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threaten him ; being prepared for such things as Ver. 4. The LORD is high abore all nations, and his these, by a settled trust and hope in God, that he glory above the heavens.] For all the nations of the earth will take care of him, who hath been as kind as he are his, and but a little parcel of his supreme domicould to others in their distresses.
nion ; which extends far beyond the sun, and moon, Ver. 8. His heart is established, he shall not be and stars, whose light is but a dim resemblance of afraid, until he see his desire upon bis
, enemies.] This the brightness of his glory. confidence is the prop and support of his soul; which Ver. 5. Who is like unto the LORD our God, who will not let him be dismayed, but makes him expect dwelleth on bigh?] Do not think that any of them the time, when he shall be able securely to look upon (though worshipped by other nations as gods) is all his enemies.
comparable to that great Lord, and our most gracious Ver. 9. He hath dispersed, he 'ath given to the poor ; God, whom we adore ; for the very place where his bis righteousness enduret) for ever ; bis born shall be ex. glorious majesty resides is far higher than they. alted with bonour.] He doth not merely heap up Ver. 6. Wbo bumbleth himself to behold the things riches for himself, but dispenses them to others, that are in heaven, and in the earth.] And it is a great especially to the poor and needy, with a liberal hand: condescension in him, that he will have any respect nor is he weary of well-doing, but ever producing to the most illustrious of those celestial bodies; some new fruit of his charity, which shall gain him though he be so gracious also as to extend his kind and the greatest honour, and raise him to an illustrious careful providence, even to us who dwell upon this degree of power and authority.
earth. Ver. 10. The wicked shall see it, and be grieved ; Ver. 7. He raiseth the poor out of the dust, and lifthe shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away : the desire eth the needy out of the dunghill ;]. Where, among of the wicked shall perish.] At the sight of which the other manifest tokens of his stupendous goodness, he wicked (who shall not be able to observe it) shall is pleased to take special notice of those whon the be extremely vexed, or rather furiously enraged; he world despises; and to raise them out of a mean, nay shall pine away with grief, envy, and impatience, to sordid condition, to such a pitch of honour and digsee himself and his companions disappointed in all nity, that they wished, either of good to themselves, or Ver. 8. That he may set him with prices, even evil to the righteous.
with the princes of bis people.] That at last they are
advanced to sit upon a throne, and made the goverPSALM CXIII.
nors of his own pecple ; (1 Sam. ii. 8. 2 Sam. vii.
8.9. compared with 1 Sam. xxiv. 14.) THE ARGUMENT.-This psalm, with the five next Ver.
He maketh the barren woman to keep house, which follow, the Hebrews call by the name of and to be a joyful mother of children. Praise ye
tbe Hallel, or hymn, which they recited at their table LORD.] And, which is still more strange, he opens (as in the new moons, and other feasts, so) in the the barren womb, (which according to the course of paschal night, after they had eaten the lamb; con- nature would have brought forth nothing), and makes cluding it with Hallelujah, which is the title of a numerous family spring from thence, to the great this psalm, (as of the two foregoing), to excite all joy of her that bears them, (1 Sam. 'i. 20. ii. 21.) God's people, especially those that consiantly at. Praise the Lord in these, and such like wonderful tended the tabernacle, to the praises of God's good works of his. providence, which extends itself as far as this earth where we live : several instances of which the psalmist here mentions.
PSALM CXIV. Ver. 1. PRAISE ye the Lord. Praise, O ye ser- The Argument:-As the foregoing psalm pnts
vants of the LORD, praise the name of them in mind of several works of the divine prothe LORD.] Oye ministers of the Lord, and whoso- vidence about particular persons ; so this makes ever you are that love his service, praise his eternal a brief narration of some miraculous work, wheremajesty ; be not remiss in this heavenly employment, in the Lord declared his power, when he brought but, with your best affections, praise the power, wis
the whole Jewish nation out of the Egyptian bondom, and goodness of his eternal providence.
dage. Ver. 2. Blessed be the name of the LORD, from this time forth and for evermore.] Praise him now in this Ver. 1. THEN Israel went out of Egypt, the present age ; and wish that those incomparable per
house of Jacob from a people of strange fections of his may be celebrated with the praises of language ;] When our forefathers, with their whole those that live in future times, as long as the world family, were brought out of Egypt, and not one of shall last :
them left behind among that barbarous people who Ver. 3. From the rising of the sun unto the going had long oppressed them, down of the same, the LORD's name is to be praised.] Ver. 2. Judab was bis sanctuary, and Israel his doAnd not only here in this little spot of earth, but minion.] There was a most glorious appearance of wheresoever the sun shines, and lets men see how God among them, by that bright cloud, the token of splendid and glorious his majesty is.
his presence ; which then had no other peculiar place VOL. III.
for its sanctuary, but stood over the whole camp of reth for ever;" but these, “ Not unto us, O Lord, Israel, (Exod. xii. 21. Numb. xiv. 14.), whom he not unto us, but unto thy name give glory, for thy then took for his peculiar kingdom, (Exod. xxi. 6.) mercy, and for thy truth's sake," &c.
Ver. 3. The sea saw it, and fled; Jordan was driven back.] At which appearance the Red Sea forsook Ver. 1.
T unto us, O LORD, not unto us, but its channel, and left a dry path for them to march
unto thy name give glory, for thy mercy, through, (Exod. xiv. 21. 24.); and so did Jordan and for thy truth's sake.] Prosper our arms, O Lord, also afterwarıls, to make way for their easy entrance and give us the victory over these enemies that invade into Canaan, Josh. iii. 15. 16.
us; not that we may grow more famous, (no, we Ver. 4. The mountains séipped like rams, and the have no thoughts of the glory that will accrue to ourlittle bills like lambs.] All the mountains, great and selves thereby), but that thy divine majesty may be small, which adjoined unto Sinai, trembled and leap- honoured, and thy goodness and faithfulness to thy ed, like so many affrighted rams, or little lambs, be- promises be made the more illustrious. fore the same most dreadful majesty, (Exod. xix. 18.) Ver. 2. Wherefore should the heathen say, Where is
Ver. 5. What aileil thee, O thou sea, that thou fledo now their God?] What a sad thing will it be to hear dest ? thou Jordan, that thou wast driven back ?] To the nations that surround us insult, not so much over what else shall we ascribe that sudden ebb the ea? us, as over thee, saying, What is become of their and that no less strange retreat of Jordan, when it God, in whom they trusted ? if he be so powerful as overflowed all its banks?
they boast, why doth he not deliver them? Ver. 6. Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams.? Ver. 3. But our God in the heavens ; he hath done and ye little bills, like lambs.] What made the moun. wkatsoever he pleased.] Let them know that thou art tains and hills leap up, like affrighted rams or lambs, infinitely superior to them, and all their gods ; being as if they would run away from the place where they the possessor of the heavens, as well as the earth, were so firmly fixed ?
(2 Chron. xx. 6.), whom no power of theirs can hurt, Ver. 7. Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the or so much as restrain, but art able to do whatsoever LORD, at the presence of the God of Jacob.] But on. thou pleasest, for their confusion, and for our deliverly the glorious presence of the divine majesty, who was then bringing his people to the rest he had pro. Ver. 4. Their idols are silver and gold, the work of mised to give them. And let the whole earth be men's hands.] Their idols cannot hinder it in the least, afraid, and tremble before that great Lord who hath who are of no more value than the silver and gold honoured us so far, as peculiarly to be our God : of which they are made ; and so far from being the
Ver. 8. Which turned the rock into a standing wa- makers of things, that they themselves are the work ter, the flint into a fountain of waters.] And was so of those that adore them. kind as to supply the necessities of our forefathers, Ver. 5. They have mouths, but they speak not ; eges even when they murmured against him, by a new have they, but see not.] They are mere lifeless images, miracle ; bringing out of hard rocks, as hard as fint, that have mouths, but cannot give a word of advice, such plenty of water, as if they had been dissolved or of encouragement and comfort to their supplicants; into lakes or rivers, (Exod. xvii. 8. Numb. xx. 11:) and eyes also, but cannot see the devotion where with
they look up unto them, or prostrate themselves be
fore them. PSALM CXV.
Ver. 6. They have ears, but they hear not; noses THE ARGUMENT.—There is great reason to think bave they, but they smell not.] Let their worshippers.
that this psalm was made in some time of sore dis- cry to them never so loudly, they cannot hear a word; tress, when their Pagan enemies began to boast all the frankincense and sweet odours which they and brag, as if their gods were too hard for the burn to them, are merely lost, for they cannot smell God of Israel. But by whom it was made, or on them. what particular occasion, there are so many con- Ver. 7. They have hands, but they handle not ; feet jectures, that it will be no presumption to interpose bave they, but they walk not ; neither speak they through mine, which is this - That when Jehoshaphat saw
their throat.] Though they have thunderbolts in that vast army (which we read of 2 Chron. XX. 2.) their hands, they feel them not, nor are able to da composed of several nations coming against him, either good or harm; they cannot stir a foot from and after his prayer to God for deliverance, was the place where they stand, unless they be carried, nor encouraged by a prophet to hope for it, (ver. 14. make so much noise as a fly; being utterly void of 15.), and had by the Levites given him thanks for breath, as well as of sense and reason. this hope, he, or that prophet, composed this hymn, Ver. 8. They that make them are like unto them ; se to quicken and confirm their faith in God ; unto is every one that trusteth in them.] To what, then, but which
read he exhorted them, ver. 20. And to those idols, shall we compare the makers of them, it is likely that this was the hymn which, by com- and such as confide in them? who are mere images of mon consent, the singers were appointed to use, men ; having eyes, but do no see that the brutes are when they went out to encounter those enemies; more excellent than such gods, and that the least saying not only those words, which we read there, help is not to be expected from them. ver. 31, “ Praise the Lord, for his mercy endu. Ver.
9. O Israel, trust thou in the LORD: he is theis help and their skill.] O ye Israelites, who by the forth and for evermore. Praise the LORD.) But will divine favour are better instructed, repose that confi- continue us still alive, that we may praise the Lord, dence in the eternal Lord, which they do in those and speak good of his name, as we do at this time, vanities : and he will not only protect and defend you (2 Chron. xx. 21. 22.), and leave those to succeed against all the assaults of your enemies, but help you us, who shall continue his praises in all future geneto overcome them, (2 Chron. xx. 9.)
rations to the world's end. Hallelujah, praise the Ver. 10. O house of Aaron, trust in the LORD : he is Lord. their help and their shield.] Oye priests and Levites, do you above all others rely upon that eternal Lord,
PSALM CXVI. whose praise you sing, and to whom you offer continual sacrifice ; for he will never fail, not only to The ARGUMENT. I do not understand the reason protect, but to assist all such as piously confide in why Theodoret applies this psalm to the times of him.
Antiochus Epiphanes, when it agrees so exactly Ver. 11. Ye that fear the LORD, trust in the LORD: to the condition of David in his flight from his he is their help and their shield.] And let all that fear son Absalom, (which seems to be mentioned ver. the Lord, and devoutly worship him, (of whatsoever 11.), when Ahitophel and others proved very nation they be), place the like confidence in his al- false unto him, and he had little or nothing to demighty goodness; for he will never forsake those that
pend upon but the goodness of the Almighty, who depend on him alone, (though they be not of the seed was pleased to plead his cause, and deliver him. of Abraham), but defend them also in all dangers, For which he resolved to be very thankful, and to and aid them against all their enemies.
call all his friends to rejoice with him, as I have exVer. 12. The Lord hath been mindful of us, he will pressed it, ver. 13. where the first words sufficientbless us ; he will bless the house of Israel, he will bless ly declare the sense ; but I have added more to ex. the house of Anron.] We have had abundant expe- plain the phrase, which is borrowed from the cusrience of his care over us in all ages; and therefore, tom of those days; about which the reader may though now for the present our enemies afflict us, consult Mr Mede, p. 433. last edition. In this yet let us believe that the Lord will do us good, and resolution he was so serious, that he repeats it in the bless us with a glorious deliverance : all the house of conclusion, and saith he will pay his vows in the Israel shall see how kind he is, especially they that midst of Jerusalem ; from whence, the history tells minister unto him in his holy temple.
us, he was forced to fly in great haste, to save his Ver. 13. He will bless them that fear the LORD, both life, (2 Sam. xv. 14.) small and great.] And he will not forget those pious This seems to be the occasion of the psalm, which proselytes that are come to worship him there, as the may very well befit any other persons that receive Only God, but, without any respect of persons, give any great deliverance from God ; and accordingly them his blessing also; which shall not be denied, I will order the paraphrase, and fit it for the exeither to old or young, to rich or poor.
pressing of their devout affections. Ver. 14. The LORD shall incríase you and
more, you and your children.] Nor will he grant you only a Ver. 1. I love the LORD, because he hath beard my single blessing, by sending a present deliverance, but
voice, and my supplication.] O how I love heap his benefits, and multiply his mercies upon you, the Lord ! He knows that I love him exceedingly; and upon all those that shall succeed you.
and there is the greatest reason for it, because he hath Ver. 15. You are blessed of the LORD, which made so graciously heard my prayer, when in my distress heaven and earth.] Ye are a happy people, who live I cried unto him. under the care, and love, and benediction, of that Ver. 2. Because he hath inclined his ear unto me, mighty Lord, whose power nothing can confine ; for therefore will I call upon him as long as I live.] I cannot he is not made, (like the Gentile gods), but himself choose but mention again this love of his, in grantcreated both the heaven and the earth.
ing so readily my desires; which encourages and Ver. 16. The heaven, even the heavens, are the engages me, on all such occasions, to address myself, Lord's : but the earth hath he given to the children of with thankful acknowledgements, unto him, and to men.] In which he cannot be comprehended neither, the last breath of my life, to expect deliverance from for his empire extends farther than you can see ; to him. the heavens, which are above these visible heavens; Ver. 3. The sorrows of death compassed me, and the from whence his providence reaches down, even to pains of hell gat hold upon me; I found trouble and us the children of men, whom he hath placed upon sorrow.] Great was my misery, exceeding great ; this earth, to admire and praise his infinite majesty. death itself and the grave were ready to seize on me,
Ver. 17. The dead praise not the LORD, neither any and I saw no way to escape ; nay, I myself, in the That
go down into silence.) And therefore will not suf. anguish of my soul, inconsiderately cast myself into fer us to be rooted out, as our enemies design, (2 danger. Chron. xx. 11.), for then the earth would have none Ver. 4. Then called I upon the name of the LORD: in it to sing his praises, which the dead, who dwell O LORD, I beseech thee, deliver my soul.) Yet I did in the silent grave, cannot celebrate.
not despond in these straits, but made the mighty, Ver. 18. But we will bless the LORD, from this time wise, and good providence of God my refuge; io
whom I cried, saying, O Lord, who wast before all assistance of some faithful friends, who still stuck to things, and commandest them as thou pleasest; rescue me! (2 Sam. xvii. 13. &c.) What shall I render me, I most humbly bescech thee, from those dangers unto the Lord, who heard my prayer! (2 Sam. xv. which threaten my destruction.
31.); how shall I shew myself grateful to him for Ver. 5. Gracious is the LORD, and righteous : yea, this, and for all other his benefits, which he hath heapour God is merciful.] And it was not in vain that I ed upon me! cried unto him, for the Lord hath shewn me how Ver. 13. I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon ready he is to do good, and how faithful in his pro- the name of the LORD.] All that I can do, cannot mises; and withal how gentle in his punishments, and make him more happy ; but, as my duty binds me, inclinable to pardon our faults, which demonstrates I will praise the Lord, and speak good of his name, that no people serve such a gracious Master as our and give him thanks, in the best and most solemu merciful God.
manner I am able : I will call all my friends togeVer. 6. The LORD preserveth the simple : I was ther to rejoice with me, and taking the cup, which brought low, and he helped me.] I had perished, I we call the cup of deliverance, (because, when blessed am sure, if I had relied only on my own wisdom, or and set apart, we are wont to commemorate the bless. the skill and policy of others : but the Lord was my ings we have reccived), I will magnify the power, hope, who preserves the most simple and incautious goodness, and faithfulness of God my Saviour before souls, when they commit themselves to him, and all the company; and will drink myself, and then give wholly depend on his providence. I ought to say it to them, that they may praise his name together so, who was reduced to a most forlorn estate, and with me. then, by his assistance, in a wonderful manner de- Ver. 14. I will pay my vows unto the LORD now in livered.
the presence of all his people.] And whatsoever I have Ver. 7. Return unto thy rest, O my soul, for the LORD promised thee, O Lord, in the time of my distress, I Lath dealt bountifully with thee.] What hast thou will faithfully engage myself to perform before them then to do, O my soul, who hast been tempestuously all : they shall see I am not forgetful of thee, who tossed, but to settle thyself again in peace and tran- wast so mindful of me in my trouble ; quillity ? loving and praising the Lord, who hath Ver. 1j. Precious in the sight of the LORD is the very many ways expressed his bounty most liberally death of his saints.] As indeed thou art of all good to thee,
men, whose lives thou preservest as a precious jewel; Ver. 8. For thou hast delivered my soul from death, and wilt not give them up to the pleasare of their emine eyes from tears, and my feet from falling.] For nemics, nor suffer them to be lost, but by thy special when the dangers of death surrounded me, thou, O providence. my God, didst deliver me; whenever any sadness Ver. 16. O LORD, truly I am thy servant ; I am thy seized on me, thou hast been my comforter ; and servant, and ihe son of thy handmaid : thou hast loosed when I have been in danger of hurts, maims, or my bonds.] Accept, good Lord, of these my resolubruises, (or of falling into the hands of my enemies), tions; for I am sensible that I am thy servant ; every thou still hast been my protector.
way thy servant, and entirely obliged to be faithful to Ver.
9. I will walk before the LORD in the land of thee; both by my birth, and by my education, and by the living. I ouglıt therefore, and I am resolved, to this marvellous deliverance, whereby thou hast reemploy all that health and chearfulness, that soundness scued me from the power of death, which had in a of body and mind, that peace and safety, which thou manner taken hold of me. hast thus graciously bestowed on me, in doing thee Ver. 17. I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanks(to whom as my sovereign Lord I owe) all faithful giving, and will call upon the name of the LORD.] I. service, as long as I stay in this world.
can never sure prove ungrateful to thee, unto whom Ver. 10. I believed, therefore have I spoken: I was I am tied by so many bonds, but will always be greatly efflicted.] I had nothing, I will thankfully re. making thee my most thankful, solemn acknowledgemember, to depend upon, but only thy kind provi- ments for the benefits I have received ; and, together dence; in this I placed my trust, in this I gloried to with those praises and thanksgivings, wait upon thy others, when I was in my greatest straits; for the goodness for the like mercies in time to come. truth is, I was extremely miserable ;
Ver. 18. I will pay my vows unto the LORD now in Ver. 11. I said in my haste, All men are liars.] the presence of all his people.] I resolve again, reli. Pressed on all sides with dangers ; from which, when giously to make good these, and all my other vows I fed as fast as I was able, (2 Sam. xv. 14. xvii. 16. wherein I stand engaged to the Lord ; and that not -22.), I concluded it was vain to rely on the friends only in private, but here at this solemnity, in the face ship and help of men'; for they in whom I trusted of all his people ; proved so false and treacherous, ( 2 Sam. xv. 31.), Ver. 19. In the courts of the Lord's bouse, in the that I had reason to think the rest would deceive and midst of thee, O Jerusalem. Praise ye the Lord.]
my expectation, when I was in the greatest necd When they are gathered together at his house, in the of them.
midst of the holy city of our God, where they mees Ver. 12. What shall I render unto the LORD for all to worship him, and to do him honour. There let bis benefits towards me??] O the greatness of thy love, them all join with me, to bless and praise the great vllo evea then didst interpose and deliver me, by the Creator and Preserver of all things,
praise the Lord for his benefits. And it is the comPSALM CXVII.
mon opinion of most interpreters, that they all had
a part in this psalm. The greatest part of which THE ARGUMENT.-This psalm (like the jioth) seems was spoken by David; who begins with a declara.
to be altogether prophetical of the joy that all the tion how much he was indebted to God, desiring world should conceive, at the coming of the Mes. all to assist him in his praises: And then coming in siah; to give salvation, first to the Jews, and then a solemn procession, I suppose, to the gates of the to all other nations, according to his faithful pro- tabernacle, calls upon the porters, ver. 19. to open mise. Saint Paul applies the first words of it to them to him, that he might praise God in his sancthis business, Rom. xv. 11. and some of the He. tuary ; which he doth in the very entrance, ver. 20. brews justify his application ; confessing that this and then in the courts of his house, ver. 21. After psalm belongs to that matter. The brevity of it which all the people shout, and magnify the divine makes it the more remarkable, and easier to be re- goodness, in making him, who was banished from membered both by Jews and Gentiles.
his country, their king, ver. 22. &c. And then
the priests come forth, and bless both the king and Ver. 1. O Praise the Lord, all ye nations ; praise people in the name of the Lord, ver. 26. and exhort
him, all y'e people.] Let not the praises, them to be thankful, ver. 27. And then David which are due to the great Lord of all, be confined to seems to take the words out of their mouths, and to our nation ; but let all people upon the face of the declare that he will never be unmindful of God's earth praise him ; let all mankind sing thankful benefits; desiring all the people also to remember hymns unto him.
them, ver. 28. 29. According to which account of Ver. 2. For his merciful kindness is great towards the psalm I have ordered the paraphrase. us ; and the truth of the LORD endureth for ever. Praise ye the LORD.] For they are all concerned in his Ver. I.
GIVE thanés to the LORD, for be is good : transcendent kindness, which hath done mighty things
because his mercy endureth for ever.] 0 for us; and the Lord, who changes not, will never make your thankful acknowledgements to the great fail to perform his faithful promises to the world's Lord of all the world; who, as he is the author of all end. Therefore let us all join our praises to our com. good, and hath been exceeding bountiful unto us, mon benefactor.
so will continue his kindness to all succeeding genera
tions. PSALM CXVIII.
Ver. 2. Let Israel now say, that his mercy endureth
for ever.] Let the children of Israel, who have had THE ARGUMENT.There is nothing more probable such long experience of his love, and now see his pro
than that David composed this psalm, after God mises fulfilled; let them confess and thankfully achad settled him upon the throne of Israel as well as knowledge, that his kindness continues to all generaJudah ; and also subdued the Philistines, (who tions. hoped to have crushed him before he grew too power- Ver.
3. Let the house of Aaron now say, that bis ful, 2 Sam. v. 17.), together with other enemies mercy endureth for ever.] Let the priests and the L-' round about him, who, though they are not men. vites, whose business it is to attend upon his service, tioned, yet in all likelihood joined with them, as confess now, and thankfully acknowledge, that his we may gather from ver. 10. 11. of this psalm, kindness extends unto all ages. compared with 2 Sam. vii. 1.
For that it was Ver. 4. Let them now that fear the LORD say, that written after he had brought the ark to Jerusalem, bis mercy endureth for ever.] And let all the devout (mentioned there, chap. vi.), and placed it in the worshippers of the Lord, of whatsoever nation they house he had prepared for it, seems very plain be, join together with us, (for there is one Lord of all, from ver. 19. of this psalm ; where he begins to who dispenses various benefits to every one of us), and praise God in such words, as had not their complete confess now most thankfully, that there is no end of fulfilling till the Lord's Christ (whom the Jews re- his kindness. jected, and said, He shall not reign over us) was Ver. 5. I called upon the LORD in distress; the LORD made King of the world. For to him R. Solomon answered me, and set me in a large piace] You may himself acknowledges those words, “ The stone see an example of it in me, who was in grievous straits
which the builders refused,” &c. are to be applied. and dangers, (1 Sam. xxiii. 26. xxvii. 1.); but then And as the latter part of the psalm is a prophecy of imploring the divine protection, the Lord not only deChrist, in
David his type, so the former part may livered me, but placed me in a secure estate, free from be accommodated to all Christians; who being per- all such molestation, 2 Sam. v. 3. vii. I. secuted, (as Theodoret speaks), and tormented, and Ver. 6. The LORD is on my side, I ruill not fear; disgracefully treated, by many princes and their what can man do unto me ??] For the Lord, it is evident, people, by kings and governors, got a glorious vic- takes my part ; and therefore, though I have many tory over them all, after they had endured a thou. enemies, I am not afraid of them ; for when he is. sand deaths.
for me, what disturbance can men, be they never so It seems also to have been pronounced, at first, in some powerful, give me?
solemn assembly of all the people, met together to Ver. 7. The LORD taket) my part with them that