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true when it is known that Mr. Word years of age. His father left Knox has always eschewed political honors. county, and for several years residIn earlier days, in response to party ed in the town of Somerset, Pulaski calls, he was elected and served four county, Kentucky. In the Spring of terms in the Legislature of the Ter- 1856 Mr. Word's father emigrated to ritory, in both the upper and lower Kansas. In 1854 young Word went houses ; but men of talent for that to Bethany College, Virginia. After particular service were scarce, and he a short period spent at college, his obeyed the call to duty as a patriot health failing, he went to Kansas, rather than an office-seeker. In 1878–

where his father had in in the mean9, he was Speaker of the House of time located. Before leaving KenRepresentatives of the Territory. He tucky and before going to Bethany was sent as a delegate to the Demo- he commenced reading law with cratic National Convention that Andrew J. James, afterwards Attornominated ex-President Cleveland in ney General of the State of KenChicago in 1884, and it was through tucky, but feeling the lack of educathe efforts of himself and his col. tion and appreciating its advanleague, ex-Gov. Samuel T. Hauser, tages, he left Mr. James' office and that the delegates from the Terri- for a while taught school in order tories secured for the first time the that he might secure

the means right to cast their votes in a Demo- wherewith to pay his way through cratic National Convention.

college, his father being too poor to Mr. Word was born in Barbour- afford him collegiate training. In ville, Knox county, Kentucky, Jan- 1856, after leaving college, and after nary 19th, 1837.

His father was a short time spent in Kansas, he went William Word. His mother's maiden into the office of Silas Woodson, of name was Susan Boyd Banton. His Missouri, afterwards Governor of paternal ancestry, so far as they have that State. He remained there until been traced, came from Scotland and August, 1858. Having obtained lisettled in South Carolina some time

to practice law from Judge before the American Revolution. Elijah H. Norton, now one of the His maternal ancestors were among Judges of the Supreme Court of the those who early migrated from Vir- State of Missouri, he commenced the ginia into Kentucky. Mr. Word's practice of law in Oregon, Holt father was born in Powell's Valley, county, Missouri, as

a partner of Tennessee. He went with his father's Colonel James Foster of that place, family into Knox county, Kentucky, and after three or four years of sucwhere he was raised and lived, and cessful practice at the bar, he came where Samuel Word was born and West. In the meantime he had marlived until he was fifteen or sixteen ried the only daughter of his part


ner. He came to what was then

tion of the case. He agreed on conIdaho Territory, now Montana. He dition that should he at any time reached Alder Gulch in the Summer during the course of the trial feel of 1863, and commenced placer min- satisfied of the innocence of the ac. ing, Alder Gulch at that time being cused, he would be allowed to with. the Mecca of every

one who had draw from the case. The condition heard of the almost incredible stories was agreed to. As the

case proof its golden wealth. An army of gressed, Mr. Word became so thorplacer miners swarmed for miles in oughly convinced of the guilt of the this gulch, working by day and night, accused, and of the heinousness and and taking out immense quantities brutality of his crime, that when he of pay dirt. After mining awhile summed up the case for the Territory Mr. Word began practicing law in he called into requisition all his mag. Virginia City, the most populous nificent powers of denunciation, inmining camp then in Montana, situa- vective, and eloquent anatomization ted at the head of Alder Gulch, of human passions and emotions, and where most of the wealth that came delivered one of the most po'verful from Alder Gulch found ready cir- pleas ever addressed to a jury. The culation in all the fluent channels of prisoner was convicted, and after an the primitive mining camp.

After a

appeal to the Supreme Court, which year or two spent in the West, Mr. was decided against the defendant, Work returned east to settle his mat- he was hanged. The speech itself is ters there, and to return West with still vividly remembered by those his wife, to permanently locate in who were present. Mr. Word has Montana. He has practiced law ever tried many capital cases before and since. He has been successful in all since that time, but none, perhaps, in his practice, but as a jury lawyer he which he displayed more ability than has been pre-eminently so. For the in the case of the Territory vs. Mcquibbles and technicalities of the law Andrews. he has an utter contempt ; for what- As an orator Mr. Word appears to ever of broad and uncompromising even greater advantage before a justice it may evolve a profound re- large audience than in the contracted spect. One of the noted cases in limits of a court room.

His voice, which his great ability as a jury law- his presence, his wit, the wealth of yer was demonstrated was that of the his illustrations, find wider scope and Territory vs. McAndrews, tried in horizon. There is perhaps no orator the year 1877. It was a case of hom- in Montana who can draw a larger icide. Mr. Word was employed by audience or hold an audience under the county commissioners of Jeffer- more absolute sway. He has the son county to assist in the prosecu- voice, the grace and charm of style,

the ready wit, the apt metaphor, the existing in regard to mining specuphysical proportions that fill the eye, lation and enterprises. Thousands and, more than all else, that indefina- of men, too, were given employment, ble thing called eloquence.

and the mine to-day is one of the In 1865, Governor Edgerton ap- best paying and most successful min. pointed Mr. Word prosecuting attor- ing properties in the country. ney for an unexpired term for the Another enterprise which gives first judicial district of Montana. He Mr. Word a place among the proserved the unexpired term and was jectors of vast business and industrial elected, and served for the succeed- enterprises, was the placing, together ing term of two years. He also acted with other interested parties, of the in the capacity of counsel for the Rocky Fork coal properties on the Union Pacific Railway in Montana, market. For years, the people of for nine years, until his removal to Montana relied upon the forests for Helena three or four years ago, re

their fuel. No effort had ever been siding at Butte and Virginia cities set on foot to prospect the country during the time of his employment in for coal, gold and silver mining being the service of that company.

the all-predominant industry of the Mr. Word conceived the project of Territory, and the attention of everyplacing the famous Drum-Lummon one being turned in that direction. mine on the market. Thomas Cruse, Mr. Word, together with Hon. Walthe owner and discoverer of the mine, ter Cooper, of Bozeman, came into refused to bond his property on any possession of the Rocky Fork coal terms. Mr. Word finally secured con- fields, and immediately set to work to sent to place the mine on the market, place them upon the market. In this, and sent A. H. Mallory to London to by enlisting the efforts of such men form a syndicate. The history of the as Samuel T. Hauser, Henry Villard, sale of this mine to an English syn- Thos. F. Oakes, James L. Platt and dicate is one of the red-letter pages James B. Hubbell, he was successful. in the history of mining in Montana, A branch railroad, fifty miles in and to the tact, judgment and ability length, was built from Laurel, on the of Mr. Word, Mr. Jeff Lowry and Northern Pacific Railroad, to Red Mr. Mallory, is due the credit of giv. Lodge, where the coal fields are locaing at that time, 1884-5, an impetus ted. to the mining industry in the Terri- Since the Rocky Fork coal mines tory of Montana, which undoubtedly were developed, coal fields over the has tended to attract the attention of entire State have been discovered and the outside world to the mineral developed. A

industry was wealth of Montana. It went far opened up and there sprung into extowards dispelling the diffidence then istence latent energies that have been


directed in a channel heretofore un- guest at every social board. His famknown in Montana. To-day, cheap ily are leaders in the social circle fuel, the one great desideratum that which has made Helena famous as a had held back and imprisoned the center of culture, and Mr. Word's forces of progress in this State, has residence is undoubtedly the most been found, and the machinery of a magnificent architectural design be. thousand industries set in motion. tween St. Paul and Tacoma. Helena's

In politics, Mr. Word has always homes excel in architectural beauty been a steadfast Democrat. He has those of any other city of its size in cheerfully fought the battles of the the West, and the Word residence Democratic party in Montana during surpasses in dimensions, in beauty its many campaigns, giving to that and in unostentatious richness of or. party unstintingly in every crisis, and namentation that of any other in without expectation of reward, the Helena. Besides Mr. and Mrs. Word, weight of his influence, his eloquence, the family consists of their son, his energy, and his judgment and William, twenty-nine years of age, knowledge of public affairs. As has who married Miss Alice Cowan, of been said, he has never been an office- St. Joseph, Mo.; Robert Lee, twentyseeker, but has always uncomplain- five years of age, now finishing a ingly laid aside his own affairs to course of law at Columbia College, enter into the public discussions of New York ; Charles F., twenty years the political canvass, believing sin. of age, now at Yale College, and who cerely that every loyal citizen should has also a law expectancy; and May, espouse and urge his honest con. sixteeen years of age. victions in matters of governmental Mr. Word has accumulated an enpolicy.

viable fortune from his law practice, Socially, Mr. Word is one of the and in the development of business most genial and entertaining of men. enterprises, and has always liberally He is always approachable and ever bestowed his wealth in private benefi. ready to listen to a statement, no cence and in gratifying the needs and matter what the individuality of its tastes of himself and his family. He source. He has indescribable is the head of the firm of Word & charm of discourse, and a dash and Smith, one of the leading law firms flow of wit and anecdote that make of the State. C. P. CONNOLLY. him a welcome and indispensible








The state of Tennessee seceded tion of secession. The State of DelaMay 6th, 1861, but not without active ware elected a governor in 1858, Wiland strong opposition from the lead- liam Burton, who received 7,758 to ing Unionists among whom were : 7,544 for his opponent. The LegislaWm. P. Brownlow, Andrew Johnson, ture convened at Dover January 2d, afterwards President of the United 1861, and Governor Burton in his States, and Horace Maynard, a mem- message to it, said among other ber of the Thirty-sixth and Thirty- things in speaking of the agitated seventh Congresses; and on the same condition of the country:

“The day (May 6) Arkansas seceded, and cause of all the trouble is the persisNorth Carolina May 2oth. There can tent war of the Abolitionists upon be but little doubt that the four more than two billions of property; States, which were the last to secede, a war waged from pulpits, rostrums, were partially, if not wholly influ- and schools, by press and people, all enced by the attack upon Fort Sum- teaching that slavery is a crime and a ter.

sin, until it has become the opinion of There was a strong Union sentiment a portion of one section of the counin those four States, but there were try. The only remedy for the evils many secessionists in the States of now threatening is a radical change Maryland, Missouri and Kentucky of public sentiments in regard to the and a few in Delaware. Representa question. The North should retire tives to the Confederate Congress from its untenable position immediwere admitted from the States of ately." Missouri and Kentucky although no A commissioner,one Mr. H. Dickerduly called convention had been held son, from the State of Mississippi,was in those States, to vote on the ques- allowed to address the Legislature of

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