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longer the care of that providence to which they are dinary discourse, be his many marvellous acts, of
other beings; triumph, therefore, and make your
boast of this, as a greater happiness than all worldly
goods ; let it fill the hearts of all his faithful worship-
Ver. 4. Seek the LORD and lis strength : seek his face
evermore.] Let it encourage them to address themxvi. 8. &c. that the first part of it at least (to the themselves before the ark of his presence, (z Chron. end of ver. 15.) was made by David; and delivered
vi. 41.), commend themselves to his powerful protec. by him to Asaph and his brethren, for the constant tion; let them unweariedly seck his favour, and imservice of God in the tabernacle, when, after several victories over the Philistines, (1 Chron. xiv.), he plore his gracious assistance.
Ver. 5. Remember his marvellous works he hath done, liad settled the ark of God in Sion. And it is most
his woriders, and the judgements of his mouth.] Which probable that he afterwards enlarged this psalm, (for who else would adventure to do it?), that it you may with the greater confidence expect, if you might be a more complete commemoration of all vellous things he hath done for your deliverance; and
, the mercies of God towards their nation, from his terrible executions, (Exod. iii. 20.), according to the days of Abraham, to their taking possession his just sentence passed (Exod. vii. 4.) upon your of the land of Canaan. Into which, he shews,
enemies. their glorious Lord conducted them by so many
Ver. 6. O ye seed of Abrnham his servant, je chil. miraculous providences, in several ages, (according dren of Jacob his chosen.] The benefit of which you to his faithful promise made to Abraham his faith- still enjoy, 0 ye who are the posterity of his servant ful servant), that it deserved their most hearty ac
Abraham, (whose faith and obedience you ought to knowledgements; to which he excites them, by ten several expressions, in the five first verses of the imitate); the children of Jacob, whom he chose
(rejecting Esau) to inherit the promised blessing. psalm. To which the Greeks prefixed an Hollelujah, (for in all the earth.] He is still the same mighty Lord,
Ver. 7. He is the LORD our God, kis judgements are they take the last word of the foregoing psalm, and and our most gracious God, who continues to execute set it on the head of this), as a note how much his judgements every where upon our enemies, (2 they were obliged to praise the Lord, according to Sam. v.7.-10.-17. &c.); and, therefore, let us that exhortation ; when they remembered in this psalm the benefits that he had bestowed
never cease to praise him, and chearfully serve him, their
upon forefathers, which were sufficient to excite and and faithfully depend upon him.
Ver. 8. He hath remembered his covenant for ever, whet their minds to the imitation of their virtue. And it may serve to admonish the new people of God, For he is never unmindful of his engagements to us,
the word which he commanded to a thousand generations.] (as Theodoret speaks), that is, us Christians, how but punctually performs, in all ages, what he hath much we ought to rejoice in God's goodness to us, promised in his covenant. and how dangerous it is to be ungrateful to him ; which provoked him to deprive the Jews of that his oath unto Isaac :] Which he first solemnly made,
Ver. 9. Which covenant he made with Abrabam, and fatherly care he had taken of their ancestors.
(Gen. xv, 17. 18.), and then sware (xxii. 16.) unto
Abraham; and renewed with his son Isaac, to whom Ver. 1. O GIVE thanks unto the 1:0RD; call upon he promised to perform that oath which he sware
his name ; make known his deeds among the unto Abraham, Gen. xxvi. people.] Stir up yourselves, all ye that are here assem Ver. 10. And confirmed the same unto Jacob for a bled, to make your most grateful acknowledgements law, and to Israel for an everlasting coveriant.] And unto the great Lord, who is pleased to come and again confirmed it to Jacob, both when he went to dwell among you; never approach his presence to Haran, (Gen. xxviii. 13. &c.), and at his return, when make your petitions to him, but join his praises to- he changed his name into Ísrael, (Gen. xxxv. 10. gether with them; and proclaim to all the people &c.), and at last passed it into a law, in that coveround about, what great things he hath done for you, nant which he made with their posterity, (Exod. xxiii. and for your forefathers.
22. 23.-31. 32.), never to be altered, if they keep Ver. 2. Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him : talk their covenant with him. je of all his wondrous works.] Sing his praise with a Ver. 11. Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of chearful voice, and with all the instrumerts of music; Canaan, the lot of your inheritance:] The sum of which and let the subject of your hymns, and of your or was this, I bestow upon thee, and will bring thee into
that good land, the land of Canaan ; which, accord. as if he were a man inspired, Gen. xl. 21. 22. xli. ing to this faithful covenant, you now possess ; as by
12. 13• lot it was distributed to your several tribes, for their Ver. 20. The king sent and loosed him; even the inheritance, Josh. xiv. 1. 2.
ruler of the people, and let him go free.] Whereupon Ver. 12. When they were but a few men in number: the king presently sent for him, (Gen. xli. 14.); gea, very few, and strangers in it.] This covenant he that great prince, whose dominion extended over began to make with your forefathers, (and shewed his many provinces, and commanded him to be set at liintention to perform it, by his singular care over
berty ; them), when their family was very small, (Gen. xii. Ver. 21. He made him lord of bis house, and ruler 1.-5.), and consequently so weak, that they might of all his substance.] And received such satisfaction easily have been destroyed in the land where they from him about his dream, which none of his wise were strangers, (Gen. xxiii. 4.), and had no friends men could interpret, that he not only wholly dischar. nor allies to support them:
ged him from his imprisonment, but made him the Ver. 13. When they went from one nation to another, chief officer in the court; and, under himself, the from one kingdom to another people.] Nor any settled supreme governor of his whole kingdom, Gen. habitation ; but were forced to wander to and fro, xli. 40. 41. from one part of Canaan into another, (Gen. xii. 6. Ver. 23. To bind bis princes at bis pleasure, and 8. 9.), and then to sojourn in other kingdoms; some teach bis senators wisdom.] Yea, intrusted himn with times in Egypt, (Gen. xii. 10.), sometimes in Gerar, an absolute power to command all the rulers of his (Gen. xx. 1. xxvi, 1.), and sometimes in the eastern several provinces what he pleased, and to punish their country from whence they came, Gen. xxix. 1. disobedience according to his discretion; the most
Ver. 14. He suffered no man to do them wrong : yea, ancient and wisest counsellors in the realm were orderhe reproved kings for their sake.] And wheresoever ed to repair to him, and to do nothing without his they sojourned, he took them into his protection, and instructions, Gen. xli. 44. suffered no man to do them any injury, (Gen. xxxi. 24. Ver. 23. Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob -12.); but gave severe checks, even to the king of sojourned in the land of Ham.] By which great Egypt, (Gen. xii. 16.), and the king of Gerar, (xx. authority he procured not only the leave, but the in. 3. &c.), to prevent the mischief which they were de. vitation of Pharaoh, (Gen. xlv. 16. 17. &c.), to his signing to them.
father, to come and bring all his family with him Ver. 15. Saying, Touch not mine anrinted ; do my into Egypt; and accordingig he came and dwelt in prophets no harm.] For he told them, these were sa the best part of all the country, Gen. xlvi. 26.-28. cred persons, whom he designed to make greater men Ver. 24. And be increased his people gi cutly; and than themselves; and therefore charged them not to made them stronger than their enemies.] Where, accorhurt them; but to honour them, not merely as prin- ding to his promise, when he bade Jacob accept that ces, (Gen. xxiii. 6.), but as prophets, (xx. 7.), by, invitation, (Gen. xlvi. 3. 4.), the Lord multiplied whose prayers they should receive great blessings, if them exceedingly, (Exod. 1. 7.), and made them they were kind to them.
mightier than the Egyptians, (Exod. i. 9.), who, of Ver. 16. Moreover, be called for a famine upon the friends, were now become their enemies. land; he brake the whole staff of bread.] And when, Ver. 25. He turned their heart to hate his people, to in the days of Jacob, he punished the land of Ca deal subtilely with his servants.] For the kinder God naan, as well as other countries, with such a dearth, was to the Israelites, and the more he increased their (Gen. xli. 54. &c.), that the earth brought forth numbers, the greater jealousy it begat in the heart of no kind of grain, for the support of human life; the Egyptians, which turned at last into an absolute
Ver. 17. He sent a man before them, even Joseph, hatred of them, and provoked their malice to invent who was sold for a servant :] He took a special care, the cruellest ways, first to diminish, (Exod. i. 10. 11. in a most wonderful way, to provide both for him, &c.), and then io destroy them, (ver, I g. 16.) and for his family; for Joseph (whom his brethren Ver. 26. He sent Moses bis servant, and Aaron whom first conspired to destroy, but afterward were divert- be kad chosen.] This moved the divine compassion, ed from their purpose, and only sold for a slave) was when he saw their oppression grew intolerable, to brought into Egypt, by the secret counsel of God, give commission to Moses, whom he had in an ex(Gen. xlv. 5.—7. &c.), to be the instrument of their traordinary manner preserved from perishing, (Exod. preservation.
iii. 13.), and to Aaron, whom he chose to be his asVer. 18. Whose feet tbey burt with fetters ; he was sistant, (Ex d. iv. 15.), to go and demand their lilaid in iron.] He was oppressed, indeed, for a long berty of Pharaoh, Exod. iv. 23. v. I. time, by a most grievous calamny; which was a sorer Ver. 27. They shewei bis signs among them, and affliction to him, than the chains and fetters that were wonders in the land of Hum]. And he disputing their at first laid upon him in prison ;
commission, and refusing to let Israel go), they Ver. 19. Until the time that his word came ; the proved it, and persuaded him to obey it, by many word of the LORD tried him.] Till mention at last miraculous works; which God commanded them to was made of him to Pharaoh, by one of his officers; do, as tokens that he had sent them. who related how exactly Joseph predicted what Ver. 28 He sent darkness, and made it dark; and had befallen him, and another of his fellow-scrvants, they rebeiled not against his seord.] Among which the
pitchy darkness, which overspread the whole land that they not only let Israel go, but were forward to three days, (except only where the Israelites dwelt), thrust them out of Egypt, and that loaded with silver was a very remarkable punishment of Pharaoh's and gold, (Exod. xii. 36.-35.); and, which is very blindness; who would not see the hand of God in all wonderful among so many thousand persons, (ver. other plagues, which Moses and Aaron, not fearing 37 ), there was not one at that time so feeble, as his displeasure, but pursuing their orders, had inflict- to be unable to travel. ed on him.
Ver. 38. Egypt was glail when they departed; for Ver. 29. He turned their waters into blood, and slew the fear of tbem fell upon them.] And great was the their fish.] As, first of all, the Lord commanded joy at their departure, not only among the Israelites, them to stretch their hand upon all the waters of but among the Egyptians, who thought themselves Egypt, which he turned into blood; and made them not safe till the Israelites had their liberis, but were so putrid, that the fish which was in the river died, in dread of another plague, which they thought Exod, vii. 20. 21
might kill them, as the former had done their chil. Ver. 30. Their land brought forth frogs in abun- drei, Exod. xii. 33. . dance in the chambers of their kings.] And, at the next Ver. 39. He spread a cloud for a covering ; and fire stroke, produced such a vast number of frogs out of to give light in the night.] Nor did thie divisie provithe stinking waters and mud, that not only the whole derice distrt our fliers after it had brought them earth was covered with them, but no house, no room out of Egypt, but, lest they should suffer any prejuin their houses, no, not the cabinets of their king dice by the exceeding great heats, or inistake their and his princes, were free from their annoyance, way in a desolate wilderness, he defended them in the Excd. viii. 3.-6.
day from the scorching rays of the sun by a cloud, Ver. 31. He spake, and there came divers sorts of which itself gave them light to comfort, and (if fies and lice in all their coasts.] And then followed need were) to guide them in the night, Exod. xiii. an infinite swarm of the most pestilent sort of fies, 21. 22. (see Psal. lxxviii. 45.), after a troublesome and filthy Ver. 40. The prople asked, and be brought quails ; plague of lice, which had infested all the country, and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.) He proExod. viii. 17.–24.
vidd also a delicate food for that vast multitude, even Ver. 32. He gave them hail for rain, and flaming when they were so ungrateful as to murmur against fire in their land.) Which was succeeded (after a hin, (Exod. xvi. 12. &c.); sending them in the murrain upon their cattle, and a fiery ulcer on their evening such flights of quails, and in the morning own bodies) by a dreadful storm of hail, (when fruit- such showers of corn out of the clouds, as abundantful showers of rain were most desirable), together ly satisfied every one of them. with such lightning as was never seen ; for it ran Ver. 41. He opened the rock, and the water's gusbed upon the ground, and burnt up all that was not de out ; they ran in the dry places like a river.] And stroyed by the hail, Exod. ix. 23. 24. &e.
when they murmured again for want of drink, (Exod. Ver. 33. He smote their vines also, and their fig-trees; xvii. 2.-6.), he was so kind as to stop their com. and brake the trees of their coasts.] Which not only plaints, by making water to spring out of the rock; struck down the grapes and the figs, but shattered from whence it gushed so constantly, and in such the vines and fig-trees themselves, together with abundance, that it made a stream, which followed many other fruit-trees in the land,
them in all the parched grounds through which they Ver. 37. He spake, and the locusts came ; ani ca. marched. terpillars, and that without number ;] And whatsoever Ver. 42 For he remembered bis boly promise, and escaped this tempestuous storm, (for some things Abrabam bis servant.] For the Lord was resolved were not then grown up, Exod. ix. 31.), was not long punctually to perform his promise, passed in former after devoured by an innumerable army of various ages, (Gen. xv. 18. Exod. ij. 27.), which made him sorts of locusts, Exod. x. 5.-12. &c.
reward the fidelity of his servant Abraham, even Ver. 35. And did eat up all the herbs in iheir land, upon his incredulous posterity, at that very time and devoured the fruit of their ground. Which, by which he had prefixed for it, Gen. xv. 13. Exod. his command, came and covered the whole face of xii. 41. the country, eating up the very leaves of the trees, Ver. 43. And he brought forth bis people with joy, as well as all the grass and herbs upon the ground, and his chosen with gladness.] When, with much
mirth and joy, he brought his people out of the Ver. 36. He smote also all the first-born in their land; Egyptian bondage, and made them shout to see the the chief of all their strength.] And at last he finish- difference he inade between them and the Egyptians, ed these plagues in the slaughter of all the first-born, who were drowned in the Red Sea, while they were both of man and beast ; the angel of the Lord killing, conducted safe through it on dry land, Exod. xv. I. in one and the same nighi, (Exod. xii. 29.), the prin. 13:- 19. cipal prop of every fainily, and the best of all their
Ver. 44. And gave them the lands of the beathen; flocks and their herds,
and they inherited the labour of the people.] And, in Ver. 37. He brought them forth also with silver and conclusion, he cast out seven nations, to make room gold; and there was not one feeble person among their for them in the land of Canaan ; where their postribes.] Which terrible destruction so afrighted them, terity took possession of cities and towns, fields and
Exod. x. Ij.
vineyards, which the labour of others had built and continue his kindness, you may hope, unto all sucplanted for them, Deut. vi. 10. 11. Josh. xxiv, 13.
ceeding ages. Ver. 45. Tbat they might observe his statutes, and Ver. 2. Who can uiter the mighty acts of the LORD.” keep his laws. Praise ye the LORD.] That they who can shew forth all lis praise ? ] Praise him with might have the more leisure to purge the country of all your might, for when you have done your best, all its ancient superstition and filthiness, and set themyou must acknowledge that it is impossible to express selves heartily to worship God, after that manner that your obligations to his omnipotent goodness. For he prescribed, in a strict observance of all the rest of who is able to tell how miraculous that power was, his holy laws.
which wrought such wonders for us in Egypt, and in For which, and all other his benefits, excite your the wilderness, and in the land of Canaan? where selves to praise the Lord.
shall we find a man that can set forth, as they de. serve, all the praise-worthy acts of the Lord ?
Ver. 3. Blessed are they thut kecp judgement, and P = A L M CVI.
be that doetb righteousness at all times.] Which are s.)
great and many, that they are most happy men, who, Hallelujah, i. e. Praise the LORD.
by faithful obedience to all his precepts, (not only
when they have newly received his benefits, but The ARGUMENT.-There is little doubt to be made, throughout the whole course of their lives), preserve
but this is the title of the psalm, as it is of many themselves in the favour of so gracious a Lord and other, (cxi. &c.), whereby the author excites them master, (which our forefathers foolishly lost, by reto acknowledge God's bounty to their ungrateful volting presently from their merciful deliverer.) forefathers. For as in the foregoing psalm, (they
Ver. 4. Remember me, O LORD, with the fatour are the words of Theodoret), the divine benefits that thou bearest unto thy people; 0 visit me with thy are commemorated, so in this, the psalmist both salvation;] Make me, good Lord, one of this hapcommeinorates them, and also upbraids the ingra. py number, and let me partake of the favour thou titude of those that received them. Which mag= still designest for thy people, and find thee ready at nified the mercies of God the more, in being so hand, in all dangers, to preserve and deliver me, (! very kind to those wicked people, that when he Chron. xviii. 6.-13. 14.)
punished them, he did not utterly destroy them. Ver. 5. That I may see the good of thy chosen, that The opinion of that father is, That the psalm was com- I may rejoice in the gladness of thy nation ; that I may
posed in the person of the more pious sort of people, glory with thine inberitance.] That I may live to see who bewail the common calamities, and implore the thy chosen people Israel settled in a peaceful enjoydivine indulgence. And most interpreters that I have ment of all thy blessings, (1 Chron. xxii. 18.), and met withal, imagine it to have been made in the have my share in their joy and felicity, (1 Chron. time of the captivity of Babylon ; but the proof xxix. 9.; nay, triu inph together with them, in the of it is very weak. For the last verse but one, highest praises of thy bounty towards thy own naupon which they ground that conjecture, may have tion, and peculiar inheritance, 1 Chron. xxix. 10. 11. another coustruction, and mean no more but this, 12. 13. &c. that God would be pleased, when the nation, or Ver. 6. We have sinned with our fathers, we have any part of it, should be carried captive, to take pity committed iniquity, we have done wickedly.] Our sins upon them, and restore them again to their country. indeed may hinder these blessings from us, for we are Or rather, in my opinion, it refers to those who, in no better than our forefathers, but have offended the days of Saul, or before, were taken prisoners by after their exainple, by which we ought to have been the Philistines, and other nations; whom David prays amended; we are guilty of many iniquities against God to gather to their own land again, that they one another, and much impiety against thee. might worship him in that place, which he had Ver. 7. Our fatbers understood not thy wonders in prepared for the ark of his presence. For it seems Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy merosis, plain enough that this was one of the songs which but provoked bim at the sea, even at the Red Sea,] We he delivered then to Asaph; the first verse and are the wicked offspring of those who were so stupid, the two last being set down in i Chron. xvi. 36. as not to be affected with the prodigious works thou 37. as the beginning and ending of another psalm, didst in Egypt, or presently to forget that long series (which can be none but this), which he then gave of miraculous preservations and deliverances, by in with the other two there mentioned, (xcvi. and which they were brought from thence ; but in the cv.), to praise the Lord withal.
very next strait into which they fell, (at the borders of
the sea, that remarkable place the Red Sea), distrustVer... PRAISE ye the LORD. O give thanks unto ed his power; and wished he had left them in twat
the LORD, for he is good; for his mercy cruel servitude, of which before they so heavily comendureth for ever.] O make your thankful acknow- plained, Exod. xiv. ledgements to the great Lord of all the world, who Ver. 8. Nevertheless he saved them for his name': was exceeding gracious to your forefathers, and will sake ; that he might make his mighty power to be known]
And yet (such was his s'upendous goodness) he would seditiously disputed the authority of Moses ; and acnot let them perish in their ingratitude ; but to pre. cused both him and Aaron, whom the Lord had conserve the name he had gotten of their mighty Saviour, secrated for the service of the altar, as ambitious men, gave thein a new deliverance; that the world might that took too much upon them, Numb. xvi. 3. not imagine he wanted power to complete what he Ver. 17. The earth opened and swallowed up Da. had begun to do for them.
than, and covered the company of Abiram.] Which Ver. 9. He rebuked the Red Sea also, and it was moved the divine justice to punish their presumption dried up ; so he led them through the depths as through with a most terrible vengeance, for the earth opened, the wilderness. ] On this consideration, he checked and buried alive both Dathan and Abiram, and the the course of that sea by so strong a wind, that he faction that adhered to them, Numb. xvi. 32. 33. made a path in the midst of it; and led them through Ver. 18. And a fire was kindled in their company ; those depths on as hard and dry ground, as they trod the flame burnt up the wicked.] And the other comupon in their march through the parched desarıs, pa:iy raised by Korah, were smitten with lightning Exod. xiv. 21. 22.
from heaven ; which burnt up those impious men, Ver. 10. And he saved them from the hand of him who were so bold as to invade the office of the priests that hated them; and redeemed them from the hand of the of the Lord, Numb. xvi. 35. enemy.] By which means he saved them from Pha Ver. 19. They made a calf in Horeb, and worsbipped raoh's army; which pressed hard upon their backs, as the molten image.] Vhose anger they began very the sea was before their face, (Exod. xiv. 9. 10.) early to incense ; for even at that very place where He rescued them from the power of those implacable the Lord had newly appeared to them, in astonishing enemies, whose hatred carried them to pursue them thunder, and lightning, and clouds, (Exod. xx. 18.), cagerly even into the sea, (Exod. xiv. 23.)
and had spoken to them with an audable voice, and at Ver. II. And the waters covered their enemies ; the second word he spake had charged them not to there was not one of them left.] Where they were make any graven image, (Exod. xx. 4.), and had drowned every man of them ; the sea, which had called Moses up into the Mount to receive the rest of stood fixed as a wall to save the Israelites, returning his laws, (which he had begun in a most dreadful back with a mighty violence to overwhelm their ad manner to deliver to them), they stupidly made a versaries.
golden calf, and prostrated themselves before the Ver. 12. Then believed they his words ; they sang
bis work of their own hands. praise.] Which was so evident a token of his power Ver. 20. Thus they changed their glory into the siand goodness, that they were persuaded by it, at that militude of an ox that eateth grass.] Slighting that glopresent, to believe God's promises, (Exod. xiv. 31.), rious presence of the majesty of God, (Exod. xxiv. and to sing a song of praise to him for this miracu. 16. 17.), which, appearing in the cloud, had done lous deliverance, Exod. xv. 1. &c.
many wonders for them; and chusing rather to comVer 13. They soon forgot bis works, they waited mend themselves 10 the protection of an image, in not for his counsel ;] But within three days they which they saw no glory ; the image of a dull ox, a grew impatient again, (Exod. xv. 22. 24.), and for creature without reason, a servant of man, that is getting the great and many pledges they had received supported itself by so weak a thing as hay, Exod. of his divine power, quarrelled with his servants; and xxxii. 14. would not expect till he shewed what way he intend Ver. 21. They forgat God tbeir Saviour, which had ed to relieve them.
done great things in Egypt ;] The root of which sotVer. 14. But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, tish apostacy was, that they did not keep in mind and tempted God in the desurt. But not long after this, what deliverances God had granted then, under the murmured again, (Exod. xvi.) And though, in- conduct of Moses, whom now they despised ; (Exod. stead of punishing them for it, he satisfied them with xxxii. 2.) But forgot his great works in the land of bread from heaven, and gave them several other de- Egypt, where they never saw any similitude of him. monstrations of his divine presence among them in the Ver. 22. Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and wilderness, (Exod. xvi. xx. xxiv. &c.), yet, to please terrible things by the Red Sea.] Miraculous works, their wanton appetite, they mutinied another time, which filled the whole country with wonder and asand cried out vehemently for flesh to eat, (Numb. xi. tonishment; and concluded at last in the fearful over4. 5. &c.), and desired new proofs of his power to throw of Pharaoh and all his host in the Red Sea, su ply them.
through which they passed safely. Ver. 15. And be gave them their request, but sent Ver. 23. Therefore be said that he would destroy lean'ess into the soul.] Which he was pleased to grant them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the in such abu..dance, that they surfeited of the quails breach ; to turn away bis wrath, lest be shoula destrog which he sent them; and, instead of being nourished, them.) Which provoked the divine displeasure so fell into a grievous disease, whereby great numbers highly, that he resolved to destroy them, (Exod. of them were wasted and consumed, Numb. xi. 31. xxxii.
10.); and had done it, if Moses, for whom
he had a great respect, had not, by his earnest interVer. 16. They envied Moses also in the camp, and cession, made up this breach ; and reconciled him so Aaron the saint of the LORD.) And they that escap- far to them, that he did not proceed then to take such ed were not cured of their rebellious humour; but vengeance on them, Exod. xxxii. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15,