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cannot overtake it, and the hunters are forced to make use of hawks, which are trained to strike at the head of the Gazelle, and thus confuse it, and retard its speed, so as to permit the dogs to come up. In several parts of Syria, the Gazelle is taken by driving a herd into a large enclosure surrounded by a deep ditch. A few gaps are made, through which the terrified animals leap, and fall into the ditch, when they are easily taken. The height of the Ga. zelle is about one foot nine inches; its color a dark yellowish brown, fading into
THE GAZKAL. white on the under parts.
The Sarray be, found in the same locality, is four and a half feet high, five long, with strong, pointed horns forming two crescents at top, short neck, bulky body, slender legs, long narrow head, blackish color, variegated with purple and yellow and fiery red eyes.
The Pallah is gregarious in small families or herds and inhabits the thinly wooded banks of rivers chiefly in the Bechuana country in South Africa. It is three and a quarter feet high, (the adult male,) and six feet long. Stands high on the legs; with horns twenty inches long ascending obliquely upwards, outwards and backwards. His ears are round, tail thirteen inches long, color above fulvous, sides yellow dun, belly white. The female has no horns.
The Blau wbuck is found only on or near the banks of rivers near the Tro. pic, the Limpopo and Mariqua rivers especially. It is three and a half feet high and proportionallye long, has long horns upright, curved backwards and outwards, general color sepia brown, variegated with deep brown and white. His hair is very coarse. The female has no horos,
TIE REIT BUCK.
The Reit Buck is sometimes gregari. ous in small families and sometimes solitary. It is found in various localities of South Africa, generally among reeds. The male is two and three quar. ter feet high and nearly five feet long. Its horns are ten or twelve inches long diverging, with the points curved forward. The tail is ten inches long. Its color is ashy gray, tinged with ochre, white beneath, with the bair of the throat white and floating.
THE REIT BUCL.
This Antelope is about twenty-two inches high at the shoulder, with curved horns. Its fur is thick, general color olive. It is common north of the Cape of Good Hope, inhabiting the plains in vast herds.
THE KLEEV BUCK.
This is a timid, delicate Antelope, living in pairs among the rocks, near the Cape of Good Hope. It' is difficult to take or shoot, on account of its extreme shyness.
OF THE GOAT TRIBE IN GENERAL.
The horns of these animals are hollow, rough, and compressed: they rise somewhat erect from the top of the head, and bend backwards. In the lower jaw there are eight front teeth, and in the upper jaw none; and no canine-teeth in either. The chin is bearded.
The animals of the Goat kind live principally in retired mnountain. ous situations, and have a rank and unpleasant smell, especially the males. Although very shy and timid in a wild state, they are easily rendered domestic, and even familiar. They differ from sheep not only in the erect position of their horns, but also when they fight, in rising on their bind legs, and turning their head on one side to strike; for rams run full tilt at each other with their heads down.
THE COMMON GOAT.
THE COMMON COAT.
The Goat is a lively, playful animal, and easily familiarized; being sen. sible of caresses, and ca. pable of a considerable degree of attachment. His disposition, however, is extremely inconstant, which is marked by the irregularity of all its ac. tions: he walks, stops short, runs, leaps, approaches or retires, shows or conceals himself, or flies off, as if actuated
by mere caprice, and without any other cause than what arises from the eccentric vivacity of his temper. In some instances these animals, from their extreme familiarity, have become troublesome. "In the year 1698, (says M. de Buffon,) an English vessel having put into the harbor of the island of Bonavista, two negroes went on board, and offered the captain as many Goats as he chose to carry away. He expressed his surprise at this offer; but the negroes informed him that there were only twelve persons on the island, and that the Goats multiplied so fast as to become exceedingly troublesome; for, instead of being difficult to catch, they followed the people about like domestic animals, with an unpleasant degree of obstinacy.”
Goats love to feed on the tops of hills, and prefer the very elevated and rugged parts of mountains : they find sufficient nourishment even in the most heathy and barren grounds. These animals are so active that they are able to leup with ease and the utmost security, among
the most dreadful precipices: and even when two of them are yoked together, they will, as it were by mutual consent, take the most dangerous leaps, and exert their efforts in such perfect unison as generally to accomplish them unhurt.
In mountainous countries they render considerable service to mankind: the flesh of the old ones is salted as winter provision, and their milk is used in many places for the making of cheese. The flesh of the Kid is equal in favor to the most delicate lamb.
M. Sonnini, in his edition of Buffon's Natural History, has given us a curious instance of the readiness with which the Goat will permit itself to be sucked by animals of a different kind, and far larger size, than itself. He assures us that he saw, in the year 1780, a foal, that had lost its mother, thus nourished by a Goat, which was placed on a barrel, in order that the foal might suck with greater convenience. The foal followed its nurse to pasture, as it would have done its parent, and was attended with the greatest care by the Goat, which always called it back by her bleatings, when it wandered to any distance from her.
Goats are exceedingly numerous in South Guinea ; and some of the negroes there have a singular notion that their strong and offensive smell was given to them, as a punishment, for having requested of a certain female deity, that they might be allowed to anoint themselves with a kind of aromatic ointment which she used herself
. Offended at the request, they say, she took a box containing a most nauseous compound, and rubbed their bodies with it ; and that this had so powerful an effect
, as to cause the unpleasant smell thence produced to continue ever afterwards.
verse ridges; are bent