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TRAVERSING the Switzerland of

America, the scenery along its route being universally acknowledged as the grandest, most varied, and most beautiful on the continent.

“AROUND THE CIRCLE,” a grand summer tour from Denver, Colorado Springs, Manitou, or Pueblo, has been arranged, being a trip “Around the Circle of one thousand miles through the Rocky Mountains, comprising more noted and magnificent scenery than is compassed in any other thousand miles of travel in the known world. Fare for round trip, $28.

This is the only line from the window of whose cars the traveler can see the wonderful "GARDEN OF THE Gods,” PIKE's PEAK,” the “ROYAL GORGE,” “GRAND CANYON," the “COLLEGIATE RANGE,” “MARSHALL PASS,” where the road crosses the Continental Divide at an elevation of 11.000 feet above the sea, the “BLACK CANYON,'' “CASTLE GATE,'" "PRICE

River CANYON,” and a thousand objects of scenic beauty and worldwide fame.

This is the only trans-continental line passing through Salt Lake City en route to or from San Francisco and the Pacific Coast. The Tourist Route to Manitou, Colorado's famous health and pleasure resort.

For full information and for elegantly illustrated books, “Manitou,' "Rhymes of the Rockies,” “Tourist Hand-Book," and “Around the Cir. cle," call on or address :


On the line of the Denver & Rio Grande R. R.

W. B. COBB, Gen'l East'n Agent,

317 BROADWAY, N. Y. S. T. SMITH, General Manager,


S.K. HOOPER, Gen'l Pass'r Ag't,

DENVER, Col. A. S. HUGHES, Traffic Manager.


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The cattle kings of Colorado con- gather at night-fall with a diaphragm tinue to congregate in Denver. The well filled with the tender grass of princes and potentates, the dukes and the verdant plains. earls, assemble upon the streets, at Few people, outside of the bounds the hotels, in the banks, and now and of Colorado, are familiar with the then, possibly, in a bar-room to take methods by which the cattle men are counsel, compare notes, and prepare united in order to protect their interfor the incoming of Spring. The gray ests in the line of their profession. sobmrero flaunts its broad brim in Not many years back, there was a every street, while the cowboy wanders summary method adopted by the here and there to take in all there is moral and religious portion of this of life for him in the gay city; while community, whereby the horse and in the evening you may see him now cattle thief was disposed of at comand then wending his way to some parative inexpensive cost. When that place of amusement in order to get careless individual was discovered rid of the monotony which has fol- steering a steer into the wrong path, lowed his path in his far-away ranch. there was a speedy reproof adminisThe cattle men take their pleasure tered, usually beneath the shadows with their profits; they want all they of a cottonwood tree. But as the are entitled to. The weary days and cottonwoods were scarce months of constant care upon the plains, the ingenuity of plains is given renewed impulse or brought to the invention of methods. hope of future profit, when the steers equally as effective in correcting the kick up their heels with joy, as they indiscretion and waywardness of the

upon the



many in

men who do not respect the brand check, to the owner, who may not that marks the animals they had in know that any portion of his herd charge.

has gone astray ; and, in The cattle men have reason to stances, a cattle raiser has received thank the evolution that has brought the value of several steers that he around a more humane method of

was pleased to have so readily and dealing with matters so closely allied cheaply marketed. It is remarkato their interests. Through the cour- ble to hear that so many young cattesy of Mr. Fred. Zell, I am enabled tle wander so far from their home to gather a little inside information ranch. Colorado cattle having comregarding the workings of "The Cat- fortable homes within the bounds of tle Grower's Association of Colorado," this central State, have wandered to of which he is the secretary.

the far north as far as Montana and The Cattle Grower's Association of to the south into New Mexico ; yet, Colorado, was organized in 1872, and through the efficient management up to this time makes a show of use. of this association, are promptly refulness most gratifying to its mem- turned to the proper owners, either in bers. The comprehensive declara- their proper person or their value ; tion of the objects of the association, and all this is done in consequence of can be easily gathered from the fol- the system of brands, coupled with lowing clause of the constitution : the efficiency of this association.

“SECTION 2. The object of this as- There is a close alliance between sociation is to advance the interests the State and this association, whereof the cattle and horse growers, and by the interests of the “grower" is dealers, within the said State, and protected by stringent laws, which protection of the same against frauds reach beyond the mere punishing of and swindlers, and to prevent the the guilty culprit who would dare stealing, taking and driving away steal a mule, or even a helpless calf. stock bearing the brands of the mem- We can hardly realize the efficiency bers of this association, and enforce of an association that would have dethe stock laws of Colorado.”

tectives by every train loaded with Every carload of cattle passing in cattle that would be so well skilled in or out of Denver, or any of the ship- hieroglyphics, that they would tally ping points east, south, north, or off a couple of hundred steers, and west, has to undergo inspection in tell to whom each animal originally behalf of this association, and any belongs; and, if a reasonable excuse animal found not belonging to the for a stray sheep or shoat, horse or party in charge of the drove is at

heifer, could not be given, to confisonce detached, and the value of the cate it at once for the benefit of the animal is at once forwarded, by bank suppostitious owner; and if the owner is never found, the value escheats an individual to contest before the to the State for the benefit of parties courts a just claim for such loss of interested in the growth of four leg- property. To-day there need be not ged animals.

the least cause for the intervention of The vast plains which reach to the the courts to adjust a claim when a East are almost an unbroken pasture car kills a cow. The value or damage ground for these dumb animals; and is adjusted in advance, at least the God and nature intends they shall be parties have consented to the adjustused when occasion calls them in use. ment, and future fees to an attorney I was a little interested to find how are beyond the reach of the ambitious an animal could find food from those pettifoger. plains when no hay was husbanded, It is a little wonderful how these and no corn in the bin; but the peo- inspectors of droves of cattle can at ple tell me that food is found enough once detect a stray animal not beto keep every one fat, (if they have longing to the herd. The State has already attained that condition), for published an immense volume, giva month or more together.

ing ten thousand or more registered The great saving to the "grower" brands, and counterfeiting these on these plains, is in not being re- brands is punished with a heavy penquired to harvest a winter's supply of alty. An interesting book it is, and hay, and as corn is rather scarce, that at first would be mistaken by an unarticle must be added when the educated tender-foot, to be either a neighborhood of the great Eastern Hebrew, Greek, Chinese, Sanscrit, markets are reached.

Choctaw, or Arapahoe volume, inWhile these vast herds range over

tended for the Columbia Exposition, the plains, it could not be otherwise Last year, 207,226 cattle than that many would become in- derwent the inspection required by jured or killed by railway cars that this combination, among which, 2,55 I are becoming a net-work wherever were astray or stolen, while fully sevthe eye can reach. It was easy enough en-eighths were either returned to to harmonize conflicting interests their proper owners, or their value at when each appear willing to compro- once forwarded to them. The Secremise upon an equitable basis. Con- tary's report says: “The small owner stant litigation between parties when is benefitted more than the large one, frequent occasion compelled it, had and the steer that wanders (or is become an annoyance that needed a stolen) from the Arkansas river to judicious regulation. The railroads north of the Platte, returns to its were willing, and the cattle growers owner in the form of a check when were more so, because it became a he leasts expects it. I believe it would perplexing necessity many times, for be good policy for every shipper to


send off all the unknown cattle on come in close contact with them. his range, thus saving it to that ex- Their fate is a problem unsolved-it tent, -remove the temptation that is a condition which faces this peowill always exist in man, and thus ple—but this is a matter not germane enable the owner to get its full to the present purpose.

In spite of value, as attested by his account all that may perplex the national of sales.”

councils, these vast fields are doomed We can readily see that these pro- to become utilized for the benefit of gressive methods, not only for the the people who still live and are here. benefit of cattle as well as men, have If there be a divinity which shapes a tendency to make men honest when our ends, there is a humanity not far cattle are spread over a thousand back of it that helps to do the work. hills, and more than one person owns We can only look at things as they them.

are, not as they should be ; the necesThe possibilities of these vast sities of the hour are what we are to plains and mountains cannot well be provide for to-day. estimated. The buffalo, the antelope A man from Boston once said to and the elk, have become nearly ex- me: “If a person wants to choose a tinct ; they had a wide range in the business by which he is most likely past, and helped to supply the native to succeed, he had better follow one red men with ample food for subsis- by which he can get a lick at everytence; the herbage was ample for one-deal in something which everythese wild animals, and their Hesh one wants.” Pretty much every one and peltries were just what the na- in that land of the free and home of tives needed. How changed the out- the ox have been brought up to relook to-day! The plains and moun- spect and desire, now and then, a tains are here, but where will we find tender roast of beef. If there have the roving inhabitants that made been those who had a prejudice adtheir homes all over this vast domain? verse to mutton, it has been lessening Much like an uncontrolled avalanche, in the light of modern improvements white men have swept down upon and breed since the days of Laban these prairies and mountains, and and the Prophets. held things at their own sweet will ; Right here, let me take an extract it has become a new world, and new from an ancient book, owned by E. laws govern in spite of all precedent. A. Kent, of Denver, entitled, “Choro

"Lo! the poor Indian," we have graphy and History of America," our hopes for his future, while our printed in London, 1663, by Peter fears are mingled into mountains of Heylyn. Just in that part of this doubt respecting the proper course ancient history, the author is treating for white men to adopt if we are to of matters covering the very territory

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