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items were agreed to. The conference was resumed on the 6th, when some progress was made.
Both parties had reached a point where they appeared to be inflexible. The remaining points of controversy (known as the “ teamsters' ultimatum”) were to be considered by the master teamsters on the 9th. In the mean time, the newspapers reported that the employees were on the
verge of a strike, involving 15,000 men. The apprehension of the strike was certainly an incentive to action on the part of all concerned in averting it.
On the 7th Mr. Lincoln and the Board called upon Mayor Collins for the purpose of enlisting his influence.
On the 10th the master teamsters reported, through their committee, at a conference in the presence of the Board, that so many of the demands as had been agreed to in the previous conference were ratified by their association.
The controversy was now narrowed down to the rate of wages of teamsters, especially drivers of single-horse teams, and the rate of compensation for lumpers and laborers. At this stage of the discussion the scene of the conference was transferred to the mayor's office, on his invitation. The mayor suggested, as a remedy, leaving what remained of the controversy to the arbitration of the State Board. The drivers' committee said that they could not entertain the proposition, and that it would be useless to refer it back to their union; it had now come to an aeceptance of the schedule, or a strike. The masters' committee retired for deliberation, and again the conference was transferred to the rooms of the State Board. Here Mr. Lincoln renewed Mayor Collins' proposition to settle the difference remaining by a reference to the State Board, but the drivers' committee were firm in declining it. At 8.30 in the evening a settlement was reached which appeared to be satisfactory to all concerned, and the conference closed, with the understanding that both committees should appear the following day to sign an agreement. On the following day the committees appeared and signed the agreement, which is as follows:
OFFICE OF THE STATE BOARD OF CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION, Boston.
Memorandum of agreement made and entered into this tenth day of January, A.D. 1902, by and between the Team Drivers' International Union, Local 25, and the Master Teamsters of Boston.
ARTICLE 1.- Eleven hours in 12, from 6 A.M. to 6 P.M., shall constitute a working day. Said time shall commence from time of reporting at stable till time of dismissal at night. One hour, on or as near the usual hour, 12 to 1, as possible, be allowed for dinner.
ARTICLE 2. - All time over and above said time shall be paid for at the rate of 25 cents per hour, or fractional part thereof, except Sundays and legal holidays, which shall be paid for at the rate of double time. (It is understood that men shall care for horses on the mornings of Sundays and holidays and pile sleds on one holiday without extra pay, and that in no case shall the payment for a holiday be deducted. If a man is called upon to work on a holiday, he shall be paid 25 cents per hour additional.)
ARTICLE 3. - The holidays recognized in this agreement are as follows: Washington's Birthday, Patriots' Day, Memorial Day, July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas. Under no circumstances shall any member of the organization be required to work on Labor Day. The days herein named shall not be deducted from the regular weekly wages.
ARTICLE 4. All outside lumpers shall receive 40 cents per hour, and all time over and above said 11 hours shall be paid for at the rate of time and one-half, i.e., 60 cents, fractional parts of an hour to be paid for at the rate of one hour.
ARTICLE 5. - Regular lumpers shall receive not less than $14 per working week; laborers shall receive $12 a week.
A lumper is one who takes responsibility and directs operations; a laborer, one who has no responsibility, and only uses physical energy.
ARTICLE 6. - The minimum rates of wages per week for drivers shall be as follows:
$11 12 14 15 16 17
Fifty cents extra per day shall be paid for less than a working week.
A substitute shall receive the same pay as the man whose place he fills.
ARTICLE 7. – In hiring teamsters in the future, members of the Team Drivers' International Union shall be given the preference when of equal capacity and skill.
ARTICLE 8. — A strike shall not be considered except as herein named.
A strike ordered by the Allied Transportation Council or the Team Drivers’ International Union shall not be an annulment of this agreement or a violation of the contract. Should a strike be ordered by the Allied Transportation Council or the Team Drivers' International Union, as above, and a settlement and termination not to be agreed to by both parties, the question shall be submitted to the State Board of Conciliation and Arbitration, with both committees for conciliation and arbitration.
This agreement shall take effect January 10, 1902, and continue in force until one year from January 10, 1902. Wages under it shall begin January 13, 1902.
TEAM DRIVERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, LOCAL 25,
By WILLIAM HARTNETT, President.
J. A. MURRAY, Business Agent.
MASTER TEAMSTERS OF BOSTON,
By JAMES L. BOWLBY, Chairman.
R. S. BRINE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY - BOSTON.
On January 21, 1902, a committee consisting of the president of the Allied Freight Transportation Trades Council, the president of Team Drivers' Local Union, No. 25, and five others, called on the Board, and stated that a controversy existed with the R. S. Brine Transportation Company (incorporated) and other master teamsters, concerning the acceptance of the terms agreed to by employers and drivers on January 10; and they requested that the Board put itself in communication with the master teamsters in question, or at least with the corporation, for the purpose of bringing about an adjustment of the dispute. The employees, they said, demanded the union schedule, which, on being refused, resulted on January 20 in a strike of 500 team drivers.
On receiving this notice the Board endeavored to secure. a conference of parties in the presence of the Board, and to that end sought an interview with one of the company; but the employer declined. The employers who had settled on January 10 sent a committee to the rooms of the Board, and the president of the Chamber of Commerce called by invitation. The master teamsters explained to the State Board, to Mr. Lincoln and the strikers' committee the action that was taken by the employers at their meetings. They expressed surprise at the attitude assumed by the Brine Company, and declared that, as a member of this concern had attended the meetings, it should abide by the decision of the meeting. The thing dreaded most at this point was a sympathetic strike of freight handlers. Members of the team drivers' committee stated that, unless some progress towards a settlement was speedily made, the difficulty might pass beyond control. The committee was urged to withhold the strike at least until all parties had exhausted every peaceable means of effecting a settlement. The master teamsters made public the following statement:
We deem it proper to make the following statement, with a view to assisting the public in placing the responsibility where it belongs :
There was a meeting at the Hotel Essex, January 8, 1902, to which all the master teamsters of Boston had been invited. The R. S. Brine Transportation Company, responding to the invitation, was present throughout the session. By a unanimous vote a committee was appointed and given full power to negotiate a settlement in the presence of the Board of Conciliation. The committee conferred with a like committee of employees on January 10 at the State House, and in the presence of the Board made the best settlement that could be made under the circumstances. Messrs. Brine & Co. were and are still bound in honor by the agreement made by their committee, and their attitude at this time is singular.
For the committee,
JOHN H. SMITH.
Further meetings were had at the rooms of the Board, but, since the employer did not appear in person or by representative, nothing was accomplished in the way of a settlement.
On January 27 a temporary injunction was issued by the Superior Court, restraining the Teamsters' Union from interfering with the business of R. S. Brine Company. There had been disorder in the streets, the police had been invoked, and the business of the R. S. Brine Company had been almost brought to a standstill, and was performed