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XXX

PAGE

PAGE

Cattle, entries of Thoroughbred, 1863 ... 38 Curl and blister of Peach leaves...... 460

awards on

40 Cereals, memoranda on

480

entries of Work Oxen and Steers. 40

40 Drain-Tile Machine......

76

awards on

entries of Fat Cattle and MilchCows 41 Draining, philosophy of.

" .. 41 Deep Plowing, hints on

xxxiii

awards on

statements of Exbibiters of Cattle. 41 Depth for covering Wheat..

xxxix

entries in Sweepstakes Cattle..... 42 Dickinson, W., letter on Breeding Horses. 167

awards on

43

Feed Cutter, Buckeye......

63

Cider and Wine Mill with Press, combined 65

Fence, Portable Brace...

65

78

Corn Sbeller, Higby's

Flour and Grain, awards on .....

92

Corn Separator,

67

Statement of Dutton & Preece. 93

Cultivator, Briggs' improved

73

Flowers, Stove and Green House, Profes-

79

Churn, J. S. Colburn's...

sional, awards on....

103

80

Clothes Wringer, Putnam's...

Amateur, awards on.

104

Cider Mill and Press

85

Fine Arts, awards on..

111

Cabinet-ware, awards on.

Farm Crops, statements of........ 163

Chemicals, awards on.....

92

Feeding, Theory and Practice of, by Stone-

Cheese, awards on.

93

henge........

181

S. E. & H. N. Carter's statement.. 93

Bedding for Horses..

187

A. Bartlett's statement

94

Dressing or Grooming.

190

E. C. Cox's statement.

95

Food for Horses, analysis of ...

184

C. H. Dunbar & Son's statement. 95

187

Hammon Stevens' statement..... 95 French Merino Sheep in Ohio.... 228
John J. Eldridge's statement 96

Forshhammer on Minerals in Plants..... 422

H. F. Giddings' statement

97

Forage Plants, chemico pbysiological char-

Commended list of articles of 1863.

112

acteristics....

431

County Societies, abstracts of reports.... 131 Foot-Rot in Sheep.....

492

officers of .

165

Cattle, species of......

364

Goats, Cashmere, awards om.

59

definition of race, tribe, kind, &c.. 368

Report of Committee...

59

origin of races...

371

Grain Drill, Smith, Barnes & Co....... 72

methods of Breeding..

Grapes, awards on...

110

Breeding and Management, by T.

List of, exhibited by Geo. W. Camp-

C. Jones

388

bell...........

111

Breeding and Feeding, by Prof.

Gangee John, Microscopic Worms in Man 494

Brown..

403

Espense in Breeding ...

386 Horses, entries in Thoroughbred.... 43

in-and-in Breeding, and Thorough

awards in

43

Breeding.

378

entries in Roadsters...

44

Crossing

380

awards in

.44-46

Refreshing of Blood

385

entries in Horses for General Pur-

Pastures....

394

poses....

46

Thoroughbred

396

awards in Horses for General Pur-

Comstock's Rotary Spader.

xxi
poses.

47

Canada, agriculture in.......

xxviii

entries in Draft.

50

Chemistry and Physiology in agriculture. li awards

50

Crops in Prussia.....

Ixxv

entries in Matched Horses and

Cotswolds in Ohio...

247

Mares....

50

Chemico physiological characteristics of

awards in Matched Horses and

plants ....

431

Mares..

1

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Independent Societies....

162 Needle, Shell and Wax Work, awards on. 88

Native Fruits, Catalogue of...

108

Jacks and Mulas, awards on....

55

Jones, T. C., on Cattle Breeding and Man Obio State Fair, for 1863......

37

agement....

... 388 Oviatt's Improved Thresher and Separa-

tor....
Klippart, John H., Essay on Sheep....... 201 Opinions of the Press...

116

translation of Settegast 293 Officers of County Societies..

165

compilation of Origin

of Cattle........... 364 Proceedings of Board.....

1

translation of Geo. May Presidents of County Boards, names of... 11

on methods of breed Premiums on Cattle, discussion on...... 20

ing ......

375 Plowing, question about.......

33

Translation of Doctor Poultry, awards on.....

60

Grouven on Charac Pitchfork, Randell's Horse..

teristics of Plants... 431 Plows, awards on.....

85

Condition of Agricul Philosophical and Surgical Instruments,

ture in Ohio....... xvii awards on.

92

Peaches, awards on.

106

Liebig, on the action of manures

lvii Pears, awards on...

106

Labor, wages of in Ohio...

.lxvii Plums, awards on..

106

Lustre Wool, Growth of.

201 Quinces, awards on......

100

Leicesters in Ohio,...

251 Pears, list of, by Ellwanger and Barry... 107

Lime, Chloride of.....

492 Plums,

Plants, Chemical and Physiological of va-

Members, election of.......

rious Forage Plants.....

431

Machinery, Engines, etc., awards on. 60 Philosophy of Draining....

First Division,

61 Plowing, hints on deep...

.xxxiii

Second Division, “

69 Plants, importance of hybridization....... xliii
Third Division,

74 Physiology and Chemistry in Agriculture li
Mills, Champion Nonpareil

75 | Physiologist, task of in Agriculture...... lix

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107

35

XXX

PAGE

PAGE

President's Address......

vii Sheep, Essay on Varieties and Culture of

Potatoes, H. V. Bronson's statement of... 163 in Obio-J. H. Klippart...

201

Geo. Manchester's

164 Sheep, Growth of Lustre Wool........ 201

Precocity of Development in Cattle...... 403 French Merinos and their grades.. 228

Development under natural

French Merinos, description and

circumstances........... 405

statements of

231

Development under artificial

Saxons and their grades.... 233

circumstances........... 407 Saxons, description and statements

Development under domesti-

of

236

cation....

... 409

Silesians

239

particular results of the forc-

South Downs....

240

ing system.

415

South Downs, description and state-

Plants, what they feed on.....

422

ments of

242

" Forage, chemico physiological char-

Cotswolds

24-

acteristics of....

431 Cotswolds, description and state-

Pear, Apple and Quince Blight........ 450

ments of ..

249

Pork, diseased.....

494

Leicesters

250

Sheep Husbandry in Ohio....

253

Randall, H. S., Address of.

340 Negretti Breeding of, by W. Sette-

Raspberries, awards on....

111

gast..

293

Rotary Spades, Comstocks.

xxi Spader, Comstock’s Rotary

xxi

River Counties, statistics of..

cxxiii

Statistics of Crops in Ohio for 1863

ci

Report of Treasurer.

ix

act in relation to...

cii

Races of Cattle, origin of..

371

Scioto valley, statistics of....

.cviii

artificial. .... 373 Stonehenge, Essay on Feeding Horses ... 181

Settegast, W., on Negretti Sheep....... 293
State Board, proceedings of

Salisbury, J. H. and C. B., on Microscopic

1

researches.

450

State Agricultural Fund..

19

on Peach leaf curl ard blister, 460

State Board, members of.

23

Soil we cultivate..

484

Societies, District and County.

23

deep stirring of...

485

District .....

28

exhaustion of

488

State Fair Grounds, location of.

29

Sheep, awards on Merinos, Fair of 1863.. 56

Tobacco Question.....

24 and 28

“ Silesiang....

56

Tools and Household Implem'ts, awards on 79
Report of Committee.

56
Turnip crop in Canada

xxvii

awards on Leicesters..

56

Treasurer's Report....

ix

Report of Committee.

56
Trichinea.

494
awards on Cotswolds.

57
South Down and Fat Vehicles, awards on..

85
Sheep

57 Vegetables, Roots, &c., awards on 102

Swine, Large Brecds, awards on

59

Small Breeds, awards on.. 59 Wheat Drill....

81

Sweepstakes on Swine

60 | Wood Saw.

84

Seed Separator and Cleaner.......
66 Worked Metals, awards on..

90
Sewing and Knitting Machines, awards on 86 Wooden Ware, awards on,

91
Sewing Machines, Wheeler & Wilson's... 87 | Wool, growth of Lustre

201
Silk and Fabrics of Silk, awards on 88 What Plants feed on, and Minerals in the
Stoves, Castings, &c., awards on
90 asbes of Plants.

422
Saddlers’and Shoemakers' Ware, awards on 91 Wheat, how deep to sow.....

xxxxiii

.lxvii
Sugar Evaporators and Mills, awards on.. 100 Wages in Ohio.
Statement of Farm crops..
163 / Western Reserve

..CXVi

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To the General Assembly of the State of Ohio :

The Eighteenth Annual Report of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture is herewith respectfully submitted to your honorable body. The Report will be found to embrace, as the law directs, “the proceedings of the Board for the past year, and an abstract of the proceedings of the several County Agricultural Societies, as well as a general view of the condition of agriculture throughout the State," &c.

The active operations of the Board for the past year have been limited to making the necessary arrangements for holding the Annual State Fair, and to give encouragement, by means of premiums, to the better culture of some important field crops. The Annual Fair was held in the city of Cleveland, and was well attended, and doubtless contributed greatly to stimulate those present to attempt the better management of their farms, and higher styles of culture.

The reports from County Societies give evidence that the agriculture of the State was not paralyzed by the withdrawal of laborers from the State for the defense of the country. The increased use of machinery, moved by animal, water, and steam power, in farming operations, has enabled farmers to accomplish the usual amount of labor with a diminished num. ber of hands. The County Fairs of this year have been better attended than those of last year, and have been held in a larger number of counties.

For a general statement of the condition of the agriculture of the State, you are respectfully referred to the report on this subject, made to the Board by its Corresponding Secretary.

An exhibit of the financial condition of the Board will be found in the Treasurer's report. It will be seen from this that a larger balance now stands to the credit of the Board than at any previous period of its his. tory.

The Board would again respectfully but earnestly recommend the aoceptance, on the part of the State of Ohio, of the grant of land made by Congress for the establishment and support of agricultural schools. There

cannot be a question among the well informed of the utility of such institutions, neither can there be much doubt of the great necessity of such an institution in Ohio at the present time. Nearly every other Northern State has already accepted the Congressional grant on the conditions specified, and has thus obtained an advantage over Ohio of earlier and better selections from the public domain.

The Board would also again urge the propriety of an annual appropriation of $3,000 to defray the expenses of this Board, and for the promotion of its objects, in lieu of the present agricultural fund derived from escheats of lands and show licenses. The revenue of the Board derived from these sources has been so irregular and uncertain as seriously to embarrass the operations of the Board, and to prevent any systematic course of investigations and experiments, which would otherwise have been undertaken. It is with regret on the part of the Board that its operations have been thus limited by the want of funds. Agricultural surveys, original investigations and experiments, the pnblication of a quarterly journal, with other kindred labors, would have been cheerfully undertaken, if the sum placed annually at the disposal of the Board would have justified the expenditure.

Trusting that the General Assembly will be able to devise measures adapted to promote not only the interests of agriculture, but all the best interests of the State, I am your obedient servant,

N. S. TOWNSHEND,

President of the Board. Ayon, Dec. 31st, 1863.

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