Page images


Ver. 12. With the ancient is wisdom, and in length Ver. 25. They grope in the dark without light, and of days understanding. And the older we grow, the be maketh them to stagger like a drunken man.] Blind wiser, one would think, we should be.

men see as much as they; and their counsels and mno. Ver. 13. With bim is wisdom and strength, he bath tions are as uncertain as those of a man in drink. counsel and understanding.] But what is all our wisdom to God's? who (as he knows, so) can do all things;

CHAP. XIII. and he never errs in his understanding, or miscarries in his designs.

THE ARGUMENT. From the foregoing observations, Ver. 14. Bebold, be breaketh down, and it cannot

Job still continues to assert, first, his own underbe built again ; be shutteth up a man, and there can be standing to be equal, or rather superior, to theirs, nd opening.] It is not in the power of any creature to who had better, therefore, rather learn of him, repair that which he throws down; nor to extricate and know that God was not pleased to have his that man whom he casts into difficulties and straits. providence defended by untruths, nor to see men

Ver. 15. Bebold, be with-boldeth the waters, and partial, though it was in his behalf; and, secondly, they dry up; also be sendeth them out, and they overturn his own integrity to be such, that he would ever the earth.] If he deny us rain, the waters themselves defend it against all accusers, even before God dry up; and he sends such floods as break the strong himself; whom he desires to take cognisance of est banks.

the cause, and to let hin understand what the Ver. 16. With him is strengtb and wisdom ; tbe de crimes were for which he was thus severely hanceived and the deceiver are bis.] Nor is his wisdom, dled. For he protests that he was ignorant of as I said, inferior to his power; but the subilety of them, though the punishments he had endured those who deceive is as well known to him, as the were more than sufficient to awaken the sense of silliness of those who are deceived.

his guilt, he being almost consumed by them. Ver. 17. He leadetb counsellors away spoiled, and maketh the judges fools.] He defeats the wisest states- Ver. s.


hath seen all this, mine men, and infatuates the ablest senators,

bath heard and understood it.] I have Ver. 18. He looseth the bond of kings, and girdeth said nothing, I would have you know, but what I their loins with a girdle.) So that they are not able to myself have observed, or received from credible rekeep the crown on the head of their kings; but they ports, which I have found to be certainly true. are stript of their royal ornaments, and bound in chains.

Ver. 2. What ye know, the same do I know also ; I Ver. 19. He leadeth princes away spoiled, and over- am not inferior unto you.] Whereby you may see I tbroweth tbe mighty.] Their great ministers are car had reason to say, that I know as much as you, and ried captives with them; nor are the most powerful am not to learn of you. forces they can raise able to defend them.

Ver. 3. Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and Ver. 20. He removeth away the speech of the trusty,. I desire to reason with God.j Would to God i might and taketh away tbe understanding of the aged.] Elo- speak with him, and lay my reasons open before quence, fidelity, and the prudence which hath been him, and be troubled with your discourses no longer gained by long experience, signify as little for their Ver. 4. But ye are forgers of bies, ye are all physipreservation.

cians of no value.] For your conclusions are false ; Ver. 21. He poureth contempt upon princes, and and, like unskilful physicians, you exasperate the weakeneth the strengtb of the mighty. The nobleness diseases which you cannot cure. of their birth, or their munificence, is not at all re Ver. 5. Ob that you would altogether hold your garded ; and be dissolves the strongest confederacies, peace, and it should be your wisdom ! ] The best proot into which their friends enter for their support. of


wisdom would be, to say never a word more Ver. 22. He discovereth deep things out of darkness, of these matters. and bringeth out to light the shadow of deatb.] No Ver. 6. Hear now my reasoning, and bearken to the plot can be so secretly carried, but he discovers it; pleadings of my lips.] But listen a little to me, I beand brings to light that which hath been contrived in seech you, and hear by what reasons I will defend the greatest obscurity.

myself. Ver. 33. He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth Ver. 7. Will you speak wickedly for God? and tal them; be enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth tvem deceit fully for bim :]* Doth God stand in need of unagain.] Whole nations (as well as their princes) are truths to jus:ify his proceedings? Cannot he be righperfectly under his power; whom he sometimes mul- teous, unless I be wicked? tiplies, and again diminishes by war, famine, or pes Ver. 8. Will you accept bis person? will ye contend tilence. He enlarges their bounds, and, when he for GOD?] Hath he so little right on his side, that pleases, reduces them into narrower limits.

you must shew him favour?

or do you think so obVer. 24. He taketh away the beart of the chief of lige bis majesty by doing me wrong? the people of the earth, and causeth them to wander in a Ver. 9. Is it good that he should search you out ? or, wilderness where tbere is no way.] He deprives their as one man mocketh another, do you so mock him ?] Will leaders both of courage and judgement, and brings it be to your advantage, think you, that God should them into such confusion, that they know not which strictly exainine all you have said ? or can he be deway to turn themselves,

ceived with your flatteries, as frail men may be ?

I desire

13. Hold

Ver. 10. He will surely reprove you, if ye do secretly for I am ignorant of them ; I

to know them accept persons.] No; he will severely chastise you, all, great and small, against thee, or against my for designing to gratify him by condemning me. neighbour.

Ver. 11. Shall not his excellency make you afraid ? Ver. 24. Wherefore hidest thou they face, and holdest and his dreau full upon you ?] The incomparable ex me for thine enemy?] For what cause am I thus afcellence of God, one would think, should have flicted, and used as if I was thine enemy? frighted away such a thought; and his dreadful Ma Ver. 25. Wilt thou break a leaf driven to and fro? jesty made you not presume to imagine he wanted and wilt thou pursue the dry stubble ?] What honour your patronage ;

wilt thou get by employing thy power against one Ver. 12. Your remembrances are like ilnto ashes, your who is no more able to stand before thee than the boilies to bodies of clay.] Whose remonstrances on his leaf to resist the wind which sports with it, or the behalf are no better than dust; and the arguments dry stubble the fire wlich instantly consumes it? you accumulate, but like so many heaps of dirt.

Ver. 26. For thou writest bitter things against me, Ver.

your peace, let me alone, that I may and makesť me to possess the iniquities of my youth.] For speak, and let come on me what will.] Keep silence, thou hast passed severe decrees against me, and putherefore, and do not disturb me in my speech; for I nisheth me for the crimes which were committed bewill omit nothing

fore I well knew what I did. Ver. 14. Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, Ver. 27. Thou putt: st my feet also in the storks, ard and put my life in nine hand!]. And I am so con lookest narrowly unto all my paths; thou settest a print scious to myself of my innocence, that I must still upon the beels of my feet.) And thou dost exécute wonder why I suffer such enraging miseries, and am them as severely; for I can no more escape than a exposed to so many dangers.

malefactor, whose feet are in the stocks, who is enVer. 15. Though be slay me, yet will I trust in him ; compassed with a vigilant guard, and cannot stir a but I will maintuin mine own ways before him.] As- foot from the place where he is. sure yourselves I will never forego this plea, but still Ver. 28. And he as a rotten rbing consumeth, as a maintain mine innocence, though I were at the last garment that is moth-eaten.] But there he rots and gasp, and had no hope of life.

wastes away, as I do, like a garment that is eaten by Ver. 16. He also shall be my salvation ; for an hy- the moths. pocrite shall not come before him.] And I am confident God himself would vindicate it; for I am no hypo

CHAP. XIV. crite, nor shall false accusations be admitted at his tribunal,

THE ARGUMENT.-The good man proceeds to plead Ver. 17. Hear diligently my speech and my declara . with God for some mitigation of his miseries, from tion with

your ears.] Do not interrupt me, but give the consideration of the shortness of life, and the due attention to what I am about to say.

trouble that naturally belongs to it; which he Ver. 18. Behold now, I bave ordered my cause ; I thought might move him not to add any greater know that I shall be justified.] See, I beseech you, I burden of suffering, especially considering, that refuse not to be tried, but have framed a process when he is dead, he cannot come into the world against myself; and am so sure of the goodness of again, (as the plants do), to receive the marks of my cause, that I know I shall be acquitted.

his favour ; which he hopes, therefore, he will Ver. 19. Who is be that will plead with me? for bestow upon him here, notwithstanding the depth now if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost.] of his misery, (which tempted him to the borders Let who will come and accuse me, I am ready to an of impatience, ver. 13.), it being very easy for swer; for to hold my peace, on so just an occasion, him to remove his affliction, though never so heavy, is death to me.

whose power is so great, that he removed moun. Ver. 20. Only do not two things unto me ; then will tains out of their place, and brought a deluge, as I not hide myself from thee.] Let me only beg, O we may say, of sand, (as they saw sometimes in great Judge of all! that thou wilt forbear to make use their neighbouring countries), to overflow the most of two things against me ; and then I will appear

fruitful regions. confidently, to plead my cause before thee. Ver. 27. Withdraw thine hand far from me, and let Ver. 1.

M4N that is born of a woman, is of few not thy dread make me afraid.] Do not continue my

days, and full of trouble.] Man is born pain, and let not the sight of thy Majesty put me in to die ; and as he cannot live long, so his short life disorder.

is subject to many cares. Ver. 22. Then call thou, and I will answer ; or let Ver. 2. He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut me speak, and answer thou me.] Then summon me to down ; be fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.] thy bar, and charge me, and I will defend myself; He may be compared to a flower, which is beautiful or let me question thee, and do thou clear thy pro. indeed, but suddenly cropt; or to the shadow on a ceedings against me.

dial, which never stands still, but is hasting away Ver. 23. How many are mine iniquities and sins ? apace. make me to know my transgression and my sin.] Tell Ver. 3. And dost thou open thine eyes upon such an me what, and how many are mine iniquities and sins, one, and bringest me into judgement with thee?] And


dost thou concern thyself so far about such a wretch, Ver. 15. Thou shalt call, and I will

thee : as to summon him before thy tribunal, and there pass thou wilt have a desire to the work of thine hands.] Do dreadful sentences against him, as thou dost against thou speak the word, and it shall be done ; shew thou me ?

hast some love to thy own workmanship. Ver. 4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an un Ver. 16. For now thou numberest my steps ; dost thou clean? Not one.) The common frailty of humanity not watch over my sin?] Though now thou seemest might make thee overlook him; for nothing, thou to number every step I have trod in all my life, and knowest, can be better than the original from whence dost not spare to punish every fault. it comes.

Ver. 17. My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and Ver. 5. Seeing his days are determined, the number thou sowest up mine iniquity.] Having taken as great of bis months are with thee ; thou hast appointed his care the memory of them should not be lost, as if bounds that he cannot pass.] Or if he were more con- they had been sealed up in a bag, and added one pasiderable than he is, yet, since he can live but to such nishment to another. a time as thou hast pre-fixed, beyond which he cannot Ver. 18. And surely the mountains falling cometh to prolong his days one moment;

nought : and the rock is removed out of his place.] Yet Ver. 6. Turn from them, that he may rest, till be notwithstanding, the highest mountains may fals like a shall accomplish, as an bireling, bis day.] That, I leaf, and the rock be removed from his place! should think, might move thee not to torment him in Ver. 19. The waters wear, the stones : thou wasbest. this manner, but to let him alone till that appointed away the things which grow out of the dust of the earth, time come, which will be as welcome to him, as the and thou destroyest the hope of man.] The waters, end of his labour is to the hireling.

though soft, wear away the hard stones; and the very Ver. 7. For there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, dust or sand sometimes overflow the fruitful fields": that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch why, therefore, (since such strange and unexpected thereof will not cease.] And after that, there is more things come to pass), may there not be some hope for hope of a tree than of him ; for if it be cut down to miserable man? the very ground, the body of it will grow again, and Ver. 20. Thou prevailest for ever against him, and thrust out new branches ;

be passeth : thou changest bis countenance, and sendest Ver. 8. Though the root thereof wax old in the earth, him away.) Who is not able to stand before thee ; and the stock thereof die in the ground;] Nay, though but must yield and be gone for ever when thou requirit hath been so long cut down, that the roots of it are est; thou spoilest his beauty, and sendest him away grown old, and the trunk seems quite dead;

into another world. Ver. 9. Yet through the scent of waters it will bud, Ver. 21. His sons come to honour, and he knoweth and bring forth boughs like a plant.] Yet, when it is it not ; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it well moistened, it will shoot up again, and bring not of them.] And then, whether his children, whom forth boughs, as if it were but newly planted. he leaves behind, be rich, or whether they be poor,

Ver. to. But man dieth, and wasteth away, yea, it is indifferent to him; for he knows not what passes man giveth up the ghost, and where is he?] But when here. man dies, he crumbles into dust; and none can set it Ver. 22. But his flesh upon him shall bave pain, and together, to make him live again.

his soul within bin shall mourn.] But while he is in Ver. 11. As the waters fail from the sea, and the Besh he cannot but be in pain for them, and his soul food decayetb and drieth up ;] As lakes and great is inwardly grieved to see their misery. Fivers are dried up, when their waters find a new channel:

CHA P. XV. Ver. 12. So man lieth down, and riseth not, till the beavens be no more : they shall not awake, nor be THE ARGUMENT.- In this chapter Eliphaz renews raised out of their sleep.] So man laid down in his the dispute with more eagerness and fierceness than grave shall come no more hither ; but in that bed of before ; being very angry that Job slighted them dust shall sleep perpetually.

so much, and thought himself so wise, as he interVer. 23. Oh that thou wouldest bide me in the grave, preted it), that he disdained their exhortations, and ibat tbou wouldest keep me secret, until thy wrath be would not follow the counsel they had given him, past ; that thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and of confessing his sins, and praying to God for forremember me !] I wish I were buried alive, rather giveness ; (ver. 8. viii. 4.5.6.): Bui, except this one than suffer such things; or that I could take sanctuary argument, (that he need not be ashamed to confess somewhere till this storm be over ; or at least that thou his guilt, when he considered how prone all men wouldst set me a certain time when thou wilt deliver are to sin), there is nothing new in his discourse ; me.

but he merely urges what he had asserted at first, Ver, 14. If a man die, shall be live again ? all the from his own, and the wisest men's observations, days of my appointed time will I wait till my change that they are not the good, but the wicked, whom come.] Then (though there be no hope of living God punishes with such calamities as now were here again after I am dead) thou shalt see I will pa fallen upon Job. And with great ornaments of tiently wait all the days of that appointed time, till speech, he most admirably describes the vengeance that happy change come,

which God is wont to take upon impious tytapts ;

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

having his eye, I suppose, upon Nimrod, or some be which is born of a woman, that be should be righsuch mighty oppressor.

teous ? ] Thou wilt maintain thy innocence, thou say.

est ; but thou forgettest sure what thou art, and Ver. 1. THEN ansvered Filiphaz the Temenite

, and whence thou comest; else thou wouldest not stand said;) Then Eliphaz, incensed with these upon thy justification, nor complain that thou art reproaches, rose up again, and said,

wronged. Ver. 2. Should a wise man utter vain knowledge, and Ver. 15. Bebold, be putteth no trat 'in bis saints ; fill bis belly with the east wird.?] Dost thou pretend yes, the heavens are not clear in his sight. Reto be wise, who anstverest us with such empty dis- member what I told thee before, (iv. 18.), that the courses ; and whose heart is swoln with such per- angels are not immutably good; the heavenly inha. fricious opinions, and vents them with so much vehe- bitants, I say, are not withoat their spots. inence?

Ver. 16. How much more abominable and filtby is Ver. 3. Should he reason with unprofitable Inik, of mainly wbieh drinketh iniquity like water !] What a with speeches wherewith be can do no good.?} Is this Joathsome and filthy creature, then, is-man, who is as thy wisdom which teaches thee to wrangle to no pur- prone to sin, as he is to drink when he is dry? pose, and to pour out words for which one is never Ver. 17. I will show itbae, becit me, and that which the better?

icon. I have seen, I will declare. ]. Do not stop thine ears, Ver. 4: Yra, thout tastest off fear, and restrainest whilst I shew thee thine error, and I will say nothing frårer before Gco.] The better, did I say? They but what mine owneyes have seen. destroy all teligion, and discourage men from-pouring 3..Ver. 18. Which wist men have told from their fathersj out their complaint in prayer to God.

and have not bid it.] And which wise then have obVer. 5. For the mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and served, and their fathers before them, who have rethou choosest -the tongue of the crafty. } .Thou rather ported it to their children ; teachest them to dispute with him; whereby thou hast Ver. 19. Urro whom alone the earth was given, and proclaimed thine iniquity, while with fallacious words no stranger passed among them.] And they no mean pero thou seekést how to dissemble it.

sons neither, but such as were alone thought worthy : Ver. 6. Thine own mouth condemnets thee, and not l; to be entrusted with the government of the whole yea, thine own lips testify against thee.] I need pro. countries, which no foreign power could enter (as they duce no farther testimony against thee ; for thy have done thine) while they ruled. owor mouth hath done the business, and condemneth Ver: 20. The wicked man travaileth with prin all bis thee of impiety.

days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.] - Ver. 7. Art thou the first man that was born or The wicked tyrant (this is their and may observamast thou made before the bills?] Thou art but a man, tion) is never free from inward torment; all his life why dost thou talk as if thou wert God, or at least long he is in dread of some greater oppressor than wert made before the world?

himself. Ver. 8. 'Hast thou heard the secret of GOD? and Ver. 21. A dreadful sound is in bis es ; in prospie dost thou restrain wisdom to thyself?) Wast thou ade riry the destroyer shall come upon him.] His guilt 50 mitted into God's secret counsels, and thereby engross- pursues him, that it makes him fear some mischief ed all wisdom to thyself?

or other is still faling on him; and in the most Ver. 9. -What knowest thou that we know not? what peaceable time he doth not think himself in-safety. understandest thou which is not in 415?] Wherein (to Ver. 22. He believeth not that the start enorm oist og Tetort thy own words upon thee) doth thy knowledge darkness, and be is waited for of the sword.) When he exceed ours ? Let us hear what secret thou hast lies down, he is afraid he shall be killed before the learnt, which we do not understand.

morning; and he fancies nothing but naked swords Ver. 1o. With us are both the grey-beaded, and very round about him." aged men, much elder than thy father. ] If by age and Ver. 23. He wanderety abroad for broad, saying, tong experience men acquire wisdom, there are some Wbére is it? We knoweth that the day of darkness is of as who are much older than thy father.

ready at bis band.] He shall wander to get a morsel Ver. 11. Are the consotacions of GOD small with of bread where he can find it, and when bie hath it, Thee? is there any secret thing with thee) Why dost he shall imagine it will prove his poison. thou 'slight, then, those divine consolations which we Ver. 23. Trouble and anguish-sball make bim afraid ; have given thee? Hast thou some secret ones, which they shall prevail against bim as a'ding neady to be barno body else knows of?

tle] The distress and anguish where in the goes himVer: 12. Wby doth thine beart carry thee away? and self, shall affright him ; they shall press upon him and wbat" doth "thine eyes winé ett ?) What makes thee overcome him, as a king døth his enemies whom he have such an high ́opinion of thyself, and in this man- hath surrounded with his forces. ner contemn us?

Ver. 25: For be strotebeth-ort bis band against GOD, Ver. 13. That show turned thy spirit against God, and strengtheneth himself agento the Almighwy:] Whicha and lettest such words go out of thy mouth.) Nay, op- will be a just punishment of his audacrous impiety ; pose thyself to God, and take the boldness to argue because he defied God, and resolutely set himself in with him?

opposition to the Almighty. • Ver 14: What is man, that the should be clean? Ver. 26. He runneth upon bim, * even on his recik,

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

upon the twick bosses of bis hucklers":] Who will sud ly he was treated by him and the rest of his friends ; denly lay fast hold on him and kill him, though he be who, in effect, joined with his enemies; who took never so well armed.

this opportunity to rail at him. Whereas there Ver. 27. Because he coveretb bis face with bis fat was no crime appeared to justify their accuness, and maketh vollops of fit on his flanks.] Because sations, and to make good Eliphaz's argument ; he minds nothing but his belly ; and, casting away all which signified nothing, unless he meant to say, that fear of God, nourishes up himself in luxury, pride, Job was like that wicked tyrant of whon he had and haughtiness.

discoursed : Which was so far from any shew of Ver. 28. And be dwelleth in desolate cities, and in truth, that he protests he never hurt any body, and houses which no man inhabiteth, which are really to be was always a sincere lover of God, &c. ver. 17. come beaps.] Possessing cities which he hath laid de 18. The truth of which God knew; to whose solate ; and houses out of which he hath driven the bar he appeals from their unjust sentence. owners, and which are running to ruin.

Ver. 29. He shall mee; be rich, neither shall bis sub. Ver. 1. THEN Job answered and said,] Here Job stance continue, neither shall be prolong the perfection there

and , of upon the earth.] But the riches he hath got by such Ver. 2. I have beard many such things : miserable violence and oppression, shall come to nothing: he may comforters are je all.] Thou dost but repeat what design great things, but shall leave them iin perfect. hath been often said already : such comforters as you,

Ver. 30. He shall depart out of darkness, the fame are as troublesome as my sufferings. sball dry up his branches, and by the breath of his Ver.


Sball vain words have an end ?? or what emmouth shall be go away.] When his troubles begin, boliteneth thee that thou answerest?) May not one they shall not end till they have destroyed both him endlessly pour out such empty discourses? (as I and his children: one word of God's mouth) so mad may with more reason call thine, than thou didst a thing it is to set himself against heaven) will utter- mine, xv.

mine, xv. 3.) I wonder at thy confidence, that, havdy consume him.

ing so little to say, thou shouldest take upon thee to Ver. 31. Let not him that is deceived trust in va answer. nity : for vanity shall be bis recompence.] Let such Ver. 4. I also could speak as ye do: if your soul were examples teach him that is seduced into evil ways, in my scul's stead, I coulit beap up words against you, not to trust to such uncertain greatness; for vexa and shake mine bead at you.] I could insult as well tious disappointments shall be all that he will get as you; and, if we could change conditions, let you

see how easy it would be to oppress you with such Ver. 32. It shall be accomplished before his time, and words as these, in a grave fashion to mock at your bisbranch shall not be green.] He shall meet with them, calamities. when he little thinks of it; and see his children Ver. 5. But I would strengthen you with wither away as well as himself.

and the moving of my lips should assuage your grief:] Ver. 33. He sball sake of his unripe fruit as the But I abhor the thought of such a guilt: I would vine, and shall cast off bis flower as the olive.] They not fail to fortify you, in that case, with the best shall die before their time; as the unripe grape, or arguments I could invent; and carefully abstain the blossom of the vine or olive, are struck with hail, from the least word that should augment your grief. or bitten off by the frost.

Ver. 6. Though I speał, my grief is not assuaged : Ver.

34: For the congregation of hypocrites shall be and though I forbear, what am I eased?] Though, desolate, and fire-sball consume the tabernacles of bribe as for myself, I find my misery admits of no consolary.] The most numerous families of such ungodly tion : for whether I defend my innocence, or silently men shall have none in then left: the divine venge. suffer you to condemn me, it makes no difference. ance shall destroy the house which was built with ill Ver. 7. But now he bath made me weary: thou hast gotten goods.

made desolate all my company.] God hath long since Ver. 35. They conceive mischief, and bring forth quite tired me with one trouble upon another. Thou vanity, and. tbeir belly prepareth deceit.] And they hast not ceased, O God, till thou hast left me neijustly deserve to be thus punished, because all they ther goods nor children ; no, nor a friend to comfort design and do is nothing but the oppression and ruin of their subjects: against whom, when one

Ver. 8. And thou hast filled me with wrinkles, which design miscarries, they conceive new arts to undo is a witness against me: and my leanness rising up in me, them.

beareth witness to my face.) The furrows in my face

(which is not old) shew the greatness of my aftlicCH A P. XVI.

tion : which is extremely augmented by him who

rises up with false accusations to take away 'mine THE ARGUMENT.-- Job reproves the vanity and ob. honour, as this consumption will do my life.

stinacy.of Eliphaz, in repeating the same things Ver. 9. He teareth me in his wrath, who bateth me : over again, and still persisting in his inhumanity, be gnashes upon me with his teeth ; mine enemy sharpenthough he saw his case so pitiable : Which he a eth his teeth upon me.] He rends my good name in gain describes, to make him sensible how unworthi- pieces, with a passion equal to his hatred : my ene. VOL. III.


by it.

my mouth,


« PreviousContinue »