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This compilation was prepared under the direction of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, pursuant to the resolution of the Senate of January 18, 1909 (S. Res. 252, 60th Cong., 2d sess.), and contains treaties, conventions, international acts, important protocols and agreements by exchange of notes, whether in force or not, to which the United States has been a party from 1776 to and including the year 1909, together with other material pertaining to treaties, such as awards, a reference to every decision of the federal courts affecting treaties, a chronological list of treaties by countries, etc. Treaties and conventions that have become partially or completely abrogated, or suspended, are so indicated by a footnote at the beginning of such treaties and conventions. Those treaties or conventions, however, that from their nature have manifestly served the purpose for which they were concluded, such as those relating to claims, cession of territory, or which have expired by their own limitation, are not so indicated.
The conventions negotiated at the Second Conference of Peace held at The Hague during the year 1907, although not proclaimed until February 28, 1910, are included in the compilation, as the Senate had duly ratified them and the proclamations thereof by the President were waiting only the receipt from the Netherlands Government of the usual process of ratifications showing the states which deposited ratifications.
The United States was not a signatory party to the conventions concluded at the Central American Peace Conference, held at Washington in 1907, but as the conference met on the initiative of the Presidents of the United States of America and the United States of Mexico, and the treaties were concluded under the auspices of those two States, represented respectively in said conference by Mr. William I. Buchanan and Ambassador Don Enrique Creel, who were invited to be present at all the deliberations of the conference, the treaties referred to are included at the end of Volume II of this compilation.
The Department of State cooperated with the compiler in the preparation of this compilation, and the texts of all international arrangements to which the United States is a party, as well as all material data in reference to changes in, abrogations of, or adherences to the various instruments furnished by the Department of State, are included herein.
WILLIAM M. MALLOY. COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, United States Senate.
LIST OF PRESIDENTS.
March 4, 1789.... March 4, 1797.
March 4, 1829.
March 4, 1837. March 4, 1837... March 4, 1841. March 4, 1841. April 4, 1841. April 4, 1841.. March 4, 1845. March 4, 1845. March 4, 1849. March 4, 1849. July 9, 1850. July 9, 1850... March 4, 1853. March 4, 1853... March 4, 1857. March 4, 1857... March 4, 1861. March 4, 1861... April 15, 1865. April 15, 1865.
March 4, 1869. March 4, 1869. March 4, 1877. March 4, 1877. March 4, 1881. March 4, 1881. September 19, 1881, September 19, 1881... March 4, 1885. March 4, 1885..... March 4, 1889. March 4, 1889.... March 4, 1893. March 4, 1893.. March 4, 1897. March 4, 1897... September 14, 1901. September 14, 1901... March 4, 1909. March 4, 1909..
SECRETARIES OF STATE.
In the “Notes upon the foreign treaties of the United States, pared by Hon. J. C. Bancroft Davis, and republished in the vo of Treaties and Conventions concluded between the United S and other Powers, Senate Executive Document No. 47, Forty-ei Congress, second session, is given, in concise form, the history o conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States up to the tin the establishment of the Department of State. From these notes following statement has been gathered:
On the 29th of November, 1775, Congress appointed a “Commi of Secret Correspondence,” whose duty it would be to correspondi the friends of the colonies in other parts of the world. From the of the appointment of this committee until the autumn of 1781, management of the foreign affairs of the country was in the hand committees of Congress. Robert R. Livingston, of New York, then appointed “their Secretary of Foreign Affairs," and took oath of office on the 20th of October, 1781. Livingston resigned June, 1783, and Elias Boudinot, the President of Congress, ac officially as Secretary in the interim.
General Thomas Mifflin was chosen President of Congress on the of November, 1783, at the beginning of a new Congress, and as su succeeded to Boudinot as ad interim Secretary. John Jay was elect Secretary May 24, 1784, but did not qualify until December 21, 171 and he remained the Secretary of Foreign Affairs until the adopti of the Federal Constitution. On September 15, 1789, the Preside approved “An act to provide for the safe-keeping of the acts, record and seal of the United States, and for other purposes,” in the fir section of which it was provided “that the Executive Departme denominated the Department of Foreign Affairs shall hereafter bed nominated the Department of State, and the principal officer there shall be called the Secretary of State.” Jefferson was appointed Se retary of State September 26, 1789, but did not enter upon the dutie of his office until March 21, 1790. Jay, notwithstanding he had bee selected to be Chief Justice, continued to fill the office of Secretar until Jefferson entered upon its duties, although never commissione as such under the new government."
a "Compilation of treaties in force 1899."
The following list contains the names of the different Secretaries, the Presidents by whom appointed, and the dates of their respective commissions:
Secretaries of State.
September 26, 1789.
December 10, 1795.
May 13, 1800.
March 5, 1801.
March 5, 1817.
June 27, 1834.
March 3, 1841.
March 5, 1841.
May 9, 1843.
June 21, 1843.
Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia ...
George Washington Edmund Randolph, of Virginia .
.do Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania (Secretary ....do. of War).
eral), ad interim.
Thomas Jefferson Robert Smith, of Maryland.
James Madison.. James Monroe, of Virginia...
....do... Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania (Attorney-Gen- James Monroe..
eral), ad interim, John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts
...do .... Henry Clay, of Kentucky....
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson ..
do. Louis McLane, of Delaware
....do... John Forsyth, of Georgia
Martin Van Buren J. L. Martin, of North Carolina, chief clerk), ..do.....
ad interim. Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts....
(William H. Harrison
John Tyler ....
General), ad interim.
.do... James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania .
James K. Polk.
(Zachary Taylor.. John M. Clayton, of Delaware
War), ad interim.
Franklin Pierce Lewis Cass, of Michigan .
James Buchanan William Hunter, of Rbode Island (chiel clerk),
...do ad interim. Jeremiah S. Black, of Pennsylvania....
(Abraham Lincoln William H. Seward, of New York..
Andrew Johnson. Elihu B. Washburne, of Illinois..
Ulysses S. Grant Hamilton Fish, of New York,
...do... William M. Evarts, of New York,
Rutherford B. Hayes. James G. Blaine, of Maine....
(James A. Garfield
Nchester A. Arthur Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey
June 24, 1843.
February 29, 1844.
March 6, 1844.
March 7, 1849.