should be con- importance. Round short eggs are fined in a yard until they are well usually the best to select; very long feathered, for if they go through wet eggs, especially if much pointed at the grass they almost invariably die. The small end, almost always breed birds yard should be moved every two weeks, with some awkwardness in style of and care should be taken to have a carriage. Neither should rough-shelled good shelter in one corner.
eggs be chosen; they usually show Raising Turkeys. --The turkey is some derangement of the organs, and the most tender when young, and most are often sterile. Smooth-shelled eggs difficult to raise of all the domestic alone are proper for hatching. It is a fowls; yet with proper care in setting farce to suppose that the sex of a bird the eggs under game bens and cooping can be determined by the shape of the the brood at night regularly, while the egg. turkeys are young, they may be easily How the English Fatten Fowls.
-Among the various modes of fatten- | to twenty-three quarts per day. Les ing fowls which are from time to time than twenty-seven quarts invariably presented to the public, none is more marked a very poor milker. Of course highly commended than the following, the experiment of artificial stimulation which is the method largely practised by means of salt was intended only in England, and, it is said, always with for scientific purposes. The importance great economy and perfect success. of an abundant and convenient supply In this method the customise to put the animal will take, is the practical
of pure water at all times, as much as the fowls into coops as usual, where they can get no gravel. Keep deduction, corn in their feedl-boxes all the time, A Dog's Bed.-- The best bed which and also give them cornmeal dougli
, can be made for a dog, consists of dry, well cooked, once a day. For drink newly-made deal shavings ; & sackful give them fresh skimmed milk, with of these may be hail for a shillingst sprinkling of charcoal, well pulverized, almost any carpenter's shop,
'the in it. Fed in this way, it is said they dog is delighted in tumbling about in will fatten nicely in from ten to twelve them until he has made a bed to suit days. If kept beyond that time it is himself. Clean wood shavings will customary to furnish them with gravel, clean a dog as well as water, and flens to prevent them from falling away. will never infest dogs that sleep upon One extensive English fowl-breeder fresh dealshavings. The turpentine and states that he has tried this method rosin in new pine soon drive them for years, and has never known it to away. fail. In this method, as in all others, Cooked or Raw. - Where it is posit is, of course, necessary that the sible to avoid it, meat should never be fowls should gocupy, coops protected fed raw to dogs or fowls. It has the from the cold, and kept perfectly effect of making thein quarrelsome. clean and dry.
In addition to this, ment that is To impart a flavor to the flesh of cooked is more nutritious than when fowls, such as constitutes the "game , fed raw. flavor" of the wild state, the Boston “Morning Milk," says an emiJournal of Chemistry recommends Cay- nent (terman philosopher," commonly enne pepper, ground mustard, or yields some hundredths more cream ginger, to be added to their common than the evening's at the same temfooil.
perature. That inilked at noon fur. Milk and Water. It makes a wishes the least. It would therefore great difference whether water is given be of avantage, in making butter, to the cow or to the can. Dr. Dan-etc., to employ the morning's milk, cel, in a communication to the French and keep the evening's for domestic Academy of Sciences, adduces proof use." that the yield of milk can be consid- A little grated carrot, and a few erably inorensed by giving salt to in- | lumps of white sugar, added to the cite cows to drink large quantities of cream in the churn, will add very water, and by moistening their food, with much to the taste as well as the apvery little if any of the peculiar effect pearance of the butter. produced by the experiments of milk. Tanning Sheep-skins. - For mats, men at the later stage of the operation. tuke two long-wooled skins, make s According to Dancel's observations, strong suds, using hot water; when it when a cow begins to give milk she is cold, wash the skins in it, carefully drinks from eleven to as much as forty- squeezing them between the hands to five quarts of water per day more get the dirt out of the wool; then wash than before. All cows that drink the soap out with clean cold water. Now fifty quarts per day were found to be dissolve alum and salt, ench half a excellent milkers, yielding nineteen pound, with a little hot water, which put in a tub of cold water suficient to cool the parts are to be bathed often; core the skins, and let them soak in it when practicable a flannel is to be satover night, or twelve hours; then hang urated with the fluid, bound on the orer a pail to drain. When they are affected parts, the whole to be covered weil drained, spread or stretch carefully with oiled silk. Thorn-apple is a deadly over a board to dry. When a little poison; the bottle containing it should damp, hare one ounce, each, of salt- be so marked, that it may not be taken peire and alum, pulverized, and sprinkle internally by mistake. ihe flesh side vi each skin, rubbing in MANGE, OR SCAB. — This is denoted. well; then iay the tiesh sides together by the animal rubbing the hair off about and hang in the shade for two or three the eyes and other parts. The skin is dars, turning the under skin upper- scaly or scabby, sometimes appearing must erery day until perfectly dry. like a large seed-wart. Then scrape the flesh side with a blunt Remeiics. — Rub the spots with sulkaite, to remore any remaining scraps phur and lard, after scraping and washof flesh, trim off projecting points, and ing with soap. rub the flesh side with pumice or rot- When the skin is cracked, take sul. ten-stone, and with the hands; they phur, one pound; turpentine, quarter will be very white and beautiful, suit- pound; unguentum or mereurial ointable for a door or carriage mat. They ment), two ounces; linseed oil, one pint. also make good mittens. Lamb-skins Melt the turpeutine and warm the oil, (or sheep-ssins, if the wool be trimmed and when partly coled, stir in the suloch erenly to about one-half or three-phur; when coid, add the unguentum, fourths of an inch long, make most mixing all well. Rub this thoroughly beautiful and warm mittens for ladies with the hand on the parts affected. or gentiemen.
To Cure Scratches in Horses.Furs may be taken from the first of Scratches or grease may rery often be October to the first of April. They are cured by washing the legs with warm not good for furs the rest of the season, water and soap, and, after drying thoras the hair comes out.
oughly with a soft cloth, applying To Remove the Taste of New glycerine or lard perfectly free from Wood. - A new keg, churn, bucket, or salt. If this does not avail, a pound other wooden vessel, will generally of “concentrated lye," or carbonate of communicate a disagreeable taste to potash, may be dissolved in two quarts anything that is put into it. To pre- of water, and put into a bottle. vent this inconvenience, first seald the quarter of a pint of this solution Tessel well with boiling water, letting should be put into & pailful of cold the water remain in it ull cold. The water, and the horse's heels bathed dissolve some pearlash, or soda, in luke- with it night and morning. The legs warm water, adding a little bit of lime should be dried immediately after the to it, and wash the inside of the vessel ! bathing, but considerable moisture will weil with this solution. Afterwand; exude from the skin afterward. The scald it well with plain hot water, and stable must be kept clean, and no rinse it with cold before you use it. snow or ice allowed to remain on the
To Relieve Muscular Pain in legs. Horses. — The thorn-apple plant is a To Clean Canary Birds. — These very excellent remedy, as an external pretty things are, like meaner objects, application, for the treatment of mus. Often covered with live, and may be er cuiar pain, ligamentary lameness, fextually relieved of them by placing sprain of the terlock, etc. It is a a clean white cloth orer their eage at re:nedy of great efficacy in chronie night. In the morning it will be corpains and intammatory tumors. Four ered with small red spois, so small as ounces of the plant to one pint of boil. hardly to be seen, except by the aid ing water, are ibe proportions. When of a glass. These are the live, a