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$5,000,000To Provide for the Veterans of our Ministry


S we swing into the New Year that marks the three hundredth anniver

sary of the Landing of the Pilgrims, how does the Pilgrim Memorial

Fund stand ? The states that at this writing, December tenth, have gone over the top, are, Connecticut, Minnesota, New Jersey, Missouri, Montana, Oklahoma, Texas, West Virginia, Louisiana, Virginia and the colored churches of the South. Five others are so nearly across that it is safe to say that by January first, they may be added to the list also—Colorado, Iowa, Michigan, New York and Wisconsin. Massachusetts is pouring in the pledges, but her quota is so large that she may not reach it all before January first.

In many of these states mentioned above, as well as throughout New England, and in Ohio, Illinois and Pennsylvania, there will be conducted during January, a clean-up campaign, in which the finishing touches will be put on quotas not quite raised, and scattered churches, which for various reasons have had to wait, will be visited.

Kansas, Nebraska and South Dakota which were the first to contribute. to the Memorial Fund on the smaller plans that were originally laid out, will be ready early in 1920, to reopen their campaigns on the larger quotas now asked of them and to double the gifts they have already made.

Into some of the states the campaign has not yet been carried. "It will begin as soon after January first as they can be successively reached by the teams of solicitors. These will comprise the entire Southeast (with the exception of the colored churches which are raising their share in a combined and splendidly successful effort), the entire Pacific Slope from Idaho to Arizona, and the Territory of Hawaii.

With the exception of Hawaii, where the Pilgrim Memorial Fund may be merged in the celebration of the Centenary of Hawaiian Missions, to be held in 1920 also, it is hoped that February will see the completion of the great canvass in practically all the states.

How much has been secured! Three millions and a half have been checked up so far. By January first it will be over the four million mark and well on the way to the five million minimum desired. Let us have another month's time before we attempt to prophesy how much over the five millions the campaign will carry us. That we have the five million goal in plain sight is enough to make us joyful. What comes afterwards (and it is coming) will make a happy overflow.

It is interesting to note that the subscriptions tabulated to date show that eleven of our churches have made subscriptions totalling over fifty thousand dollars each, and one of these churches has turned in pledges totalling almost three times this amount. The members of one of our New England churches have established a memorial fund of one thousand dollars to each of the pastors in the history of its work. The fine spirit of our fellowship is evidenced daily in the reports from the various fields of our work. Church after church exceeds, doubles and even trebles, its quota and individuals make gifts which we know mean a real sacrifice. We feel very much encouraged and have every reason to hope for the entire success of this long needed provision for the old age and disability of the men who have given life long service to our churches.

-W.W. .



1 9 2 0 The A. M. A. wishes a Happy New Year to all to whom these greetings may come. To the churches affiliated with us and which have our watch and care; to our institutions and schools of whatever grade, and to the faithful teachers who are greatly helping to leaven the nation, we wish the happiness. which comes with the happenings, and we hope they may be large in their gifts. And we wish that which is far better, even the permanent joy which is not dependent upon external conditions. There is only one source for this, and it will stay whatever else may go. We wish you joy for the New Year.

It will interest our readers to acquaint themselves with the Executive Committee of the A. M. A.

John R. Rogers, Chairman.
Until 1921

Until 1923
Ferdinand Q. Blanchard, Ohio. J. Percival Huget, New York.
Daniel C. Turner, New York.

Edward P. Lyon, New York. Oscar E. Maurer, Connecticut.

Mrs. C. P. Phillips, New York. Philip S. Moxom, Massachusetts. John R. Rogers, New York. Willis D. Wood, New York.

Wilfrid A. Rowell, Illinois.

Until 1925
Lucien C. Warner, New York.
G. Glenn Atkins, Michigan.
J. R. Danforth, Connecticut.
James F. Mason, California.
Lewis B. Moore, Washington, D. C.

After six years of distinguished service as President of the American Missionary Association, the Rev. Henry L. King, LL.D. of Oberlin College, now moderator of the National Council, has resigned the position which he has so highly honored.

The Rev. Nehemiah Boynton, D.D., a former moderator of the National Council, was unanimously elected President of the Association to succeed him. Dr. Boynton is no new friend of the Association, having given ten good years into service as a former member of the Executive Committee.

The Association greets and welcomes Dr. Boynton as its President.

The Association welcomes to Charimanship of the Executive Committee, Mr. John Rogers, who has been for eleven years one of its most active and faithful members.

We make our acknowledgment of the unceasing devotion and the untiring service of Dr. L. C. Warner, who has laid the whole country under obligation for his wise and far seeing efforts in our Educational and Christian Missions.

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CHECKING UP The A. M. A. was born as a protest not only against slavery and slave holding in the South but also against the acquiescence of religious missionary societies in the North. But it was a Christian protest. It did not vituperate. It did not scold. It did not call the government a covenant with hell. The men who founded it were Christian men who worked on the principles of the Gospel. As earnest as they were sincere, their protest was constant, and while they kept the pressure of righteousness on without ceasing, their controversy never departed from the teaching and example of their Master and Teacher. This was their attitude and the condition, chiefly that of protest when the war came.

At once they found themselves a providential society duly organized to follow the armies with their schools, and when peace came they were already on the spot. It would have been contrary to human nature that these schools should not have encountered a certain amount of hostility. It was entirely natural that they should have been looked upon with a general suspicion. The defeated South after its most 'heroic struggle for its cherished institution did not know the spirit of the A. M. A. It could not be expected that these teachers from the North should be welcome. The South did not then believe that slaves ought to be free. It did not believe in Northern theories, that as a class the Negroes could be educated, or that they should be. It feared the result of our endeavor, and it was entirely honest in its fears.

A trifle more than half a century has passed. The pupils who began then in their early years are now parents of pupils who are pushed on through their own courses of education into life. They have almost without exception proved the contention of the A. M. A. in planting its schools in their good and honest lives. Many have led lives of great usefulness as teachers to others, and some have shown attainments that do not shrink from comparison with the educated of other races. The theories and practice of the A. M. A. have been fully justified in the acknowledged results.

The change which has been brought about in the condition of those who were heirs of slavery in their mode of life, in their homes, in their acquisitions and powers has been paralleled in the attitude of mind on the part of the white people who have lived where all this was going on, and have seen how groundless were their fears, and how mistaken were their ideas of the capacity of the Negro people as a class to take on whatever is best in modern civilization, both industrially and professionally. In the vicinity of our conmunities where they have seen the beginnings, the methods and the results, the Southern people are most cordial friends of the institutions which began with their distrust. Repeatedly, leading citizens of the localities in which our institutions are have acknowledged to the writer of this, that in the early years they looked upon our schools with prejudice more or less intense. They acknowledge they had little faith in the possibilities of the average Negro, though they realized that some were much beyond the average in their capacities.

They believed that we were entirely wrong in our estimates, and were attempting too much in going beyond an elementary education for an elemental people, but the Southern people are a generous people, and those who are themselves above the average are noble and frank to confess their change of mind and their readiness to accept what has been established. There is nothing more unjust in opinion than prejudice, and nothing harder to overcome, but among the superior people it has largely been overcome as far as our schools are concerned and where our institutions are located we re longer expect feelings or opinions that are otherwise than friendly. We are among friends. They cooperate and encourage, and we are glad that we have stayed on through evil report unto good report. It is a great satisfaction nov when all of our institutions have upon their Boards of Trustees well known and highly honored representative Southern people who are in hearty sympathy both with our purpose and our methods and who meet with us in conference with frank and free exchange of views. We come year by year to understand each other, and it 'heartens us to be understood.



AN APPRECIATION An address delivered by Principal S. G. Atkins, of the Slater Industrial and Normal School, well known and able Negro Educator before the National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools. OR some time I have noted an presidential address which might

apparent indifference about or touch upon matters that will be more

forgetfulness of the service of effectively discussed by others during those pioneer educational workers these sessions, I desire to give a brief who at the close of the Civil War appreciation of these benefactors of came on the field in the South even å race, who, as such, were notable pabefore the smoke of battle had cleared triots and friends of humanity. These away; a tendency to forget those were the men and women, most of Northern men and women who came them representative of the great misSouth with a marvelous self-denial sionary societies, that made the presand with a noteworthy spirit of con- ent days possible. these days of Nesecration, and often with a demonstra- gro leadership and Negro self-reliant tion of courage that was truly heroic. endeavor, these days which we now

Without any purpose to deliver a enjoy.

It is highly commendable that the ter controversialists. They kept the race should assert itself becomingly even tenor of their way; they indeed and should strike out for itself in stood for certain ideals and principles every direction which may signify

may signify and methods and educational policies, the evolution of race life; it is a but they did not disturb the educahigh compliment to these missionary tional equilibrium. friends that Negro workers and lead- They sometimes became interesting ers have been produced who have been -almost sharp-opponents, but alprepared to take up the work as these ways with a fraternal spirit and a coneducational missionaries, having structive purpose. Armstrong and fought a good fight, have retired from Rendall and Cravath had no quarrels. the field or gone to their great re- It is also an interesting fact that ward; and those of us who are the Joseph C. Price, the greatest Negro immediate heirs of this inheritance apostle of higher education, and should never “forget what they did Booker T. Washington, the greatest here'' nor ever underestimate the con- Negro apostle of industrialism, who tribution they have made to the re- were in a sense the immediate discidemption of our race.

ples of those who represented the two I desire that we may pause here as

great currents of educational opinion we recount our successes and take

in the eighties, were themselves good stock of the future-as we study the friends and co-laborers. These noble statistics, the striking statistics of

men and women were noted for their progress and of our great race ad

practical common sense. They were vance.

prudent in their relation to the difficult and critical environment in

which they moved and operated. It would be a labor of love to work

They demonstrated a fine type of up a complete roll and pay due trib- diplomacy, even when they were least ute to each and all of them. Some day

inclined to bow the knee to Baal. I may carry out this suggestion and I

As a part of this word of appreciashall greatly enjoy making an extend

tion I desire to say that we should ed exhibit of what they did and of

not forget those noble Southern white the results of their labors. What a splendid fruitage has been the result sistance and encouragement it would

men and women without whose asof their magnificent work!

have been well-nigh impossible for This fruitage looms large and be. these men and women from the North comes of priceless vaue as we check to have remained in this field. Men up on the work of Negro men and of the Haygood and Curry and Dilwomen who have succeeded to the lard type, who had broad minds anil management of great schoos, who

who warm hearts, who had the standing have become the leaders of great ec- that made their friendly voices powclesiastical organizations, who have erful for every good work undertakbecome the teachers, preachers, physi- en in our Southland, and who were big cians, lawyers, and business men and enough and Christian statesmen women of the millions of this enough to enter into diplomatic relathat are now registering a progress tions with these ambassadors from that is one of the marvels of the times. the court of brotherly love these

I wish to advert briefly to certain ambassadors whose credentials read as characteristics, of these pioneer edu- if they had been dictated and signed cational workers and missionaries. by the martyr President himself, Their motives were altruistic in the I desire to close this appreciation highest degree. They could indeed be with observations on what I consider written as those who loved the Lord io be their most noteworthy characfor verily they proved that they loved teristic. These Northern friends were their fellow-men. They were not bit- ever true to their major motive, the


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