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son of Sirach, the book of Maccabees, his corrections of De Reyna's text Esdras, Tobit, Bel and the Dragon, add greatly to the accuracy and etc., all figuring as a part of the value of the translation. He resided divinely inspired Word. This Bible for many years in England, and contains also the psalmody of Stern- graduated at Cambridge University. hold and Hopkins, and the Psalms of A copy of this Bible is in the ReferDavid in English verse.

ence Library at Manchester, Eng. A more remarkable work, however, land. as a curiosity of literature is a book A version of the New Testament in the library of Prince de Ligne, was published by William O'Donnel, which was neither written or printed. Archbishop of Tuam, a town in Ire. The letters were all cut out of the land which prior to 1839 was the See finest vellum and pasted on blue of a Protestant archbishop. He was paper. The precision with which assisted in this work by Mortogh these small characters are cut renders Cionga, a native of Connaught, who the book easy to read, and excites translated from the Greek. This infinite admiration for the patience folio edition was printed in Irish, and of the author. It bears the title of consisted of five hundred copies, the "Liber Passionis Nostri Jesu Christi, expense of which was defrayed by the cum characteribus nulla materia com- province of Connaught, and by Sir positi.

William Usher. The German Emperor, Rudolph II, Except in large cities, the Erse or is said to have offered, forty years Irish language is still spoken more or later than this date, the enormous less in almost every part of Ireland, sum of eleven thousand ducats for but it prevails more especially in this wonderful work of art.

Munster and Connaught. Although A thorough revision, by C. de Va- Roman Catholicism has now a prelera, of de Reyna's entire version was ponderating influence, yet in Ireland, printed in Spanish at Amsterdam. until the yoke of Popery was imposed This revision was effected by means upon it by England, there was a pure of a diligent comparison of the Span- form of Christianity.

form of Christianity. The Erse is at ish version with the original texts, present but little known except as and with other translations, particu- the vernacular of an illiterate popularly the French version of Geneva. lation, but it was once the language De Valera was fifty years

of

age of science and literature. The Eng. when he commenced this revision, lish Saxons considered Ireland as the and he completed it in his seventieth mart of sacred learning, and the year. He was deeply attached to the monuments of Irish philosophy,poetry principles of the Reformation, and and history, have been handed down from the tenth century. Erse belongs the Gaels, as the Irish call themto the Gaelic branch of the Celtic selves, for the primitive Celtic is the language, but it is not known where ancient Irish. It is certain that this it originated, for Gaul, Spain, Scy. dialect of the Celtic has preserved its thia, Iran, and even Troy, have all original purity from the period of its laid claim to the honor of having first predominance in Ireland, so that first sent colonists to Ireland. By no elements which are not strictly Gaelic is understood not merely the

Celtic can be detected in its compoCeltic dialect spoken in the High- sition. lands of Scotland, but the tongue of

CHAS. W. DARLING.

(To be Continued.)

HISTORY

OF THE MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS AND MEDICAL

PROFESSIONS OF CHICAGO.

XVII.

ROBERT B. TREAT, M. D.

a

DR. ROBERT BYRON TREAT, of West There was a good public school Chicago, has been for forty-three near his home, which he attended years a practicing physician in the regularly, from the time he was old northwest, and nearly twenty years enough to go to school until he was of that time he has spent in Chicago. thirteen years of age, when his father

He was born on a farm, near Can- removed to La Porte, Indiana. At andaigua, in Ontario county, New La Porte, which was at that time York, August 2d, 1824, his father hav- (1837) a good sized village, considering immigrated to that State some ably larger than Chicago, he entered years earlier from Connecticut, which well-conducted private school, was the original location of the Treat where he completed his education. family in America, and which was When he was eighteen years old, he governed as a colony by Major Rob- began the study of medicine with Dr. ert Treat, from 1686 to 1701.

Abraham Teegarden of La Porte, and Dr. Treat's mother Sarah in due course of time was authorized (Spear) Treat, who was born in this to engage in the practice, under the country of Scotch parents. His father system of licensing physicians then in was a farmer, and one of the pioneers vogue in Indiana. In 1846 and 1847 he of western New York.

The com

attended the full courses of lectures at munity in which the elder Treat re- the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cin. sided, and in which his son spent the cinnati, and graduated from that infirst thirteen years of his life, was one stitution in 1847. At a later date,

ich had been made up mainly of Berkshire Medical College of PittsNew England people, who were in- field, Mass., also conferred upon him telligent, thrifty and prosperous, and the degree of doctor of medicine. Robert B. Treat had somewhat better In 1848 he removed from La Porte, advantages than the average country Ind., to Janesville, Wis., then youth of that period.

village of a few hundred inhab.

was

a

that year.

itants, but generally looked upon Lincoln to a Janesville audience, as one of the promising towns of the which he addressed in that camnew State, admitted into the Union paign.

In 1860 he was elected Mayor of Being a vigorous man physically Janesville, and when Stephen A. and mentally, Dr. Treat was well Douglas visited the city during the adapted to the kind of professional Presidential campaign of that year, labor which he was called upon to his official position brought him into perform in his new field, and his close contact with the distinguished practice not only built up rapidly, Illinoisan, for whom he had a high but extended over a wide area of regard, notwithstanding their polititerritory.

cal differences. While devoting himself conscien- In this connection an interesting tiously to his profession, and meet- bit of heretofore unwritten history ing, as far as possible, all demands may be given to the public. Dr. made upon him, he interested himself Treat relates that in the course of a in various enterprises, calculated to long conversation which he had with develop the resources of the country, Mr. Douglas, at the time of his visit to aid in its settlement, and to contri- to Janesville, the latter warmly combute to its improvement. He was in- plimented his competitor, Mr. Linstrumental in starting the first news- coln, but at the same time, urged paper published at Janesville, and that it would be a great misfortune was the owner of the first daily paper for the country, should he be elected published in the town, when Thomas to the Presidency. He insisted that L. Withrow, now a distinguished rail- civil war was imminent in any event, road lawyer of Chicago, was its edi- but took the view that while Lintor. He also enjoys the distinction of coln's election would solidify the having been one of the proprietors of South in the pending struggle, he the first newspaper, published in Wis- would, in case of his own election, be consin, to favor the organization of able to command the support of four the Republican party.

hundred thousand Southern voters, Originally a Democrat, he became in aid of any effort which he might actively identified with the anti-slav- be called upon to make, to suppress ery crusade, and consequently some- rebellion, and preserve the Union. thing of a politician, although never While acting as Mayor of Janesin any sense a seeker after official ville Dr. Treat did much to relieve preferment. He favored, through his the city of its financial burdens, one newspaper, the election of Fremont of his most important achievements to the Presidency in 1856, and had being that of cancelling the bulk of its the honor of introducing Abraham indebtedness, on account of aid voted to the Union Valley—now a part of of medicine, and believes that men the Chicago & Northwestern-Rail- who undertake to practice the healing road enterprise. To aid in the con- art, should be physicians rather than struction of this railroad, the city of devotees of a particular school. In Janesville had issued ten per cent. his judgment, no set of iron-clad interest bearing bonds, to the amount rules and regulations can be made to of $147,000. Dr. Treat succeeded in apply to all cases, and the intelligent cancelling these bonds, to the amount physician should conscientiously adof $144,000, at a cost to the city of minister the remedy most likely to but little more than $10,000. Two of have the desired effect, from whatthese bonds for $1,000 each, of which ever school it receives its indorsehe could not obtain possession at that ment. In his many years of active time, turned up some few years later, practice he has felt that the gravest and the cost to the city of redeeming responsibility resting upon the phythem, and paying interest charges, sician-next to that of correctly diwas something more than $9,000. agnosing the patient's ailment—was

During the war he spent some time that of determining whether or not in the south, assisting to care for any medicines should be given. BeUnion soldiers wounded in battle, lieving that the use of drugs is and was one of about thirty Wiscon- fraught with danger, and that a train sin physicians, designated to look of evils may follow, and frequently after the Wisconsin men who fell in does follow in the wake of a train of the battle of Pittsburg Landing. medicines, he has not hesitated to

In 1871, being somewhat broken express this opinion when occasion down in health, and in consequence offered, nor to make practical applifeeling disinclined to engage longer cation of the principle in his own exin a country practice, he came to tended practice. The patient who apChicago, where he has since resided plied to him for treatment has never and continued his professional work. had occasion to fear a multiplicity of

He has never entertained the idea prescriptions which the exigencies of that the sumum summarum of the his case did not require, but could knowledge of medicine should be ar- rest assured that he would be dealt rogated by either of the recognized with candidly and fairly under all schools of his profession, and his circumstances. independent views have been dis- Dr. Treat was married in 1947 to tinguishing characteristics of his pro- Miss. Orrilla J. Hubbell, and has one fessional career. He has witnessed a son, now engaged in business at revolution in methods of treating Janesville, Wis. diseases since he began the practice

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