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Sec. 14. The blessings of friendship


15. He that would be happy must take an account of time 90

16. Happy is the man that may choose his own business

17. On immoderate sorrow for the death of friends

18. “ Mediocrity the best state of fortune .

Abridgment of Seneca's Treatise on Anger.

19. Anger described: it is against nature

20. Anger is a short madness, and a deformed vice

21. Anger is neither warrantable nor useful . .

22. Advice in cases of contumely and revenge i


Chap. 1. Abridgment of the Law of Nature.

Sec. 1. The law of nature defined and illustrated by examples 103

2. Characters of the law of nature . . . . . 104

3. Principles of the law of nature, as they relate to man;

importance of instruction and self-government : 105

4. Of the basis of morality; of good, of evil, of crimes,

of vice and virtue . . . . . .


5. Of private virtues; of knowledge, temperance, indus-

try, cleanliness •


• .

6. Of domestic virtues ; economy, parental affection, con-

stortinn. con.

jugal love, filial love, brotherly love .


7. Of the social virtues; of justice, charity, probity, sim-

plicity of manners, patriotism .


CHAP. 2. Abridgment of the Economy of Human Life.

Sec. 1. Duties that relate to man as an individual


2. The Passions; joy and grief, anger, pity .. 121

3. Woman . . . . . . . . . 123

4. Duties of children and brothers . .


5. Wise and ignorant, rich and poor, masters and servants 125

6. Social duties; benevolence, justice, charity, religion 127

. Man considered in general . . . . .



CHAP. 1. Abridgment of Penn's Reflections and Maxims relating

to the conduct of Human Life; and his advice to his

children . . . .


CHAP. 2. Abridgment of Paley's Moral Philosophy.

Sec. 1. Definition and use of the science . . . 143

2. Human happiness . .

. . . . 144

3. Virtue , . . . . . .

. 148

4. The Divine benevolence .


5. Promises : contracts of sale; of lending of money: of


. . . . . .



6. Lies : revenge: duelling: slander .


7. Of the duty of parents. Education ,


HAP. 3. Abridgment of Knigge's Practical Philosophy.

Sec. 1. General rules for our conversation with men . . 156

2. On the conversation with ourselves . . . . . 158

3. On the conversation with people of different tempers 160

4. On the conversation with people of a different age , 162

. On the conversation between parents and children . 164

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fishes a library in Philadelnhin.


CAAP. 1. Selections from the Life of Franklin.

Sec. 1. His early diligence in improving his mind, &c. . 173

2. His temperance and frugality while a journeyman, &c. 178

3. He resolves on the inflexible practice of truth, &c. . 181

CAAP. 2. Selections from the continuation of the Life of Franklin,

written by himself.

Sec. 1. Letters from Abel James, &c. to Dr. Franklin . 183

2. Continuation. He establishes a library in Philadelphia;

his domestic habits


3. His project of arriving at moral perfection : Art of

virtue . . . . . : : . 187

4. His project of raising a united party to virtue, &c. 195

CHAP. 3. Abridgment of Cicero's Discourse on old age.

Sec. 1.. A well spent life essential to a happy old age .


2. Moderation in exercise and diet; science, &c. . 201

CHAP. 4. Dialogues concerning Self-denial, Virtue, Pleasure. .

Sec. 1. Reasonable self-denial, necessary to happiness. . 205

2. Government of the passions; doing good to others, &c. 209

CHAP. 5. Franklin's Way to Wealth.

Sec. 1. Industry: early rising: vigilance ..


2. Frugality, calamities of pride, extravagance, &c. 216

3. Advice to a young tradesman . .


4. The way to make money plenty in every man's pocket 222

CHAP. 6. Selections from the Moral Essays and Letters of Dr.


Sec. 1. The handsome and deformed leg .


2. The art of procuring pleasant dreams . . .


3. On luxury, idleness, and industry


4. Extract of a Letter to George Whitefield, on practical

religion .

' : . • •



CAAP. 1. Selections from Washington's farewell address in 230

CHAP. 2. Miscellaneous articles on Education, &c.

Sec. 1. Sunday schools; education of the poor, &c. . . i.

2. The Spectator, on the benefit of labor and exercise . 237

3. The Spectator, on the advantages of temperance .. 239

4. Belknap's address to the people of N. Hampshire • 242

5. Dialogue on female education . . . . . 245

6. Speech of Mr. White, in Congress, on education : 248

mg. Extracts from Mr. Madison's letter on education . 251

Prospects of America, from the Address of J. Roberts,

Esg. to the Pennsylvania Agricultural „Society



From John Van Ness Yates, Esq. Secretary of the State of New-York, and

Superintendent of Common Schools, ex officio

I have perused, with much pleasure, the volume lately published by you, entitled “ The Moral Instructor, and Guide to Virtue," and I have no hesitation in giving it my most decided and unqualified approbation. The selections it con. tains are well adapted to promote the great purposes it has in view: and I think it ought to be in the hands of every Parent, Guardian, and Instructor, as a manual which will essentially benefit the rising generation.---The original pieces in the work, are highly creditable to your head and heart, and worthy of perusal and patronage..

I sincerely wish you success in this work, and that every seminary of education and virtue may both be profited and delighted by your labours. I am, respectfully, your most obedient servant,

JOHN VAN NESS YATES. Albany, June 4, 1819.

From the Hon. Samuel Young, Member of the Senate of the State of

New-York. I have perused a book compiled by Dr. Jesse Torrey, entitled The Moral Instructor,” and am satisfied that it is well calculated to instruct youth in correct moral sentiments, and that its introduction into Common Schools would be highly useful.

SAMUEL YOUNG. Ballston, June 1, 1819.

From the Hon. Estes Howe.

Albany, June 4, 1819.


I have been much gratified in the examination of your “ Moral Instructor," and do not know of any Book of Morals more useful, or better calculated to be put into the hands of our youth.

I do therefore, cheerfully recommend it to the use of our Schools and Academies.

Very respectfully, yours, &c.


Extract of a note from the Hon. Thomas Jefferson, late President of the Uni

ted States, dated Monticello, Jan. 5, 1822. “I thank you, Sir, for the copy of your ‘Moral Instructor.' I had read the first edition with great satisfaction, and encouraged its reading in my family."

Extracts of a Letter from the Hon. James Madison, late President of the Uni

ted States, dated Montpelier, Jan. 30, 1822. “SIR, “I have received your letter of the 15th, with a copy of the “Moral Instructor.""

“I have looked enough into your little volume to be satisfied, that both the original and selected parts contain information and instruction which may be useful, not only to juvenile, but most other readers.”

* Your plan of free libraries, to be spread through the community, does credit

to your benevolent zeal. The trial of them, in behalf of apprentices, seems to have been justly approved, and to have had an encouraging success.”

“A tree of useful knowledge, planted in every neighborhood, would help to make a paradise---as that of forbidden use, occasioned the loss of one. And I wish you success in propagating the fruitful blessing. ,

“With friendly respects,


Extracts of Letters from the Hon. John Adams, late President of the United

States, dated Montezillo, Feb. 8. and March 13, 1820. SIR, “I thank you for your "Moral Instructor.' I have read the table of contents, and turned over the leaves, and have found nothing but such excellent maxims of wisdom and virtue, which cannot be too plentifully scattered among the peo ple, nor presented in too great a variety of forms. The compilation and compa sition of this work must have cost you much labor of research, and of thought, which merits well of the public.”

“ As I am a friend to alf rational measures for propagating knowledge among all classes of people, I wish success to your project of free libraries. “A repub lican government, without knowledge and virtue, is a body without a soul--a mass of corruption and putrefaction---food for worms. “I am, Sir, your obliged and obedient humble servant,


Fron Frederick Beasley, Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. I have examined Mr. Torrey's work, entitled, “ The Moral Instructor," and think that he has condensed into it as much useful information as I have ever seen collected into so small a compass, and moreover, consider it as one of the best books of the kind to be read by young persons, either in our schools or out of them, that has been compiled.


From Roberts Vaux, President of the Controllers of the Public Schools in

Philadelphia. The Moral Instructor " is a valuable compilation. It appears to be well adapted for elementary schools; and it will give me pleasure to learn that the lege Bons which it contains are furnished for the improvement of our youth generally.


ROBERTS VAUX Philadelphia, 5th mo. 8, 1823.

From teachers of Schools and Academies. The subscribers, having carefully examined “ The Moral Instructor and Guide to Virtue and Happiness,” freely give our opinion that it contains a condensed body of valuable moral and philosophical instruction, which ought to be in possession of every individual.---As a compendium of moral knowledge, we consider it an essential book for every family library and seminary of education. JOSIAH J. UNDERHILL, teacher of Lancaster school, Hudson. ENOCH HAIGHT, teacher, Nine Partners' boarding school. . A. G. THOMPSON, English teacher in the academy at Poughkeepsie. T. W. NORTON, teacher of a select school, Albany. R. O. K. BENNÉTT, teacher in Troy. NICHOLAS MORRIS, Principal of Wesleyan Seminary, New-York. AARON MERCHANT, Principal of Union Academy, New-York. HALLOWAY W. HUNT, Jr. Principal of Trenton Academy. M. SMITH, Principal of Elizabethtown Academy. ANDREW SMITH, Principal of Newark Academy. SAMUEL BLOOD, Preceptor of Franklin Academy, Chainbersburg, Pa.

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