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CONDUCT AND CHARACTER

BY

WILLIAM EDWARD HARTPOLE LECKY

‘La vie n'est pas un plaisir ni une douleur,
mais une affaire grave dont nous sommes chargés,
et qu'il faut conduire et terminer à notre honneur'

TOCQUEVILLE

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LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.
39 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON
NEW YORK AND BOMBAY

1899

All rights reserved

"BLIC LIBRARY 1419-16 ATUR, LENOX AND TILDEN FOUNDATION6.

1833.

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CHAPTER II

• Happiness & condition of mind and often confused with the

means of attaining it . . . . . . . .
Circumstances and character contribute to it in different

degrees . . . .
Religion, Stoicism, and Eastern nations seek it mainly by act-

ing on disposition
Sensational philosophies and industrial and progressive nations

seek it chiefly in improved circumstances . .

English character. . . . . . . . . .

Action of the body on happiness . . . . . . .

Influence of predispositions in reasonings on life. .

Promotion of health by legislation, fashion and self.culture

Slight causes of life failures . . .

. . .

Effects of sanitary reform ..

Diminished disease does not always imply a higher level of

health . . . . . . . . . . .

Two causes depressing health . . . . . . .

Encroachments on liberty in sanitary legislation

Sanitary education-its chief articles--its possible exaggera-

tion . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Constant thought about health not the way to attain it . .

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Some general rules of happiness—1. A life full of work.-

Happiness should not be the main object of pursuit. ..

Carlyle on Ennui . . . . . . . . . .

2. Aim rather at avoiding suffering than attaining plea-

sure . . . .

3. The greatest pleasures and pains in spheres accessible to all

4. Importance and difficulty of realising our blessings while

they last . . . . . . . . . . .

Comparison and contrast . . . . . . . .
Content not the quality of progressive societies . . . .
The problem of balancing content and the desire for progress
What civilisation can do for happiness . . . . . .

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CHAPTER IV

The relation of morals to happiness.—The Utilitarian justifica-

tion of virtue insufficient .

Power of man to aim at something different from and higher

than happiness . . . . . . . . . .

General coincidence of duty and happiness . . . . .

The creation of unselfish interests one of the chief elements of

happiness. . .

. . . . . . .

Burke on a well-ordered life . . . . . . .
Improvement of character more within our power than

improvement of intellect . . . . . . . .
High moral qualities often go with low intellectual power . .
Dangers attaching to the unselfish side of our nature.-Active

charity personally supervised least subject to abuse. ..

Disproportioned compassion . . . . . . .

Treatment of animals . . . . . . . . .

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