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occasioned many troubles as well to receiving their “money" might have the merchants as to the planters and some sort of guarantee of its genuineinhabitants amongst themselves. It

The various acts which were is thought fit by the Governor and passed upon the subject, to be found Counsel and the Burgesses of this in ist Hen., were finally consolidated, Grand Assembly, that all accounts in 1632, into an act (ist Hen. 203), and contracts be usually made and which provided for five warehouses, kept in money and not in tobacco, in which all tobacco intended to be and to that purpose it is also thought used as a medium of trade, should be fit that all pleas and actions of debt stored before the last day of Decemor trespass be commensed and set ber, to be viewed, tried and repacked down in lawful money of England by certain sworn commissioners, who only, and in no other commodity; and were directed to burn all such as was further, that all orders, judgments, bad. decrees and acts, made and ordered This act provided further, that all in any of the courts within this col- payments to be made in tobacco ony concerning the premises, shall be should be made at one of those wareset down and entered in English houses, or stores, as they are called money, according to the custom of all

in this act. How long this was conpleas and judgment in the Kingdom tinued in existence, we have no of England.” At that time, and for a means of ascertaining. It has long time afterward, the public levies limitation upon its face. It contains were laid in tobacco, and the fees of the form of the present much conpublic officers were payable in tobacco, troverted system. However, in 1712, being fixed by statute at so many (2 Hen. 32), we find another act, makpounds for each service.

ing some modifications, and no doubt For instance, in 1632, 1 Hen, 201, the improvements, upon the scheme of marshal's fees were fixed as follows: the former one. But in 1730 (2 Hen. “For an arrest, 10 pounds of tobacco. 247), we find an act which revises the Warning to court, 2 lbs.; imprison- whole subject, and lays down an ment-coming in-10 lbs.; going out, elaborate plan for the conduct of 10 lbs.; laying by the heels, 5 lbs ; warehouses and inspections. This act whipping, pillory, ducking, 10 contains the first provision by-laws each." See also Hening's Statute, (what had doubtless been practiced passim.

since the first establishment of wareAs the trade and population in- houses) for tobacco notes. By the creased in the colony, it was found 41st section it provides that the innecessary to put this medium for ex- spectors shall give their promissory changes under some sort of public notes, as many as might be demandcontrol, in order that those persons ed for the tobacco inspected and


stored, which notes should express accounted a lawful tender to diswhether they were for sweet scented, charge any debt, contract or duty, Oronoka, stun'd or leaf, "which notes payable in tobacco, unless payment shall be and are hereby declared to of the same be tendered in inspecbe current and payable in all tobacco tor's notes. We here find the form of payments whatsoever, according to the currency that prevailed amongst the species expressed in the note, a people whose entire traffic was within certain limits of territory." made with reference to an exchange This act contained this most impor- through tobacco as a medium. tant feature, that nothing should be





When a young man, early in life, life. The disposition of many young with nothing but moral conscious- men to cultivate conceit, and to emuness, mental cultivation and physical late the trifling and unsubstantial strength, supplemented with energy side of life, too often leads to efforts and honesty of purpose in the affairs to win their bread by their wits, of life, achieves success, it is evidence through the low and demoralizing of the value of these characteristics. practices usually employed by those Early instruction and example in the thus inclined. Here is the defect of right direction do much


the restraining influences of our moulding the future course of the civilization

defect in the young man in the achievement of suc- precept and example of home, and cess. As the twig is inclined, so the the school. These should be the tree groweth” is an adage that illus- moulding nurseries of high moral, trates, in the main, the respectable mental and industrial development. and the successful elements of soci- With low moral inclination and ety, and the reverse thereof. The methods, the highest mental

mental de youth that is inclined to obedience at velopment is of very little practical home and at school, to industrious benefit in the interest of true civilizaefforts, to truthfulness and good as- tion. Hence, the home circle and the sociations, are those who generally school should train and instruct the grow up in habits of industry, respec- child and youth in the practical tability, and high ambitious aims in affairs of the higher moral, physical and social life-in methods of indus- father, William Drum, was born in try and economy, in connection with 1831; his mother, whose maiden name mental development. It is not all of was Mary S. McConaughy,being born life to live; but the proper and har- in Ohio in 1830. She died in April, monious development of all the facul- 1861, at Girard, Macupine county, Ill., ties is in keeping with the higher leaving Henry as their only child, civilization and success in life.

born November 21, 1857, at that When we observe a young man of place. In the course of time his this noble type, he is generally on the father married Julia F. Stewart, a road to success, because his early resident of Illinois, but a native of training and instruction were correct; New Jersey, as his second wife, by his consciousness and honesty of pur- whom he has two children, Bertha, a pose being the governors of his daughter, aged sixteen, and a son, course, and his ambition, the spur Robert, aged twelve years. His that nerves him to action. Our high- father still resides at Girard, II., est civilization is carved, and our where, for several years, he was engovernment and grandest institutions gaged in a mechanical pursuit, and are moulded, by such.

later in mercantile trade which he The youth and manhood of Henry still continues. P. Drum are fair illustrations of these From early school age, Henry atreflections. Born of humble, though tended the common school until old respectable parentage, ideas of life's enough to assist his father in his meresponsibilities took early root in his chanical pursuit during summers,conmind, which, through wholesome tinuing at school during winter, until training, inspired within him an am- he was about seventeen years


age. bition to be faithful to the responsi- He had a strong desire from early bilities and obligations, with which he boyhood to acquire an education,and might be charged, and true to princi: do for himself; although his father ple and noble purposes

in life's desired him to remain with him and career.

take an interest in his mercantile Mr. Drum is the descendant of a business. But, as his mother died sturdy ancestry, his grandfather on when he was but four years old, and his paternal side being of German new home conditions had arisen, he descent, and his paternal grand thought it better to go forth and mother was of English descent, both carve his own way in the battle of of whom were born in South Caro- life, which he did in 1874, at the age lina; and, after their marriage, emi- of seventeen years. The day he bid grated to Illingis upon the admission farewell to his parential home he of that State into the Union, locating walked twenty miles, with only two in Macupine county. Here Henry's dollars in his pocket, and secured a

school in his native county, which he tracts of wild land and engaged in successfully taught the following live stock raising for a year or more. winter and summer. With the means In the Autumn of 1883, Mr. Drum thus acquired he followed his purpose and Mr. Thompson visited Washingto secure an education, and entered ton Territory for observation, and the Illinois State University at Cham- they were so favorably impressed paign, remaining about two years, with the opportunities it offered that when he engaged again in teaching they returned to Nebraska and at in winter,and working at jobs during once disposed of their interest there, summer for a year, when he had and returned to Tacoma the followearned money enough to resume his ing December to remain, and purcourse in the University, this time chase the Bank of Tacoma, the oldest continuing to completion, doing odd banking house in what was then calljobs meantime, among which was ed New Tacoma. They at once ortaking care of the chemical laboratory ganized it into the Merchants Nationof the University to aid in defraying al Bank, of which Mr. Drum was his expenses. Thus the young man, first assistant cashier, and was soon inspired by ambition to succeed in after elected to the position of cashier, life, worked hard, undergoing many which he held until 1889, when he pleasures and privations to accom- was chosen vice-president, which posiplish his purpose.

tion he now continues to hold. Mr. Mr. Drum's early ambition was to Drum being unassuming, mild and learn the profession of law, but after affable in manner, of pleasing adcompleting his scholastic, course he dress, clear-headed, prompt

and abandoned the idea and drifted into courteous in business, quite soon seother pursuits. His first business cured him many acquaintances and venture was in 1880, when he went to general popularity. In 1887 he was Farmer City, Ill., and, in connection chosen a member of the Tacoma with R. J. Davis, engaged in brick School Board, which gave to it the making; but the field being overdone, experience of a successful teacher and he found this unprofitable and soon efficient business man, which contriabandoned it. He then went to Ne- buted much in raising the standard braska, in 1881, locating at Hebron, and efficiency of the city schools. He when he again engaged, with ap- retired from the board as its presiproved success, in school teaching for dent. In politics Mr. Drum is a a term, when he was offered and ac- Democrat, conscientious in his concepted a position in the private bank victions and methods; never allowing of Walter J. Thompson, at that place. political prejudice to swerve him The following year he and Mr. from official duty. In 1888 he was Thompson purchased some large elected mayor of Tacoma, a Republi


can city, over a prominent opponent, manufacturing enterprises. He also the entire Republican ticket being has large real estate interests in and chosen, with this one exception. His about Tacoma. administration

conservative, Mr. Drum is a prominent member business-like, and quite generally of the Masonic order, occupying satisfactory. He is cool, and has the several of its important official posicourage

of his conviction in his busi- tions and is now grand treasurer of ness and public relations. Upon the the Grand Chapter of the State. In admission of Washington as a State religious matters he is a Unitarian, in 1889, Mr. Drum was elected a and was one of the founders of that Senator to the first State Legislature church society in Tacoma. from his county,against a Republican Henry Drum was married at Tamajority, and was the only Demo- coma, Wash., in November, 1884, to cratic member of the Senate. His Miss Jessie M. Thompson, sister of faithfulness to the public interest and Hon. Walter J. Thompson, of Tagood judgment soon gave him prom- coma. They have three children, a inence and influence as a legislator boy and two girls, named Howard, the first session; and in the second Laura, and Barbara. He is surroundsession of the legislature, just closed, ed with a pleasant family, is domestic (March) there was no member that and social in his inclination, and occommanded more respect or exerted cupies a pleasant residence overlookgreater influence in the formulation ing Puget Sound. He expects to give of legislation than Senator Drum. his close attention to his banking inHe was, in all public matters, govern- terests in the future. ed by his convictions of right and the Mr. Drum is but thirty-four years public welfare.

old. After having given his services Upon the recommendation of the to his father in return for his care, governor, as a mark of the popular support and common school advanesteem in which he is held, Senator tages, from his young boyhood until Drum was, in 1889, appointed by the seventeen years of age, he left home President, Commissioner for Wash- to do for himself with no means but ington to the World's Fair at Chic- earnest ambition. He earned ago.

money to secure a collegiate educaBesides his large interest in the tion, learned habits of industry and Merchants National Bank as a stock- frugality, and practical sincerity of holder, director and vice-president, purpose; shunning pernicious assoMr. Drum is a stock-holder and ciations and methods. Thus before director in several other financial and the meridian of life he has achieved


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