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RED. — In a quart of boiling water this, as in every other pursuit, there dissolve a teaspoonful of cream of tar- are novelties and improvements being tar; put in one tablespoonful of pre- introduced, which no book can give an pared cochinenl, and then a few drops idea of. of muriate of tin. This dye is expen- THE PETALS, LEAVES, etc., of sive, and scarlet flowers are best made flowers, are made of sheets of colored with the plumage of the red ibis, wax, which may be purchased in packwhich can generally be had of a bird- ets of assorted colors. fancier or bird-stuffer, who will give THE STEMS are made of wire of directions how it should be applied. suitable thickness, covered with silk,
LILAC. -- About two teaspoonfuls of and overlaid with wax; and the leaves cudbear into about a quart of boiling are frequently made by thin sheets of water; let it simmer a few minutes be- wax pressed upon leaves of embossed fore you put in the feathers. A small calico. Leaves of various descriptions quantity of cream of tartar turns the are to be obtained of the persons who color from lilac to amethyst.
sell the materials for wax flower BLACK; CRIMSON. — Read the gen- making. eral instructions upon Dyeing.
LADIES WILL OFTEN FIND, among BEFORE THE FEATHERS ARE DYED their discarded artificial flowers, leaves they must be put into hot water, and and buds that will serve as the base of allowed to drain before they are put their wax models. into the dyes. After they are taken The Best Guide to the construction out of the dye, rinse them two or three of a flower - far better than printed times in clear cold water (except the diagrams or patterns --- is to take a red, which must only be done once), Aower, say a tulip, a rose, or a camellia. then lay them on a tray, over which a If possible, procure two flowers, nearly cloth has been spread, before a good alike, and carefully picking one of fire; when they begin to dry and un- them to pieces, lay the petals down fold, draw each feather gently between in the order in which they are taken your thumb and finger, until it re- from the flower, and then cut paper gains its proper shape.
patterns from them, and number them THE LEAVES OF THE FLOWERS are from the centre of the flower, that you made of green feathers, cut like those may know their relative position. of the natural flower, and serrated at THE PERFECT Flower will guide the edge with a very small pair of scis- you in getting the wax petals together, sors. For the calyx of a moss-rose and will enable you to give, not only the down is left on the feather, and is to each petal, but to the contour of the a very good representation of the moss flower, the characteristics which are on the natural flower.
natural to it. In most cases, they are Waxen Flowers and Fruit. -merely pressed together and held in There is no art more easily acquired, their places by the adhesiveness of the nor more encouraging in its immediate wax. From the paper patterns the results, than that of modelling flowers wax petals or other portions of the and fruit in wax. The art, however, flowers may be cut. They should be is attended by this drawback - that cut singly, and the scissors should be the materials required are somewhat | frequently dipped into water, to preexpensive.
vent the wax adhering to the blades. THE MATERIALS REQUIRED for THE SCRAPS OF WAX that fall from commencing the making of waxen the cutting will be found useful for flowers may be obtained at most fancy making seed-vessels, and other parts repositories in large towns. Persons of the flowers. wishing to commence the art would do LEAVES OF FLOWERS. Where the well to inquire the particulars, and see manufactured foundations cannot be specimens of materials; because in obtained, patterns of them should be ent in paper, and the venous appear: MASIN about three-quarters full of Ance may be imparted to the war by damp aand (the finer the better), lay pressing the lent upon it.
the cug lengthwaya in the sand, so that IN THE GUNATHURTION OF Horide, half of it is above and halt below the it is most important to be guided buy level of the sand, which should be per: sprigs of the natural plant, Hg various tectly smooth around it. Then propiere kinds of plants have many different the plaster in another basin, which Characteristics in the grouping of their should be half full of water. Aprinkle Howers, leaves, and branches
the plaster in quickly till it comes to TARD A FLOWHU AND (opt it, ob: the top of the water, and then, haring serving eare in the selection of good stirred it for a moment with a spoon, sheets of war, and seeing that their pour the whole upon the egg in the colors are precisely those of the flower other basin. you desire to imitate,
Wong Tae HALF Moutp rmue For The Tinte, ArriPEA, AND MAD# is hardening thoroughly, careputs of variegated flowers, you will fully remove every particle of plaster Dve supplied with colors among the from the basin in which it was mixed. other materials, and the application and alon from the spoon which has been of them is precisely upon the principle used. This must be done by placing of water-color painting.
them both in water, and wiping them For The IMITATING of Faute in perfectly elean. This is highly imper: ***, very different rules are to lie ob- innt, since a small quantity of plaster served. The following directions may, which has set will destroy the quality however, be generally followed.--- The of a second mixing if it is incorporate material of which inoulde for waren therewitle: In about five ininutes the fruit should be composed is the best hall mould will be it to reinote, which plaster of l'aris, which can be bought may be done by turning the basin up from the Italian figure makers at about with the right hand taking care not to a penny a poud, in bags containing loose the pand), go that the mould alle fourteen pounds, or half-bags contain: into the left hand. The egg should ing seven grounds. Ir this cannot be then be gently allowed to fall back on procured, the cheaper plaster from the the sand out of the mould, in, however, oil shops may be substituted, if it can it adheres, lightly rerupe the plaster be obtained vuitp fresh. If, however, from the pilge of the mould, and then the plaster in laully, the results of the shake it out into the hollow of the hand, modelling will of course be more of C, however, the exact half of the meg les faulty also: It is the property of has been immersed in the sand, no suele plaster of l'aris to form a chemical dimeulty will arise i this shows how union with water, and to form a paste important is exactness in the first pagi. which rapidly " sete" or hardens into tion of the object from which a 90A substance of the density of firming is to be taken: The egg being chalk. The mould must therefore be removed and laid aside, the mould or made by an impression from the obcasting must be " trimmel," that is, jeet to be imitated, matle upon the the sand must be brushed from the dat plaster before it mele
eurface of the mould witli a nail bruel, The Ueh OF AN Aette faut in very slightly, without touching the ex. early experimente leads to a want of treme and sharp elges where the hollow Aceuracy in the first steps of the opera of the mould commences. Then upon tion, which cantepe very annoying dim- the broad eilge, from which the sand culties afterwardlei and therelore a has been brusle, malo four pui dissolid, inelastie body - an egg boiled tant bollows (with the round end of a hard-in recommended as the lirat obstable knife), like the deep impresion jeet to be imitated.
of a thimble's endTheep are to guide HAVING 1114D A SMALL, I'UDDING herealer in the fixing of the second half of the mould. The egg should be discolored. As to the quantity of now be replaced in the casting, and the wax to be melted, the following is a edge of the cast, with the holes, thor general rule: If a lump the nice of oughly lubricated with swoot oil laid the objeot to be imitated, be placed in on with a feather, or what is better, a the saucepan, it should be suttiolent large camel-hair brush.
for casting twice, at least. Thirdly, INTO THE SMALL PUDDING BASIN, As soon as the wax ia melted thor from which the sand has boen emptied, oughly, place the nauorpan on the hob place, with the egg uppermost, the half of the grate, and, taking the parts of mould, which, I the operation has the mould from the hot water, remove beon managed properly, should fit close the moisture from their surtout by at the edges to the side of the venuel; pressing them gontly with a handker then prepare some more liquid plaster ohiot or soft cloth. It ia nonussary to as before, and pour it upon the exg and une what in oalled in some of the arta mould, and while it is hardening, round "A very light hand" in this operation, it with the spoon as with the tirst halt especially in drying moulds of truita
In Due TIME REMOVE THE WHOLE whose aspoot pornoase characteristio from the basin; the halves will be irregularition --- Huch as those on the found readily separable, and the egg orango, the lemon, or the vuoumber, being removed, the mould is ready to The mould must not bo wipot, but oast in, after it has been not aside for only predil If the water is not an hour or two, so as to completely bovu hot enough, or if the drying in harden. This is the simplest form of not performed quickly, the mould will mould, and all are made upon the be too cold, and the wax will congeal same principle.
too rapidly, and settle in ridges and 'Tua CASTING OF AN Eag is not streaki; on the other hand, in the wax merely interesting as the first step in has been too hot, it will adhere to the a series of lessons, but as supplying a mould, and refuse to come out entire, means of imitating poouliarly charm- Fourthly, llaving laid the two halves ing objects, which the natural histo- of the mould so that there can be no rian tries almost in vain to preserve, mintake in fitting the one in its exact We shall proceed, thon, with the place quickly on the other, pour from directions for the casting of an egg in the saucepan into one of the half the mould.
moulds nearly as much wax as will FOR THE FIRST EXPERIMENTS, All the hollow mailo by the model common yellow wax may be used as (egg), quiokly fit the other halt' on the the material, or the ends of half- top of it, aqueeze the two pieces tightly burnt wax candles. The materials of together in the hand, and still holdthe hard not tallow) composition ing them thus, turn them over in mould candles will also answer, every possible position, so that the
EVERY LARGE OBJEOT TO BE IMI- wax, which is slowly congealing in TATED in wax should be cast hollow; the internal hollow of the mould, and therefore, though the transparent may be of equal thiokuess in all parts lightness required in the imitation of Having continued this process at least fruits in pot requisite in an artificial two minutes, the hands (still holding ege, we shall cast the egg upon the and turning the mould) may be imHame principle as a piece of fruit. mersed in cold water to accelerate the Firstly. The two pieces of the plaster cooling process. The perfect congealof Paris mould must be soaked in hot ment of the wax may be known after water for ten minutes. Secondly, a little experience by the absence of The wax should in the meantime be the sound of fluid on making the vory slowly melted in a small tin mould. Fifthly. As soon as the mould saucepan, with a spout to it, care being is completely cooled, the halves may takou not to allow it to boil, or it will be separated carefully, the upper being lifted straight up from the under, and DIAPHANIE. - This is a beautiif the operation has been properly til, useful, and inexpensive art, easily managed, a waxen egg will be turned acquired, and producing imitations of out of the mould. Lastly. The egg the richest and rarest stained glass; will only require trimming, that is, re- and also of making blinds, screens, moving the ridge which marks the line skylights, Chinese lanterns, eto, in at which the halves of the mould every variety of color and design. joined, and polishing out the scratches IN DECORATING MÀ HOCse, an or inequalities left by the knife with a American spends as much money as piece of soft rag, wet with spirits of he can conveniently spare; the ele. turpentine or spirits of wine. It is gances and refinements of modern always desirable to make several cast- taste demand something more than ings of the same object, as the moulds mere comfort; yet though his walls are apt to get chipped when laid by in are hung with pictures, his drawing a cupboard; and for this reason, as rooms filled with bijouterie, how is it well as for the sake of practice, we re- that the windows of his hall, his commend.our pupils to make at least library, his staircase, are neglected ? a dozen waxen eggs before they pro- The reason is obvious. The magnificeed to any other object. If they suc- cent historical old stained glass might ceed in this completely, they may rest be envied, but could not be brought assured that every difliculty which is within the compass of ordinary means, likely to meet them in any future oper Recent improvements in printing in ations will be easily overcome,
colors led the way to this beautiful in. To COLOR THE WAX, While the vention, by which economy is comwax is yet on the hob, and in a fluid bined with the most perfect results. A state, stir into it a little flake white, in peculiar kind of paper is rendered per. powder, and continue to stir the mix- fectly transparent, upon which designs ture while it is being poured into the are printed in glass colors (vitre de half mould. It will be found that un- couleurs), which will not change with less the fixing and shaking of the the light. The paper is applied to the moulds is managed quickly, the color glass with a clear white varnish, and ing matter will settle on the side of when dry, a preparation is finally apthe half into which the mixture is plied, which increnges the transpa. poured; a little care in manipulation rency, and adds tenfold brilliancy' to is therefore again requisite. The color- the effect, ing of the wax is a matter which comes THERE IS ANOTHER DESIGN, printed easily enough by experiment. Oranges, in imitation of the half-light (abatlemons, large gooseberries, small our jour); this is used principally for a cumbers, etc., eto,, are excellent ob-ground, covering the whole surface of jects for practice,
the glass, within which the necessary To Propuer A Good IMITATION spaces having been previously cut out OF THE BURFAOL. - It will be noted before it is stuck on the glass) are by the close observer that the shell of placed medallion centres of Watteau the common hen's egg has a number ligures, perfectly transparent, which of minute holes, which destroy the derive increased brilliancy from the perfect smoothness of its appearance, semi-transparency of the surrounding This peculiarity is imitated in the fol ground. This is by far the cheap lowing simple manner :-- In the first est method, though involving extra needle the surface of your waxen egg, place, very slightly prick with a fine trouble,
To ASCERTAIN THE QUANTITY of deand then, having smeared it with signs required, measure your glass care. spirits of turpentine, rub the surface tully, and then calculate how many all over, so as nearly to obliterate the wheets it will take. The sheets are marks of the needle point.-
arranged so that they can be joined
together continuously, or cut to any | FULLY FOLLOWED, your glass will bize or shape.
never be affected by time or any variaPRACTICAL INSTRUCTIONS.—Choose tions in the weather; it will defy bail, a fine day for the operation, as the rain, frost, and dust, and can be wasbed glass should be perfectly dry, and un- the same as ordinary stained glass, to affected by the humidity of the atmos- wbich, in some respects, it is even phere. Of course, if you have a choice, superior. it is more convenient to work on your IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO ENUMERATE glass before it is fixed in the frame. If the variety of articles to the manufacyou are working on a piece of unat- ture of which diaphanie may be suctached glass, lay it on a flat table (a cessfully applied, as it is not confined marble slab is preferable), over which to glass, but can be done on silk, parchyou must previously lay a piece of ment, paper, linen, etc., after they have baize or cloth to keep the glass steady been made transparent, which may be The glass being thus fixed, clean and accomplished in the following manner: polish the side on which you intend to STRETCH YOUR PAPER, or wbatever operate (in windows this is the inner it may be, on a frame or drawing board, side), then with your brush lay on it then apply two successive coats (a day very equably a good coat of the pre- between each) of diaphanous liquor, pared varnish ; let this dry for an hour, and after leaving it to dry for several more or less, according to the dryness days, cover it with a thin layer of very of the atmosphere and the thickness clear size, and when dry it will be in a of the coat of varnish; meantime cut fit state to receive the coat of varnish and trim your designs carefully to fit and the designs. the glass (if it is one entire transparent SILK, LINEN, OR OTHER STUFFS sheet you will find little trouble); then should be more carefully stretched, and lay them on a piece of paper, face receive a thicker coat of size than paper downwards, and damp the back of or parchment; the latter may be them with a sponge, applied several strained on a drawing or any other times, to equalize the moisture. In smooth board, by damping the sheet, this operation arrange your time so and after pasting the edges, stretching that your designs may now be finally it down while damp (silk, linen, and left to dry for fifteen minutes before ap- other stuffs require to be carefully plication to the glass, the varnish on stretched on a knitting or other suitwhich has now become tacky or sticky, able frame). Take great care to allow, and in a proper state to receive them. whatever you use, time to dry before apApply the printed side next to the plying the liqueur diaphanie. glass without pressure; endeavor to let ALL KINDS OF SCREENB, lamp your sheet fall perfectly level and shades, and glasses, lanterns, etc., etc., smooth on your glass, so that you may may be made in this way, as heat will avoid leaving creases, which would be produce no effect upon them. The fatal. Take now your palette, lay it transparent pictures are successful, beflat on the design, and press out all the cause they may be hung on a window air-bubbles, commencing in the centre, frame or removed at will, and the winand working them out at the sides; an dow blinds are far superior to anything ivory stick will be found useful in re of that kind that have yet been seen. moving creases ; you now leave this to INSTEAD OF STEEPING THE DESIGNS dry, and after twenty-four hours apply in the transparent liquor at the time of a slight coat of the liqueur diaphanie, printing them, which was previously leaving it another day, when, if dry, done in order to show their transparency apply a second coat of the same kind, to the purchaser, but which was practiwhich must be left several days: finally, cally objectionable, as the paper in that apply a coat of varnish over all. state was brittle, and devoid of pliancy,
IF THESE DIRECTIONS ARE CARE- necessitating also the use of a peculiarly