Page images
PDF
EPUB

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

PURSUANT TO

S. Res. 49
AS EXTENDED BY S. RES. 234 OF THE 85TH CONGRESS,

2D SESSION

A SURVEY OF THE EXTENT TO WHICH CONSTITUTIONAL
RIGHTS ARE BEING RESPECTED IN THE ISSUANCE, LIMI-
TATION OF USE, DENIAL, AND REVOCATION OF AMERICAN

PASSPORTS

APRIL 4, 1957

PART 2

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1958

29174

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

JAMES O, EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri

WILLIAM E.JENNER, Indiana JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois MATTHEW M. NEELY, West Virginia

JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

ROMAN L, HRUSKA, Nebraska

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL Rights

THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri, Chairman JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah 8
OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska
CHARLES H. SLAYMAN, Jr., Chief Counsel and Staff Director

MARCIA J. MACNAUGHTON, Research Assistant

II

CONTENTS

Witnesses:

1. Robert F. Cartwright, Acting Director, Bureau of Security and

Consular Affairs, Department of State (accompanied by Willis

Young, Deputy Director, Passport Office; Ashley J. Nicholas,

Chief, Legal Division, Passport Office; and John W. Sipes, Counsel, Page

Board of Passport Appeals, Department of State).

58

2. Robert F. Hurleigh, president, Radio and Television Correspond-
ents Association...

105

3. Cliff Mackay, editor, Baltimore Afro-American..

102

4. Charles E. Řotkin, president, American Society of Magazine Pho-
tographers...

112

Statements received for the record:

1. Barnett, Claude A., Associated Negro Press.

123

2. Holt, Cooper T., commander in chief, Veterans of Foreign Wars. 115

3. Jacobs, Lou, Jr., president, Southern California Chapter of Ameri-

can Society of Magazine Photographers...

123

4. Loeb, William, publisher, Manchester Union Leader..

123
5. Williams, Cranston, American Newspaper Publishers Association. 114

Exhibits for the record:

Letters:

Hennings, Thomas C., Jr., United States Senator, to Secretary of

State John Foster Dulles, March 22, 1957.-

57

Hill, Robert C., Assistant Secretary, Department of State, to
Senator Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., March 29, 1957-

58

Ludwig, Gilbert, clerk, United States District Court for the

Eastern District of Pennsylvania, to chief counsel, Consti-

tutional Rights Subcommittee..

81, 84

Slayman, Charles H., Jr.,

to Gilbert Ludwig, clerk, United States

District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania -

80

Slayman, Charles H., Jr., chief counsel, Constitutional Rights

Subcommittee, to Frank Stanton, president, Columbia Broad-

casting System..

117

Stanton, Frank, president, Columbia Broadcasting System, to

Charles H. Slayman, Jr., chief counsel, Constitutional Rights

Subcommittee...

117

Copies of court records in the case of William Worthy.-

81, 147
Editorial, Above the Law? by David Lawrence, U. Š. News & World
Report, February 22, 1957-.

117
Press release, Department of State, February 5, 1957, concerning
travel by newsmen in Red China..

98
Regulations of the Secretary of State concerning issuance of passports - 66
Legal opinion on the right of travel for newsmen, prepared by Morris

L. Ernst for Victor Lasky, chairman, freedom of the press com-
mittee, Overseas Press Club.--

119

Restrictive stamps used by the Department of State to limit the use

of passports...

89-90

APPENDIX
1. Correspondence between the chairman of the Constitutional Rights

Subcommittee and the Secretary of State concerning the appear-
ance of the Secretary as a witness before the subcommittee:
(a) Senator Hennings to Secretary of State Dulles, April 23, Page
1957.--

124 (6) Robert C. Hill, Assistant Secretary of State, to Senator Hennings, May 1, 1957.

125 (c) Senator Hennings, to Secretary of State Dulles, May 8, 1957.

125 (d) Robert C. Hill, Assistant Secretary of State, to Senator

Hennings, May 15, 1957, enclosing copy of State Depart-
ment replies to the questions raised during a hearing held
by the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Rela-
tions...

125 2. Statement by William Worthy in Chicago, April 4, 1957, commenting upon Mr. Cartwright's testimony --

143 3. Article in the New York Times, April 5, 1957 concerning, William Worthy--

144 4. Correspondence between the Constitutional Rights Subcommittee and

the Department of State concerning (1) William Worthy court
records, and (2) American prisoners in Red China:
(a) Charles H. Slayman, Jr., chief counsel, Constitutional Rights

Subcommittee, to Assistant Secretary of State Robert C.
Hill, May 13, 1957

145 (6) Robert F. Cartwright, Acting Administrator, Bureau of

Security and Consular Affairs, to Charles H. Slayman, Jr.,
May 24, 1957----

145 5. Passports and the Right To Travel: A Study of Administrative Control

of the Citizen, prepared by Freeman W. Sharp, Legislative Reference
Service, Library of Congress...

158 6. Summary of Statutes, Regulations and Recent Court Decisions Pertaining to the Issuance

of Passports, prepared by Victor L. Edwards, Legislative Reference Service, Library of Congress.

175 7. Legislative History of Basic Passport Acts, prepared by Victor L. Edwards, Legislative Reference Service, Library of Congress..

185 8. Geographic Limitations on Validity of Passports During Past 40 Years

and Their Application to the Cases of Journalists, study by Ashley J.
Nicholas, Chief, Passport Legal Division, Passport Office, Depart-
ment of State..

187 9. 1957 Compilation of Statutes, Executive Orders, and Administrative

Rules and Regulations bearing upon the issuance of passports to
American citizens, submitted by Frances G. Knight, Director, Pass-
port Office, Department of State.

209 Letter of Transmittal.--

209 10. Discretionary Refusal of Passports, study submitted by Frances G. Knight,

Director, Passport Office, Department of State, Šuly 22, 1957..- 262 11. Department of State requirements for making application for passport.

362 12. Department of State passport application ---

366 13. Department of State passport renewal application.....

370 14. Contents of the passport issued by the Department of State, United States of America..

371 15. Correspondence between the Senate Constitutional Rights Subcom

mittee staff and the Department of State concerning State Depart-
ment passport policies:
(a) Letter from Charles H. Slayman, Jr., chief counsel, Constitu-
tional Rights Subcommittee, June 19, 1958.

374
(6) Letter from John S. Hoghland, 2d, Department of State,
August 28, 1958..

376 16. Passport Office statistical reports, received from Frances G. Knight,

Director of the Passport Office, Department of State:
Report of October 23, 1957.-

381 (Supplemented, October 20, 1958)

391

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »