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Adaptation :

D. W. Dennis .

1
Christopher Dock . .

Robert J. Aley

4
Facts about Japanese education

Frank H. Kasson

8
Sanitary conditions in our school-houses

J. N. Hurty

9
The next step-What shall it be?..

Carrie B. Adams

11
Nature studies for the common school

15
Geography in the grades . .

Charles R. Dryer .

17
MATHEMATICS (Edited by Robert J. Aley)
History of arithmetic

20
The no-ratio fad

J. A. McLellan
Notes

22
SALIENT THOUGHTS FOR PRIMARY TEACHERS.
The problem

23
Primary reading

23
The star and the lily

24
Primary arithmetic

24
Family life ..
The Washington meeting

25
THE TOWNSHIP INSTITUTE.
Social Elements ..

Charles R. Henderson

26
Plato's Republic .

A. R, Charman

. 28
Method ..

30
School organization

31
EDITORIAL

The Educator for September- The Educator for the coming year-The Inter-
national Date Line-The teachers' reading circle-County institutes-Vaca-
tion schools-Summer schools—The Washington meeting-School hygiene-

Chicago's new superintendent-The Chicago schools—The war to-day 32
Educational information .

35
With the new books . ..
Kentucky State uniform questions for July with discussions

37
Indiana State Board questions for July with discussions .

41

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36

PUBLISHED BY
THE INLAND PUBLISHING COMPANY

TERRE HAUTE, INDIANA

SO PYRIGHT, 1808, BY THE INLAND PUBLISHING CO.

a 44312

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THE INLAND EDUCATOR-Advertisements.

FOR NEARLY A HALF CENTURY

The Indianapolis Business University

Has Ranked With the Largest and Best
Business Schools in the United States.

SOUND

BUSINESS
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The public holds the Indianapolis Business University responsible for the correct business training of the young people of to-day. By these many years of successful experience we have developed the best and simplest system of instruction, so that we are now able to

Guarantee the Best Business Training to be obtained in all America.

Backed by a half century of continuous success, endorsed by the leading business men and educators of the day, enrolling the largest number of students, employing the largest and best faculty of

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Pleasantly situated. School all the year. Enter any time. Terms easy. Time short. Graduates assisted to positions.

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Next Session Opens September 12. Pedagogically modern in method of work. Log MODERN

gree.

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any time they finish the course of eighteen credits. Modern popular custom of evening

sessions to accommodate those who desire to continue in regular employmeut, and for CREDIT

others who desire to spend the day in law libraries and offices, or upon the attendance of the

various courts-county, state and federal. Many students are self-supporting. TUITION SYSTEM

MODERATE. ELEGANT QUARTERS. MODERN CONVENIENCES. For terms and catalogue call at office, 79 When Building, or address secretary, INDIANAPOLIS COLLEGE OF LAW.

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"The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats, the rocks for the conies." ISS A. was standing at the window of “And I have tried,” said Joseph, “to split

her school-room on Friday, January a stump, and it is so tough and twisted it 1st, 1898. It was the time of the noon re- won't split at all; I know the tree is strong

She had been in the habit of having est just at the ground.” an outing every two weeks with her pupils. “The tree is largest just at the ground, This was the day on which one should have and its roots run out in such a manner as occurred. The wind was blowing a gale and to brace it there on all sides," said Paul. the ground was covered with snow. An out- "And is it not true," continued Miss A., ing was impossible. She had a musical ear. “that the strain on the tree is greatest at The alternating crescendo and diminuendo the ground?” of the varying gale caught her attention and All agreed that it must be so. soon the children were all gathered about "And when the tree was small,” Miss A. her and she found herself interpreting the continued, “and could yield to the wind, so art of nature to her little listeners. The trees that its top could be bent entirely over to swayed back and forth in curves which were the ground without breaking anywhere, the music to the eye not less than the sound was grain stood the greatest strain at the ground to the ear. The whole tree yielded to the and was twisted and gnarled there most, storm and every separate limb yielded also and so it seems the storm strengthened it on its own account. "It is thus," Miss A. where the storm is likeliest to break it; the said, "that the tree is adapted to resist the tree is adapted by its strengthened stump to storm; and it is by resistance that it has its environment the storm.” It happened come to have the strength it has

that the tree in question was a walnut tree; 'Strong grows the oak in the driving storm,

the children all knew this, they had all Safely the flower sleeps under the snow, hulled walnuts under it only last fall; it And the farmer's hearth is never warm

was growing in a fence-corner quite out in 'Till the cold wind starts to blow.!"

the open country. It had a wide bushy top; "And is the storm then a good thing for the limbs branched out not over eight feet the oak?" asked Lucy; to which Miss A. re- from the ground and extended out to right plied by asking another question—"Where and left as far as the upward growing is the trunk strongest ?”

branches of the solvent axis extended to“At the ground,” said James; “I have ward the sky. seen many trees that had been blown down Miss A. asked if walnut trees are always and they always break above the ground or shaped so. blow up by the roots."

“My father," answered Mary, “hauls sawlogs, and I have often seen walnut trees in race. Even the minister seeking the highest the woods where he cuts them, and they are and best for his congregation and town, rises not shaped like this at all; they are fifty under the spur of his neighbor minister's feet or more to the first limb; they grow success, when alone, in the country, he large and tall and straight in the woods." would content himself with the same dead

“Why,” asked Miss A., "does the walnut level. The merchant who can serve the peohave one form in the woods and another ple better or more cheaply than his neighform in the open field?” All sorts of guesses bor merchant takes the trade, and so each is followed:“the open country tree would grow brought always to his best and becomes in the most walnuts; it would cast the widest consequence a better man. Competition has shadow; it was by far the most beautiful; been a chief means for the betterment of it would not blow down and hurt or kill life from the beginning until now. Struggle something; it grows in a different soil." for success which seeks to damage an op

Miss A.'s Socratic questioning at last tri- ponent in the contest is wrong; but struggle umphed: “plants require light and air; the which seeks to render a better service to potato growing in the cellar shows it; house- man than ever was rendered before is right. plants that turn toward the window show it; There may indeed be some other way for plants growing with one half in shadow, as men to grow wiser and better than through on the edge of a thick forest, have the largest struggle to win, but it has not yet been disand most vigorous branches on the outside. covered. The common proverb 'necessity is The tree growing in the country can get the mother of invention' is a popular half light and air in all directions; in the forest statement of the same thing. The playthese are to be had in only one direction,- ground is one of the best places to fit one upward. Trees crowded together begin to for life, because the generous rivalry which struggle upward for that which they most seeks to win by outdoing, instead of obstructneed; as the race goes on they become taller ing the course of another contestant, is just and taller until the monarch of the forest is what the world always has needed and needs the result.”

to-day.” “Is it better for the trees then to have to “But is it not selfish, Miss A., for the tree compete with each other for light and air as or the man to try to outstrip neighbors ?” well as to struggle against the storm ?asked Lucy anxiously.

“Undoubtedly it is, Lucy," said Miss A.; “No," answered Miss A. confidently, “the "struggle is everywhere a good thing; it not tall fine tree bears more fruit, casts a longer only makes trees tall and strong and valu- shadow, yields better lumber, is one of the able, it is struggle that keeps all life grandest objects in the landscape because of healthy.”

its competitive growth. And the strong man "Is it good for men?" asked Lucy.

can be of far more service to his fellows be•Where," asked Miss A., “do our great cause he has strengthened himself. If every men live-in the country or the city?" individual in society took care of himself

A long discussion followed in which it and those naturally dependent on him what was concluded that men become great in need would there be of our board of chari. cities for the same reason that trees do in ties and corrections and our alms-houses? forests: “the lawyer with his theory of the For their sake,' said the Great Teacher, 'I case is met by another with a counter-theory sanctify myself.' Some hundreds of thouand the struggle to win lands both on a sands of men in the world to-day are spendhigher mental plane. The physician who ing large sums of money on themselves, predoes not work hard, study his cases, and paring to render good service to man later. keep up with the times soon falls out of the 'This is a thing as different from selfishness

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