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lani, 253.

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190; treaty, made, 193; negotia- 246; recognition of new govern-
tions with Russia over Alaska ment, 247; annexation treaty
boundary, 204; aggressions upon made, 248; withdrawn from Sen-
Hawaii, 229;

protest against ate, 250; Willis's mission, 252;
cession of Pearl Harbor, 241; proposal to restore Liliuokalani,
efforts to secure one Hawaiian 253; reply of provisional govern-
island, 256; proposal of triple ment, 253; fears of American
guarantee in Cuba, 267.

coercion, 254; republican gov-
GREAT Meadows, battle of, 25. ernment established, 255; ab-
GRESHAM, Walter Q., suggests dication of Liliuokalani, 255;
forcible restoration of Liliuoka- colonization by Japan, 256; Brit-

ish efforts to secure one island,
GUAM, ceded by Treaty of Paris, 256; annexation negotiations re-
281.

sumed, 257; annexation effected,

259; territorial government es-
HAMILTON, Alexander, first expan- tablished, 259;

statehood
sionist under the Constitution, contemplated, 260.
80; founder of American conti- HAYTI, American interest in, 305.
nental policy, 82; forecasts Mon- HENRY, Patrick, commissions
roe Doctrine, 83; policy as to Clark for Kaskaskia campaign,
Mississippi River, 85; triumph 36; dual orders, 38.

of his policy, 108.
HAMILTON, Henry, 41; brutal or- JACKSON, Andrew, relations with

ders, 42; surrenders to Clark, 44. Jefferson and with Burr, 137;
HARRISON, Benjamin, Hawaiian invasion of Florida, 139; practi-
annexation policy, 248.

cal conquest of Florida, 143;
HAWAII, history of, 222; first Arbuthnot and Ambrister tragedy,

American relations with, 223; 144; a patriotic order-breaker,
advent of Christian missionaries 146; arbitrary government of
in, 225; diplomatic relations with Florida, 155; determination to
United States, 225; relations annex Texas, 168; maligns John
with Great Britain and France, Quincy Adams, 170.
226; American policy toward, JAPAN, efforts to gain control of
formulated by Webster, 228; Hawaii, 256.
British aggressions, 229; Ameri- JAY, John, violates instructions of
can protection extended, 230; Congress, 52; proposed treaty
French aggressions, 232; Ameri- with Spain, 70.
can protectorate, 233; Fillmore's JEFFERSON, Thomas, approves
policy, 235; failure of first an- Clark's expedition, 36; orders to
nexation scheme, 237; reciproc- Clark, 45; proposes organization
ity desired, 238; reciprocity of Northwest Territory and Ordi-
established, 240; cession of Pearl nance of 1787, 59; demands free
Harbor, 241; accession of Liliuo- navigation of Mississippi, 81;
kalani, 242; beginning of revolu- policy as to Mississippi, 85;
tion, 243; Committee of Public wrath at France, 86; proposes
Safety, 245; deposition of queen, British alliance, 87; adopts Ham-

waii, 242.

ilton's continental policy, 89; plans for annexation of Hawaii,
sends out Lewis and Clark ex- 236.
pedition, 90;

authorized by MATTHEWS, Stanley, on govern-
Congress to settle Mississippi ment of territories, 157.
controversy with $2,000,000, 90; MCKINLEY, William, submits Ha-
letter to Dupont de Nemours, waiian annexation treaty, 257; de-
93; approves Louisiana Pur-

nounces excesses in Cuban war,
chase, 96; views of Constitution, 270; message on intervention in
101; imperialist designs, 130;

Cuba, 271.
aims to conquer or acquire Flor- MERRITT, Wesley, testimony con-
ida, 130; policy toward Texas, cerning Philippines, 283.
162; policy toward Cuba, 266. Mexico, becomes independent,

166; dispute over Texas, 173;
KALAKAUA, David, king of Ha- war with United States over

Texas, 178; Treaty of Guadalupe
KASKASKIA, campaign against, 41. Hidalgo, 179; Gadsden purchase,
KENDRICK, John, explorations in 196.
Oregon, 181.

MISSISSIPPI RIVER, Americans first
KENTUCKY, early settlements, 32; established upon, 45; increasing

incorporated into Virginia, 33; frontier upon, 62; importance of,
admitted to Union as first new to United States, 62; Spanish
state west of Alleghanies, 61; control of mouth of, 63; con-
importance of strategic position, troversy over, 63; temporary
61; secession movement, 66. settlement by Pinckney-Godoy

treaty, 71; arbitrary action of
LEDYARD, James, suggests Lewis Morales, 77; American deter-
and Clark expedition, 90.

mination to get control of whole
LEWIS AND CLARK expedition, 90, river, 77; possession acquired,
184.

95
LEWIS, Meriwether, expedition to MONROE DOCTRINE, foreshad-
Oregon, 184.

owed by Congress in 1811, 131 ;
LILIUOKALANI, queen of Hawaii, foreshadowed by John Quincy

241; attempts a coup d'état, 243; Adams, 153; directed against
deposed, 246; vindictive policy, Russia, 202; relation to expan-
252; plans for restoration to sion, 297 ; not applicable to Asia,
throne, 253; abdication, 255. 299.

MONROE, James, negotiates for
MADISON, James, demands free purchase of Louisiana, 93; orders

navigation of Mississippi River, seizure of Amelia Island, 140;
81.

proposes heroic treatment of
“MAINE,” destruction of warship, Spain, 150; policy in Texas, 163;
269.

his “ Doctrine," 297.
“ MANIFEST DESTINY," 167. MORGAN, George, founds New
MANILA, battle of, 277.

Madrid, 68.
MARCY, William L., Hawaiian pol- MORRIS, Gouverneur, on govern-

icy, 235; ill-advised and futile ment of territories, 156.

MORROW, Justice, on government | PIERCE, Franklin, efforts to annex
of territories, 157.

Hawaii, 237.

PINCKNEY, Thomas, makes treaty
NATIONAL SPIRIT, growth of, 79;

with Spain, 71.
further increase of, 99.

POLK, James K., elected President
NATCHEZ, American expedition

on Oregon-Texas platform, 177 ;
to, 45

sacrifices Oregon, 194.
NEW ORLEANS, freedom of port, Porto Rico, American policy con-
granted to America, 71; impor-

cerning, established by Adams,
tance of, 86; transfer of sover-

265; ceded in Treaty of Paris,
eignty at, 116.

281; litigation over tariff, 293;
NORTHWEST TERRITORY, won by

territorial status of, 294.
Clark, 43; title to, 56; division

QUINCY, Josiah, opposes admis-
of, 57; ceded to United States,

sion of Louisiana to Union, 122;
58; Ordinance of 1787 for gov-

advocates secession, 123.
ernment of, 59.

RANDOLPH, John, of Roanoke,
OHIO COMPANY, 17.

champion of States' Rights yet
ONIS, Don Luis de, 147.

also of admission of Louisiana
ORDINANCE OF 1787, 59.

to statehood, 124.
OREGON, origin of dispute over, RECIPROCITY with Hawaii, 238, 240.

160; history of, 180; discoveries REID, Whitelaw, Peace Commis-
and explorations of Kendrick sioner, 279; attitude toward an-
and Gray, 181; American title to, nexation of Philippines, 282;
185; missionary settlements in,

vindication of his policy, 283.
187; "54.40 or fight!” 189; REVOLUTIONARY WAR, 31.
Polk's surrender, 194; treaty RUSSIA, warned to quit America,
made with Great

in, 195.

153; aggressions Pacific
coast, 182; hostility to America,

199; conquest of Alaska, 200;
PAGO PAGO, ceded to United

forced to recede from arrogant
States, 261.

pretensions, 202; negotiations
PEARL HARBOR, ceded to United

with United States and with
States, 241.

Great Britain, 203; desire to
PENSACOLA, occupied by British,

relinquish Alaska, 205; sells
138.

Alaska to United States, 211.
PHILIPPINES, American expedi-

tion against, 276; conquest of, ST. MARK's, Jackson's seizure of,
277; controversy over, in Treaty 143.
of Paris, 281; attitude of Peace ST. PIERRE, Gardeur de, 21.
Commissioners toward, 282; SAMOA, first relations with, 261;
Spanish efforts to retain, 285; cession of Pago Pago, 261; trip-
terms of cession, 287; territorial artite control, 261; partition of
status of, 294.

islands, 262; acquisition and
PICKERING, Timothy, denuncia- government of Tutuila, 262.

tion of Louisiana Purchase, 114. SECESSION, proposed by Kentuck-

on

ians, 66; contemplated by Jef- | TEXAS, origin of dispute over, 160;
ferson, 113; advocated by Josiah Jefferson's policy, 162; Monroe's
Quincy, 123.

negotiations, 163; John Quincy
SEWARD, William H., attracted to Adams's policy, 164; affected by

Alaska, 209; purchases Alaska, slavery question, 165; American
211; policy vindicated, 219; Ha- colonization, 167; American at-

waiian annexation policy, 238. tempts to purchase, 168; inde-
SLAVERY, involved in Texas con- pendence declared, 170; enlarge-

troversy, 165; abolished in ment of boundaries suggested,
Texas, 166; restored, 170; de- 171; annexation treaty, 174; an-

feat of plans in Texas, 197. nexation by joint resolution,
SOUTHWEST TERRITORY, settled 178.

by colonists, 32; secured to TREATY OF PARIS (1783), 46;
United States, 56.

English attitude in making, 47 ;
SPAIN, able to conquer but not to French and Spanish attitude, 48;

colonize America, 2; early hold- instructions of Congress to
ings in America, 3; hostile , to American Commissioners, 48;
United States, 48; control of instructions broken, 53; treaty
lower Mississippi, 63; friction made, 54; results, 55; secret
over Yazoo Territory, 64; seiz- clause about Yazoo lands, 64.
ure of American vessels, 65; re- TREATY OF PARIS (1898), Ameri-
fusal to fulfil treaty, 72; sells can Commissioners for, 279;
Louisiana to France, 75; rapid disposal of Cuba, 280; disposal
decline of, 128; dispute over of Porto Rico, 281; disposal of
Florida, 130; refusal to ratify Philippines, 287; treaty made,
Florida treaty, 150; ratification 287.
of second Florida treaty, 151; | TREATY OF SAN ILDEFONSO, 75;
war with United States over resented in America, 86.
Cuba, 275; sues for peace, 278; | TYLER, John, Texas policy, 173;
efforts to retain Philippines, 285; appeals to House against Sen-
cedes Philippines, 287.

ate, 176: secures annexation of
SPOTTSWOOD, Alexander, first ex- Texas by joint resolution, 178.

pansionist, 10; expedition into
Shenandoah Valley, 12; his

UNITED STATES, boundaries fi-
schemes of expansion, 14; letter
to the Lords of Trade, 15.

nally fixed, 198; opposition to

admission of non-contiguous
STATES' RIGHTS, discredited in ad-

territory, 239.
mission of Louisiana to Union,

125.
STEVENS, John L., report on Ha- VAN BUREN, Martin, Texas policy,

waiian troubles, 243; intervenes 172.
in revolution, 246; criticised by VERGENNES, Count de, hostility to
President Cleveland, 251.

America, 53.

VINCENNES, capture of, 53.
TENNESSEE, early settlements, 32; VIRGINIA, “Mother of Expan-
admitted to Union, 61,

sion," 10.

WASHINGTON, George, sent to aid | WHITMAN, Marcus, great work for

Ohio Company, 20; mission to Oregon, 187.
Fort Le Boeuf, 21; expedition to WILKINSON, James, traitorous
Pittsburg, 23; battle of Great plottings, 67.
Meadows, 25; Fort Necessity, WILLIS, A. L., mission to Hawaii,
26; sends Pinckney to Spain, 252.
71; interpretations of his Fare-“WORLD POLITICS," America in,
well Address, 301.

300.
WAYNE, Anthony, foils Clark's "WORLD POWER," 300.

treason, 70.
WEBSTER, Daniel, exposition of YAZOO LANDS, dispute over, 64;

Constitution, 156, 158; policy speculation in, 70; dispute set-
toward Hawaii, 228.

tled by treaty, 71; boundaries
WEST INDIES, American interest marked by Ellicott, 72; Spanish
in, 306.

evacuation, 73.
WHITE, Samuel, denunciation of

Louisiana Purchase, 114.

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