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17.-22. &c.), shall add to my triumphs, and be for. livered from the mischief which thereby they dea ced to submit unto me, as their conquering lord, (2 signed to him. Accordingly, when he was settled Sam. viii. 1.)
in his throne, he sent this psalm, among others, unto Ver. 10. Who will bring me into the strong city? the inaster of music in the tabernacle ; to perpewho will lead me into Edom?] These are difficult tuate the memory of God's mercy to him. things indeed ; and I may well ask, when I consider Concerning such imprecations as we here meet withal, how potent these nations are, by what power or see the argument of Psal. xxxv. which is of the force I shall be able to enter that strongly-fenced city, same nature with this. in the frontiers of their country? who is it that will conduct me into Idumea, and make me a master of it?
OLD not thy peace, O God of my praise ;] Ver. 11. Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us
O God, the Supreme Judge of the off? and wiit not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts?] world, who, as thou hast gives me hitherto continual But I can soon answer myself: for why should I de cause to praise thee, so I hope wilt still vindicate my spair of thy presence with us, O God of all power and honour ; I appeal unto thy majesty, beseeching thee might! who formerly indeed didst reject us, and for to declare thyself on my side, and make it appear sake the conduct of our armies, (i Sam. xxxi. 1. that I am innocent. -7.), but now, I hope, wilt graciously aid us, and Ver. 2. For the mouth of the wicked, and the mouth make us victorious.
of the deceitfuit, are opened against me : they have spoken Ver. 12. Give us belp from trouble : fir vain is the against me with a lying tongue.] For men of no conhelp of man.] Do not frustrate these hopes; but af. science have taken the liberty to invent the most misford us thy help against the Syrians also, (2 Sam. viii. chievous lies of me, whereby, though they always 5.), now that they distress us ; for no human force is speak me fair to my face, they have wickedly traable to deliver us, nor have we any confidence in it, duced me to Saul behind my but in thee alone.
Ver. 3. They compassed me about with words of har Ver. 13. Through God we skall do valiantly : for he tred, and fought against me without a cause.] And it is that shall tread down our enemies.] By whose spread those false reports so diligently, that I find they assistance we will behave ourselves courageously, and have made me odious every where; and thereupon, do valiant acts ; for God will utterly rout our ene without any provocation from me, have levied war mies, and tread them down like the mire in the against me, to take away my life, 1 Sam. xxiii. 8.streets.
Ver. 4. For my love they are my adversaries : but I PSALM CIX.
give myself unto prayer.] Who have been so far from
doing them any harm, that I have deserved well of To the chief musician. A Psalm of David. them, (1 Sam. xix. 4. 5.); and even now, when they
requite my kindness with endeavours to destroy me, The ARGUMENT.—Most interpreters consent to the do nothing but recommend myself by prayer to thy
opinion Aben-Ezra and D. Kimchi, that David protection, refusing to make use of the opportunity (to whom the title ascribes this psalm) hath respect I had to revenge myself upon them, 1 Sam. xxiv. 9. here, in the first place, to the grievcus persecution 10. &c. which he suffered by Saul, and some of his court; Ver. 5. And they have rewarded me evil for good, and who would let him enjoy no rest, but having dri- hatred for my love. And yet this will not mollify ven him from his own house, pursued him so close, them, but still they are so extremely ungrateful, as to wheresoever he heard he was, that he could have repay my kindness with new attempts to do me misno certain dwelling ; but became like a locust, (as chief, (i Sam. xxvi. 2.); and the more affection I ex. he speaks, ver. 23.), which having no nest, (as press, with the greater hatred am I prosecuted. Bochartus observes, p. ii. 1. iv. de Animal. Sac. Ver. 6. Set thou a wicked man over him, and let Satan cap. 2.), leaps or flies from hedge to hedge, as he stand at his right hand.] So implacable is his malice, did from place to place. To provoke Saul to this who is the principal author of the calumnies whererage against him, as they all loaded him with many with I am loaded, (1 Sam. xxii. 9. 11.); against calumnies, (which made David curse them to Saul's whom, therefore, I implore thy justice, 0 most righface, 1 Sam. xxvi. 19.), so one especially among teous Judge of the world : let the worst man that can the rest, who is thought generally to be Does the be found, be appointed to hear his cause when he is Edomite, was notoriously guilty of this wickedness; accused, and his most malicious adversary plead awhom by a prophetical spirit, he here most solemnly gainst him. curses, in a direful manner, and pronounces the Ver. 7. When he shall be judged, let him be condemn-' heaviest judgement upon him and his family ; his ed, and let his prayer become sin.] When sentence is inhuman villainy being so great, that it made him given, let him be condemned to be as guilty as really an exact picture of the traitor Judas, to whom the he is; and if he petition for a pardon, let it not only apostle St Peter, Acts, i. 20. applies the 8th verse be rejected, but prove an aggravation of his crimes. of this psalm. The rest of which is spent in prayer Ver. 8. Let his days be few, and let another take his to God against such false accusers; and in vows office.] Let him (and the false traitor, who in future of the praises he would give him, when he was de. times will use the Messiah as now they do me) be
cut off before his time, and his office, (1 Sam. xxi. Ver. 18. As he clothed himself with cursing like as with 7. xxii. 9.), wherein he behaves himself with such bis garment, so let it come unto his bowels like water, and insufferable insolence and falsehood, be transferred to like oil into his bones.] His very business was to slana better mani.
der others every where, taking a pride in the mis. Ver. 9. Ļet his children be fatherless, and his wife a chievous effects of his cursed lies; and therefore, let widow.] Let not his fatherless children succeed him him feel the miserable fruit of bis wickedness spreadin any thing that he hath, nor his widow have any ing itself, like the water he drinks, into every vein thing left to maintain her.
of him, and sticking as close to him as oil unto the Ver. 10. Let his children be continually vagabonds, and bones. beg: let them seek their bread also out of their desolate Ver.
Let it be unto him as the garment which plaies.] Let them not have so much as an house covereth him, and for a girdle wherewiih he is girded wherein to put their heads, but be perpetual vaga- continually.] Let him be involved in perpetual inisbonds, supporting a miserable life by begging an fortunes and miseries, and never be able to shake them alms, and seeking where to lodge, because their own off; let him be hampered with straits and difficulties, dwellings are laid waste and desolate.
without any possibility of getting out. Ver. 11. Let the extortioner catch all that he hath: and Ver. 20. Let this be the reward of mine adversaries let the stranger spoil his labour.] Let his creditor from ihe Lord, and of them that speak evil against my (pretending a judyement) seize on all his estate ; and a soul.] This shall most certainly be the reward, stranger, by that means, reap the fruit of all his care which the righteous Lord will give to my malicious and labous.
adversaries, for all the pains they have taken, by Ver. 1 2. Let there be none to extend mercy unto him: slanderous reports and calumnies, to take away my neither let there be any to favour his fatherless children.] life : Let no man shew the least kindness to his memory, Ver. 21. But do thou for me, O God the LORD, for or upon that account bestow an alms upon his father. thy name's sake : because thy mercy is good, deliver thou less children.
me.] Which I commend to thy protection, O Lord, Ver. 13. Let his posterity be cut off, and in the gene, the Governor of all things; beseeching thee to take ration following let their name be blotted out.] Let them my part, and appear for me, though not for my rather be odious for his sake, and the sooner destroy- honour, yet for thy own, whose kindness is so exed; so that they be the last of the name, and, in ceeding bountiful unto all, that for that reason I am the next generation, not one of that family be found. encouraged to hope thou wilt deliver me, to whom
Ver. 14. Let the iniquity of his fathers be remember thou hast engaged thyself by many promises of eil with the LORD: and let not the sin of his mother be mercy. blotted out.] But, according to the just sentence of thy Ver. 22. For I am pour and needy, and my heart is law, (Exod. xx. 5.), let the punishments (which were wounded within me.] Which I never needed more due long ago, but thy patience moved thee to forbear) than now; for I am so poor, and forsaken of all my fall all upon him; let him suffer for the sins of his friends, (1 Sam. xxv. 8. &c.), that I am ready to progenitors on both sides, in whose wicked steps he faint away with grief and sorrow, like one that is would not cease to tread.
wounded at the very heart. Ver. 15. Let them be before the LORD continually,
. I am gone like the shadow when it deciineth: that he
тау cut of the memory of them from the earth.] I am tossed up and down as the locust.] The evening Let it be seen that their wickedness is not forgotten, shadow doth not vanish sooner than I from the place though committed many years ago; but prosecute it of my present abode, (1 Sam. xxii. 1. 3. 5. xxiii. with a continued vengeance, till nobody remember 13. 14.), which I am forced to quit on a sudden, and that there were such people in the world.
to wander, like the locust, which flies, or is driven, Ver. 16. Because that he remembered not to shew with the wind, uncertainly from place to place. mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he Ver. 24. My knees are weak through fasting, and might slay the broken in heart.] This will be but a de. my flesh faileth of futness.] And for want of food in served recompence for all his cruelties; for as he let those desart places, I am sometimes scarce able to reall benefits slip out of his mind, and was ungrateful to move ; for my body, which heretofore was plump those who had obliged him, so he had no sense of and fat, (1 Sam. xvi. 12.), is now grown lank and that common compassion which is due to the cala- thin, like one of those miserable lean creatures. mitous; but when he saw me in a necessitous condi. Ver. 25. I became also a reproach unto them ; when tion, destitute of friends, and dejected in spirit, made they looked upon me, they shaked their beads.] Which, no other use of it but to persecute me to death. instead of moving their pity, hath exposed me to such Ver. 17. As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him; contempt and scorn, that
when I am seen by any of as he delighted not in Blessing, so let it be far from him.] them, they deride and scoff at me as an undone wretch, What can be more just, than that the mischief, in that vainly hopes to escape their hands. which he delighted, and both wished and designed to Ver. 26. Help me, O LORD my God; O save me, others, should fall upon himself ! and that he should according to thy mercy.]
according to thy mercy.) But my hope is, that thou, never meet with the blessing of those righteous cour O Lord, who hast hitherto been my most gracious ses which he always hated and avoided !
God, wilt seasonably interpose for my relief; and
deliver me, out of that tender mercy which is wont of a priest, when he blessed the people at the to extend itself to those who have nothing else to de bringing of the ark to Sion, (2 Sam. vi. 18.), and pend upon.
so to have been both king and priest in one per. Ver. 27. That they may krow that this is thy hand ; son, as Melchisedeck was; but not a “ priest for that thou, LORD, hast done it.] Whereby they them- ever," on whom the office was perpetually establisl.selves may be convinced, and forced to acknowledge, ed, and that " by an oath," as it was on the priest that not by chance, no more than by my small forces, 1.ere mentioned. but by thy almighty power alone, and thy care of And therefore it is in vain to endeavour to accommcme, O Lord, I am delivered.
date any part of this psalm to David, who corVer. 28. Lct them curse, but bless thou : uhen they quered many of the neighbouring countries, smote arise, let them be ashamed; but let thy servant porce. their kings, made them bring him tributes, and at Thy blessing and protection l implore; which it thou last smote the head of the country of Rabbali, (assome wilt vouchsafe me, let them go on to curse and slan render the last words of the sixth verse of this psalm), der me as long as they please, it shall not hurt me, that is, the king of the children of linnon; but nay, let them assault me with armed force, they shall still we are to seek how the rest can be applied to only be confounded at their vain atienpt, and give thy him, who never had any pretenice to such an servant the greater cause to rejoice at their disappoint tloriiy as is here described, nor can in ment.
call himself my Lord; but, as our Lord Christ hath Ver. 29. Let mine adversaries be clotbed with
demonstrated, spake concurning him, (Matth. xxii. shume ; and let them cover themselves with their own 43. &c.), and his exaltation, after his resurrection confusion as with a mantle] Which shall so increase from the dead'; as St Peter and S: Paul also shew, the confusion of my malicious adversaries, that they Acts, ii. 34. 35. i Chron. xv. 25. Heb. iv. 1.-13. shall not be able to bear the disgrace; but wish they v. 6.), when he set up another priesthood, and could hide themselves from the sight of their shame, abolished that of Moses; which change is here prewhich their own wickedness hath brought upon
And though the Jews have taken a great deal of pains Ver. 30. I will greatly praise the LORD with my to wrest this psalm to another sense, yet they are mr_orth ; yea, I will praise him among the multitude.] so divided in their opinions about it, (speaking inin hope of which defeat, I vow beforehand to the consistent things, like drunken men, as St ChryLord the best expressions of my gratitude that I am soston's words are, or rather, says he, like men able to make; not only in private, but in the great in the dark, running against one another), that est assemblies, where I will not cease to praise his from thence alone we may be satisfied they are almighty love.
in the wrong, and have their eyes blinded, else Ver. 31. For be shall stand at the right hand of the they would not have embraced such interpretations poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.] as those which may be seen in them that have And bid them trust in God, who hath pleaded my written upon this psalm ; which some of the Jews cause, and rescued me from death, and will ever be themselves, (such as R. Moses Hadarson, Saadias the advocate of him that hath no helper, but depends Gaon, and divers others whom I might mention), on his goodness to deliver him from the hands of those have been forced to acknowledge belongs to Christ, judges, who prosecute the unjust sentence they have and is a very plain prediction of his divinity, bis passed upon him to lose his life,
royal dignity, his priesthood, and his victcrious
triumphs; which the psalmist sets forth as follows. PSALM CA..
Ver. 1. THE LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou A Psalm of David.
at my right hand, until I make thine ene
mies thy foctsiool.j This is the decree of the eternal THE ARGUMENT.-There is the same reason to think Lord, that the great person whom we expect, and
this psalın was composed by David, (not by some whom I honour as my Lord and Master, shall be adother concerning David), that there is to conclude vanced (after his sufferings) to the highest dignity all the rest to be so, which have the same title. (1 Kings, ii. 19.) in the heavens, and reign with him And then, as it is very plain he speaks of some as the King of all the world, till he have perfectly person much greater than himself, whom he calls subdued (Josh. x. 24.) the most powerful opposers his Lord, so it can be no other but the Lord Christ, of his kingdom, and overcome death itself, by whom of whom he here prophesies. Not, as he is wont all mankind are conquered, 1 Cor. xv. 25. 26. to do elsewhere, with respect to himself, in the Ver. 2. The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength first place, as his type and figure, but in plain out of Sion : rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.] words, which can belong to none but Christ alone ; The eternal Lord, who hath thus decreed to honour for no other King but he can be said, in any sense, thee, O most mighty Prince, will make Sion, first of to sit at God's right hand ; nor was there any priest all, to feel how powerful thy sceptre is, (Acts, i. 8. ii. of the order of Melchisedeck, that could be a sha- 34.–37.), and thence extend thy empire over all the dow of him.
earth, where I wish thou mayest, and foretel thou David indeed seems once to have exercised the office wilt, prevail over all infidelity, idolatry, superstition,
and impiets, which will set themselves against thy
letter is the fifth, not the first letter in that alphaauthority.
bet : In which order it proceeds, for the better help Ver. 3. Thy people shall be willing in the day of of the memory; being composed thus artificially, thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of : that every one, as well as the singers, (to whom the the morning ; thou hast the dew of thy youth.] For in Hallelujah perhaps is particularly directed), might the day when thy forces, (2 Tim. ii. 3.), complete have in their minds a brief form of thanking God ly armed with a divine power, (Acts, iv. 33.), shall (especially upon festival-days) for the wonderful march forth to subdue the world unto thy obedience, things he had done for that nation. they that are fit for thy kingdom, (Luke, ix. 62. Acts, It was a meditation which the author had in time of xii. 48.), shall chearfully submit themselves, and peace and quiet; for in distress, or immediately after present thee with free will offerings, in token of their a great deliverance, men's spirits are not at liberty absolute subjection to thee, (Acts, ii. 45. iv.37.; and to use such art and curiosity in their composures, as great shall be the number of chosen men, (1 John, ii. there is in this psalm, being full at those seasons of 13.), who, glad to see the night of ignorance gone, such passions as make them neglect it, even when shall at thy first appearance, by the celestial blessing, they are inclined to use it, see Psal. xxv.); for which fall unto thee as thick as the morning-dew.
reason I think Theodoret's opinion hath no ground, Ver. 4. The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent,
that the psalmist had respect to the great victory Thou art a priest for ever, after the order of Melchise obtained by Jehoshaphat over the Ammonites, and deck.] And happy are they who live under thy go other nations who invaded his kingdoin, for which vernment, for the Lord hath unchangeably resolved they gave thanks to God presently after, 2 Cliron. that thou shalt be a priest, as well as a King, with full xx. It is more likely that David, who composed power to bless all thy subjects, not only in that, but those larger forms of commemoration, Psal. cv. in all future ages, even to all eternity ; for thou shalt and cvi. made this (as I said) for a compendious not be a priest like those after Aaron's order, who remembrance of what is there more largely delidie to make room for others, but, like that great king vered. And that he might not exceed the iamber and priest Melchisedeck, shalt neither have any pre of the ten commandments (as some give the readecessor nor successor in thine office, but continue a son of it) in the verses of this psalm, the metres royal priest for evermore, fleb. vii.
of the two last are so short, that they have each of Ver. 5: The LORD at thy right han skall strike them three letters of the alphabet in them, whereas through kings in the day of bis wrath.] Who, as he all the former hare but two. will be most compassionate to all those that heartily acknowledge him for their Lord, and submit unto Ver. 1. PRAISE ye the LORD. I will praise the his government, so will break in pieces the greatest
LORD with my tubole beart, in ile assemporvers on earth that provoke his displeasure by bly of the upright, and in the congregation.] I will obstinate opposal of his authority at thy right hand. make my thankful acknowledgements to the Lord, not
Ver. 6. He shall jullge among the heathen, he shall only with my lips, or with some slight-affections of fill the places with the dead bodies ; be shall wound the my mind, but with all my heart and soul; and that beads over many countries.] From whence he shall not only in the private society of those good men demonstrate himself to all the leathen world, to be whom I am more intimately acquainted withal, but their Lawgiver and their Judge ; taking a severe
a severe in the public congregation of all his people. vengeance on those that persecute his subjects, and Ver. 2. The works of the LORD are great, sou3lt destroying, at last, even that mighty empire which out of all them that have pleasure therein.] Who ought shall then rule over many countries.
10 join together to praise the Lord for his mighty and Ver. 7. He skall drink of the brook in the way; wonderful works, which it will not cost thein much therefore shall be lift up the head.] But before all this, labour to understand, for they are easily found out he shall first humble himself to the meanest condition, by all those who take any pleasure in such inquiries. not living in the state of a king here in this world, Ver. 3. His work is bonourable and glorious ; anl but of a way-faring man, (Luke, ix. 56.), who is con- bis righteousness endureth for ever. ] And there is not tent with such provision as he meets withal. For one of them but is full of majesty and splendour, and which cause, after the enduring many hardships, even the fruit of his infinite bounty, and faithfulness to death itself, he shall be highly exalted to his royal his promise, which he still presses towards nis, and and priestly dignity in the heavens, from whence he will do so for ever shall never fall.
Ver. 4. He hath made his wonderful works to be re
membere:l; the LORD is gracious, (und full of compassion.] P S A L M CXI.
And s..ch is his goolaess, lest we should forget his be
nefi's, he hath instituted solemn tines for the comHallelujah, i. e. Praise the LORD.
hemoration of the wonders he haih done for us,
(Exod. xii. 14. xiii. 3. 9. &c.), which are everlastTHE ARGUMENT.-It is certain this is the title of the isly testimonies that we serve a most gracious and
psalm, which consists of as many short metres as compassionate Lord : there are letters in the Hebrew alphabe ; and Ver. 5. He hath given meat unto them that fear therefore cannot begin with Hallelujah, whose first him; he will ever be mindful of bis covenant.] Who
gave our forefathers (whom by his wonderful works God's commandments; especially those about cha. he possessed with the fear of him, Exod. xiv. 31.) rity, or doing good to others. Of which that they the spoil of the Egyptians, (Exod. xii, 36.), and af. might be always mindful, the psalm is contriterwards fed them with manna in the wilderness, ved for the help of their memories, into as many (Exod. xvi.), according to his covenant, which he had short versicles as there are letters in the Hebrew al. made long before, (Gen. xv. 14.), and will never phabet. Hallelujah, therefore, is no part of them, forget in future ages.
but the title prefixed to the psalm, (see Arg. upon Ver. 6. He hath shewed his people ihe power of his Psalm cxi.) to excite them to praise the Lord, works, that he may give them the heritage of the bea who had made it their present interest to be reli. then.] He hath evidentiy demonstrated to his people gious. the greatness of his power in destroying Sihon the Amorite, (Deut . ii. 24. 25.), and Og the king of Ver. 1. PRAISE ye the LORD.
Blessed is the man Bashan, (Deut. iii. 21. 27.), with the rest of the
that feareth the Lord, that delightetb Amorites, and other nations in the land of Canaan; greatly in bis commandments.] Happy is that man (Josh. x 6.-11. 12. &c.), which he took from the whose chiefest care it is to please the Lord, by obàncient inhabitants, that he might give it us for our serving his commandments; which will yield, in the possession.
issue, the highest pleasure and satisfaction to himself; Ver. 7. The works of his hands are verity and judge Ver. 2. His seed shall be mighty upon earth : the gement ; all bis commandments are sure.] In which he neration of the upright skall be blessed.] And procure did them 110 wrong, but was exactly just in fulfilling a blessing also upoall belonging to him ; first, upon his promise to us, and in executing his judgements his children, and those that shall descend from them upon those wicked wretches, (Deut. ix. 5. Gen. xv. in future times; who shall fare the better, and be 75.); for all his orders of either kind are in pursuance more powerful and prosperous, for the sincere virtue of most righteous decrees.
of their pious forefathers: Ver. 8. They stand fast for ever and ever, and are Ver. 3. Wealth and riches shall be in his house ; and done in truth and up ightness.] Which he doth not his righteousness enduretb for ever.] And next on his alter and change at pleasure, but hath settled as estate ; which shall not only be rich and plentiful, eternal rules; because there is no partiality or inquiry but so firmly settled and entailed on his posterity, in them, but they were enacted with a sincere respect that they shall reap the perpetual fruit of his justice to all men's good and happiness.
and charity. Ver. 9. He sent redemption unto his people ; he hath Ver. 4. Unto the upright there ariseth light in the commanded his covenant for ever : holy and reverend is darkness : he is gracious, and full of compassion, and bis name.] And it was in conformity to these that he righteous.] Or if any afiliction come, it will be so far at first sent Moses and Aaron, to bring our fathers from making him unhappy, that, besides the divine out of Egypt, (Exod. vi. 6.), and then exercised his comforts imparted to him for his support, it will supreme authority over them, in giving them a law, make the virtue of upright men the more illustrions : which he tied them by a covenant perpetually to ob- while one exercises meekness and sweetness to those serve, (Exod. xix. 4. 5. xxiv. 8.), appraring in such that provoke him, another forgives offences, and majesty to them, (Exod. xx. 18. xxiv. 10. 11.), as pities the instruments of bis troubles; and a third exmight possess them with an awful regard to him, ercises the greater justice of inercy, and. will not be and make them for ever dread, by any profaneness, tempted to do any dishonest or cruel thing for his own to offend him, who infinitely excels all other beings. deliverance.
Ver. 10. The fear of the LORD is the beginning of Ver. 5. A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth; wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do bis be will guide bis affairs with discretion.] But, above commandments : bis praise endureth for ever.) And in- all other men, he leads the most comfortable life, deed, it is the first and principal point of wisdom to who is so kind, that he supplies the needs of others; fear the Lord, and carefully observe his command- giving to one, and lending to another, as occasion ments; the practice of which gives men a better un serves ; and yet ordering all his affairs so judiciously, derstanding of what is good for them, than any po. that he doth not impair, but rather maintain, the good litic maxiins can infuse into them. Therefore let estate of his own family. the Lord be-for ever praised, who hath given us these Ver. 6. Surely be sball not be moved for ever : the good and wholesome laws, and thereby shewn us the righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance.] Sure it way to eternal honour and praise.
will not be in the power of the most mighty and ma. licious enemies (though they may disturb him) quite
to overthrow him ; and when they are forgotten, or PSA L M CXII.
mentioned with conteinpt, the worthy actions of this
sort of righteous men shall be celebrated with never. THE ARGUMENT.-This psalm is composed after the ceasing praises.
very same manner with the former, and seems to Vet. 7. He shall not be afraid of evil tidings , bis be intended for a short commentary upon the last heart is fixed, trusting in the LORD.] He is not af. verse of it: shewing how well and wisely they frigh:ed and discomposed at the false reports that are consult their good and happiness, who observe raised of him ; nor at the rumour of dangers which