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BAIL REFORM

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE CONSTITUTION

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 440, S. 482, S. 1253, S. 1554

BILLS TO AMEND THE BAIL REFORM ACT OF 1966

SEPTEMBER 17 AND OCTOBER 21, 1981

Serial No. J–97–56

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1982

89-649 0

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

[97th Congress)

STROM THURMOND, South Carolina, Chairman
CHARLES McC. MATHIAS, JR., Maryland JOSEPH R. BIDEN, JR., Delaware
PAUL LAXALT, Nevada

EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts ORRIN G. HATCH, Utah

ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia ROBERT DOLE, Kansas

HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio ALAN K. SIMPSON, Wyoming

DENNIS DeCONCINI, Arizona JOHN P. EAST, North Carolina

PATRICK J. LEAHY, Vermont CHARLES E. GRASSLEY, Iowa

MAX BAUCUS, Montana JEREMIAH DENTON, Alabama

HOWELL HEFLIN, Alabama
ARLEN SPECTER, Pennsylvania

VINTON DEVANE LIDE, Chief Counsel
QUENTIN CROMMELIN, Jr., Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE CONSTITUTION

ORRIN G. HATCH, Utah, Chairman
STROM THURMOND, South Carolina DENNIS DeCONCINI, Arizona
CHARLES E. GRASSLEY, Iowa

PATRICK J. LEAHY, Vermont
THOMAS D. PARRY, Chief Counsel
STEPHEN MARKMAN, General Counsel and Staff Director

RANDALL RADER, Counsel
PETER ORMSBY, Professional Staff Member

(II)

CONTENTS

OPENING STATEMENT

Page
Hatch, Hon. Orrin G., a U.S. Senator from the State of Utah, and chairman,
Subcommittee on the Constitution.

2, 153

PROPOSED LEGISLATION

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

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155

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ADDITIONAL STATEMENTS

Edward J. King, Governor, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, with attach-

ments.

Tyce S. Smith and James W. Reilley, attorneys, Chicago, Ill

Floyd E. Mincy, on behalf of Florida Surety Agents Association, Inc. with

attachments....

Thomas Frank, attorney, Evergreen, Colo., with attachments.

Truman R. Young, Jr., citizen, Tempe, Ariz., with attachments.

Clyde W. White, bail bondsman, Wooster, Ohio, with attachments

Richard P. Lynch, director, American Bar Association.

Reducing Crime and Detention Through Pretrial Services.

Law REVIEW ARTICLES

The Right to Bail: A Historical Inquiry, by William F. Duker, Albany Law

Review, vol. 42, 1977.......

The Coming Constitutional Crises in Bail: I, by Caleb Foote, University of

Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 113, No. 7, May 1965..

Part II, vol. 113, No. 8, June 1965..

Bail Reform and the Constitutionality of Pretrial Detention, by Hon. John N.

Mitchell, Virginia Law Review, vol. 55, No. 7, November 1969.

An Ounce of Detention: Preventive Justice in the World of John Mitchell, by

Laurence H. Tribe, Virginia Law Review, vol. 56, No. 3, April 1970................

Constitutionality of Pretrial Detention, Part I, Hermine Herta Meyer, George-

town Law Journal, vol. 60, No. 5, May 1972.

Part II, vol. 60, No. 6, June 1972...

A New Approach to Bail Release: The Proposed Federal Criminal Code and

Bail Reform, by Edward M. Kennedy, reprinted from Fordham Law Review,

March 1980....

Pretrial Detention and the 1970 District of Columbia Crime Act—The Next

Step in Bail Reform, by Frederick D. Hess, Brooklyn Law Review, vol. 37,

No. 2, winter 1971

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