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Art. I.-- Hansard's Parliamentary Debates. (New Series), • 1

II. – 1. Esquisse Historique sur le Cardinal Mezzofanti.

Par A. Manavit. Paris : 1853.

2. On the extraordinary Powers of Cardinal Mezzofanti

as a Linguist. By Thomas Watts, Esq. [Proceed-

ings of the Philological Society. January 23. 1852.]

London : 1852.

3. Catalogo della Libreria dell'Eminentissimo Car-

dinal Giuseppe Mezzofanti. Compilato per ordine

di lingue, da Filippo Bonifazi, Librajo Romano.

Roma: 1851,


III.-1. The Cloister Life of the Emperor Charles the

Fifth. By Wiam' Stirling. drd edition. London:

1853. 8vo.

2. Charles-Quint. Chronique de sa Vie intérieure et

de sa Vie politique, de son Abdication, et de sa

Retraite dans le Cloître de Yuste. Par Amédée

Pichot. Paris : 1854. 8vo.

3. Charles-Quint. Son Abdication, son Séjour, et sa

Mort au Monastère de Yuste. Par M. Mignet.

Paris : 1854. 8vo.

4. Retraite et Mort de Charles-Quint au Monastère de

Yuste. Lettres inédites d'aprez les originaux con-

servés dans les Archives Royales de Samancas.

Par M. Gachard. Tome 1erBruxelles, Gand, et

Leipsig : 1854,


IV.- 1. Etudes sur la Littérature Française du Dix-

neuvième Siècle. Par A. Vinet. Paris : 1849.

2. Histoire de la Littérature Française du Dix-huitième

Siècle. Par A. Vinet. Paris : 1853,


V.-1. Gulielmi Caorsin Rhodiorum, Vicecancellarii ob-

sidionis Rhodiæ urbis descriptio. Ulm: 1496.

2. Relation du siège de Rhodes. Par Mary Dupuis.

3. History of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. By

Chevalier Taaffe. London : 1852, ·


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VI. – 1. Report of the Select Committee of the House of

Lords on Railways, together with the Minutes of

Evidence taken before the Committee. 1846.

2. Private Bills and Business of the House of Lords.

- Proposed Resolutions. — The Lord Brougham and

Vaux. 1846. Reprinted 1854.

3. Reports from the Select Committee of the House

of Commons on Private Bills; together with the

Minutes of Evidence, Appendix, and Index. 1846

and 1847,


[And other Works.]

VII.- 1. Mount Athos, Thessaly, and Epirus : a Diary of

a Journey from Constantinople to Corfu. By George

Ferguson Bowen, Esq., M.A., Fellow of Brazenose

College, Oxford. 1852.

2. Journals of a Landscape Painter in Albania, &c.

By Edward Lear. 1851.

3. Diary in Turkish and Greek Waters. By the

Right Hon. the Earl of Carlisle. London : 1854.

8vo., •


VIII. - 1. The History of the Early Puritans, from the Re-

formation to the Opening of the Civil War in 1640.

By J. B. Marsden, M.A. Second Edition.

2. The History of the Later Puritans, from the Open-

ing of the Civil War, in 1642, to the Ejection of the

Nonconforming Clergy in 1662. By J. B. Marsden,



IX.- 1. A Military Tour in European Turkey, the

Crimea, and on the Eastern Shores of the Black

Sea, with Strategical Observations on the probable

Scene of the Operations of the Allied Expedition-

ary Force. By Major-General Macintosh, K.H.,

F.R.G.S., F.G.S. Two vols., with Maps. London:


2. The Conduct of the War. A Speech delivered in

the House of Commons, Dec. 12th, by the Right

Hon. Sidney Herbert, M.P. London: 1854.

3. The Prospects and Conduct of the War. A Speech

delivered in the House of Commons on Dec. 12th,

1854, by Austin Henry Layard, Esq., M.P. for

Aylesbury. London : 1854.

4. A Month in the Camp before Sebastopol. By a

Non-Combatant. London: 1855,


Note to Article on Cardinal Mezzofanti,

. 291

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ART. I.-1. Uncle Tom's Cabin, or Life among the Lowly. By

Harriet Beecher Stowe. London : 1852.

2. A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin. By Harriet Beecher

Stowe. London : 1853.

3. Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands. By Mrs. Har-

riet Beecher Stowe. London : 1854.

4. Speech of the Honourable Charles Sumner on his

Motion to Repeal the Fugitive Slave Bill in the

Senate of the United States. Aug. 26. 1852.

Washington : 1852, .


II. – 1. Travels in Siberia. By S. S. Hill. 2 vols. 1854.

2. Revelations of Siberia. By a banished Lady.



III. – 1. Essai Historique et Philosophique sur les


d’Hommes, de Peuples, et de Lieux. Par Eusébe

Salverte. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris.

2. On the Names, Surnames, and Nicknames of the

Anglo-Saxons. By J. M. Kemble, Esq. 8vo.

London : 1846.

3. An Essay on Family Nomenclature. By Mark

Anthony Lower. 3rd edition, 2 vols. 8vo. London:


4. Die Personennamen insbesondere die Familienna-

men und ihre Entstehungsarten auch unter Berück-

sichtigung der Ortsnamen. Von August Friedrich

Pott, Professor der allgemeinen Sprachwissenschaft

an der Universität zu Halle. 1 vol. 8vo. pp. 721.

Leipzig, Brockhaus: 1853,


IV.- 1. Report on Criminal and Destitute Children.

Parl. Blue Book. 1852.

2. Report on Criminal and Destitute Children. Parl.

Blue Book. 1853.

3. Acts for the better Care and Reformation of Young

Offenders. Nos. 237. and 279. Ordered to be

printed, 1854.

4. Reformatory Schools. By Miss Carpenter. London:


5. Juvenile Delinquents. By Miss Carpenter. London:


[And other Works.]


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V.-1. L'Empire Chinois; faisant suite à l'ouvrage in-

titulé « Souvenirs d'un Voyage dans la Tartarie et le

Thibet.' Par M. Huc, Ancien Missionnaire Aposto-

lique en Chine. Deuxième Edition. Paris : 1854.

2. The Chinese Empire ; forming a Sequel to the

Work entitled Recollections of a Journey through

Tartary and Thibet.' By M. Huc, formerly Mis-

sionary Apostolic in China. In 2 vols. London:



VI.- 1. Corsica in its Picturesque, Social, and Historical

Aspects. The Record of a Tour in the Summer of

• 1852.' By Ferdinand Gregorovius. Translated

from the German by Russell Martineau. London:


2. Corsica. Von Ferdinand Gregorovius. 2 vols. 8vo.

Stuttgart and Tübingen : 1854.

3. Leben Paskal Paolis, Oberhauptes der Korsen.

Von Karl Ludwig Klose. 8vo. Brunswick : 1853, 442

VII. - The Chemistry of Common Life. By James F. W.

Johnston, M.D., F.R.S.L. & E., Reader in Chemistry

and Mineralogy in the University of Durham. 2

vols. post 8vo. Blackwood : 1855,


VIII. -1. Antiquités Russes, d'après les Monuments His-

toriques des Islandais et des Anciens Scandinaves.

Editées par la Société Royale des Antiquaires du

Nord. 2 vols. fol. Copenhagen : 1850.

2. The Travels of Macarius, Patriarch of Antioch.

Oriental Translation Fund.

3. Mémoires Secrets pour servir à l'histoire de la Cour

de Russie sous les règnes de Pierre-le-Grand et de

Catherine Iro. Rédigés et publiés pour la première

fois d'après les Manuscrits originaux du Sieur de

Villebois. Par M. Théophile Hallez. Paris : 1853.

4. Secret History of the Court and Government of

Russia under Alexander the First and the Emperor

Nicholas. By J. H. Schnitzler. Two vols. London:



IX. - Lord Brougham's Speech on Criminal Law Pro-

cedure. House of Lords, 23rd March, 1855, . 532

X.—The Military Forces and Institutions of Great

Britain and Ireland ; their Constitution, Adminis-

tration, and Government, Military and Civil. By

N. Byerley Thompson, Esq. London : 1855, 537

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Art. I. - Hansards Parliamentary Debates. (New Series.) The despotic Governments of Europe, as they now exist, are THE

not characterised, under ordinary circumstances, by measures of violence and injustice. The law is administered by regular tribunals; person and property receive an efficient protection; cruelties, such as those practised by the Roman emperors and oriental sovereigns, are rare and extraordinary exceptions. The Government, if it is provoked by some act of insubordination, may, at times, resort to severe measures, beyond the law; but in the common course of events, it does not proceed to extremities. The main characteristic of European despotisms at present is, that they suppress all manifestation of opinion adverse to their acts and policy — that they permit no unfavourable criticism of their proceedings, either by speech or by writing, either in parliamentary bodies, in public meetings, or through the press. If, in a despotic country, the people do not approve of the acts of their Government, they must simulate approbation, or at least they must suppress disapprobation—though they may be in fact discontented, they must appear to be contented; though there may be a difference of opinions, they must make it seem as if there was perfect unanimity. The Inquisition of the Church of Rome is now a comparatively inert and lenient tribunal; but the political inquisition of the despotic Governments has taken its place; and by its spies, its private information, its secret procedure, its torturing imprisonments, and its unhealthy banishments, it as



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