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This seems to me the most natural sense of these two such as those mentioned, iv. 6. Such perhaps was
difficult verses, which Almonazir suggested to my Bether, ii. 17. (where we meet with these words thoughts. And that Solomon, not any other per- before), and I have sometimes thought they should son, is here intended, Maimonides himself agrees; be so translated here," the mountains of Besamin ;" who, in his Treatise of the Foundation of the Law, as there the mountains of Bether, c. vii. hath these words : “ Wheresoever you meet But what these mountains were, we are now ignorant, with the name of Solomon, in the book of Canticles, though this is certain, that the creatures here menit is holy, as the rest of the names there are ; save tioned were bred in the highest mountains of the only in that place, A thousand are to thee, O Solo- country ; as lian testifies in the latter end of his mon," &c. Others also add that place, Cant. iii. 7. fifth book : “ The harts in Syria are bred in their “ Behold the bed which is Solomon's," &c. Where highest mountains, Amanus, Libanus, and Carmel." the Masters say it is a common name, as well as For there they were safest and most secure from here.
danger; there it was difficult to pursue them, espeThese two verses are ingeniously applied by some to cially when they climbed up the steepest places.
the far greater increase of knowledge and goodness And therefore the psalmist, and the prophet Hain the church, than in the synagogue ; that is, by bakkuk, when they would represent themselves as Christianity, than by Judaism.
in a state of perfect security, say, God had “ made [n] Ver. 13.) This verse, according to the Hebrew their feet like hinds feet, and made them to walk
points, is the voice of the bridegroom; who seems upon their (bamotb), high places." Psal. xviii. 33. to commend the resolution she made in the fore- Hab. ii. ult. Which words allude to the inaces. going verse. And he calling her " the inhabitant of sible mountains, which those creatures frequented, the gardens,” (which are the same with the vineyard especially the females, that they might there sebefore-mentioned), it signifies her perpetual care cure their young ones.
Besides, as there they about their prosperity. In recompence of which, he could feed and bring forth their young most securebids her, before they finish this interview, to ask ly, so there was the sweetest feeding. what she will of him, and it shall be done for her. In short, Solomon here seems to long for the first Which, in short, is the sum of what the same Al. coming of the Messiah, as St John doth for his last; monazir hath long ago conjectured to be the sense who concludes his book of the Revelation, in the of this place.
same manner as Solomon doth this, saying, “ Come, [o] Ver. 14.] Unto which she returns her answer, Lord Jesus," Rev. xxii. 20. in these words, and so shuts up this song.
Which There are those who fancy, that in the foregoing seems to me to conclude as it began, with a desire verse, the bridegroom asks her consent, for the perthat the Messiah would come, and make good all fecting their love in marriage ; and desires ber, in those things that had been represented in these rap- the audience of her companions, to lift up her voice tures.
and sing the nuptial hymn; which she now, say The word berach, which we translate make haste, is they, in this verse, professes herself to be ready to
twice translated by the LXX. dux viouss, to go or run do, if he would but be present with her, and assist thorow, to the very end, Exod. xxvi. 28. xxxvi. and direct her to do it aright. And then it is thus 33. And no doubt denotes here most vehement applied, and paraphrased by the fore-named Al. and restless endeavours in a speedy course ; like monazir: that of a roe-buck, or wild goat rather, whose agili. “ Thou commandest me, that I should, with morning ty, both in running and jumping, is celebrated by and evening hymns and songs, celebrate thy oma.. all authors, and said to be such as is scarce cre- potent wisdom and goodness, &c. Vouchsafe then dible.
speedily to adjoin the eternal force and Aame of thy The young hart, (called here opber), is still more swift
Holy Spirit unto my voice ; that in spirit, and in and nimble than the old ; the exceeding great fear truth, and sanctity of heart, I may sing thy praises; wherein it is, adding wing (as we speak) to its and not only with my mouth, and sound, but in my feet. Whence Xenophon saith, there is nothing mind and heart especially, worthily worship thy comparable to their swiftness, when the old ones incomprehensible Majesty." are absent, and they are pursued by dogs, Fóts Taxe äudevi essòs, &c.; then there is no speed like to that Whence it is, that the church, being moved by a diof such young harts, as his words are quoted by vine inspiration, saith thus in all her prayers :
that the sense of the last words, (upon the mountains, And our mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
END OF VOLUNIE “HIRD.