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fon Iscander, who upon his arrival was crowned without any opposition. For several years after Iscander ascended the throne, the queen his mother, together with the Acab Saat, Tesfo Georgis, and Betwudet Andu, governed the kingdom despotically under ihe name of the young king. Accordingly, after some years sufferance, a conspiracy was formed, at the head of which were two men of great power, Abba Amdu and Abba Hasabo'; but the conspirators proving unsuccessful, Some of them were injprisoned, fome put to deatli, and others banished to unwholesome places, there to perish with hunger and fevers.

The king having proved fuccefsful in the war against Adel, in his return to Shoa, left his troops, which was the northern army, in the northern provinces, as he paffed ; so that lie came to Shoa with a very small retinue, hearing that Za Saluce, his prime minifter, and commander in chief, had gone to Amhara, ofriet place he was governor. This traicor, however, had left his creatures behind him, after instructing them what they were to do. . Accordingly, the second day after Iscander's arrival in Tegulat, the capital of Shoa, they fet upon bim, during the night, in a small house in Aylo Meidan, and murdered him while he was sleeping. They concealed his body for some days in a mill, but Taka Christos, and some others of the king's friends, took

up the corpse and exposed it to the people, who, with one accord, proclaimed Andreas, son of Iscander, king; and Za Saluce, and his adherents, traitors,

In the mean time, Za Saluce, far from finding the encour. agement be expected in Amhara, was, upon his first appearance, set upon by the nobility of that province ; and, being deserted by his troops, he was taken prisoner ; his eyes were put out, and, being mounted on an afs, he was carried amidst the curses of the people through the provinces of Amhara and Shoa. Jfc fider was succeeded by his son Andreas, or Amda Sion, an nfant, who reigned seven months only.

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FROM 1495 TO 1508.

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SOON after the unfortunate death of the young king Alexander, the people in general, wearied of minorities, unanimously chose Naod for their king. , He was Alexander's youngest brother, the difference of ages being but one year, though he was not by the fame mother, but by the king's fecond wife Calliope.

Naod was no fuoner seated on the throne than he published a very general and comprehenlive amnesty. By proclamation 'lie declared, " That any person who fhould upbraid another with being a party in the misfortunes of past times, or say that he had been privy to this or that conspiracy, or had been a favourite of the empress, or a partizan of Za Saluce, or had received bribes from the Moors, Should, without delay, be put to death.” This proclamation had the very best effect, as it quieted the mind of every guilty person when he faw the king, from whom he feared an inquiry, cutting offall possible means by which it could be procured against him.

Naod having, by his courage and prudence, freed himself from fear of a foreign war, set himself, like a wise prince, to the reforming of the abuses that prevailed every where among his people, and to the cultivation of the arts of peace,

He died a natural death, after having reigned 13 years.


FROM 1508 TO 1540.

DAVID was oitly elev en years old when he was placed upon the throne ; and, at his inauguration, took the nanie of Lebna Denghel, or the virgin's frankincense ; then that of Etana Denghel, or the myrrh of the virgiir; and after that, of Wanag Segued, which signifies reverenced, or feared, among the lions, with whom, towards the last of his reign, he resided, in wilds and mountains more than with men.

He died in the year 1540, after a reiger of complicated misfortunes.



FROM 1540 TO 1559. CLAUDIUS succeeded his father David II. being yet young, and found the empire in eircumstances that would have required an old and experienced prince. But, though young, he possessed thuse graceful and affable manners, which, at first sight, attached people of all forts to him. He had been tutored with great care by the empress Helena, was expert in all warlike exercises, and brave beyond his year's. Such is the character given this prince by the Abytinian writers; but Mr. Bruce is of opinion that he did not merit thefe encomiums,

Under this reign, Mr. Bruice relates some particulars of Nur, governor of Zeyla, and general of the Moors, which, iu spite of the narrow limits to which we are contined, we cannot avoid transcribing. He was deeply in love with a widow lady, Del Wumbares, from whom he had marks of gratitude to expect, as he had affifted her in making her ercape into Atbara that day her husband was flain.

But this heroine had constantly refused to listen to any proposals ; nay, had vowed she never would give her hand in marriage to any man, till he fhould first bring her the head of Claudius, who had llain her husband. Nur willingly accepted the condition, which gave him few rivals.

Claudius, who had hitherto been victorious, had marched towards Adel, when he received a message from Nur, that, there still remained a governor of Zeyla, whose family was chosen as a particular instrument for shedding the blood of the Abyssinian princes ; and desired him, therefore, to be prepared, for he was fpeedily to set out to come to him. Claudius had been employed in various journies through different parts of his kingdoni, repairing the churches which the Moors had burnt'; and he was then rebuilding that of Debra Werk when this meffage of Nur was brought to him. This prince was of a temper never to avoid a challenge; and if he did not march against Nur immediately, he staid no longer than to complete his army as far as pollible. He then began his march for Adel, very much, as it is said, against the ad. vice of his friends,


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This advice was fingular, as he was at that time victorious. But many prophecies were current in the camp, that the king was to be unfortunate this canipaign, and in which he was to lose his life. These unfortunate rumours tended much to discourage the army, at the same time that they seemed to have a contrary effect on the king, and to confirm him in his resolution to fight.

Both armies were drawn up and ready to engage, when the chief priest of Debra Libanos came to the king to tell him a dream, or vision, which warned him not to fight , but the Moors were then advancing, and the king on horseback made no reply, but marched briskly forward to the enemy. The cowardly Abyssinians, upon the first fire, fled, leaving the king engaged in the middle of the Moorish army, with twenty horse and eighteen Portuguese musqueteers, who were all lain around his perfon ; and he himself fell, after fighting Djanfully, and receiving twenty wounds. His head was cut off, and by Nur delivered to Del Wumbarea, who directed it to be tied by the hair to the branch of a tree before her door, that she might keep it constantly in sight. Here it remained three years, till it was purchased from her by an Armenian merchant, her first grief, having, it is probable, subsided upon the acquisition of a new husband. The merchant carried the head to Antioch, and buried it there in the sepulchre of a faint of the same name.

In this manner died king Claudius, in the 19th year of his reign, who, by his virtues and capacity, might hold a fire place among any series of kings we have known, victorious in every action he fought, except in that one only in which he died. A great slaughter, was made after this among the routed, and many of the first nobility were slain in endeavouring to escape ; among the rest, the dreamer from Debra Lebanos, his vision, by which he knew the king's death, not having extended so far as to reveal his own. The Abffinians immediately transferred the name of this prioce ipto their catalogue of saints, and he is called St. Claudius in that country to this day.


This battle was fought on the 22d March 1559; and the


victory gained by Nur was a complete one. The king and most of his principal officers were Nain ; great part of the army taken prisoners, the rest dispersed, and the camp plun. dered ; lo that no Moorish general had ever returned with the glory that he did. But afterwards, in his behaviour, he exhibited a spectacle more memorable, and that did him more honour than the victory itself; for, when he drew near. to Adel, he clothed himself in poor attire, like a conmon foldier, and bare-headed, mounted on an ordinary mule, with an old faddle and tattered accoutrenienis; he forbade the songs and praise with which it is usual to meet conquerors in that country, when returning with victory from the field, He declined alfo all share in the success of that day, declaring that the whole of it was due to God alone, to whose mercy and immediate interposition he owed the deliruction of the Chrilto

ian army..


FROM 1559 TO 1563. MENAS succeeded his brother Claudius, and found his kingdom in almost as great confusion as it had been left by his father David. As nothing occurs very remarkable in his reign, we shall pass on to his successor,


FROM-1563. TO 1595. HE was only twelve years old when he came to the throne, and was crowned at Axum with all the ancient ceremonies, The beginning of his reign was marked by a mutiny of his foldiers, who, joining themselves to some Mahometans, plugin dered the town, and then disbanded.

1 Sertza. Dengliel, having proved victorious in all his wars, : determined to chastise the malcontents of a people called the Damots, when he was accosted by a priest, famous for his holiness and talent for divination, who advised him not to undertake that war ; but the king exprefled his contempt both of the advice and the adviser. The priest is fuid to have limited his advice ftill further, and to have only begged him



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