« PreviousContinue »
C.); gr. xv-xx of the tannate, followed in a few hours by Castor Oil (R.). Chloroform, a very efficient tæniasuge, gj in zj of mucilage, after 20 hours' fasting, followed one hour later by Zj of Castor Oil; this is an adult dose, 31 should never be exceeded (Wilde). Lime Water, as injection for thread worms (R.); Ziij-iv repeated, for ascarides (Wa.). Sodium Chloride, in 3ss doses on empty stomach, expels ascarides and prevents reproduction (Wa.). Quinine, as a tonic; also cold sponging, out-door exercise and judicious diet. Useful probably by preventing the production of the abundant mucus which favors the growth of worms (R.); especially useful for ascarides; also as injection for thread-worms and tænia (Wa.). Ignatia, for convulsive symptoms (P.). Kamala (Rottlera), excellent for tænia, requires no purge (P.); gr. cl-clxxx for an adult (Wa.). Eucalyptus, as injection, for ascarides (B.). Aloes, are efficacious for ascarides (P.). Ailanthus, decoction of fresh bark, for tænia (B.). Tonics, as cod-liver oil and iron to restore intestinal canal to healthy condition (R.). Turpentine, as poison to tape and thread-worms (R.); also for tænia (Wa.). Scammony, for thread-worms in rectum (R.); with calomel, effective (Wa.). Tannin, as catechu, kino, red-gum, rhatany, hæmatoxylum, in injections to destroy thread-worms (R.). Alum, as solution for injection (R.). Ammonium Chloride, to prevent formation of thick mucus which serves as nidus for worms (R.). Valerian, especially when convulsions (R.). [Compare the List of Anthelmintics on page 419.)
Prescriptions. R. Chloroformi,
R. Granati Corticis, . . Zij. Ext. Filicis Maris, . 3j. Ft. infusum. Sig.-To be taken Emuls, Ol. Ricini (50 per before II A.M.-and followed after 2
cent.), . . . . ziij. hours byM. Sig.-One dose after 24 hours' fasting. Does just as well if Male R. O1. Ricini, . . . ziij. Fern be omitted.
Ol. Terebinth., .
Ext. Filicis Maris Æther., 3j.
M. ft. haustus. B. Ext. Spigeliæ Fl., · · Zj.
Fasting unnecessary. (Wilde.) Ext. Sennæ Fl., . M. Sig.-A teasp, to a child of a to 5 years.
Sodii Chloridi, . . . Ess. R. Ext. Spigeliæ et Sennæ Fl., Zj. M. Sig.-A fluid ounce in half a
Santonini, . . ; gr. viij. glass of water, with gtt. v of CarM. Sig.--A teasp. to a child of 5 bolic Acid, night and morning, for years.
(Smith.) | ascarides. Persevere. (Barkley.)
(Smith.) R. Magnesii Sulphat.,
Wounds. Arnica, very useful for external bruises and cuts, also for internal injuries; unites surfaces very rapidly after amputations. The infusion or decoction best (P.); very effectual (Wa.). Aconite, valuable in surgical fever (P.). Car. bolic Acid, solutions check suppuration, and correct setor (B.). The “antiseptic” treatment of wounds (Lister), especially surgical wounds. See Ag. vol. 1, page 187. Sulphurous Acid, in solution, diluted or not, constantly applied (R.); in solution or by fumigation, is regarded by some as superior in efficacy to carbolic acid, and less irritant (Wa.). Salicylic Acid, Thiersch prefers to Carbolic; may be applied pure in powder to gangrenous and slough. ing wounds (B.). Mercury, the bichloride, gr. vijss to quart j of hot water, stirred with a stick, makes a solution of i to 2000; the best of all antiseptics for washing a wound or cavity, and for saturating the dressings. See List of Antiseptics on page 432. Boracic Acid, also applicable as Carbolic Acid (B.). Balsam of Peru, excellent for closing recent wounds (P.). Benzoin, the basis of healing “balsams" (P.). Aloes, topically as a slight stimulant; often purges (R.). Gum Tragacanth, a thick aqueous solution to granulating sur. saces, to protect them from the air (Wa.). Opium, to quiet intestinal move. ments in wounds of the abdomen (R.); forwards the reparative processes (P.).
Tannin, or glycerin of tannin to coat over wounds (R.). Collodion or Liquor Gutta-percha, to secure primary union of incised wounds (B.); as protective covering (P.). Todoform, powdered and dusted over sloughing wounds, irritable and ill-conditioned ulcers, sores (B.). Todoform 1, Collodion 9 parts, painted on a superficial wound while edges are held together (Gross); may be painted over edges when stitched together : gives excellent results. Galvanic Couplet, to wounds of indolent form (B.). (See BEDSORES.] Nitric Acid, as escharotic for gangrene (B.). Turpentine, one of the most efficient applications in hospital gangrene (B.). Aloes, pulverized fine, as a dressing for wounds, favoring cicatrization and closing them, also relieving the pain at once; requires removal only at long intervals (Millet). Poultices, are often abused. Yeast or charcoal best for foul wounds (B.). Alcohol, an excellent antiseptic dressing when suppurating; also favors cicatrization of open wounds (B.). Water, in universal use as dressing. Cold water often abused. Hot-water dressing as advocated by Hamilton, of New York, promises better results (B.).
Turkish Bath, for pain in the seat of old wounds (R.). Ice and Salt, applied to wound prevents inflammation (R.). [Compare HEMORRHAGE, INFLAMMATION, PYÆMIA, SURGICAL FEVER, GANGRENE, ULCERS.)
Prescriptions. R. Acidi Tannici, . . Zij. R. Collodii, . . . . . Zj.
Alcoholis Absolut., . . Zss. | Olei Ricini, . . . Zss.
theris, . . . . Zijss. Acidi Carbolici, . Collodii,
M. Sig. - Carbolized Collodion, M. Sig.–Styptic Colloid."
Yellow Fever. Treatment must all be done at the beginning, no time to be lost. Cold sponging early and frequently repeated. Calomel, Quinine and Salines at the start. Potassium Acetate for the kidneys. Morphine for gastric irritation, the feet to be in mustard water (Da Costa). Diaphoretics and Diuretics, also Laxatives, are very important throughout the disease (Da Costa). Mercury, a calomel purgative, gr. ss, 2 or 3 times on the first day, followed by a warmwater enema, is good treatment (B.); has many advocates, and many opponents (Wa.) ; should generally be abstained from (S.). Duboisine, gr. g'oy subcutaneously, the most efficient hypnotic and calmative (B.). Turpentine, when cardiac weakness, depression of vaso-motor system, dissolved state of the blood; mx-35s; small doses, with tinctura serri chloridi, in hemorrhagic form (B.). Quinine, has some strong evidence in its favor as an abortive agent, one large dose (gr. xxx--xl) with opium at outset (Wa.); is not a specific; may hasten recovery in mild cases (S.); gr. xx per rectum, to reduce temperature (B.). Liquor Calcis, with milk, has been found efficient for the vomiting (Wa.). Capsicum, to obviate the black vomit, is highly spoken of (Wa.). Chloroform, for the vomiting, a few drops to prepare the stomach for reception and retention of food; effects transitory, has to be repeated before each meal (Wa.); the Ammoniated Chloroform in zymotic pyrexia; its action is sedative, analgesic and antipyretic (Richardson). Carbolic Acid, by stomach and hypodermically, remarkably efficacious, even after the ominous “ coffeegrounds" vomit (Lecaille). Chlorodyne, is excellent for restlessness, insomnia, irritability of stomach (A.). Veratrum Viride, gtt. j-x hourly, according to age, till pulse and temperature subdued; successfully used in connection with mercury, etc. (White & Ford). Stimulants, only in typhus form (B.); in 3d stage must be bold, prompt and continued (Da C.). Diet, of the blandest description (A.); milk and lime-water, half and half, in small quantities, is the best aliment. In convalescence, the utmost care is necessary in giving aliments (B.). Rest is very important (Da C.). Iced Champagne, in tablespoonful doses every hour, for the vomiting (B.). Purgation, throughout the disease (Da C.). (Compare REMITTENT FEVER.)
Prescriptions. R. Potassii Carbonat., . gr. xx. R. Chloroformi, Tinct. Opii Camphorat., 3j. Tinct. Camphoræ, . . äi Zss.
. 3viij. M. Sig.-Two dropi as required M. 'Sig. - 3j every hour or two, as for the vomiting. a diaphoretic.
LIST OF LATIN WORDS, PHRASES, ETC., USED IN
WRITING PRESCRIPTIONS; WITH THEIR CON-
Word or Phrase.
Abd. Absente febre
Abs. feb. Accurate
Ad Ad duas vices Ad 2 vic. Ad secundum vicem Ad sec. vic. Ad tertiam vicem Ad 3 tiam vic. Adde
Add. Ad defectionem animi Ad def. an. Ad gratam aciditatem Ad grat. acid. Adhibendus
Adjac. Ad libitum
Ad lib. Admove
Admov. Adstante febre Adst. feb. Adversum
Adv. Aggrediente febre Aggr. feb. Agitato vase
Agit. vas. Aliquot
Alt. Alternis horis
Alt. hor. Aluta
Aluta Alvo adstricta Alv, adst.
The belly. Fever being absent, Accurately. To, or up to. At twice taking. To the second time. For the third time. Add. Let (them) be added. To be added. By adding. To fainting To an agreeable sourness. To be administered. Adjacent. At pleasure. Apply. Let (it) be applied. Let (them) be applied. The sever being on. Against. While the fever is coming on. The vial being shaken. Some. The other. Every other hour. Leather. The bowels being confined.
Word or Phrase.
The belly. Large. A large bottle. Or each. Water. Frozen water. Boiling water. Cominon water. Hot water. River water. Spring water.
Sea water. Snow water. Rain water.
Pertaining to water,
A. or ää Aqua
Aq. Aqua astricta
A4. astr. Aqua bulliens
Aq. bull. Aqua communis Aq. com. Aqua fervens
Ag. ferv. Aqua fluviatilis Aq. fluv. Aqua fontalis Aq. font. Aqua fontana or fontis Aq. font. Aqua marina | Aq. mar. Aqua nivialis
Aq. niv. Aqua pluvialis, or Aq. pluv.
Aut Balneum arenæ | B. A. Balneum mariæ, or B. M.
maris Balneum vaporosum, B. V.
or vaporis Balsamum
Calef. Calomelor Calo
leare, or Coch-
B. B. Bene
Take (thou). Let him take. A capsule. Cautiously. Paper, A small paper. Food. A spoonful, By spoonfuls (33).