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only a boy of twelve, and kept up the study along this line at intervals, lasting over a period of ten years. Having decided however that the profession was too crowded with "general practitioners," but in the mean time he formed the acquaintance of a gentleman who was making a specialty of hernia, with greater or less degree of success, and learning that fully one fifth of the human family was suffering from the malady, and that medical science had so far invented no reliable cure, he determined to make hernia a specialty. He immediately began a special course of study and practice with an eye single to that as his life work. The motives which led to this final choice, were a desire to relieve humanity of one of its most painful ills, and a livelihood. At this point it was, that O. E. Miller encountered that opposition which may be classified as the reader may choose with reference to the opening paragraphs. It is a fact that hernia as a physical disabilty was not then rightly treated or understood. As may be the case with any other disease, one treatment may be better than another, but the best treatment had not then been discovered. It was the discovery or invention of his acquaintance, that led the young medical student to improve and perfect a treatment for hernia, and thus make the choice he did, as between being an old school physician or what he is to-day-the founder and President of the O. E. Miller Hernia Treatment Company.

The discovery and perfection of the treatment-how should it be made known to the afflicted except by advertising? The advertisement was justifiable, but it was and is, in contravention of "medical ethics," so called, and the war came.

Orlando Edgar Miller was born Oct. 4, 1864, in the little village of Arcadia, Ohio, and comes of a German-English family. His father at the time was a prosperous merchant, and is now interested in some of the details of the

Company's work. It is doubtful whether any man of his age has encountered and overcome more opposition than he has done in the last four years, since his arrival in Denver in 1886, and this opposition has come from those from whom it should not have come. It was founded in professional prejudice, not personal dislike. Nevertheless, Professor Miller has been successful in healing multitudes and in acquiring a competence. Such has been the progress of his business that he now has branch offices in Butte City, Montana; Detroit, Michigan; Des Moines, Iowa; Portland, Oregon; and St. Louis, Missouri. The following recently appeared in one of the Denver papers:

Articles of incorporation were filed this morning at the State Capitol of The O. E. Miller Hernia Treatment Company with a paid-up capital of $250,000, the business of which will be the treatment of hernia under the patents held by the company. It might be interesting to know the

causes that have led to the organization of this company, which are nothing more or less than the history of the success of a wonderful treatment.

In November, 1886, Professor O. E. Miller, from whom, the company takes its name, came to Denver fully qualified to practice his treatment for hernia, in which he had invested almost his last cent, and there is good reason to doubt if he could have paid in advance all of his expenses for one month. However, with the pluck and energy which have since given him his prominent position in his profession, he went to work and has not since had reason to regret his selection of Denver as a permanent place of residence.

Professor Miller's success has now continued for four years and an ample competence has been the result. His handsomely furnished apartments in the Tabor Opera House Block, in point of furnishings and equipment, are not equalled by any in Denver, and twelve rooms are necessary to accommodate his large force of employes. The results of Professor Miller's treatment have been so uniformly successful that a syndicate was organized by Mr. E. O. Carrington, who purchased the right to use this form of treatment outside of Colorado, which Professor Miller has sold only on the understanding that none but the very best of physicians shall be employed in its practice.

The new company will establish. offices in the large cities of the East, but this in no way will conflict with Professor Miller here as he continues to own his rights and patents for this State. There is not a more marked instance in this city showing how pluck, confidence, brain and absolute integrity without the assistance of money can build up a successful practice, a large fortune, and an honorable name in his profession.

One other reason may be ascribed for his success--method. From boyhood he has been methodical. His eighteen hours out of twenty-four devoted to study, while acquiring his education, were systematically divided, giving to each study so much time-a rule that he did not break or allow broken. So in business affairs from the beginning there has been inexorable method.

Professor Miller is a member of Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church, is especially active in Sunday School work, and has many.warm personal friends. He keenly feels unjust criticism, but is not in the least deterred by it. He meets it with the retort courteous, not the reply churlish, and pleasantly goes on his way, always thankful for advice. He is a determinate man, whose force of character is the equivalent of organized success. HENRY DUDLEY TEETOR,

REMINISCENCES OF THE THIRTY-SIXTH AND THIRTY-SEVENTH

CONGRESSES.

BY HON. JOHN HUTCHINS, MEMBER OF THE THEN TWENTIETH OHIO DISTRICT.

XXIV.

THE thirty-seventh Congress, in obedience to the proclamation of the President, assembled July 4th, 1861; Galusha A. Grow on the first ballot was chosen speaker, and delivered an eloquent address on taking the chair. A few sentences from it will show its spirit and the changed state of public affairs in the North: "A rebellion, the most causeless in the history of the race, has developed a conspiracy of long standing to destroy the constitution formed by the wisdom of our fathers, and the Union cemented by their blood." Speaking of the uprising, Mr. Grow, with facts to sustain his words, said "That every race and tongue almost is represented in the grand legion of the Union. Their standard proclaims, in language more impressive than words, that here indeed is the home of the emigrant and the asylum of the exile. All parties, sects, and conditions of men not corrupted by the institution of human bondage forgetting by-gones, rancors or prejudices, blended in one united Phalanx, for the integrity of the Union,

and the perpetuity of the Republic. The merchant, the banker and the tradesman, with alacrity unparalled, proffer their all at the altar of their country, while from the counter, the workshop and the plow, brave hearts and stout arms, leaving their tasks unfinished, rush to the tented field. The air vibrates with martial strains, and the earth shakes with the tread of armed men. In view of this grandest demonstration for self-preservation in the history of nationalities, desponding patriotism may be assured that the foundations of our national greatness still stand strong, and that the sentiment which to-day beats impressive in every loyal heart, will for the future be realized. No flag alien to the sources of the Mississippi river will ever float permanently over its mouth till its waters are crimsoned in human gore, and not one foot of American soil can ever be wrenched from the jurisdiction of the United States until it is baptised in fire and blood." The applause at the close of this sentence was vociferous and long

continued, in the House and in the galleries so much so, that the presiding officer, Colonel Forney, made an effort to restrain it, as being against the order and rules of the House. There were other passages in Mr. Grow's speech equally forcible and eloquent.

The organization of the House as completed by the election of Emerson Etheridge, of Tennesee, "member of the House in the 36th Congress, Clerk, Edward Ball of Ohio, Sergeant at Arms, Ira Goodenow, of New York, Door-keeper, and William S. King, Minnesota, Postmaster. The death of George W. Scranton, an active and useful member of the House in the 36th Congress, was announced, and appropriate eulogies on his life and character were made. Mr. Scranton seldom made a speech, but he devoted himself assiduously to measures of legislation; especially to matters of finance and revenue in which he took great interest, and he perhaps exercised as much influence on these subjects as any member of the House, although he was serving his first term." Mr. Stevens of Pennsylvania was Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, at that time one of the most important committees of the House. The message of President Lincoln at the commencement of the extra session of the 37th Congress, is a concise statement of facts on the progress of secession and the capture of Fort Sumter and seizure of government forts and other property in the seceded states. In referring to Fort

Sumter he says, "In this act, discarding all else, they (Secessionists) have forced upon the country the distinct issue, immediate dissolution or blood.

"And this embr ces more than the fate of the United States. It presents to the whole family of man the question whether a constitutional republic, a government of the people by the same people, can or cannot maintain its territorial integrity against its own domestic foes." The President refers to the call for 75,000 men in his proclamation calling an extra session of Congress July 4th, and that response was most gratifying except in the border states, especially Virginia which, before her ordinance of secession had been adopted, had seized the United States armory at Harper's Ferry and the Navy Yard at Gasport near Norfolk, sent members of Congress to the Confederate Government at Montgomery and permitted the insurrectionary government to be transferred to Richmond. The President then used the following language, "The people of Virginia have thus allowed this giant insurrection to make its nest within its borders; and this government has no choice left but to deal with it where it finds it. And it has the less regret, as the loyal citizens have in due form claimed its protection. Those loyal citizens this loyal government is bound to recognize and protect as being Virginia." The President then recounts what was done to protect the government till the matter could be submitted to Congress for

ratification, claiming that nothing had been done beyond the constitutional competency of Congress. The President recommended that Congress give legal means for making the contest short and decisive by placing at the control of the government at least 400,000 men, and such other means as might be necessary. He then discussed the fallacy of secession at considerable length and closed as follows: "As a private citizen, the Executive could not have consented that these institutions shall perish; much less could he in betrayal of so vast and sacred a trust as these free people have confided to him. He felt that he had no moral right to shrink, or even count the chances of his own life, in what might follow. In full view of his great responsibility he has, so far, done what he has deemed his duty. You will now, according to your own judgment, perform yours. He sincerely hopes that your views and your own action may so accord with his as to assure all faithful citizens who have been disturbed in their rights, of a certain and speedy restoration to them under the constitution and laws. And thus having chosen our course without guilt and with pure purpose, let us renew our trust in God and go forward without fear and with manly hearts."

Early in the war some of the officers and soldiers of the Union army were in the habit of capturing and returning fugitive slaves to their masters. July 9th, Mr. Lovejoy of Illinois,

introduced the following resolution : "That in the judgment of the House, it is no part of the duties of the soldiers of the United States to capture and return fugitive slaves." After a spirited contest to defeat a direct vote on the resolution, it was adopted by a vote of ninety-three yeas and fifty-five fifty-five nays. The Republicans generally voted for it, the Democrats against it. A few Republicans voted against it; but a change in public opinion on this subject soon occurred in and out of Congress. One of the first measures of the extra session of the 37th Congress, was an act further to provide for the collection of duties on imports and for other purposes, reported by Elihu B. Washburn, of Illinois, Chairman of Committee on Commerce, which was passed July 13th, 1861. This law was deemed necessary for the reason that the ports of entry in the seceded States had been seized, and it was impossible to collect duties on imports in the ordinary way in them. The bill, containing nine sections, was carefully drawn under the direction of Secretary Chase, and was regarded as absolutely necessary to remedy some of the evils growing out of the state of war then existing. The vote on the passage in the House-one hundred and thirty-three yeas and ten nays. The members voting in the negative were, Burnett, Harding, Norton, Geo. H. Pendleton, Reed, Robinson, Vallandigham, Voorhees, Wadsworth and Wood. It is due to Mr. Pendleton to state that he said

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