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and with the froward thou wilt shew Thyself froward.) Ver. 36. Thou hust erlarged my steps under me, that And keep thy promises faithfully, with those whose my feet did not slip.] Thou didst open a wide passage piety is unfeigned, and who immoveably keep their to me in my greatest straits, and in the most uneven fidelity to thee. But if any will take crooked ways and difficult ways I never stumbled : to obtain their ends, thou wilt ensnare them in their Ver. 37. I have pursued mine enemies, and overtaken own devices; and by such means as they least think them : neither did I turn again till they were consumed.] of, lead them to destruction.
But having routed my enemies, I pursued them so Ver. 27. For thou wilt save the aflicted people; but closely, that I overtook them in their fight; and did quilt bring down high locks.] For thou art wont to de not return to my camp till I had destroyed them. liver those who are poor and miserable, when they Ver. 38. I have wounded them, that they were not humbly wait on thee; and to lay those low, who able to rise: they are fallen under my feet.] I gave them (proud of their power) insolently oppress them. such a blow, that they were not able to renew the
Ver. 28. For thou wilt light my candle : the LORD fight; but were so perfectly subdued, that they lay at my
God will enlighten my darkness.] I myself am an instance of it, who owe all my prosperity and joy to Ver. 39. For thou hast girded me with strength unto thee ; by whom (when my hopes were ready to ex batile : thor hast subdued under me those that rose up apire, I Sam. xxvii. 1.) I was brought out of a ca- gainst me.] Which is all to be ascribed to thy tnighty lamitous estate into this splendour and royal greatness power, o God, who gavest me both the courage to which now I enjoy.
fight, and success in the encounter with such nume. Ver. 29. Fur by thee I have run through a troop: and rous enemies as hoped to destroy me. by my God have I leaped over a wall.] For the strong: Ver. 40. Thou hast also given me the necks of mine est and most numerous enemies were not able to stand enemies, that I might distroy them that hate me.] Tothy before me: I easily scaled the highest walls, wherein praise I again mention it, (not to magnify my own! they thought themselves most securely defended against prowess), that they who hated me, submitted their me, 2 Sam. v. 7. &c.
very necks to me, that I might kill them, or impose Ver. 30. As for God, his way is perfect : the word what yoke I pleased on them. of the LORD is tried; be is a buckler to all those that Ver. 41. They cried, but there was none to save trust in him.] God is not like to men, for he never them : even unto the LORD, but he answered them not.] deserts his servants (as men are wont to do those that They sought for help of their allies and confederates; depend upon them) in difficult and dangerous affairs : but it was beyond their power to deliver them; for his promises are freer from deceit, than the most 're- they were deserted by the Lord, who regarded no: fined gold from dross; and none shall be able to hurt their cries unto him; those that rely upon them.
Ver. 42. Then did I beat them small as the dust be. Ver. 31. For who is God save the LORD? or who is fore the wind: I did cast them out as the dirt in the a rock save our God?] For who is there that can streets.] But left them to be beaten and dispersed by frustrate his intentions, or resist his will? what power me, till they were as weak as the small dust, which is there above or equal to his whom we worship, that is tossed up and down
is tossed up and down with every wind ; and as concan injure those whom he will protect, or defend those temptible as the dirt in the street, which every body whom he will destroy ?
tramples under foot. Ver. 32. It is God that girdeth me with strength, and Ver. 43. Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of maketh my way perfect.] It was this mighty Lord the people, and thou hast made me the bead of the keathar inspired me with courage, and removed all ob- then : a people whom I have not known shall serve me.] stacles out of my way, to the completing my con Thus hast thou continued thy kindness to me, till thoi quests, (2 Sam. v. 10.)
seatedst me on the throne, both of Israel and Judalı; Ver. 33. He maketh my feet like hinds feet, and seto whose contentions are ceased, and both united in me, teth me upon my high places.] If swiftness was neces (2 Sam. v. 1.) And since that time, thou hast not sary, he made me as nimble as an hind, to pursue mine only delivered me from those dangerous rebellions, enemies even into those places which for their height (2 Sam. xviii.), and seditious motions, (2 Sam. xx.), and cragginess were thought inaccessible.
which have been raised among my own people to de. Ver. 34. He teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow throne me, but made foreign nations subject to me, of steel is broken by mine arm.] If there was need of and people whom I had no knowledge of, to become dexterity or strength, he bestowed it on me to such my tributaries. a degree, that I was able to wrest the strongest bow Ver. 44. As soon as they bear of me, they shall obey out of my enemy's hand, and break it in pieces. me : the strangers shall submit themselves unto me.] The
Ver. 35. Thou hast given me the shield of thy salva. very report of me and of my victories, made some of tion : and thy right hand hath holden me up, and thy them heartily submit themselves to me; and others gentleness hath made me great.] If at any time I fell dissemble their hostility, and offer me their service. into the thickest troops of them, I was safely protect Ver. 45. The stranger's shall fade away, and be ed by thee, and delivered. Thy mighty power sup- afraid out of their close places.] They trembled and held me from being oppressed by their numbers; and fell, like withered leaves, at the sound of my name ; by thy goodness, with a handful of men, I got great and, distrusting their strong holds, came creeping out victories.
with fear, to surrender them into my hands.
Ver. 46. The LORD livet), and blessed be my Rock ; nigbt sbeweth knowledge.] By their settled and orderand let the God of my salvation be exalted.] Blessed ly revolution the day and the night are made ; from be the Lord, (to whose eternal glory and honour I whose constant succession, and commodious variaspeak all this): let him be everlastingly praised, who tions, there issues forth (as water from a fountain) hath preserved me in so many dangers : let him who perpetual instruction, and matter of praise and thanks not only preserved, but exalted me, be magnified and
to his most wise goodness. exalted with the highest praises.
Ver. 3. There is no speech nor language where their Ver. 47. It is God obat avengeth me, and subdueth voice is not beard.] They cannot speak, indeed, aswe the people under me.] For he is that mighty God (I can do, nor do we hear any words they utter : and can never say it often enough) who hath many and yet, without these, they are understood by all nations ; many a time executed vengeance for me on those who even by the most barbarous, who understand not a were injurious to me, and hath brought many nations word of any other language. under my empire.
Ver. 4. Their line is gone out through all the earth, Ver. 48. He delivereth me from mine enemies ; yea, and their words to the end of the uorld : in them hath be thou liftest me up above those that rise up against me ; set a tabernacle for the sun ;] They all read here, as thou bast delivered me from the violent man.] It is in a book, the wonderful art and skill of that Al. he to whom I owe my life, (which my enemies, if mighty Being, who framed this regular structure ; he had not rescued me, would have taken from me); though they be never so remote, they hear them and, which is more, thou hast made me superior to preach (as the apostles hereafter shall preach more them all, and set me on a throne, in spite of the fully) how great and how good he is: especially if fierce and violent persecution of Saul, from which they hearken to that universul minister of his, the thou didst mercifully deliver me.
sun, which hath its habitation fixed for it here ; Ver. 49. Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O Ver. 5. Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his LORD, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy chamber, and rejoicoth as a strong man to run a race ] name.] And therefore I will every where make And comes forth every morning decked with such a raa my thankful acknowledgements unto thee, O Lord: diant light, that no bridegroom looks so chearfully, those strange' nations shall know that I ascribe my or is so adorned on his marriaye day. Its swiftness, victories unto thee ; in honour of whose great name, also, iş as admirable as its beauty, for the mightiest I will sing this perpetual song.
champion can but weakly imitate it, in the speedia Ver. 50. Great deliverance giveth be to his king i ness, evenness, and unweariedness of its course. and shewetb mercy to bis anointed, to David, and to bis Ver. 6. His going forth is from the end of the seed for evermore.] The Lord hath granted wonderful heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it : and there is and manifold deliverances to me, who reign not by nothing bid from the beat thereof.] It runs from the usurpation, but by his special appointment; and the east to the west every day; and, in its yearly revosame mercy, by which alone I was advanced to this lution, visits the southern and northern parts: so that dignity, shall be continued to me, and to my posteri. all the earth feels the benefit of its quickening heat. ty, till the coming of that great King whose kingdom Ver. 7. "The law of the LORD is perfect, converting shall have no end.
the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making.
wise the simple.] Thus is God visible to all the world PSALM XIX.
in the face of the heavens.; but to us. he is conspi..
cuous in a more excellent manner, by the revelation he To the chief musician. A Psalm of Davil. hath made of himself in the law of Moses : which is
a more perfect light to guide us, than the sun itself; THE ARGUMENT. A Psalm composed by David, restoring and comforting the drooping souls, more
(and delivered by him to the master of the music than the sun cheers our bodily spirits. For it is a in the tabernacle), declaring that no man can be ig- sure testimony of God's will, and of his love, and norant of God, who would consider his admirable preserves ignorant souls from being seduced to wor. works; much less could the Jews, whom he had ship the sun as a god : for it makes them, at the first. instructed by his law; and therefore justly expect- word, so wise, as to understand that the Lord crea. ed their greater care not wilfully to offend him. ted the heavens as well as the earth;
Ver. 8. The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoin Ver, I.
the firmament sheweth his handy-work.] lightening the eyesa] And from thence delivered to us. There is no part of this great fabric of the world, a complete rule of life for all sorts of men among us ; o which doth not direct us to a most mighty Being, by who see with great joy all officers and, rulers, both
whom it was made ; but above all the rest, the hea- sacred and civil, directed how to manage all for the vers, which are so vasily extended, and wherein we public good; and every private man taught to keep see so many glorious bodies, proclaim aloud to all himself pure from all manner of wickedness; it bemankind, the immense greatness, and power, and ing as clear as the sun, what he ought to do, and wisdom, and goodness of God, which shine most what to avoid. brightly there.
Ver. 9. The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for Ver. 2. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto ever : the judgements of the LORD are true, and righteous:
altogether.] The true worship of God is unalterably Syrians, who came with great nuinbers of horsesettled, ' (Deut. xii. 32.), free from all profane men and chariots to fight with him, 2 Sam. X. 6. 8. mixtures of superstition and all our transactions í Chron. xix. 7. with men are prescribed to be in perfect truth and righteousness.
HE LORD bear thee in the day of trouble ; Ver. 10. More to be desired are they than gold, yea,
the name of the God of Jacob defend thee : tban much fine gold : sweeter also than honey, and the bo- The Lord, who never fails those that seek him, hea: nėy.comb.) We are happier in this, than in all the gold thy prayer, when the enemy distresseth thee in the day and precious treasures which are brought from other of batile ; (2 Sam. x. 9. &c.); the mighty God. conntries, or in the most delicious pleasures which who hath made a gracious covenant with Jacob and he hath provided for us in our own.
his posterity, protect thee, and make thee victorious. Ver. 11. Moreover, by them is thy servant warned: Ver. 2. Send the help from the sanctuary, anii and in keeping of them there is great reward.] I say strengthen thee out of Zion.] o God, who hast pitch. nothing but what I have tried : for by following the ed thy tabernacle among us, and dwellest in Mount admonitions of thy holy laws, both in my private Sion by a visible token of thy presence, succour our and public capacity, thy servant is become thus il. sovereign in the time of need, and support him in all lastrious : and in their observance there is not only assaults of such numerous enemies as are combinet much satisfaction at present, but a fat greater reward agai•ist him ; in the conclusion.
Ver. 3. Remember all thy offerings, and accept thu Ver. 12. Who can understand his errors ? cleanse burnt sacrifice. Selah.] Shew, by some signal token thou me from secret faults.] All our unhappiness is, from heaven, that thou art pleased with all his obla.. that we do not observe them so strictly as we ought. tion's and burnt sacrifices, whereby he made his supThey are a perfect rule ; but our obedience, alas?, is plication to thee, for the blessing on him in this unso exceedingly imperfect, that we cannot so much as dertaking. number our wanderings from it: many of which we Ver. 4. Grant thee according to thine own heart, and never observed; and therefore are so far from merit- fulfil all thy counsel.] Make him as prosperous as he ing any reward for obedience, that I must humbly himself wishes; and enable him to accomplish whatbeg thy pardon for the demerits of my negligence ; soever he designs.
Ver. 13. Keep back iby servant also from presum Ver. 5. We will rejoice in thy salvation, and in the tucus sins, let them not have dominion over me : then name of our God we will set up our banners : The LORD sball I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the fulfil all thy petitions.] In confidence of thy help, great transgression.] And the assistance of thy grace we will shout when we set upon our enemies; in thy likewise (without which, I shall still farther swerve power and might we will advance courageously afrom thy law) to preserve me from all wilful sins gainst them for the Lord will not fail to grant the against thee. I am devoted to thy service, O Lord ; petitions of our sovereign, whose cause is so just, therefore I beseech thee so to strengthen my will to and who hath been so insolently treated by them, please thee, that no temptation may prevail with (2 Sam. x. 3. 4.) me to consent deliberately to offend thee. . Then Ver. 6. Now kno0 I.that the LORD saveth his an shall I (notwithstanding my infirmities and igno- nointed; he will hear him from his holy heaven, with rances) be accounted upright before thee, and be the saving strength of his right hand.] This is the asfree from a great deal of guilt, which otherwise, by sured hope of every soul of us; we are as certain as manifold transgressions, I shall draw upon me. if he had already obtained it, that the Lord will
Ver. 14. Let the words of my mouth, and the medita- make him victorious ; for he reigns by his special tion of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, appointment, who, as he infinitely excels in strength, my strength, and my Redeemer.] And I shall have and commands all the hosts of heaven, so will declaré the confidence also then to address myself unto thee, the exceeding greatness of his power, in giving him both openly and in secret, with hopes that all my sa an illustrious deliverance. crifices (offered from an heart that sincerely studies to 4. Ver. 7. Some trust in chariots, and some in horses ; be obedient to thee) shall be acceptable in thy sight, but we will remember the name of the Lord our God.] O Lord, to whom I ty for safety and deliverance, in all We are not daunted at the vast numbers of our confethe assaults which the enemies either of my body or derate enemies, some of which boast of their chariots, my soul make upon me.
others of their horses ; but to all these we oppose the
mighty power of the Lord, who hath heretofore PSALM XX.
done such great things for us.
Ver:8. They are brought Xows and fallen; but we To the chief musician. A Psalm of David. are risen and stand upright.] And we triumph be
fore-hand, saying, They are thrown down from their THE ARGUMENT.-A psalm composed by David, chariots, and fallen from their horses, wherein they
(and by him delivered to the master of the music in trusted ; but we, whom they despised, are erect an I the tabernacle); wherein the people are taught to stand immoveable, inerely by our confidence in the pray for his success in some great expedition ; it is Lord. probable, (from ver.7.), against the Ammonites and Ver. 3. Saye, LORD; let the King bear us qu?e.?
swe call.] Let it be unto us, O Lord, according to and majesty hast thou laid upon him.] Great is the our desires and our hopes; preserve our king, and in fame, also, which he hath won by the many victories the day when we cry unto thee for help, make our thou hast given him, (2 Sam. vii. 9.) All nations armies victorious.
honour him, (as they shall much more do the Mesa
siah), and reverence that royal majesty to which thou PSALM XXI.
hast exalted him, (1 Chron. xiv: 2. 170)
Ver. 6. For thou hast made him most blessed for. To the chief musician. A Psalm of Davil. ever ; thou hast made him exceeding glad with thy coun.
tenance,] And, which is a far greater glory, thou. THE ARGUMENT.-Theodoret truly observes, that in hast not only bestowed extraordinary benefits upon
this psalm, as well as the former, David (who himself, but made him a blessing to future generawas the author of it, and delivered it to the master tions, whom thou wilt bless for his sake, (1 Kings, of the music in the tabernacle) speaks in the per viii, 15. 20. 56.) By which special favour and toson of the people, whom he instructs how to give ken of thy love to him, thou hast raised him to the God thanks, (not for Hezekiah's recovery from his highest pitch of joy as well as of greatness. . great sickness, and the lengthening of his days, as Ver.-7. For the king trusteth in the LORD, and, Theodoret takes it, but) for granting him those through the mercy of the Most High, he shall not be victories which they prayed for in the psalm fore. moved] Which shall never cease to cheer and regoing. And it is generally looked upon as descri- fresh his spirit, because he confides in him who never bing, under that figure, the exaltation, glóry, and fails to perform his promises ; through his kindness, majesty of Christ, which he obtained by his bloody who is superior to all, the throne of David shall stand death and passion. Many of the Hebrews them- fast, though all the power on earth shall combine to selves apply it to the Messiah, so that it may be overturn it. called a psalm of triumph, after the victories which Ver. 8. Tline hand shall find out all thine enemies, David got over his enemies; which were a type of tby, right-hand shall find out those that bate thee.]. They Christ's victory over death, and of the triumph are the enemies, O Most High! as well as his, who that ensued. And truly there are some things in endeavour to disturb him ; and they shall never it which are more literally fulflled in Christ than escape thy vengeance; wheresoever they skulk or fly in David, as ver. 4. 5. 6.
for safety, thy vengeance shall pursue them, and pu
nish their spiteful opposition to thee. Ver., 1. THE king shall joy in tły strength, O Lord, Ver, 9. Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the and in thy saluation now greatly
, shall be time of bine anger ; the LORD shall swallow them up rejoice!] Thou hast heard the prayers of thy people, in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.) Woe be O Lord, when they cried unto thee, saying, Lord, to them, when the time comes wherein thou wilt call save the king, (xx. 9.), who will never cease, there them to an account for their hatred to thee. They fore, to thank thee, with the greatest joy and glad- shall as certainly perish, as if they were cast into a ness, for that extraordinary strength and courage fiery, oven; the Lord, who is justly incensed against wherewith thou didst endue bim. how much be- them, shall utterly consume them with a sharp and yond all his expression is his jog and thankfulness, unavoidable destruction. for thy wonderful deliverance of him!
Ver. 10. Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the Ver. 2. Thou hast given him his heart's desire, and earth, and their seed from among the children of men.] hast not with-bolden the request of his lips. . Selab.] They shall be so far from finding any favour, that Thou hast granted all that his heart desired, (xx. 4.), thou shalt quite extinguish their families, and wholly as well as that which he openly requested with his abolish such a wicked generation ; lips :
Ver.'11, For they intended evil against thee; they Ver. 3. For thou preventest him with the blessings of imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able goodness ; thou settest a crown of pure gold on his bead,] to perform.]. Who intended to destroy thy anointed, Yea, more than his heart desired; for when he and root out thy religion. Their design was so mis , thought of no such thing, thou wast graciously, plea- chievous, and therefore they deserve to be thus pu. sed to anoint him to a kingdom; in which having nished, though they were not able to effect it. settied him, thou hast added a new glory to him, and Ver. 12. Tberefore shalt thou make them turn their set an illustrious crown upon his head, i Chron. back, when thou shalt make ready thine arrows upon thy.
strings against the face of them.] It may most justly Ver. 4. He asked life of thee, and, thou gavest it provoke thee to set thyself against them; and as kim, even length of days for ever and ever.) He desi-' their aim, and the bent of their heart, was to throw red only to escape with his life, when he was encom. down him whom thou hast advanced, so to make passei with inevitable dangers; and thou, moreover, them the mark of thy highest displeasure, till they didst promise to prolong his days, (2 Sam. vii. 12.), fall down, wounded, and rise no more, and to continue the crown to his posterity for many Ver. 13.. Be thou exalted, LORD, in thine own generations, (2 Sam. vii. 16. 19.); as thou wilt do to strength, so will we sing and praise thy power.] his Soa Christ for ever and ever.
Whereby all good men shall be excited to extol thy Ver. 5. His glory is great in thy salvation : bonour power, and therefore shew, the greatness of it, O
Lord, and magnify thyecif before their eyes; and can now obtain no andience); they were confident then, whatsoever others do, we, who are delivered thou wouldest preserve thein in safety, and their hope by thee, will set forth thy mightiness in our songs, did not make them ashamed. and celebrate it with perpetual praisc s.
Ver. 6. But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach
of men, and despised of the people.] Whereas I, who PSALM XXII.
have waited on thee also afier their example, am so
disappointed in my expectation, that my adversaries To the chief musician upon dijeleth Sahar *. A Psalm are ready to tread me under their feet: so weak I am, of David.
and thereby so contempiible, that not only the great
men, but the baser sort and dregs of the people, pub. THE ARGUMENT.-A psalm composed by David, licly reproach and despise me.
(and directed to the master of music in the taber Ver. 7. All they that sie me lnagh me to scorn; they nacle), wherein, under his own person, (who was shoot out the lip, they shake the bead, saying,] All persecated as a hind is by the hunters early in the that see the straits to which I am reducet openly demorning, ver. 16.), he makes a large description ride me; they make mouilis at me, and, in a scornof the sufferings of Christ, and, in conclusion, of ful manner, shake their heads, and jįst upon me, his exaltation, and the propagation of his kingdom saying, to the utmost ends of the earth. Some of which
(* This was most exactly and literally fulfilled in our things are delivered in such expressions, that they Saviour Christ, Matth. xxvii 39.43.) are more literally fulfilled in our Saviour, than Ver. 8. He trusted on the Lord, that he would deliever they were in David, to whom they belong ver bim : let him deliver hins, scring be delighted in him.] but in a metaphorical sense. I shall note the par. This is he that talked so much of the favour of God ticulars in their proper places, underneath the pa. to him, and depended upon him that he would deliver raphrase, which I would not too much enlarge or him : let us see now what he will do for him : let him interrupt, by inserting thein here.
deliver him out of our hands, and shew thereby that
he is so dear, as he pretends, unto him. Ver. 1. My God, my God, why bast thou forsaken Ver. 9. But thou art be that took me out of the
me? Why art thou" so far from belping womb ; ébou didst make me hope when I was upon my me, and from the words of my roaring?] O my God, mother's breasts.] This insolent language is very my most gracious God, whose power no creature can grievous to my soul, but it shall not cast me intó utter resist, how strange doth it seem, that I, who have despair of thy mercy: I will rather continue to wait been thy care so long, am now left without any vi. upon thee, who, without my knowledge, and when I sible means of escaping those that seek my life ; and could not call upon thee, didst grant me a greater dethat the loudest cries which I pour out of a heart liverance than this which I now ask of thee : for thou loaden with sorrow and grief, are far from prevailing broughtest me out of my mother's womb, and then for any relief! Matth. xxvii. 46.
providedst nourishment for me, tookest a singular Ver. 2. O my God, I cry in the day-time, but thou care of me while I hung upon her breasts. hearest not; and in the night-season, and am not silent.] Ver. 10. I was cast upon thee from the womb : thou O my God, (for so I will still call thee, even in the art my God from my mother's belly.] In my insancy greatest distresses), there is no day, no night passes, thou didst preserve ine from all the mischiefs to which wherein I do not, with incessant cries, most impor- that weak estate is incident, and ever since hast been tunately call upon thee, but can obtain no rest from my most gracious protector ; for, from my first commy persecutions.
ing into the world till this moment, I have had noVer. 3. But thou art boly, O thou that inhabitest thing to trust unto but only thy good providence, the praises of Israel.] Yet thou art he that hatest all which all along declared (though I was the youngest those who unjustly persecute thy servant, and keep- of my brethren) what a large share I had in thy est thy word most faithfully with them that depend loving-kindness. upon thee; as appears by the many deliverances Ver. 11. Be not far from me, for trouble is near ; thou hast sent them from thy holy place, where they for there is none to help.] And shall I think thou wilt celebrate thy name with their perpetual praises. now forsake me when I call upon thee, and acknow
Ver. 4. Our fathers trusted in thee; they trusted, and ledge thy former care, and hope for thy future? Go thou didst deliver them.] They that are gone before on, O God, to conclude as thou hast begun, and conus have left us many remembrances of thy mercy to tinue to do me good. And now that there is an apthose that piously relied on thee; in all their straits pearance of the sorest distress, and I am no more able they applied themselves unto thee, as their only deli- to help myself than when I was an infant, and have verer ; and by thy help they escaped the greatest less help and succour from others, be thou pleased to dangers.
exert thy power, as thou hast ever done, for my de.. Ver. 5. They cried unto thee, and were delivered ; liverance. they trusted in ihee, and were not confounded.] Their Ver. 12. Many bulls have compassed me : strong fervent prayers prevailed with thee, (though mine bulls of Bashan have beset me round.] It must be thy Vol. III.
Hind of the morning.