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Literary Entelligence.

Just Published.

The Memoirs of the Life of William Wilberforce by his Sons. In 4 Vols. post. 8vo, with Portrait. The Memoirs are drawn from a Journal, in which, during a period of fifty years, Mr. Wilberforce was accustomed to record his private sentiments, and his remarks on the incidents of the day from his correspondence with his distinguished contemporaries.

Sermon on the Daily Services of the Church, particularly in Cathedrals. By the very Rev. George Chandler, D.C.L. 2s. per dozen

The West Indies in 1837, being the Journal of a Visit to Antigua, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, Barbados, and Jamaica; undertaken for the purpose of ascertaining the Actual Condition of the Negro Population of those Islands. By Joseph Sturge and Thomas Harvey. Post 8vo. Price 8s. 6d.

A Concise History of Foreign Baptists, taken from the New Testament, the First Fathers, early Writers, and Historians of all ages; Chronologically arranged; and exhibiting their distinct communities, with their order in various Kingdoms. under several discriminative appellations; with correlative information, supporting the early and only practice of Believers' Immersion: also Observations and Notes, on the Abuse of the Ordinance, and the Rise of Minor and infant Baptism thereon. By G. H. Orchard. 12mo. 68.

Recollections of the late Rev. Griffith Davies Owen, of Maidenhead, Berks. By Rev. J. K. Foster, of Cheshunt College. Flscp. 8vo. 2s.

Sermons preached in the Parish Church of Mendlesham, in the County of Suffolk. By the Rev. Henry Thomas Day, LL.B. Vicar. Flscp. 8vo. price 7s. 6d.

Manual of Conduct; or, Christian Principles exemplified in Daily Practice. By the author of "The Morning and Evening Sacrifice." 12mo.


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Physical Education; or, the Nurture and Management of Children, founded on the Study of their Nature and Constitution. By Samuel Smiles, Surgeon. 12mo. 3s. 6d.

The Young Man's Aid to Knowledge, Virtue, and Happiness. By the Rev. Hubbard Winslow. 2s. 6d.

My Book; or, the Anatomy of Conduct. By
John Henry Skelton. Post 8vo. 7s. 6d.
A Course of Plain Sermons on the Ministry,
Doctrine, and Services of the Church of England.
With a Preface and Occasional Notes. By the
Rev. F. Fulford, B.A. 8vo. 9s.

Cottage Letters on Scripture Texts. 28.

The Doctrine of Election, and its Connection with the General Tenor of Christianity, illustrated from many parts of Scripture, and especially from the Epist e to the Romans. By Thomas Erskine, Esq., Advocate, 12mo. 68. 6d.

Dew of Hermon; or, the Christian's Daily Sacrifice; by a Son of Consolation. Dedicated to the Queen. Roy. 32mo. 3s. 6d.

The Family of Heatherdale; or, the Influence of Christian Principles. By Mrs. Colonel Mac-. key, of Inverness. 18mo. 3s. 6d.

The Churchman. New Series. Monthly, 6d. The Female's Advocate, under the Superintendance of the Committee of the London Female Mission. Monthly, 2d.

Divine Emblems, with Etchings, after the Fashion of Master Francis Quarles. By Johann Abricht, A.M. 4s. 6d.

Celestial Scenery: or, the Planetary System Displayed; illustrating the Perfections of Deity, and a Plurality of Worlds. By G. Dick, LL.D. 12mo. 10s. 6d.

The Doctrine of Passive Obedience to Kings
Contrary to Holy Scripture: being remarks on
Professor Pusey's Sermon at Oxford, Nov. 5, 1837.
By a Clergyman. 8vo. 18.
In the Press.

Illustrated Family New Testament. In fiscp. folio. Small paper, 15s. Large paper, 31s. 6d. China; its State and Prospects. By W. H. Medhurst. 8vo.


Lectures on the Epistle to the Romans.
Dr. Chalmers. Vol. I. 8vo.

A Demonstration of the Faith of Christianity,
By Dr. Keith. 12mo. with plates.

An Essay on the Nature and Perpetuity of the Office of a Primitive Evangelist. By the Rev. D. Douglas.

We understand that the author of the History of the Waldenses (Mr. W. Jones) has in the press, the third and concluding volume of his "Lectures on Ecclesiastical History," bringing down the subject to the present time. He proposes issuing it in Monthly Parts, the first of which will appear on the 1st of February.

The Rev. Robert Simson, M.A., has nearly ready a work, entitled "the Parent's Guide to a Liberal and Comprehensive Education," consisting of a Copious Selection of Questions and Exercises on Mathematics, Algebra, and Natural Philosophy, with a Series of Interrogatories by the late Dr. Ritchie.

General Entelligence.


subscriptions up to the 20th of June, 1837, The first Report of the Metropolis which is rather within twelve months Churches' Fund has lately been issued, since the establishment of the fund, is from which we learn, that the appeal made £117,422, 2s. 6d. The Committee have by the Bishop of London in the month of the pleasure of announcing, that they have April, 1836, has been most promptly and contracted for the building of three liberally responded to. The amount of churches-one near Arbour Square, Com

mercial Road; one at Mile-end; and one in Radcliffe; all in the parish of Stepney. Instructions have also been given to architects, to prepare plans for two other churches-one in Bunhill Row, St. Luke's, and one in St. Margaret's, Westminster. These have been undertaken directly by the Committee. But, in addition to these, they have pledged the fund to assist in building ten other churches or chapels of ease, where part of the expense is to be discharged by local subscriptions; viz. one in the parish of St. Bride's, Fleet Street, three in Lambeth, two in Rotherhithe, one in Chelsea, and three in Islington; making in all fifteen churches, either wholly, or in part, by means of this fund. However, the amount of contributions already received, large as it is, when viewed with reference to ordinary subscriptions, is very far from being sufficient to the complete attainment of the object for which the fund was instituted. Fifty new churches would not adequately supply the wants of the metropolis; the Committee do not yet possess the means of erecting twenty, supposing the whole charge to be defrayed by the fund.

We trust that this enterprising and praiseworthy effort of the Bishop of London will not be permitted to come short of the object contemplated, for want of the necessary funds; but that the higher classes of the land will yet contribute to a much larger amount than has already been done. And is there not a call for still greater exertions by the various metropolitan parishes in this blessed undertaking? That of Islington has recently set them a noble example; finding that their six churches would not accommodate above one-fifth of the population of that extensive parish, they set to work and raised £3,571 within about nine months, which, with some assistance promised from the Metropolis Churches' Fund, they hope soon to be able to complete three more. And not only so, but they have also opened a small chapel in Highbury Vale; and a few days since, purchased a Wesleyan chapel in Norfolk Street, Lower Road, appending to them those useful institutionsInfant and Sunday schools-thus making in all eleven places of worship in that parish where the Gospel is faithfully and energetically preached.


The first of a series of fortnightly meetings of this Society was held on Wednesday, December 6th, in the Committee Room at Exeter Hall. The object of these meetings, as stated by Captain Gordon, is to bring before the community the

questions of Protestant grievances, Protestant persecutions, and Protestant disabilities. It was proposed to discuss at each meeting a certain and distinct subject, of sufficient importance to attract the notice, and call for the support, of the Protestants at large; and it would generally be announced at the previous meeting, what the question would be for discussion at the following.

The second meeting was held on Wednesday, December 20th, when the following proposition was considered: "That the churches established in this country, form the main bulwark of Protestantism; and that it is the duty of the State, not only to support them as the nursing mother of the people; but to provide for the population of the empire instruction in the principles of the Christian religion, as maintained by those churches."


With a view of awakening the friends of humanity and justice throughout the country to a renewed and vigorous effort to obtain the total abolition of slavery, under which the negro still groans, notwithstanding the sum of twenty millions has been advanced by the British nation for their emancipation-a body of Delegates from the three kingdoms have recently met in London, and to carry out their views, they have appointed a CENTRAL NEGRO EMANCIPATION COMMITTEE. Their first and immediate object is, to obtain the extinction of the entire apprenticeship system, if not before, at the latest on the 1st of August, 1838. For this purpose, petitions are expected to be sent from all parts of the country.

To facilitate the diffusion of knowledge, on this heart-rending subject, they have issued a stamped paper once a fortnight, under the name of the BRITISH EMANCIPATOR. Price 3d.

The following reply has been received from the Colonial Office, to the Memorial presented by the body of Delegates on Nov. 18th :—

"Downing Street, November 27, 1837. "SIR,-I am directed by Lord Glenelg to acknowledge the receipt of the Memorial, dated the 17th instant, presented by you and other gentlemen to his Lordship on the 18th, expressing a desire that her Majesty's Government will take the earliest possible period for introducing a measure into parliament, to bring the system of Negro Apprenticeship in the Colonies to an end and further deprecating the appointment of any Committee of either House of Parliament for the purpose of inquiring into the working of the present system.

"I am to acquaint you in reply, that Lord Glenelg, after an anxious and minute attention during the last two years and a half to the details of this subject, and, after a careful consideration of all the information respecting it to which his Lordship has had access, does not feel that there are sufficient grounds to justify her Majesty's Government in proposing to Parliament to make so essential an alteration in the Act of 1833 as that which is desired by the Memorialists.

"His Lordship is further of opinion, that however desirable it might be that the apprenticeship should be terminated by Acts of Colonial Legislatures before the period now fixed by law for its expiration, the proposal by the Government to the British Parliament of a measure for its immediate abolition would, without tending to shorten the duration of the present system, have the effect of producing irritation, excitement, and disappointment, throughout the West India Colonies. It would thereby, in Lord Glenelg's judgment, present a serious obstacle to the success of the constant and unremitting endeavours of her Majesty's Government to secure to the apprenticed population the enjoyment of the immediate rights to which they are legally entitled, and to insure the ultimate termination of the apprenticeship under circumstances the most favourable to the full possession and exercise of unqualified freedom. In the prosecution of this object, her Majesty's Government will not hesitate, in case of necessity, to apply to Parliament for such additional powers as may be required to strengthen the hands of the Executive Government, in the discharge of the arduous and responsible duty with which they are intrusted.

mation which Parliament may require on so important a subject, Lord Glenelg directs me to state that her Majesty's Government could not, in his opinion, be justified in refusing their assent to the appointment of such a Committee during the present session, if a motion with that object should be made in either House of Parliament."

"I have the honour to be, Sir, "Your most obedient humble servant, "GEORGE GREY." "To Captain R. Harward, R.N. &c. &c."

"With respect to the desire expressed by the Memorialists, that Her Majesty's Government shouid resist any proposal for the appointment of a Committee of either House of Parliament, to inquire into the working of the present system, I am to inform you that her Majesty's Government have, in the two last sessions of Parliament assented to the appointment of a Committee of the House of Commons on this subject, on the motion of Mr. Buxton, and that the inquiries of the last Commitee having been interrupted by the unexpected termination of the session, a short Report was presented to the House of Commons, which appears to have been unanimously agreed to, in which it is recommended that a Select Committee should be appointed to pursue this inquiry in the next session of ParliaOn the ground of this recommendation, and of the admitted obligation on the Government to afford the fullest infor


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We have been favoured with a private view of this Exhibition, at the Panorama, Leicester Square, which, for the limited dimensions of the view, presents a very interesting subject of contemplation. While looking at it, we could not help reflecting on the great change and improvement in the public taste, that, instead of battle plains and scenes of bloodshed, the location of a missionary establishment should be sufficiently popular and attractive to so large a portion of the public, as to warrant the outlay for such an exhibition. This is a feature in the signs of the times, in which every Christian and benevolent heart must sincerely rejoice. The Painting is by Robert Burford, from Drawings taken by Augustus Earle, Esq.

REV. ISAAC SAUNDERS.-A handsome monument has just been erected in the parish Church of St. Andrew, by the Wardrobe, and St. Ann, Blackfriars, to the memory of the late Rector, the Rev. Isaac Saunders, who died, on the 1st of January, 1831, while in the act of preaching in the pulpit.

QUAKERS.-The Quakers of Middles- | banns, notices of Divine service, or notices borough, in Yorkshire, have given £400 purely ecclesiastical. towards the erection of a church in the above rising town, where they are owners of considerable property.

IRVINGISM. This sad delusion has recently received a shock at Milford, near Southampton, which may tend to undeceive some of its votaries. One of their prophets, a Mr. Ballard, for some years one of their chief supporters, went to their principal chapel, and declared to the congregation that they were all in a fatal error, and if they persevered in it they would all be lost. He ordered them to leave the chapel immediately, which they did with amazement; some of them he was actually obliged to force out. He then ordered a builder to raze the chapel to the ground; and he has also acted in a similar way in two different places of their assembling in adjoining parishes.

DR. SLEATH.-The Rev. Dr. Sleath, head master of St. Paul's School, has resigned that situation, which for many years he has conducted in a manner most honourable to himself, creditable to those in whose gift the appointment is vested, and advantageous to the youth placed

under his care.

St. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL will henceforward be gratuitously open, daily, from nine to eleven, and ftom three to four

o'clock. The Tower of London is also to be seen in future at the charge of one shilling.

CHATTERTON.-A monument to Chatterton is proposed at Bristol, and a Committee formed for erecting it, in the church of St. Mary, Radcliffe.

A BRAHMIM BECOME A MINISTER OF THE GOSPEL.-On the 14th of June, 1837, Baboo Krishna Mohuna Banerjea was ordained at the chapel of the Bishop's College, by the Lord Bishop of Calcutta. The Baboo is well known as having been a member of a high caste Brahmin family. He received his education at the Hindoo College, and was in the first instance engaged as a teacher of Mr. Hare's school. While here he started The Enquirer, which he conducted for a number of years with great ability, He subsequently became a convert to Christianity, of which he has ever since been a staunch and devoted follower. During the last two or three months, he has been living at the Bishop's College, where his attention has been chiefly engaged in the study of languages. The Rev. Krishna Mohuna Banerjea will, in a few days, be settled in Calcutta, where he will use his best exertions for the promotion of Christianity.

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BAPTIST MISSION.-We are happy to find that a union has been formed between the Baptist Missionary Socety and the Society in aid of the Serampore Mission.

NOTICES ON SUNDAYS.-An act to alter the mode of giving notices on Sundays, with respect to various matters. 1 Vic. c. 45.-1. It is enacted that notices of vestry, proclamations of outlawry, times for holding court-leets, &c., after the first of January, 1838, shall not be made in any church or chapel during or after Divine service, or at the door of any church or chapel. 2. Notices heretofore usually given during or after Divine service, &c. to be affixed to the church doors. 3. No notice of holding vestry to be affixed

MEDICAL STUDENTS.-Dr. Warneford, Rector of Bourton, Gloucestershire, has been long well known for his great liberality to medical characters. In the course of this autumn he has made two donations of £1000 each, one to King's College, London, and one to the Birmingham Hospital. His object is the same in both cases, namely, the founding prizes on religious subjects, to be written by the me

to doors, unless signed by the church-dical students belonging respectively to the warden, overseer, rector, vicar, or curate. schools of these institutions. They who 4. Decrees and citations of ecclesiastical know the present condition of medical stucourts not to be read in the churches. 5. dents in many respects, will joyfully hail the This act not to extend to publication of announcement of a foundation which may

tend to make them look a little beyond mere professional reading, and direct their minds to a careful consideration of the evidences of natural and revealed religion.

smallest numbers in each half-year (208,384 and 189,266), whereby is produced an average of 236,325, or 9 2-3 per cent. on the population of Scotland, which 9.63 per cent. includes the estimated numbers additional to the numbers actually returned from the several parishes. The defective returns, which have occasioned, and indeed, required such estimated addition, must not be deemed evidence of inattention or negligence in the ministers of the several parishes to whom the questions were addressed. The nature of some of the questions, as requiring information beyond the minister's own knowledge, usually prevented him from obtaining a distinct answer to every one of them, insomuch that some part of his return could not but be conjectural or defective; and the latter alternative has frequently been professed, especially with regard to the questions less essential than others to the main object of the inquiry. Under these circumstances, the summary of education in Scotland would appear to disadvantage, unless the defects wore supplied by calculating estimate; and thus much it is neCu-cessary to premise in its justification. The columns of augmented totals (obtained by the rule of proportion applied to each county), as regarding all Scotland, produce the grand totals mentioned in the remarks appended to the summary of actual returns. An inquiry into the amount of education in England and Wales was made in the year 1833, when the resident population was estimated at 14,400,000; and the number of children attending daily schools at that time was 1,276,497, or nine per cent. on the said population; besides which the number attending Sunday schools was 1,548,890, or nearly 11 per cent. (10.7), on the population." So that, after all that has been said about the increased means of education in Scotland over those in operation in England, the per centage of education in England (Sunday schools included) is now greater than that of Scotland. Let both countries struggle for pre-eminence, but let facts be known.


SOCIETY.-The new British and Foreign Temperance Society has offered a prize of 1001. for the best Essay on "The Benefits of Total Abstinence from all Intoxicating Drinks." To be forwarded to J. Meredeth, Esq. 3, Durham Place, Lambeth, before June 30, 1838.


There has just been presented to Parliament a folio volume consisting of about 1,000 pages, and termed "Abstract of the Answers and Returns made pursuant to an Address of the House of Commons, dated 9th July, 1834, relating to the number of Schools, and Children taught therein, in the several parishes in Scotland;" the returns being made up to July last, and abstracted under the superintendence of Mr. J. Rickman, first clerk at the table of the House of Commons. rious and valuable are the statistical details, even an outline of them is out of the question here; but the following "summary" (by "J. R.”—John Rickman) may not be without interest :-" Summary of Education Returns, Scotland. Remarks--the total number of children attending daily schools of all kinds in Scotland was greater in the winter half-year of 1833-34 than the summer half-year of 1833, the returns of the several parishes of the above winter half-year, amounting to 222,453; and to the number of children therein specified must be added an estimated number (64,345), obtained by the rule of proportion, to supply the defects in these retarns. Hence results a total of 286,798 children under education in Scotland, a proportion of 11 per cent. upon the resident population of Scotland, as estimated at 2,452,000 at Lady-day, 1834. In like manmer the actual returns of the preceding summer half-year produced a total of 211,397; and with similar supp0ment (49,456) a total of 260,853, or 1 per cent. on the population of Scotland; but these estimated numbers and proportions are liable to deduction from the form of the question; which, by requiring return of the greatest number of scholars in any part of the respective half-years,' has doubtless produced return of a greater number than attended school at any specified time in the summer and winter halfyears respectively. But this kind of inaccuracy admits of correction, by combining with the greatest number in each half-year (287,798 and 260,853) the


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