The Manufacture of Synthetic Phenol from Benzol by Sulphonation: Synthetic Phenol (carbolic Acid), Its Uses, the Raw Materials, and the Necessary Apparatus and Equipment for Its Production on a Commercial Basis
1916 - 85 pages
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The Manufacture of Synthetic Phenol from Benzol by Sulphonation: Synthetic ...
George H. Stevens
No preview available - 2016
agitator Alcohol amount apparatus Benzol Bismuth building built Calcium capacity Carbolic Acid CAST IRON Caustic Soda cent centimetre chamber charge Chem chemical Chemistry chloride closed top concentrated cost cover crystals Cubic Inches cubic metre deep designed detail diam distilled drawings Engineer English entire feet filter Fluid Formula fusing gallon gives grains grams Gravity handle heating inches installation jacketed kettle lead LINE liquid litres manufacture materials MEASURES Metal methods metre metric mile months names necessary nitrate obtained operation ounce oxide pints pipe plans pounds practical present presses pressure probably produce profits reactions separation sheet steel Sodium Sodium salt solubility solution square steam sulphate sulphonation Sulphuric Acid Synthetic Phenol plant syphon discharge tables tank tons United usually VALVE various weight yard
Page 60 - Rhodium . . Rubidium Ruthenium Samarium . . Scandium . . Selenium . . Silicon Silver Sodium Strontium . . Sulphur . . Tantalum . . Tellurium . . Terbium . . Thallium . . Thorium . . Thulium . . Tin.. Titanium . . Tungsten . . Uranium . . Vanadium . . Xenon Ytterbium Yttrium . . Zinc Zirconium . . Mo Nd Ne Ni N Os O Pd P Pt K Pr Ra Rn Re Rh Rb Ru Sm Sc Se Si Ag Na Sr...
Page 76 - ... as establishing in- terms of the weights and measures now in use in the United States: the equivalents of the weights and measures expressed therein in terms of the metric system...
Page 60 - Antimony Argon . . . Arsenic . . Barium . . Bismuth . . Boron . . . Bromine . . Cadmium Caesium . . Calcium . . Carbon . . Cerium . . Chlorine . . Chromium Cobalt . . Columbium . Copper . . Dysprosium . Erbium...
Page 76 - That the tables in the schedule hereto annexed shall be recognized, in the construction of contracts, and in all legal proceedings, as establishing in the terms of the weights and measures now in use in the United States, the equivalents of weights and measures expressed therein in terms of the metric system...
Page 76 - Greek, and deoi, centi, mili, from the Latin, are used in preference to our plain English, 10, 100, etc., it is best to employ capital letters for the multiples and small letters for the subdivisions, to avoid ambiguities in abbreviations: 1 dekametre or 10 metres = 1 Dm.; 1 decimetre or 1-10 of a metre = 1 dm.
Page 76 - METRE, unit of length, is nearly the ten-millionth part of a quadrant of a meridian, of the distance between Equator and Pole. The International Standard Metre is, practically, nothing else but a length defined by the distance between two lines on a platinum-fridium bar at CK> Centigrade, deposited at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures, Paris, France.
Page 78 - ALMANAC by omitting such denominations as are not in practical, everyday use in the countries where the system is used exclusively. TABLES OF THE SYSTEM.
Page 79 - Measure. — 144 square inches = 1 square foot; 9 square feet = 1 square yard; 30J square yards = 1 square rod or perch; 40 square rods = 1 rood; 4 roods = 1 acre; 640 acres = 1 square mile; 36 square miles (60 miles square) = 1 township. Tune Measure. — 60 seconds = 1 minute; 60 minutes = 1 hour; 24 hours = 1 day; 7 days = 1 week; 365 days = 1 year; 366 days = 1 leap year.
Page 11 - Aniline for blue," is dissolved in water in a lead lined tank, covered with a hood and provided with stirrers and leaden steam coils. The solution is acidified very strongly with Sulphuric acid, and to the hot liquid a solution of commercial Sodium Nitrite is gradually added, when Phenol is at once formed. In this reaction the Sodium Nitrite in contact with the acid solution, liberates Nitrous acid, which forms Diazobenzene Sulphate with the Aniline Sulphate.